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Black Magic 

Michael A. Aquino VI° 

© Michael A. Aquino 1975-2010 

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Table of Contents 



Introduction 1: Why the Temple of Set? 3 

Introduction 2 : Why You? 5 


1: Origins of the Temple of Set 9 

2: Ancient Egypt and the Original Priesthood of Set 15 

Set 19 

3: Initiation 28 

The Concept of Initiation 28 

The Two Paths 30 

Initiatory Degrees of the Temple of Set 34 

Ancestry and Evolving Definition of the Grade > Degree Titles 34 

^Eons 44 

The Pentagram of Set 48 

4: The Black Magical Theory of the Universe 54 

What is "Theory"? * 54 

Types of Theories 54 

The Universe 55 

The Psyche 58 

The Immortality of the Psyche 62 

The Prince of Darkness 73 

The Objective and Subjective Universes 80 

The Natural Approach to the Objective Universe 82 

The Non-Natural Approach to the Objective Universe 84 

The Natural Approach to the Subjective Universe 85 

The Non-Natural Approach to the Subjective Universe 86 

5: Lesser Black Magic 89 

Ethics in Black Magic 94 

6: Greater Black Magic 108 

Medial Black Magic 123 

A ppendices 

1: On the Left-Hand of Religion - Vesa Iitti 111° 126 

2: On the Pentagram of Set in Ancient Egypt - Patty A. Hardy IV° 135 

3: On Racial Memory - Patty A. Hardy IV° 137 

4: On the Genetic Code and the Gift of Set - Ronald L. Barrett 11° 139 

5: On Natural vs. Non-Natural Religion - Stephen E. Flowers V° 144 

Index 147 

Temple of Set Reading List 151 

About the Author 300 

Introduction 1: Why the Temple of Set? 

I have had variations of this same question ("Why the Temple of Set?") 
put to me many times since 1975. I have never answered in terms of 
atmosphere, services, convenience, or fun (in all of which the Temple scores 
acceptable marks). Rather I say, "Because the Temple of Set is 
metaphysically correct, and all the other religions and atheisms are not." 

This often gets a startled, sometimes indignant, sometimes amused 
response. In contemporary society religions generally are given lip service 
for social or traditional reasons, but never taken literally/ seriously. Only 
the stupid or uneducated actually believe their myths. To the vast majority, 
atheism or agnosticism is the sensible option. All the profane religions, and 
the occult systems based upon their mythologies, are nothing more than 
propaganda devices for control of the masses. 1 

The Temple of Set, however, is premised upon an apprehension of the 
neterif, and of the one particular neter (Set) who makes individual 
consciousness and distinction from all-else possible. This is not just reality, 
but inevitability. It is also very simple and self-evident to any isolate 
consciousness awakened to itself. 

So to be a Setian is essentially to awaken to who and what you really 
are, and to apprehend "all else" as either non-conscious (in the sense of 
intentionally discretionary) phenomena (the "Objective Universe (OU)" 3 ) 
or other uniquely/ distinctly-conscious entities (collectively particular 
manifestations of the isolate consciousness Principle, or neter, Set). 

Once the Setian realizes this, all other questions customarily embraced 
by religions, occultisms, or indeed human societies are understood to be 
mere arbitrary constructs and conventions: tools of convenience, control, 
manipulation. These are in themselves neither "good" nor "evil"; they are 
just there to be used/ misused as human wisdom or stupidity motivates. 

1 "Religious distress is at the same time the expression of real distress and the protest against real 
distress. Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, just as it is 
the spirit of a spiritless situation. It is the opium of the people. The abolition of religion as the 
illusory happiness of the people is required for their real happiness. The demand to give up the 
illusion about its condition is the demand to give up a condition which needs illusions." 

- Karl Marx, Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right, 1844. 

2 See Chapter #2. 

3 See Chapter #4. 


Thus the Setian has no dictated, predetermined morality. The Setian is 
originally, initially amoral: a being of pure intelligence and discretion. The 
Temple of Set does argue for a high personal ethical standard, but this is 
based, as Plato understood, purely on a love of and dedication to virtue for 
its own sake - not on social or religious-ideological conditioning, threats, or 
enticements. 4 

And Black Magic is simply the language by which this Setian, this 
authentic god-being, communicates with and impacts upon all else: Lesser 
Black Magic (LBM) 5 in the case of the OU, and Greater Black Magic (GBM) 6 
in the case of one's own Subjective Universe (SU)/others' SUs. 7 

That's what the Temple of Set, and Setian initiation, is all about, and 
why there is nothing else like it. 

Why, if this is so simple and self-evident, isn't every human being a 
Setian? In a nutshell: lack of capacity and/or motivation. You have to be 
smart enough to grasp these truths. You have to be courageous enough to 
face them, with all of the universal responsibility that they require of you. 
And you have to care, because this is an enormous and constant 
responsibility, and it is much easier to just be an unthinking, unreflecting 
stimulus/response meat machine, and/or puppet of social/ slave-religious 

That's "why the Temple of Set". 

4 See Chapter #5, "Ethics in Black Magic". 

5 See Chapter #5. 

6 See Chapter #6. 

7 See Chapter #4. 


Introduction 2: Why You? 

Why have you come to the Temple of Set? Presumably because: 

(1) You feel that there are metaphysical realities beyond the 
physical universe, and that this possibility is sufficiently 
important to you for you to investigate whether or not it is 

(2) Religions and atheistic/materialist schools of thought to 
which you have previously been exposed have ultimately 
impressed you as inadequate to this task. 

(3) What you have heard and read about the Temple of Set 
suggests to you that it just might have the keys to this 

(4) Involved with such keys are unusual skills that you may 
use, both in pursuit of such metaphysical wisdom and in 
support of objectives in the physical universe. 

Most of the world's conventional religions 8 prefer influence over their 
members from birth, so that they have the advantage of working with a 
"blank slate". Knowing nothing else, the child is indoctrinated into the 
religion, taught that it is the true and only answer to questions beyond 
tangible experience. If such indoctrination is strong enough, that religion 
will remain the metaphysical boundary for that individual for life. Using the 
implied authority of its superior vantage-point, moreover, the religion will 
attempt to dictate ethical and moral codes for the individual, inculcating 
feelings for "rightness" and "wrongness" that will flow into his personal 
behavior and the social institutions he shares with others. 

The more primitive and closed the society, of course, the more effective 
and enduring such religious indoctrination will be. But at various times and 
circumstances in history, such as the Greek Hellenistic and the 
Enlightenment eras, and in at least certain advanced cultures today, 
persons will eventually be exposed to other religions, and non-religions, 

8 See Appendix #1. 


besides the "inherited" one. The more inquisitive the individual concerning 
metaphysical truth, the more he may "shop" among such alternatives, 
looking for the one with the [most] right answers. 

The Temple of Set not only does not indoctrinate anyone from birth, 
but it prefers to be at the end of an adult enquirer's "shopping list". 

The Setian religion is not something that either can or should be taken 
on faith, or in the controlled instruction of childhood, or as an antagonistic 
rebound from any other religion. To be apprehended, understood, and 
applied correctly, it must be approached only by individuals who have first 
examined and discarded as many alternatives as were available and of 
interest to them. If any such alternative proved satisfying to an individual, 
that signals to the Temple of Set that he does not possess the extraordinary 
drive for metaphysical truth that is required for Setian initiation. He will be 
content and fulfilled at the level he has chosen; were he to attempt Setian 
initiation, he would soon find it disturbing, stressful, and even frightening. 

A common feature of all conventional religions and Right-Hand 
Pathways generally is that they are, as they are designed and intended to 
be, vehicles of comfort and reassurance. "Just believe in this, do these 
things, and you don't have to worry about who or what you are, your place 
in things, or your destiny. You are blessed, reborn, forgiven, and cleansed. 
When you die, you will be welcomed into a paradise of bliss and love." 

The Setian sees before him none of this. His initiation unfolds him into 
a god - a creator of universes, not their servant, pet, or otherwise- 
component. While still in physical incarnation, he distinguishes and 
distances himself ever further from the OU; upon his final separation from 
it he becomes fully, permanently, and immortally the font, source, primum 
movens of what was formerly his SU - and now his own OU. This is a 
formidable, even terrifying anticipation for nonSetian intellects; their 
literature abounds with warnings of the dire fate and punishment awaiting 
those who, like Icarus, dare to approach, much less become gods 

But to the Setian this Xeper, this full Coming Into Being, is the ultimate 
affirmation, manifestion, and fulfillment of one's conscious existence. Its 
culmination is implicit and foreordained in one's very first step into the 
Temple of Set. 

So your suitability for Setian initiation hinges not only upon the 
importance of the above four questions to you, but also upon the 
assumption that you have indeed explored and exhausted as many simpler 


answers to them as possible. Because if you are indeed searching for 
something comforting to which you can surrender your doubts and fears, it 
is just a question of your settling upon the most pleasing metaphor. The 
very last thing you want is the Temple of Set. 

But if, in your searching, you gradually come to discover that you are 
not looking for salvation at all - indeed that every additional invitation to it 
only increases this nameless, formless drive for self-affirmation within you 
- then the Temple of Set bids you welcome. Enter freely and of your own 

The Temple of Set provides various publications and communications 
to present itself and its knowledge to you. At all times it it your 
responsibility not only to read and consider such information, but to judge 
it as it is intelligible and relevant to yourself. The importance of this 
responsibility cannot be overemphasized. The Temple is a vehicle to aid you 
in your personal initiation, so your comprehension, understanding, and 
evaluation of your own state of being are essential. 

The Temple of Set is committed to the most direct and intelligible 
presentation of its philosophy possible. Every effort is made to define terms 
carefully, to avoid vagueness and logical fallacies, and to address important 
issues squarely. We emphasize this to a degree unmatched by conventional 
religion, by the "occult subculture", and indeed by most of the academic 
philosophical community. 

Even so we are beset by three continuing difficulties: 

(1) Our knowledge base is incomplete and in many cases 
insufficient to answer certain questions definitively. In such 
situations we offer what seem to be the most promising theories 
and hypotheses, and encourage the open exchange of ideas 
towards the eventual truth. 

(2) We exist in a society that, despite its announced 
commitment to truth and freedom of expression, contains many 
taboos, morals, and prejudices which make even the discussion, 
much less the advocacy of certain ideas awkward, taboo, and 
occasionally dangerous - even if the ideas in question happen to 
be logically or factually valid. 

Since the Temple of Set is "open to the public" as a formal, 
legally-recognized religious institution, we must take 


appropriate care to retain the respect and tolerance of the 
community in which we exist. 

So, while we must and will not shrink from asserting truth as 
we discover it, we also attempt to do so publicly in ways that 
will be understandable to that public, and in support only of 
constructive, non-harmful applications by it. 

(3) For the first two decades after its founding in 1975, the 
Temple of Set was predominantly first an American, then an 
English-speaking international institution. With the turn of the 
century, and in no small part to the influence and convenience 
of the Internet, we are now a presence in many non-English- 
language cultures. Beyond the task of direct dialogue, we face 
the challenge of translating Setian philosophy into non-English 
languages and idioms. Fortunately many such natives have 
acquired some fluency in English, and can help to bridge this 
gulf more accurately and empathetically than the Temple itself 
could originate. Nevertheless we must remain alert to this 
difficulty, and seek to minimize it as best we may. 

Black Magic is the introductory section in the Crystal Tablet of Set, 
which is the first volume in the Jeweled Tablets of Set series - a sort of 
"encyclopaedia" of Setian initiation, whose progressive jewel-colors reflect 
the medallions of the respective degrees. Thus the Ruby Tablet pertains to 
Adepts IP of the Temple, the Onyx Tablet to the Priesthood of Set IIP, the 
Sapphire Tablet to the Masters of the Temple IV°, the Amethyst Tablet to 
Magi V°, and the Topaz Tablet to Ipsissimi VP. 

Black Magic presents the Temple of Set's philosophy in its most 
elementary form. If it makes sense to you here, then it is probable that you 
will derive increased pleasure and satisfaction from the Temple as you 
proceed further into its initiatory system. If on the other hand you find that 
you are having difficulty with these basic propositions, or if you find them 
unsatisfactory, unconvincing, or disturbing, then it is an indication that you 
should probably seek out another religious or philosophical environment 
for personal exploration and expression. 

Sic Itur Ad Astra. 


Chapter 1: Origins of the Temple of Set 

The story of the Temple of Set which you have now entered begins in 
1966 of what archaeologists, in an effort to be non-sectarian, refer to as the 
Common Era (CE). In that year Anton Szandor LaVey founded the Church 
of Satan in San Francisco. 

LaVey, an imposing, congenial man with a carnival and circus 
background, had for many years been an enthusiastic but cynical devotee of 
the occult. He accumulated a unique library containing many works on the 
more peculiar and obscure facets of human nature, together with the major 
classics of traditional occultism. Disappointed with the lack of 
sophistication and practical relevance he saw in existing occult 
organizations, he decided that he would have to start one of his own to 
remedy the problem. 

In the early 1960s, therefore, he began to conduct "midnight magic 
seminars" at his home in San Francisco's Richmond District. By 1965 these 
had coalesced into a formal "Magic Circle". The success of this Circle 
prompted him to found the Church of Satan on Walpurgisnacht (April 30) 
of 1966, which henceforth became known as the Year I Anno Satani (AS). 

For the first four years of its existence, the Church remained essentially 
a San Francisco organization. Group rituals were held every Friday 
midnight at the LaVey residence, while during the week Anton gave lectures 
on various arcane subjects and taught classes to aspiring Witches and 

This fascinating and controversial organization won its share of 
publicity around the country and abroad, and soon many curious 
individuals were writing to San Francisco to find out how they too could 
become Satanists. In 1970 Anton published the Satanic Bible ( Temple of 
Set Reading List #6K) to summarize the basic tenets of his philosophy. 

The Satanic Bible did not portray Satan and his fellow daemons as 
actual "supernatural" beings, but rather as symbols and metaphors for 
hedonistic self-indulgence. Other religions in general - and Christianity in 
particular - were not considered to be deadly foes; instead they were 
mocked and dismissed as sanctimonious and hypocritical frauds. 

The Satanic Bible went on, however, to promise results from the 
practice of simplified and standardized magical rituals. Such rites invoked 
Satan as well as various other gods and daemons from many mythological 

- 10 - 

traditions, appealing for and/or commanding their aid in curses, 
seductions, cures, and the like. 

There was thus an oddly-inconsistent feature to the Church of Satan's 
philosophy: On one hand it professed psychodramatic atheism, while on 
the other it assumed the literal existence of daemonic personages with the 
ability to hear invocations and the disposition to respond to evocations. 

By 1970 Anton LaVey and his wife Diane had begun to feel the strain of 
endless hospitality, so a decision was made to cease most of the activities at 
their home in favor of sponsoring local units or "Grottos" of the Church 
elsewhere in the United States. From 1971 to 1975 the Church thus 
consisted of a San Francisco headquarters plus some five to ten Grottos in 
various metropolitan areas. 

Over the years many rumors have circulated concerning the growth 
and size of the Church of Satan. I have seen figures ranging upwards of 
50,000 card-carrying Satanists, with several millions of sympathetic non- 
members lurking in the wings. In actuality the Church rose from an initial 
San Francisco membership of about 50 to a nationwide average of about 
300 through 1975. There was a turnover of perhaps 30% per year, reflecting 
the casual, fickle attitude of many of the lower-level members. 

By 1973 Grottos had been organized in San Francisco, Santa Cruz/San 
Jose, Los Angeles, Denver, Dayton, Detroit, New York, Louisville, and 
Washington, D.C. Like the membership-at-large, these tended to be 
unstable, short-lived groups, surviving and prospering only as long as a 
charismatic Grotto Leader was in office. 

By 1975 Anton LaVey, having presided over nine years of mercurial 
individuals and Grottos, reluctantly concluded that, while the philosophy of 
Satanism had lost none of its popular appeal, the Church of Satan itself was 
largely a failure. A small, stable nucleus of serious and sincere devotees had 
indeed developed, but for the most part the Church had served to attract 
merely fad-followers, egomaniacs, and assorted oddballs whose primary 
interest in becoming "Satanists" lay in being able to flash their membership 
cards for cocktail-party notoriety. Anton decided that the Church might as 
well be converted to a vehicle for his personal financial benefit, hence in 
May of 1975 he announced a decision to sell the Satanic Priesthood and all 
higher degrees for funds or objects of value. 

Upon founding the Church, Anton had claimed for himself the titles of 
High Priest of Satan and Magus of the Age of Satan. By 1969 he had begun 
to ordain others to the Satanic Priesthood (the Priesthood of Mendes), and 


in 1970 he formalized an initiatory structure of five degrees: Satanist 1°, 
Warlock or Witch 11°, Priest or Priestess of Mendes 111°, Magister IV°, and 
Magus V°. Advancement to the 11° was based upon a fairly basic 
examination concerning the contents of the Satanic Bible, but Anton was 
extremely strict concerning ordination to the Priesthood. Perhaps twenty 
individuals attained the 111° between 1966 and 1975, while during the same 
period Anton conferred only four IV°s - one of which upon myself. 

Anton's 1975 decision to sell the degrees confounded the nucleus of 
sincere Satanists, myself included, who saw in it a critical corruption of the 
very institution whose incorruptibility and condemnation of hypocrisy had 
made it so refreshing and exhilarating. 

Attempting to reform the Church was impossible; Anton had 
incorporated it under his exclusive, personal control in 1971, a time when 
none of us had remotely anticipated his 1975 decision. Our only option was 
to leave. By mid- June 1975, therefore, virtually the entire nationwide 
Priesthood of the Church had resigned en masse. The Church of Satan as a 
viable, functional organization was dead, save that the LaVeys continued to 
use the corporate name and image for private gain as a "business 
partnership", a status upon which they formally agreed by contract in 1985. 

In 1988 Diane [LaVey] Hegarty sued Anton to dissolve the business 
and divide its assets between the two of them, and this was so ordered by 
the San Francisco Superior Court on October 28, 1991. Anton subsequently 
filed for bankruptcy for himself and the Church of Satan, and the U.S. 
Bankruptcy Court so ordered, under the dissolution Chapter 7 of U.S. 
bankruptcy law, on April 29, 1993. Legally as well as essentially and 
organizationally, therefore, the Church of Satan no longer exists, though 
continuing attempts to exploit its name might pretend otherwise. 

The other three Masters of the Church had all turned tail in June 1975: 
One, Charles Steenbarger, was a clinical psychologist in Denver who feared 
that any but the most furtive involvement would wreck his life and 
reputation; the second, John Ferro, was a self-acknowledged decadent who 
could not bring himself to take any stand against Anton LaVey; the third, 
Anthony Fazzini, was the LaVeys' chauffeur, whose appointment to the IV° 
a few months earlier had itself been a scandal foreshadowing the June 

crisis. 9 

9 The complete history of the original Church of Satan is contained in my ebook The Church of 
Satan, which is a free download in .pdf format from my Temple of Set webpage: 

- 12 - 

As the senior initiate among those who resigned in 1975, I was looked 
to for an answer as to what to do next. Should we try to form a "Second 
Church of Satan", or was the disaster so overwhelming that any such 
reconstruction would be futile? 

In a GBM working on the night of the North Solstice (June 21-22), I 
evoked the Prince of Darkness himself. "If this is not the end," I said, "tell 
us what we may do to continue our Quest along the Left-Hand Path." 

The result of the North Solstice Working was a document entitled The 
Book of Coming Forth by Night, professing to be a communication from 
the Prince of Darkness in his primal semblance as the Egyptian neter Set. 
The T-Eon of Horus and the intermediary Age of Satan were at an end; the 
^on of Set had now Come Into Being as a catalyst for a new evolution of 
the Elect of mankind. We were charged to found a Temple of Set to 
supersede the Church of Satan, and I - like Anton LaVey before me - was 
Recognized to the degree of Magus and consecrated to assume the High 

As with any GBM working, the Book of Coming Forth by Night will be 
of varying significance to different people. Skeptics might consider it 
merely a work of fantasy or self-delusion; religious fanatics a message from 
the Judaeo/Christian Devil; old-time occultists an imitation of Aleister 
Crowley's Book of the Law. 

There is nothing to gain by debating such contentions. As is discussed 
later in Black Magic, any GBM working is necessarily a supra-rational 
experience, not a logical, scientific, or artistic exercise. It will be most 
meaningful to its celebrant, and it may or may not be significant or even 
intelligible to others. 

What I will assert is that, as far as I myself am concerned, the Book of 
Coming Forth by Night was and remains authentic: the noetic 
apprehension of an intelligence "beyond myself which reduced certain 
statements, judgments, principles, and symbols to a text. 

This text was so convincing and compelling to me that I have since 
ordered my life and philosophy by its principles. The other founders of the 
Temple of Set accorded it a similar trust and respect. Even though they had 
not participated in the working itself, many remarked, they felt that the text 
exuded its own aura of authenticity. In the years that followed, countless 
others have been affected by it in a similar fashion. 

When I internalized the Book of Coming Forth by Night, it was in a 
deliberate, reflective way - with a resolve to undertake the creation and care 


of the Temple of Set, and to patiently allow history to validate or disprove 
any principles that the Temple might propose or practice. This has 
remained my attitude ever since that serene and sublime experience. 

As for the text itself, I am content to comment upon it as best I can, 
then let others judge it as they will. For me it is now, as then, a simple, 
beautiful, and purposeful statement from the sentient being whom 
mankind has loved, hated, worshipped, cursed, praised, and reviled 
throughout all ages and cultures of history as the Prince of Darkness. To 
echo the words of George Bernard Shaw in The Devil's Disciple: "I 
promised him my soul, and swore an oath that I would stand up for him in 
this world and stand by him in the next." 

I proceeded to Recognize the five most accomplished Priests and 
Priestesses of the Church to the IV°: Robert Ethel of the Asmodeus Grotto, 
Washington, D.C.; Michael Grumboski of the Phoenix Grotto, Detroit; L. 
Dale Seago of the Yuggoth Grotto, Los Angeles, Lilith Sinclair of the Lilith 
Grotto, New York City; and Margaret Wendall of the Bubastis Chapel & 
Karnak Grotto, San Jose. We formalized the Temple of Set as a non-profit, 
incorporated church in California, and by October had qualified for federal 
and state tax-exempt status. A board of directors - the Council of Nine - was 
instituted, and a system of local Pylons was established to supersede the old 
Grottos. 10 

In addition to its emphatic stance against the sort of corruption and 
confusion that had brought about the downfall of the Church of Satan, the 
Temple of Set differed from its predecessor in a number of policies: The 
Church had always courted the public eye; the Temple declined all but 
necessary publicity. The Church had been arrogantly sensationalistic; the 
Temple was cautiously philosophical. The Church had opened its 
ceremonies to visitors, reporters, and academic researchers; the Temple's 
activities were completely closed to non-Initiates. All degrees in the Church 
had been conferred by Anton LaVey personally; in the Temple the 
Recognitions of Adepts 11° and of the Priesthood of Set 111° were entrusted 
to the Priesthood and Masters respectively. 

Doctrinally the Temple confronted a number of challenges with which 
the Church of Satan had never had to deal. First and foremost was the 
proposition of the very literal reality of Set. Gone overnight was the shaky 
conglomeration of half-baked anti-Christian daemonology; in its place was a 

10 The founding and organizational documents of the Temple of Set, along with my reminicences, 
may be found in my .pdf ebook The Temple of Set, also a free download at 


new conceptualization of the Universe which would gradually mature into 
the perspective summarized later in this treatise. 

The guiding Word of the Age of Satan - Indulgence - had exhorted 
Satanists to remain satisfied with a hedonistic approach to an essentially 
animalistic life. The Word of the ^Eon of Set - Xeper - held out the promise 
of an evolutionary divinity to those intelligent, bold, and determined 
enough to attain it. From a simple, colorful, and easy-going Church of Satan 
there had emerged a Temple of Set which was bewilderingly complicated, 
socially obscure, and impatient with complacency. 

During its first four years the Temple of Set maintained an average 
membership of about 100 Initiates, almost all of whom were former 
members of the Church of Satan. Membership solicitation was felt to be 
inconsistent with the esoteric atmosphere of the Temple and the intrinsic 
dignity of true initiation. It proved to be very difficult, moreover, to 
institutionalize a philosophy as complex and undeveloped as ours. No 
standardized instructional courses were offered, and any sort of 
"enthusiastic but ignorant followers" climate was quite unacceptable. 
Hence we weren't at all certain that it was a good idea to encourage 
aspirants who didn't have an a priori working relationship with a Priest or 
Priestess through a local Pylon. 

Back issues of the Scroll of Set, which you may acquire as explained 
elsewhere in the Crystal Tablet, will take you on a magical mystery tour of 
the sometimes thrilling, sometimes painful, always interesting odyssey of 
the Temple to the present day. The picture will emerge of an organization 
very wise in some ways, admittedly naive in others. These are the 
adventures of the Elect of Set, who are exploring a strange and 
unprecedented perspective on existence. And now you too are among them: 
to Will, to Know, to Dare, and to Speak. 

In a world smothered by ignorant, fearful, predatory, and hypocritical 
confidence games masquerading as religions and ideologies, the Temple of 
Set stands alone and apart - as Set has always stood alone and apart from 
the careless savagery, the pure hazard that is the natural state of the OU. 
Whether you realize it yet or not, you have opened a door that leads not into 
a building of timber or stone - but into the wonders of your own divine soul. 


Chapter 2: Ancient Egypt and the 

Original Priesthood of Set 

The earliest existing evidence of human culture in the Nile valley dates 
to more than 250,000 BCE, as the remnants of handaxes and other stone 
tools have been uncovered 50-100' below the Nile's silt terrace. 

Sometime between 10,000 and 7,000 BCE, according to conventional 
archaeology, a most important event took place - the domestication of the 
wild African goat and the subsequent freedom to begin cultivation of grain. 
This effectively heralded the beginning of human civilization, as for the first 
time primitive man was free to turn his thoughts to matters other than a 
constant search for food. 11 

Inhabiting a land characterized by the regularity of the elements 
(behavior of the winds, the Nile, the climate, the Sun, and the skies), the 
Egyptians sought perfection in stability, harmony, symmetry, geometry, 
and a cyclical [as opposed to progressive or linear] concept of time. (#2oB) 
Egyptian achievements, correspondingly, were notable in areas such as 
astronomy, mathematics, medicine, and architecture. 

Egyptian religion and art tend to be oversimplified in many modern 
treatments, due in part to the absence of verifiable data in later history until 
the deciphering of hieroglyphics by Champollion in 1822. Because of the 
destruction and despoliation of ancient Egyptian records and works of art 
by religious fanatics of later eras, it is estimated that modern archaeologists 
have at their disposal less than 10% of that country's cultural creations from 
which to reconstruct its values. 12 

The Egyptians perceived the universe as actively controlled by 
conscious, natural principles (neteru) of which Sir E.A. Wallis Budge 

The word neter has been translated "god-like", "holy", "divine", "sacred", 
"power", "strength", "force", "strong", "fortify", "mighty", "protect"; but it is 
quite impossible to be certain that any word which we may use represents the 
meaning of neter, because no one knows exactly what idea the ancient 

11 Fairservis, Walter A. Jr., The Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile. New York: New American 
Library/Mentor #MY-843, 1962, Chapters #1-2. 

12 Cf. Fagan, Brian M, The Rape of the Nile. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1975. 


Egyptians attached to the word. The truth is that the exact meaning of neter 
was lost at a very early period of Egyptian history, and even the Coptic does 
not help us to recover it. 13 

To the Egyptians, all of "nature" (derived from neter) was alive and the 
direct consequence of the wills of the neteru. Nature was intelligible not 
just through inanimate, automatic, general regularities which could be 
discovered via the "scientific method"; but also through connections and 
associations between things and events perceived in the human 
mind. There was no distinction between "reality" and "appearance"; 
anything capable of exerting an effect upon the mind thereby existed. 
Hence a dream could be considered just as "real" and thus significant as a 
daytime experience. 

Egyptian art, literature, and science looked for beauty and symmetry 
(felt to be indications of divine perfection), rather than for cause-and-effect 
relationships. Hence Egyptian thought is sometimes called "geometric" as 
opposed to the "algebraic" thought of Hellenic and later logicians. 

Since impressions and appearances substantiated reality, the Egyptian 
emphasis on portraits and statues of the neteru was not merely decorative, 
metaphorical, or symbolic. Rather an image was a medium whereby the 
neter in question could make an actual appearance in the material world. 14 
Similarly part of something could substitute for the whole as long as the 
mind completed the connection. Mental imagery created by viewing the 
portrait of a dead relative, for example, brought that relative to true life. 

Egypt was divided into 42 nomes (provinces), each dominated by the 
priesthood of one or more neteru. A particular priesthood might also 
dominate more than one nome. The monarchy was closely controlled by the 
various orders of priesthood, with the pharaoh acting as an Earthly deputy 
of and interpreter for the neteru. Governmental, judicial, and political 
systems were responsible for their ethics to the neteru, not to the people. 
Justice was meted out by viziers (internal roving ambassadors of the 
pharaoh) and nome governors according to the neter of justice, Maat, on a 
particular-circumstances basis. There was no concept of individual rights 

13 Budge, E. A. Wallis, The Book of the Dead. New Hyde Park: University Books, 1960, page 

14 Cf. Schaefer, Heinrich, Principles of Egyptian Art. (#2R) Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974. 
Contrast Egyptian statuary with Greek, Roman, or later European. The "living presence" in the 
former will be dramatically evident. 


against the government, because government was viewed as a system 
imposed from without by the neteru. Similarly each Egyptian, whether 
high- or low-born, participated in this system. Crime and corruption were 
of course possible, but inadvisable because of the conviction that vice would 
be punished severely after Earthly death. 15 

Old Kingdom Egypt was largely insulated from foreign invasion or 
conflict, hence Egypt spent its early years as a peaceful culture with no 
standing military. Egypt is credited with invention of the alphabet, as well 
as the use of currency as a medium of exchange. It is noteworthy for having 
produced the first national (as opposed to city-state) political system, as 
well as the most enduring one in recorded history (more than 3,000 years). 
There was no caste, racial, or sexual discrimination; foreigners were 
considered "less than human (=Egyptian)", but could remedy this 
misfortune simply by moving to Egypt and adopting Egyptian culture. 

Egypt was ultimately destroyed by foreign conquerors (Persia, 
Macedonia, Rome) and her inability to adapt to the continuing competition 
of foreign cultures. Her New Empire of the Setian (XIX-XX) Dynasties was 
a protectionist backlash rather than an effort to "civilize" or create a 
permanent empire [as per Persia, Macedonia, or Rome]. 

Persons unfamiliar with the ancient Egyptian culture often assume that 
the Egyptian religion, like those of later Mediterranean civilizations, 
consisted of a single, integrated pantheon of anthropomorphic gods and 
goddesses. It is rather the case that the earliest Egyptian neteru were 
provincial, being patrons of individual cities and districts (nomes). Nor, 
despite their famous human/beast composite appearances, were they mere 
"supernatural persons" in the later Greek, Mesopotamian, or Roman mold. 
While colorful stories were woven about them - presumably for popular 
education and entertainment - the hieroglyphic treatment of the Egyptian 
neteru suggests that they actually represented various aspects of existence - 
the "Forms" or "First Principles" discussed by Pythagoras and Plato in a 
more abstract manner. 16 

Intriguingly the neteru may have had a physical presence as well. The 
30-Dynasty dating system most archaeologists use for ancient Egypt comes 
from Manetho, an Egypti an priest at Sebennytos in the Nile Delta ca. 280 

15 Wilson, John A., "Egypt" in Frankfort, Henri (Ed.), Before Philosophy. (#2B) Baltimore: 
Penguin Books, 1946. 

16 Cf. Reading List Category #2 generally. Also Cf. Winspear, Alban D., The Genesis of Plato's 
Thought (New York: SA. Russell, 1940). Also Cf. Aquino, M.A., "The Sphinx and the 
Chimasra", The Temple of Set. 


BCE. Manetho's dynastic list extends backward before Menes and the I 
Dynasty date of 3100 BCE: 350 years Thinites; 1,790 years other Memphite 
kings; 1,817 years other kings; 1,255 years "Heroes"; and before that 13,900 
years in which the neteru reigned physically on Earth. Obviously this 
chronology would conflict with the "academically-accepted" prehistory of 
Egypt as summarized at the beginning of this chapter. Conventional 
Egyptologists are comfortable only with a "civilization began suddenly in 
3100 BCE" scenario, hence Manetho is relied upon very strongly after that 
date, but swept under the rug prior to it. 17 

Commerce, protective alliances, cultural contact, and finally the 
unification of the entire nation ca. 3100 BCE resulted in the gradual 
incorporation of local neteru into regional groups, and then into a loosely- 
knit national pantheon. Local and regional cult centers continued to hold 
their respective patrons in especial regard, however, and so the character 
and role of a specific neter might vary remarkably from place to place. 
Individual dynasties also tended to be oriented to particular cult centers, 
and so the neteru in question would be elevated - at least for a time - to the 
status of national patrons. 18 

The information concerning these cults which is available to modern 
Egyptologists is both sparse and confusing. Since a given neter could be 
portrayed in a number of different ways, identifying the "core neter" is 
difficult. The images and inscriptions concerning a neter were often altered 
or appropriated by cultists of rival neteru. In Christian and Islamic times all 
"old gods" were considered blasphemous, and monuments to them were 
systematically and aggressively defaced and destroyed. By the end of the 
fifth century CE, knowledge of hieroglyphics had died out, not to reappear 
until the nineteenth century; meanwhile many "useless" records perished 
through neglect. 

For two reasons the cult of Osiris (Asar) and Isis (Asa) has been 
emphasized in modern literature: First, it was the last cult to dominate the 
entire Egyptian nation. Thus it was in a position to do a "final editing" of 
non-Osirian manuscripts and monuments. Secondly it was described in 
detail by Plutarch, permitting its study long after the hieroglyphic records 

17 Hoffman, Michael A., Egypt Before the Pharaohs (#1M) New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979. 
Fix, Wm. R., Pyramid Odyssey (#1L) New York: Mayflower Books, 1978. 

18 Ions, Veronica, Egyptian Mythology. (#2A) New York: Hamlyn Publishing Group, 1968, pages 

of the other cults had become unreadable. 19 


No records of the ancient Priesthood of Set survived first the Osirian 
persecution and later the more general vandalism of the Christian/Islamic 
eras. We know of it only by its reflection, both in the character of Set as he 
was portrayed symbolically and mythologically and in the generic nature of 
Egyptian priesthoods. Such details may be studied in Categories #1 and #2 
of the Reading List. Three significant facts are known about the Priesthood 
of Set: 

(1) Together with the Priesthood of Horus [the Elder], it was 
the oldest of the Egyptian priesthoods. If we date it to the earliest 
predynastic images of Set found by archaeologists, we can establish an 
origin of at least 3200 BCE. Working with the Egyptians' own 
astronomically-based records (#2F), we may approximate 5000 BCE. If we 
are to assume the final eclipse of the Priesthood at the end of the XIX-XX 
[Setian] Dynasties ca. 1085 BCE, we are looking at an institution which 
existed at least two thousand and possibly as many as four thousand years. 
"In the early dynasties," observes Budge: 

... Set was a beneficent god, and one whose favor was sought after by the 
living and by the dead, and so late as the XIX Dynasty kings delighted to call 
themselves "Beloved of Set". After the cult of Osiris was firmly established and 
this god was the "great god" of all Egypt, it became the fashion to regard Set as 
the origin of all evil, and his statues and images were so effectively destroyed 
that only a few which have escaped by accident have come down to us. 20 

The "Set-animal" of portraits and hieroglyphic inscriptions has 
remained the object of considerable controversy. Its long, curved snout, 
stiffly-upraised and forked tail, and tall, brush-like ears (?) appear to rule it 
out of any known animal category. The most extensive and thorough 
treatment of Set's image to date is by H. Te Velde in his classic work Seth, 

19 Budge, Egyptian Language. (#2T) New York: Dover Publications, 1971, page #15. Ions, 
op.cit., pages #50-55. Fagan, op.cit., pages #34-36. Plutarch, Isis and Osiris, Volume V in 
Moralia (14 volumes), F.C. Babbitt (Ed. & Trans.). London: Loeb Classical Library, 1936. 

20 Budge, The Book of the Dead, page #181. 

- 20- 

God of Confusion. 21 Among the animals he cites as past candidates for the 
Set-animal are the ass, oryx antelope, greyhound, fennec, jerboa, camel, 
okapi, long-snouted mouse, aardvark or orycteropus, giraffe, hog, boar, 
hare, jackal, tapir, long-snouted Nile mormyr, and the Egyptian M*-bird. 

Dismissing each of the above as essentially different from the portraits 
and statues of Set, Te Velde takes the position that the question cannot be 
resolved from the information currently available to Egyptologists. 

Concerning the hieroglyphic image of Set, Te Velde states that it does 
not show the characteristics of an actual, living animal, and expresses doubt 
whether the hieroglyph can be traced to any animal which ever existed in 
the area of Egypt. 22 

In his magnum opus From Fetish to God in Ancient Egypt, Sir E.A. 
Wallis Budge attempts to associate the Set-animal with the Saluki dog of 
Arabia. 23 By way of evidence he cites the dog's characteristically aggressive 
nature, ignoring the fact that it displays none of the aforementioned 
physical features. Hence Budge's identification must be rejected. 

One may note that Set was by no means the only "fabulous" creature 
ever portrayed by Egyptian artists. But he was the only one represented as a 
principal neter, as opposed to a purely-animalistic monster of the Tuat. 

In The Dawn of Astronomy Sir Norman Lockyer suggests that "'Set' 
seems to have been a generic name applied to the northern (?circumpolar) 
constellations, perhaps because Set = darkness, and these stars, being 
always visible in the night, may have in time typified it. 24 Since the northern 
constellations were symbolized by the name of Set, the god of darkness, we 
should take Set-Horus to mean that the stars in the Dragon (Draco) were 

21 The "-th" ending is the result of spellings of "Set" using the Greek letter theta. In hieroglyphic 
writing, according to Budge, the name should be pronounced with a hard "-t" (Egyptian 
Language, page #53). Similarly I write the name of Set's divine consort as Nepthys, not the 
^eto-heavy "Nephthys". It is fair to point out, however, that the name of Set has appeared in 
phonetic hieroglyphs in at least a dozen variations (Te Velde [note #13], pages #1-3). The 
Temple of Set uses the name with a hard "-t", after the Book of Coming Forth by Night. 

22 Te Velde, H., Seth, God of Confusion. (#2G) Leiden, The Netherlands: E.J. Brill, 1977, pages 

23 Budge, From Fetish to God in Ancient Egypt. (#2C) London: Oxford University Press, 1934, 
pages #87-89. In hieroglyphic and pictorial representations, Set was also the only neter shown 
with red-toned skin. Most of the others were flesh-colored, save that Osiris and his principal 
attendants frequently had pale green complexions (symbolic of corpse-flesh). 

24 Lockyer, J. Norman, The Dawn of Astronomy. (#2F) Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, 1964, page 


- 21- 

rising at sunrise." 25 To support his theory, Lockyer cites the following 
inscription from royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings: 

The constellation of the Thigh appears at the late rising. When this 
constellation is in the middle of the heavens, having come to the south where 
[the constellation Orion] lies, the other stars are proceeding to the western 
horizon. Regarding the Thigh: It is the Thigh of Set; while it is seen in the 
northern heavens, there is a band [constellation] to the two in the shape of a 
great bronze chain. 26 

Lockyer concludes that the constellation Draco, and in particular the 
star at its head (Gamma Draconis), represented Set. If indeed a single star 
were so regarded, it was probably Alpha Draconis (or Thuban), the Polar 
Star at the beginning of the Egyptian civilization. Due to the Precession of 
the Equinoxes, Alpha Draconis will return to the celestial pole at 
approximately 24000 CE. Since its last appearance there ca. 3000 BCE 
coincided with the unification and development of the world's first 
advanced human culture, related calculations based upon the Precession 
Circle may yield enigmatic results. 

Center of the original Priesthood of Set was PaMat-et, capital of the 
ancient Egyptian XIX Uab Nome. It was called Oxyrhynchus by the Greeks. 
It is located in Upper Egypt at Latitude 28.5N, Longitude 30. 8E. Other 
cities which were centers of the Setian Priesthood were Ombos at 24.5N, 
32.9E and Tanis at 31N, 31.9E in Lower Egypt. 27 

As a neter of darkness and night, Set was the complement to Horus 
(Hor - neter of the Sun and daylight) in predynastic times. So integral was 
this relationship that the heads of the two neteru were frequently shown on 
a single body (hieroglyphic name Hrwyfy "He with the Two Faces"). 28 With 
regard to the annual cycle, Horus was thought to govern the waxing of the 
Sun from the South Solstice, while Set governed the waning of the Sun from 

25 Ibid., page #149. 

26 Ibid., page #147. 

27 Brugsch-Bey, Heinrich, Egypt Under the Pharaohs. (#1D) New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 
1891, page #452. Ions, op.cit, page #63. Carus, Paul, The History of the Devil. New York: 
Land's End Press, 1969, page #17. 

28 Te Velde, op.cit., pages #68-72. 

- 22- 

the North Solstice. 29 

Again according to conventional archaeology, it was in the pre-dynastic 
Gerzean period (commencing about 3600 BCE) that the first communities 
of the future Egyptian nation came into existence. The great war of 
unification commenced in approximately 3400 BCE. After more than two 
centuries of intermittent conflict between Upper and Lower Egypt, the land 
was finally united under Menes (or Narmer), the first pharaoh of the I 

Together the two primeval neteru - Horus and Set - then symbolized 
the unity and wholeness of the Egyptian nation: Horus as the neter of the 
north (Lower Egypt) and Set as the neter of the south (Upper Egypt). This 
union was represented on monuments by the ritual gesture of samtaui, 
showing Horus and Set binding the heraldic plants of Upper and Lower 
Egypt around the stem of an AnX, symbol of divine life. 

The roles of Horus and Set as the original state neteru of Egypt were 
further emphasized by the pharaohs' famous Double Crown (SeXet), being 
a composite of the Red Crown of Horus (Tesef) and the White Crown of Set 
CFfe£/"Great One of Spells"). 30 And the Tcham sceptre, with the head and 
forked tail of Set, became a symbol of power and authority for neteru and 
pharaohs alike. 31 

Horus was later adopted into the Osirian mythos as the "son of Osiris 
and Isis". Egyptologists generally distinguish the original and the 
corruption by the terms "Horus the Elder" and "Horus the Younger" 
respectively. HarWer is a form of Horus the Elder combined with Wer 
("The Great God"), a transcendent neter of light. The Sun and the Moon 
were said to be the right and left eyes of HarWer, known as the Udjat 
(Uraeus in Greek). At the same time the Udjat was also considered to 
partake of the essence of Set. 32 Mounted both on the SeXet and on other 
national crowns and headgear, the Udjat became another symbol of the 

(2) Set was the neter who was "different" from all of the 
others. Too often this is simplified into his being the "evil" slayer of Osiris, 

29 Cams, op.cit. 

30 Ions, op.cit., page #62. 

31 Te Velde, op.cit., pages #89-90. 

32 "This is the Urasus which came forth from Set." Utterance #683, The Ancient Egyptian 
Pyramid Texts, R.O. Faulkner (Trans.). London: Oxford University Press, 1969. 


hence the personification of "evil"; yet any but the most cursory study of 
Egyptian religious symbolism is sufficient to dispel this caricature. He was 
rather a neter "opposite the neteru": the entity who symbolized that which 
is not of nature. 

This is a very curious role for a neter in Egyptian cosmology: to be a 
presence and force which alone could not be apprehended by perceptions of 
the natural senses. Set thus represents the nameless "thing" whose 
existence we know of by the shadow it casts on things apprehended and 
things perceived by it: the non-natural "presence of self in individual 
intelligent life. 

We have generalized the vehicle by which this presence is manifest as 
the ba, spirit, psyche, or soul, but increased precision is possible. We must 
subtract from the psyche what is "life force", and focus our attention on that 
which remains: the pure awareness of self. In doing so we have in one 
sense retraced the path of Descartes to the cogito ergo sum proposition. 
Unlike Descartes, however, we see this phenomenon to be a "thing totally 
apart" which is not an extension of "God" or anything else. Set is the creator 
and activator of this principle. To rewrite the crucial sentence in the above 
quote from the point of view of a neter: "A thing created in the mind 
thereby exists." 

This is delicate ground to tread, so much more so for an ancient 
Egyptian civilization whose entire "natural" cosmology was based upon the 
perfection and harmony of the universe. Former Director of Cairo's French 
Oriental Archaeological Institute Serge Sauneron comments: 

To understand the attitude of the Egyptians, it is necessary to emphasize 
the striking contrast between their view of the world and ours. We live in a 
universe which we know is in perpetual movement; each new problem 
demands a new solution. But for the Egyptians this notion of time which 
modifies the current knowledge of the world, of an alteration of factors which 
forces a change in methods, had no place. In the beginning the divinity 
created a stable world, fixed, definitive; this world functions as a motor well 
oiled and well fed. If there are "misfires" - if the motor fades, if one of the 
parts making it up is worn out or broken - it is replaced and everything starts 
off again better than before. But this motor would always remain the same; its 
mechanism, its appearance, its output would always be identical. 

If some problem intrigues the mind, therefore - if some serious event 
arises to disturb the customary order of things - it could not really be new; it 
was foreseen with the world. Its solution or remedy exists in all eternity, 
revealed in a kind of universal "manner of use" that the gods defined in 


creating the universe itself. What is necessary, therefore, is to find in the 
ancient writings the formula that foresaw such-and-such a case. Before a 
given event - a physical phenomenon, a catastrophe striking the whole 
country - the scholar would not seek to discover the actual causes in order to 
find an appropriate remedy. Rather he would examine with scholarly ardor 
the volumes of old writings to find out if the event had already occurred in 
some moment of the past, and what solution had then been applied to it. 33 

(3) Despite this unique and disturbing image, or perhaps 
because of it, Set became the patron of the two most powerful 
dynasties in Egypt's long history, the XIX and XX. Herein there is 
an interesting "theological succession": 

The early XVIII Dynasty (ca. 1580-1372) was that of the great 
Amenhoteps, during whose reigns the Priesthood of Amon at Thebes was 
preeminent. The dynasty disintegrated during the "Amarna period" (ca. 
1372-1343) of Akhenaten, during which the solar disk of Aton was 
considered supreme if not indeed all-inclusive of the neteru. When the new 
XIX Dynasty arose under Rameses I and Seti I, the state role of Amon was 
restored - but the pharaohs directed much of their personal efforts towards 
Set. Recounts Sauneron: 

The new dynasty in power, careful to appear to be "restoring everything to 
order", had many reasons for mistrusting the Amonian priesthood. 
Descendants of a military family of the eastern delta, the new pharaohs were 
traditionally devoted to a god little esteemed by the masses because of the role 
that he had been assigned in the death of Osiris. But they preserved 
nevertheless, here and there, the temples and priesthoods of the god Set. 

The Amarnian experience had demonstrated the cost of too abrupt a break 
with the beliefs central to the entire nation, and of entering into open warfare 
against a priesthood practically as powerful as the throne itself. Thus the 
politics of Seti I (1312-1301) and of Rameses II (1301-1235) were infinitely 
more subtle than those of their predecessors. There was no rupture with 
Thebes; the constructions continued, and magnificent edifices were raised to 
the glory of Amon at Karnak, Gourna, and Ramesseum. But it was from the 
[Osirian] center of Abydos that Rameses appointed the High Priest of Amon. 
Then he installed two of his sons, Merytum and Khamuast, as the High Priests 
of Ra at Heliopolis and Ptah at Memphis, and demonstrated by further 
monuments and political favors his public support of these gods. But finally, 
wearied of Thebes and its ambitious priests, he departed to build a new 
capital, Pi-Rameses, in the eastern delta - where he could quietly worship the 

33 Sauneron, Serge, Les pretres de I'ancienne Egypte. (#2AA) New York: Grove Press, 1980, 
pages #118-119. 


god dearest to him, with Amon occupying a secondary prominence. 

The provincial cities where Set had been worshipped from all eternity - 
among them Ombos, Tjebu, and Sepermeru - gained new preeminence from 
the favor accorded by the Ramesside leaders to the god of the Eastern Delta. 
Above all, Pi-Rameses, the new capital, brilliantly restored the worship that 
Set had formerly received in the Avaris of the Hyksos. 34 

During the Setian Dynasties - most probably during the reign of 
Merenptah - the revolt and "exodus" of a number of nomads (hieroglyphic 
habiru) living in Egypt's Goshen province occurred - or at least did so in 
Jewish legend. Although "Old Testament" lore states that the original 
Hebrews were a unified, foreign culture which entered Egypt during the 
time of Rameses I, there are no Egyptian records substantiating this. It is 
more probable that the actual participants in any "exodus" were people 
from a variety of ethnic backgrounds. 35 It is possible that the origins of the 
Hebrews' hated "Satan" derive from one of the honorific titles (Set-hen = 
Eternal Set) accorded the state deity of the regime they were fleeing. 

Following the passing of the two Setian dynasties, the increasing 
influence of a priesthood not courted by the Ramesside pharaohs - that of 
Osiris - boded ill for the Priesthood of Set. The Osirians recast Set as Osiris' 
treacherous brother and mortal enemy of Osiris' son - for whom they 
appropriated the neter Horus. Not content with attacking Set personally, 
they further appropriated his consort and son from the original triad of his 
cult - Nepthys and Anubis - whom they now described respectively as a 
concubine of Osiris and a son of Osiris by Nepthys. Comments E.A. Wallis 

34 Ibid., pages #183-184. 

35 In his definitive work Testament (New York: Henry Holt, 1988), archaeologist John Romer 

Hard evidence of the Exodus event in the preserving deserts of the Sinai, where most 
of the biblical Wandering takes place, is similarly elusive. Although its climate has 
preserved the tiniest traces of ancient bedouin encampments and the sparse, 5,000-year- 
old villages of mine-workers, there is not a single trace of Moses or the Israelites. And 
they would have been by far the largest body of ancient people ever to have lived in this 
great wilderness. Neither is there any evidence that Sinai and its little natural springs 
could ever have supported such a multitude, even for a single week. Several 19th-century 
vicars recognized this fact within a day or two of the start of numerous expeditions in 
search of Moses' footsteps. "Escaping from the rigours of an English winter," as one of 
them says, "in a land of the flock and the tent to which our only guide was the Bible" they 
quickly realized that the biblical Exodus was logistically impossible and that the Bible 
was a most ambiguous guide to that desolate region. The biblical description of the 
Exodus, then, flies in the face of practical experience. Indeed the closer you examine it, 
the further it seems removed from all of ancient history. 



Between the XXII and the XXV Dynasties, a violent reaction set in against 
this god [Set]; his statues and figures were smashed; his effigy was hammered 
out from the bas-reliefs and stelag in which it appeared. 36 

Various reasons for this reaction have been proposed by Egyptologists. 
It is been suggested that Set fell into disrepute through being associated in 
the popular mind with the Sutekh of the invading Hyksos. Possible but 
improbable, as the Hyksos invasion occurred prior to the XIX-XX 
Dynasties when Set was preeminently in favor - and the presiding neter 
over Egypt's greatest period of imperial glory. 

Set's eclipse may well have been due to a more subtle, yet pervasive 
sentiment sweeping Egypt. As Sauneron and many other Egyptologists have 
acknowledged, Egyptian philosophy was based upon a millennia-old 
conviction of the absolute presence and influence of the neteru, and in the 
virtue of a social system in which the preservation of cyclical harmony was 
all-important. While the New Empire of the XIX-XX Dynasties extended 
Egypt's influence to Palestine and Mesopotamia, it also made the Egyptians 
aware that there were many other functioning cultures in which the neteru 
were unknown [at least by their Egyptian names]. Moreover the concept of 
Egypt as just one among a number of nation-states competing for power 
and influence in the Mediterranean, rather than as the one civilization at 
the center of existence, must have been a most unsettling one to this 
ancient culture - which previously had been able to discount its neighbors 
as mere uncultured, barbarian tribes. 

Egypt's solution to this problem was to turn gradually away from a 
glorification of this life and towards an orientation on the afterlife, where 
such disturbing dilemmas could be assumed not to exist. This would 
explain the growing influence and popularity of the Osiris cult during the 
post-XX Dynasty Egyptian decadence, since Osiris was a neter of the 
afterlife. As the Osiris cult portrayed Set as Osiris' nemesis rather than an 
independent and pre-existing neter with no particular interest in Osiris, 
this would also explain the simultaneous wave of Setian persecution 
described by Budge. It was characteristic of ancient Egypt that each new 
dynasty, in an attempt to establish its own "timelessness", often doctored 
monuments and records to eliminate inconvenient inconsistencies. 

36 Budge, The Mummy. (#1A) New York: The Macmillan Company, 1973, page #276. 


Presumably the Osirian dynasties followed suit, defacing or rewriting all 
references to Set that did not support their portrayal of him as a "Devil". 37 
And that was the distortion of Set which survived in later Mediterranean 
legend - principally through Plutarch, who described it in some detail in his 

Moralia. 1 ^ 

Today the Temple of Set returns to the original, undistorted 
apprehension of Set. In keeping with our modern levels of knowledge, of 
course, this image has been both enhanced and refined. Enhanced in that 
we now understand better than the ancient Egyptians how the material 
universe (OU) functions, refined to exclude those aspects of the human 
personality which are natural, externally-controlled functions. 

At the same time, contemporary civilization's impatience and 
superficiality - its restless inability to study anything metaphysical in any 
depth - have tended to condense the delicate, complex study of Egyptian 
cosmology [presented so well in Her-Bak (#2L)] into a crude caricature 
capable of being digested by modern minds in a few hours at most. Initiates 
of the Priesthood of Set must resolve to take the time to apprehend and 
appreciate Set - and the other Egyptian neteru - in the same contemplative, 
reflective, and above all unhurried fashion that their ancient predecessors 
did. Only then will the magnificence, subtlety, and depth of this 
metaphysical system be realized and appreciated. Only then can its 
principles be applied meaningfully within our current environment. 

37 Ions, op.cit., pages #72-78. The Osirian legends on this subject are treated comprehensively in 
J. Gwyn Griffith's The Conflict of Horus and Seth (Chicago: Argonaut Publishers, 1969). 


Chapter3: Initiation 

The Concept of Initiation 

Individuals who find their way to the Temple of Set are known as the 
Elect. This term has a subtle significance of its own. It means "chosen" - 
but it does not identify the chooser. That chooser may be Set; it may be 
oneself; it may be pure hazard (#61). Nor does it imply privilege, 
aristocracy, or guaranteed success. It is, simply, an acknowledgement that 
the aspirant stands at these gates which only a comparative few have 
encountered. Like Parsifal (#14C, #14U), Jonathan Harker (#8B), Her-Bak 
(#2L), or Nicholas Urfe (#61), the aspirant either steps forward into the 
Temple - or turns back into profane existence. 

"Initiation" is the term used to describe the experience of an affiliate of 
the Temple of Set. Since the term is very easily misunderstood and 
misused, its usage within and by the Temple deserves careful explanation. 

In its traditional sense, initiation is induction into the membership of a 
secret society, hence being entitled to successively more exclusive secrets as 
the level of initiation rises. There is usually a good deal of occult hot air 
mixed in with this, in that the candidate is exhorted concerning the 
excellence he has had to display to be worthy of the honor, the sublime 
dignity of the initiation itself, and the fearful consequences should he 
betray its secrets. 

Many initiatory societies are little more than financial rackets, while 
others are more or less sincere in what they are trying to do. Most esoteric 
knowledge imparted under the guise of initiation is not particularly 
practical. Rather it is vague, theatrical, mystical, and inconclusive: 
obscurum per obscurius ("explaining the obscure by means of the more 
obscure"). The new "initiate" is left with a pleasing feeling of hightened 
importance, yet is somehow unable to explain why. 

Authentic initiation is not simply the acquisition of specific knowledge 
or skills; it involves a certain approach to the challenges of existence in 
general. An initiate, like a cat, must learn to land on his feet in any situation 
in which he may find himself. He does this by the acquired and applied 
technique of "stepping back to view the situation from outside himself. He 
assigns relative importance to it, estimates his options as an actor within it, 
and activates the most appropriate such option. He may make mistakes due 


to lack of information, but he rarely errs on the basis of what he does know. 
His developing sense of intuition, moreover, will warn him whenever a 
situation is not whatever it immediately seems to be. He can then avoid 
premature conclusions and impulsive actions. 

The Temple of Set conceives the process of initiation as a Socratic 
refutation of confused, imprecise, and unsubstantiated information and 
thinking. It is the imparting of truth as much as we know it to be, but even 
more importantly it is the imparting of the ability to pursue truth and to 
recognize it when it is found. 

Wisdom - knowledge of truth - cannot be taught to stupid intellects. A 
love of and insistence upon the truth cannot be taught to unethical 
individuals. Hence initiation is not something that can be "done to" 
someone merely by subjecting him to a series of classes, examinations, and 
ceremonies. All that the Temple can do - and all that it tries to do - is to 
spread out its banquet of truths, probabilities, hypotheses, and speculations 
before aspirants whom we evaluate as reasonably sincere. They must then 
utilize it, together with such other resources as they may develop, to achieve 
wisdom. Thus do they initiate themselves. 

By its membership and degree system, the Temple merely formalizes 
the demonstrated levels of this achievement. This is why initiation within 
the Temple of Set is referred to as a process of Recognition. 

The term "degree" is used because initiation itself is a constantly 
ongoing and expanding process. Hence one never attains initiation per se; 
rather one attains a particular "degree of initiation. 

The parameters of each Setian degree also expand as the Temple as a 
whole increases in wisdom and sophistication. This is in keeping with the 
principle of Xeper ("becoming"), which identifies the process of constantly- 
expanding personal evolution. "Science is not; it is becoming," wrote 
Mikhail Bakunin [in God and the State, 1882 CE]. "The learned man of 
today is but the know-nothing of tomorrow. Let him once imagine that he 
has reached the end, and for that very reason he sinks beneath even the 
babe just born." 

Within the Temple one does not become party to the "secrets of a 
degree" by first being appointed to that degree. Rather one, through his 
pursuit of wisdom and truth, gradually acquires those "secrets" through his 
own efforts, within and without the research systems of the Temple. If it is 
perceived that he has reached the level of wisdom and skill appropriate to a 
higher degree, he is Recognized as being entitled to that degree. 


There are no penalties for revealing "esoteric secrets" in the Temple. 
We exist to promote knowledge of truth, not to conceal it. Setians should 
understand, however, that some of the truths known to the Priesthood of 
Set can be dangerous to oneself or others if misapplied, just as a loaded gun 
in the hands of a child is dangerous. Be careful what "guns" of your 
acquired knowledge you place in the hands of profane "children". 

It is impossible to overestimate the importance of the concept of truth 
to the raison d'etre of the Temple of Set. In the last analysis the Temple is a 
tool to uncover truth, and a vehicle for its promotion and application. 
Various historic initiatory systems have failed to the extent that they have 
subordinated truth to anything else - impressiveness, wealth, power, 
luxury, laziness ... the list of excuses, apologies, and rationalizations is 

The Temple agrees with Pythagoras and Plato that truth is an absolute 
Form or first principle, which may be apprehended in specific instances 
through a combination of intellectual effort and enlightened intuition. 
Rigorous examination of the intellectual process - such as takes place in the 
Platonic Dialogues - is necessary to such apprehension. Thus it is 
important to educate oneself in what is known, as well as to develop one's 
analytical and critical abilities, before attempting to apprehend the 

Intuition - the power or faculty of knowing things without conscious 
reasoning - is an essential attribute of the initiate. Neither reasoning nor 
intuition alone will suffice; each must be used in conjunction with the 
other. Intuition alone can easily become mere fantasy and mysticism, while 
inductive reasoning can produce "logical" conclusions which are 
nevertheless wrong. 

Initiation, like wisdom and resourcefulness, is an intangible. As you 
become fluent in the language and skills of Black Magic, you will become 
increasingly able to Recognize Initiates of the Art when you encounter 
them. And they in turn will Recognize you for what you are, and for what 
you are Becoming. 

The Two Paths 

The terms "Left-Hand Path" (LHP) and "Right-Hand Path" (RHP) are 
used in different and often incompatible ways by various occultists. 
Reportedly the terms originated in Tantrism, a school of Mahayna 


Buddhism in northern India which taught that Buddhahood can be realized 
through various theurgic practices. For mantra and mudra ceremonies the 
female was positioned to the right of the male; for erotic rites she was 
positioned to the left. (#13C) Theosophy's H.P. Blavatsky felt sex-magic to 
be immoral and perverse, so she subsequently employed the term "LHP" to 
characterize the magical systems she didn't like, and the term "RHP" to 
characterize the ones she did, i.e. Theosophy. Post-Blavatsky the terms 
have been expanded through popular usage to refer generally to what the 
Temple of Set defines as White Magic (RHP) and Black Magic (LHP). 

Most popular-occult organizations, to be sure, use the two terms 
simply to identify their moral biases. What they consider "good" is RHP, 
and what they consider "evil" is LHP. After Aleister Crowley left the Golden 
Dawn, he portrayed it as a "Black Lodge" and his own A.'.A.'. as the "Great 
White Brotherhood" (#9A, #9C); while on the other side of the fence W.B. 
Yeats and other G.'.D.'. leaders considered Crowley to be the Black 
Magician. (#ioF, #ioG) 

To further complicate the matter, there have been some deliberately 
criminal "Satanic" organizations which have avowedly followed the LHP as 
defined by those who consider it synonymous with degenerate 
and destructive practices. (#6A, #6B) Such episodes have of course 
served to reinforce the conventional religious image of Satanism and Black 
Magic as nefarious practices. 

So enduring was this stereotype that the Church of Satan found it very 
difficult to break free from it during the entire decade of its existence. All 
sorts of creeps, crackpots, criminals, and cranks pounded on the door of the 
Church, assuming that it would excuse and encourage whatever social 
shortcomings they embraced. The Temple of Set has generally avoided this 
problem, mostly through careful admissions screening, but also because 
"Satan" is popularly associated with "evil" while "Set" is largely unknown 
outside of Egyptological circles. 

The Temple of Set's LHP orientation is, as noted above, a function of its 
definition of Black Magic. No moral or ethical stances are implied by the 
terms LHP and RHP per se, since they refer to techniques and systems 
rather than to the ends to which they are applied. 

As defined within the Temple of Set: 

• The Left-Hand Path (LHP) involves the conscious attempt to 
preserve and strengthen one's isolate, psychecentric existence 


against the OU while creating, apprehending, comprehending, 
and influencing a varying number of SUs. 

• The Right-Hand Path (RHP) involves the intentional effort to 
dissolve or merge the self into the OU. 

To the Setian the LHP is neither "good" nor "evil"; it is merely an 
avenue towards knowledge and power. While he may consider the RHP 
fruitless and/ or deceptive, he likewise forbears to pronounce moral 
judgments concerning it. Indeed, some of the Temple's most valuable 
information comes from individuals and institutions who are/were 
thoroughly convinced that they are/ were treading the RHP. 

Followers of the RHP are those whose stated goal is egocentric 
absorption into the OU [which they confuse with the Universe as a whole]. 
They wish to harmonize their actions with it, attune their intellects and 
emotions to what they consider the God of Universal Consciousness, and 
thus partake of the immortality and divinity presumably characterizing that 
Consciousness. This is the theoretical nirvana of the Buddhist, the Jainist, 
and the Hindu; the "salvation" of the Christian. 

The dilemma, of course, lies in the problem of "destroying" the ego and 
then continuing to exist on Earth thinking, talking, writing, and acting as 
an obviously still-egocentric being who is just as obviously not One with 
the OU. The classic example of this is once again Aleister Crowley, who 
defined the grade of Magister Templi (8)= [3] to identify an initiate who had 
successfully achieved this OU dissolution of consciousness, then went on to 
define the higher grade of Magus (9)= [2] as characterizing a magician of 
sufficient will and power to force a change in that same OU. This is a clearly 
impossible achievement if one is already indistinguishable from that OU. 

Hence it is a postulate of the Temple of Set that the attainment of 
Magister Templi (8)= [3] is the end of the line for a true follower of the 
RHP. If he truly destroys his psychecentric consciousness and attains 
nirvana, he becomes something akin to the prototypical Tibetan or 
Christian monk - a simple, childlike, unemotional, unegotistical animal who 
no more thinks of disturbing the OU than does an otter or a Sequoia 
redwood. He has, as it were, become the Tao. 

Those who claim attainment to Magus display either (a) a fall-back to a 
state of psychecentrism, hence a lower RHP grade, or (b) their de facto 
adherence to the LHP. Since the object of the LHP is to strengthen and 


exalt the psychecentric consciousness as something distinct from the OU, 
the characteristic action of a Magus V° is indeed a mark of unique initiatory 

Similarly, a Magister Templi IV° of the LHP is one who gains total 
Understanding of the OU from an external, personal point of perspective 
- and who complements this with a similarly-total Understanding of his 
own SU. 

Many self-proclaimed gurus of the RHP are not inclined to adopt 
simple, pastoral, self-effacing, redwood-tree lifestyles. Rather they preen 
themselves by assuming regalia, offices, and wealth dazzling to devotees, 
while insisting that such luxuries are their rightful due precisely because 
they have set such a good example in no longer caring for them. If 
confronted with the glaring hypocrisy of such positions, they retreat behind 
a smokescreen of religious mystery, mystical ambiguity, and "initiatory" 
secrecy. If in positions of sufficient power, they persecute, imprison, 
torture, and/or kill their critics. 

The RHP societies which are of interest to the Temple are those which, 
whether accidentally or deliberately, have broadened the knowledge-base of 
Black Magic. Almost every conventional religion of serious historical 
consequence falls into this category, as each has worked out various 
psychological approaches to the "human equation" to explain it, 
indoctrinate it, and/or control it. The Setian is accordingly invited to 
approach the subject of comparative religious philosophy as a most useful 
tool. (Reading List Category #3) 

Certain religious or occult bodies took a more-or-less deliberate jump 
in the direction of magic. Some of the more notable of these - professing the 
RHP - are discussed in Categories #4, #9, and #10 of the Reading List. You 
do not have to be an expert on any of them to be a competent Black 
Magician, but you should know enough about their particular fields of 
research to consult their histories, writings, and records as they may be 
useful to your own interests and endeavors. 

Does the Temple of Set view itself as being in competition with or in 
diametric opposition to the RHP? No. We consider ourselves as magicians 
who have a clear understanding of what we are doing, why it works, and 
where we would like to go with it. We assess the RHP as being at best 
innocently confused and at worst hypocritically deceitful on all three 
counts. It is a behavioral phenomenon of natural humanity. It is not 
dangerous because of its esoteric wisdom, but rather because of its 


occasional, animalistic fits of exoteric unwisdom. The Black Magician treats 
it as one does any other dangerous, primitive, emotional animal; he views it 
from a distance, where he may learn from it and appreciate its beauty while 
remaining prudently out of reach of its teeth and claws. 

Initiatory Degrees of the Temple of Set 

The Temple of Set defines initiation in terms of six formal degrees. 
They are: Setian 1°, Adept 11°, Priest or Priestess of Set 111°, Magister or 
Magistra Templi IV°, Magus or Maga V°, and Ipsissimus or Ipsissima VI°. 

This is not a simple progression for the "typical" Setian to use as a 
barometer of success. While each degree has certain connections with the 
others - which accounts for their integration into a single system - each 
degree is also a thing unto itself: a state of being highly distinct from those 
above and below it. Hence a Priest 111° is not simply "3/4 a Magister IV°", 
nor can the IV° be attained merely by becoming very good at the work of 
the IIP. 

Here the parable of the horse and the cart may be cited: One cannot fix 
on the "glamor" of initiation - the formalized degree - as a goal and expect 
to get anywhere. Even if the trappings are acquired through "ticket- 
punching" and the projection of an artificially-impressive image, both the 
individual and the awarding agency will ultimately feel contempt for the 
farce in which they have been participating. 

Rather the individual must strive to awaken to, comprehend, and 
actualize all of the powers latent within his intelligence and psychecentric 
being. As he accomplishes this, true initiation takes place - whether or not 
it is formally recognized by an external agency. Because the Temple of Set is 
composed of initiates who understand this principle, however, true 
initiation is recognized and formalized by official designations on a Temple- 
wide basis. Hence the term "Recognizing" of degrees rather than 
"awarding" or "conferring". 

Ancestry and Evolving Definition of the Grade > Degree Titles 

The titular structure of the Temple of Set's degree system dates back to 
the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, a turn-of-the-century 


Cabalistic/Egyptian magical society that flourished in Britain. 38 [See 
reading list category #10.] The grades (as they were then called) of the 
G.'.D.'. were: 


Sephirah Attribution 

Neophyte (o)=[o] 




Theoricus (2) =[9] 


Practicus (3) =[8] 


Philosophus (4) =[7] 


Adeptus Minor (5) =[6] 


Adeptus Major (6)=[s] 


Adeptus Exemptus (7) =[4] 


Magister Templi (8)=[3] 


Magus (9)=[2] 


Ipsissimus (io)=[i] 


This elevenfold system was keyed to a Hebrew Cabalistic concept 
known as the "Tree of Life". According to the Cabala, the Universe and all 
of its contents derive from a manifestation of God termed Ain Soph Aour, 
the Infinite or Limitless Light. Issuing from this source are ten emanations 
or Sephiroth, being progressively coarser or more materialistic 
manifestations of God. As the G.'.D.'. initiate ascends from one level of 
mental existence to another, then, he supposedly is that much closer to the 
purely spiritual existence of God. 

The G.'.D.'. grades of Zelator through Philosophus were concerned with 
an understanding and mastery of the "elemental" forces governing the 
physical plane. The three Adeptus grades - which collectively comprised 
the Second Order of the G.'.D.'. (the Order of the Red Rose and Golden 
Cross) - raised the initiate to spiritual levels of apprehension. The grades 
of Magister Templi through Ipsissimus were considered Astral grades 
beyond incarnated human manifestation; hence none of the three G.'.D.'. 
leaders (Westcott, Mathers, Woodman) professed a claim to them. As Dr. 
F.I. Regardie observed in The Golden Dawn (#ioB): 

38 Priest Leon Wild notes that the Golden Dawn' s grade titles were adapted by one of its 
founders, Dr Wynn Westcott, from the elder Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia (founded by Robert 
Little in 1866), which in turn had adapted them from the Gold und Rosenkreuz, a Prussian occult 
society (founded 1757?). Cf. Christopher Mcintosh, The Rose Cross and the Age of Reason: 
Eighteenth-Century Rosier ucianism in Central Europe and Its Relationship to the 
Enlightenment. Brill Academic Publishers, 1997, ISBN: 9004095020. 


It is impossible for the ordinary individual to understand those above the 
grade of Adeptus Minor, and individuals who lay claim to such exalted grades, 
by that very act place a gigantic question mark against the validity of their 
attainment. He that exalted is humble. And to have tasted that which is 
conveyed by the Adeptus Minor grade is so lofty an experience that few in 
their right minds, unless they were extremely saintlike in character, would 
consider themselves as having passed officially to a higher spiritual state. 

It is perhaps more to the point to say that the criteria for advancing 
even to the Second Order were such a confusing and inconsistent mixture 
of Cabalism and Osirian Egyptian mythology that any sort of objective 
evaluation of one's initiatory level became impossible. Grade-promotion 
within the G.'.D.'. thus became largely a matter of politics and personal 
favoritism, with the undergoing of initiatory rituals and the memorizing of 
corresponding esoteric trivia being a secondary consideration (#ioF, 

After breaking with the G.'.D.'., Aleister Crowley determined to purify 
its grade system in his Astrum Argentum ([Order of the] Silver Star). He 
described the A.'.A.'. system in an appendix to #9K entitled "One Star in 
Sight". It was a change from the G.'.D.'. concept only insofar as it was 
redesigned to coincide with the concepts of initiation set forth in the Book 
of the Law. Certain grade names were added or altered, and there was a 
general lessening of "pure" Cabalistic emphasis: 

The Order of the Star called S.S. is, in respect of its existence upon the 
Earth, an organized body of men and women distinguished among their 
fellows by the qualities here enumerated. They exist in their own Truth, which 
is both universal and unique. They move in accordance with their own Wills, 
which are each unique yet coherent with the universal will. 

They perceive (that is, understand, know, and feel) in love, which is both 
unique and universal. 

The order consists of eleven grades or degrees and is numbered as follows. 
These compose 3 groups: the Orders of the S.S., of the R.C., and of the G.D. 

Ipsissimus (io)=[i] 
Magus (9)=[2] 
Magister Templi (8)=[3] 



(Babe of the Abyss - the link) 
Adeptus Exemptus (7)= [4] 
Adeptus Major (6)=[s] 
Adeptus Minor (5) =[6] 


(Dominus Liminis - the link) 
Philosophus (4) =[7] 
Practicus (3) =[8] 
Zelator (2) =[9] 
Neophyte (i)=[io] 
Probationer (o)=[o] 

(These figures have special meanings to the initiated and are commonly 
employed to designate the grades.) 

The general characteristics and attributions of these Grades are indicated 
by their correspondences on the Tree of Life, as may be studied in detail in the 
Book 777 (#9M). 

Student: His business is to acquire a general intellectual knowledge of all 
systems of attainment, as declared in the prescribed books (Appendix 1 of 

Probationer: His principal business is to begin such practices as he may 
prefer, and to write a careful record of the same for one year. 

Neophyte: Has to acquire perfect control of the Astral Plane. 

Zelator: His main work is to achieve complete success in Asana and 
Pranayama. He also begins to study the formula of the Rosy Cross. 

Practicus: Is expected to complete his intellectual training, and in 
particular to study the Qabalah. 

Philosophus: Is expected to complete his moral training. He is tested in 
devotion to the Order. 

Dominus Liminis: Is expected to show mastery of Pratyahara and 

Adeptus (without): Is expected to perform the Great Work and to attain 
the Knowledge and Conversation of the Holy Guardian Angel. 

Adeptus (within): Is admitted to the practice of the formula of the Rosy 
Cross on entering the College of the Holy Ghost. 

Adeptus (Major): Obtains a general mastery of practical Magick, though 
without comprehension. 

Adeptus (Exemptus): Completes in perfection all these matters. He then 
either (a) becomes a Brother of the Left Hand Path or (b) is stripped of all his 
attainments and of himself as well, even of his Holy Guardian Angel, and 
becomes a Babe of the Abyss, who, having transcended the Reason, does 
nothing but grow in the womb of its mother. It then finds itself a - 


Magister Templi (Master of the Temple): whose functions are fully 
described in Liber 418 (#9G, #9H, #nD), as is this whole initiation from 
Adeptus Exemptus. See also "Aha!" His principal business it to tend his 
"garden" of disciples and to obtain a perfect understanding of the Universe. 
He is a Master of Samadhi. 

Magus: Attains to wisdom, declares his law [see Liber I vel Magi (#9G, 
#9H)], and is a Master of all Magick in its greatest and highest sense. 

Ipsissimus: Is beyond all this and beyond all comprehension of those of 
lower degrees. 

The grade system of the A.'.A.'. was the one known to Anton Szandor 
LaVey when he instituted the degrees of the Church of Satan. Following the 
founding of the Church, he had assumed the degree of Magus, but it was 
not until the year V/1970 that a full, formal system was introduced. 

As will be clear from a reading of #6K, the Church of Satan rejected the 
Cabalistic concept of initiation altogether. In VII/1972 and again in X/1975 
I wrote the official descriptions of the degrees for the Cloven Hoof 
newsletter. Abridged from the latter article: 

Satanist 1°: When the Church accepts an applicant, it permits the 
extension of its power, influence, and reputation to that person. Because the 
majority of Satanists pursue personal interests not directly connected with the 
Church organization, the 1° - which grants membership benefits but entails no 
reciprocal responsibilities - is ideal for them. In this context it is an end in 
itself and should not be regarded as merely a "training" degree. The title of the 
degree serves to emphasize this; one is either a Satanist or one is not. 

Witch or Warlock 11°: While the 1° implies the Church's acceptance of 
endorsement by a certain individual, it does not certify the Church's 
reciprocal endorsement of that individual as an effective and accomplished 
Satanic magician. When we do make such an evaluation and decide that the 
Satanist in question is adept at comprehending and utilizing the contents of 
the Satanic Bible, the 11° is granted. In one sense the 11° is the highest 
recognition possible within a true Satanic order, because Satanism is 
characterized by diversity of individual technique. Once the Church is 
satisfied that a certain member is a capable magician, that is all that need be 

Priest or Priestess of Mendes 111°: In other churches the priest or 
minister is simply a semi-professional or professional organizer, demagogue, 
and ringmaster. He is also considered to be a shepherd, charged with the 
moral and spiritual guidance of his flock. The Satanic Priest is altogether 
different in concept. He is chosen for ordination not by other humans, but by 
the Powers of Darkness, who accentuate his characteristics and achievements 


in such a fashion as to identify him as Elect to the Council of Nine. Once 
declared Elect by the Nine, an individual has the choice to accept or reject 
formal ordination. If he declines, he retains full control of his Will and 
continues normal existence. Should he accept, he will find that his life will be 
warped in unforeseen and often strange directions, as the Powers of Darkness 
actualize the Will of Our Lord Satan through him. Simultaneously he will 
come to wield powers that will permit no obstacle to stand before him. The 
Satanic Priesthood takes its name from the ancient Egyptian Priesthood of 
Set, which was centered in the vicinity of Mendes (Ba-neb-tett) and Tanis 
during the latter days of the empire. 

Magister IV : This degree is conferred by the High Priest in one of three 
designations: Master of the Cavern (Magister Caverni), Master of the Temple 
(Magister Templi), or Grand Master (Magister Magnus). The degree and its 
designations refer to the recipient's expertise and scope of magical influence. 

Magus V°: This is the highest degree conferred within the authority of the 
Mandate of the Church of Satan, reflecting the Will of the Prince of Darkness 
himself. Presently it is held only by Anton Szandor LaVey. Like the IV°, the V° 
is a measure of an individual and not the designation of an organizational 

My first policy statement as High Priest of Set concerning the degree 
system of the Temple of Set was contained in a July 15, X/1975 letter to the 
founding membership, abridged as follows: 

As I have said or written to several of you individually, the true degrees are 
properly neither "rewards" for past achievements nor "incentives" for future 
ones. Rather they are a form of recognition of an individual's position at a 
point in time. This concept applies to all five degrees. 

In the Church of Satan degrees I°-III° were conferred by Anton Szandor 
LaVey, either with or without the aid of a formal, written test or 
questionnaire. The IV° was conferred by him without any guidelines at all. 
The V° he assumed, being justified in doing so by the Infernal Mandate. 

The Temple of Set will operate differently. It is my feeling that any person 
who is rightfully a 111° has the judgment to recognize a 1° or 11° individual, 
and therefore should be empowered to do so. Persons may join the Temple as 
Setians 1° directly through the Executive Director, but no 1° will be able to 
advance to 11° unless he has interacted with a III°+ and demonstrated to that 
official that he is deserving of the higher degree. 

The same holds true for the 111°, except that it will now be IV° officials who 
perform the evaluation. A IV° should be able to recognize a person who is 
Elect to the Priesthood. The criteria are both too complex and too subtle to be 
encapsulated into any written examination. 


The same again holds true for the IV°, with one difference in that the High 
Priest, upon making a IV° Recognition, must secure confirmation from the 
Council of Nine. 

The concept of the 1° today is the same as it was in X/1975. Such 
information and resources as the Temple has to offer are placed at the 
disposal of the new Setian, and using both these and other tools he or she is 
expected to take the initiative to become an Adept in the Black Arts. No 
standardized criteria are used by the Priesthood in performing 11° 
evaluations, since "every man and every woman is a star" and thus will 
apply the Art in a different manner. 

It remains necessary for an aspiring Setian to seek out compatible 
contacts from among the Priesthood, so that his or her achievements can be 
known and appreciated for what they are. Here the initiative for contact is 
decidedly the responsibility of the 1°, and III°s will expect to be contacted 
for advisory and evaluative purposes. Priests and Priestesses 111° who are 
available for contact are included in the Temple of Set's "Pool of Neheh" 
Internet forum. 

An Adept 11° is Recognized by the Temple of Set as a competent Black 
Magician. This statement is never made lightly. Like an academic or 
professional degree, the 11° signifies not so much the passing of 
examinations as the "licensing" of the recipient to practice the Art in a 
knowledgeable, ethical, and professional manner. Unlike the 1°, in which 
one may remain no longer than two years, there is no time limit for 11° 
Temple affiliation. It is expected that the majority of Setians will hold the 
11° for Earthly life. 

IPs, like I°s, partake of the benefits and services of the Temple and 
have no reciprocal obligations save to respond promptly and courteously to 
contacts from the Priesthood. The Temple of Set remains committed to 
individualism, and it deliberately avoids intrusions into the prerogatives, 
interests, or privacy of the I°/II° membership. Reciprocally it is assumed 
that I°/II° Initiates will conduct their lives and personal affairs in such a 
way as not to jeopardize the dignity and ethical reputation of the Temple. 

When constructing the Church of Satan's degree system, Anton LaVey 
deliberately opted for the medieval-sounding "Witch/Warlock" designation 
for the 11° rather than the more esoteric-sounding "Adept". Part of the 
reason for this was LaVey's preference for the colorful imagery of 
traditional Satanism, but he was also wary of being tainted by the goody- 
two-shoes/Cabalistic connotations of white-light "adeptships". 


The Temple of Set, in searching for the single term most descriptive of 
the 11°, ultimately concluded that "Adept" was it. Like the Church of Satan, 
we see no reason for half-a-dozen variations on this title; one either is 
Adept in the Black Arts or one is not. Thus you could say that, as compared 
to the A.'.A.'. system, the transition between the Temple of Set's 1° and 11° 
would correspond to a transition between the (i)=[io] and (7)= [4]. 
Obviously this is not a sudden transition, but the Temple of Set feels that 
any sort of graduated subdivision of the process, as in the G.'.D.'. and 
A.'.A.'., is not meaningful in our particular situation. As Adeptship in the 
Black Arts is non-standardized, there is no one path toward it to be 

As was the case during the Age of Satan (I-X), the 111° is the most 
essential and significant distinction recognized by the degree system. The 1° 
and 11° are intellectual measurements and so constitute a strengthening of 
the purely human mind to its maximum potential as such. The 111° 
identifies a transition from a human state of being to that of a divine being - 
ordained by, consecrated by, and sacred to Set. The IV°-VI° are 
characterized by certain additional attributes, but none of them approaches 
the 111° distinction in essential sublimity and sanctity. 

Just as the 11° represents the height of personal identity, and glory to 
be taken in that identity via application of the Black Arts, so the Priesthood 
involves the opening of a very special kind of door: the merging of the 
consciousness, indeed the personality, with that of the Prince of Darkness 
himself. In this working the Priest or Priestess in no sense loses personal 
identity or self-awareness; rather one's consciousness is augmented, 
energized, and strengthened by that of Set. Hence the Priest or Priestess - 
when acting as such, for "Priesthood" is a deliberate act, not an office - is 
something more than human, something more than the individual whose 
human visage appears before onlookers. At such times he or she is not 
"possessed", but is rather become a veritable living Temple indwelled by the 
presence of Set. 

It is impossible to overemphasize how alien this concept of Priesthood 
is from that of conventional religions, in which it is merely a paid 
profession and/or bureaucratic function for the promulgation of various 
institutions calling themselves "religions". As Black Magic is properly a tool 
for use by magicians, so the Temple of Set as an institution is ultimately a 
vehicle for the identification and formalization of the Priesthood of Set, 
through whose souls flow the current of the ^Eon of Set. Each Priest and 


Priestess of Set is a Temple of Set: a psyche so purified, educated, 
consecrated, and initiated that it has become a fit medium for the Prince of 
Darkness. Nowhere is this more succinctly illustrated than in the ultimate 
admonition of the Egyptian sage to Her-Bak, at the culmination of the 
latter's initiation as a Priest [in #2L]: 

O Her-Bak. O Egypt. You are the temple which the Neter of Neters 
inhabits. Awaken Him ... then let the temple fall crashing. 

It is difficult to describe degrees beyond the 111° for I°/II° readers of 
the Crystal Tablet without resorting to specialized terminology intelligible 
primarily within the Priesthood. Ultimately, to fully Understand one of 
these degrees is to be deserving of Recognition to same. Some general 
characteristics, however, may be discussed. 

As the Priesthood constitutes a merging of the individual soul with that 
of Set, so the Magistry constitutes an expansion of that merger to a full 
apprehension of the ^Eon of Set. The Master knows not only the 
consciousness of Set, but the reach of that consciousness and the resultant 
view of creation and existence it embraces. All particular phenomena are 
evaluated, placed, and balanced within the continuum of the ;£on by the 
Master, and such adjustments in events as the Master makes are for ^onic 
purposes - some of which may be obscure or even imperceptible to those 
below this degree. 

Setians interacting with Masters of the Temple are tempted to assess 
them merely as "senior Priests or Priestesses", and indeed every Master is 
first and foremost an Initiate of the Priesthood, invariably with a long and 
distinguished 111° record. But the IV° is neither just an administrative 
promotion nor a reward for distinguished service; it is an initiatory state of 
being in itself. Onlookers - and Masters themselves - lose sight of this at 
their peril. 

Aleister Crowley, who felt that the grade of Magister Templi (8)= [3] 
was indeed attainable by incarnated humans, suggested that such 
attainment - the successful "crossing of the Abyss" - necessitated the 
annihilation of the personality and one's absorption in the universal 
consciousness. The fallacy of this, of course, is that an (8)=[3] continued 
both a particular existence and a particular perspective. The initiate might 
insist that he possessed no further separateness from the cosmos, but the 
very act of insistence necessitates the sensation of such a distinction. A 


discussion of what this implies for holders of the (8)= [3] A.'.A.'. is beyond 
the scope of this writing. 

The degree of Magus - V° Temple of Set/Church of Satan, (9)= [2] 
A.'.A.'./ G.'.D.'. - identifies a Master who has "stepped outside" the totality 
of the existing ^Eonic formula to alter it in an evolutionary way. Such 
alteration may result in the inauguration of a new ^Eon, or it may result in 
an improvement in or strengthening of the current ^Eon. The change itself 
may be massive or subtle; but it will invariably be alien to preexisting 
values and will thus tend to be viewed skeptically or suspiciously. 
Implementation of the change is spoken of as the Task of a Magus, and 
undertaking of such a Task amidst the resistant inertia of preexistence is 
called the Curse of a Magus. 

The degree of Ipsissimus - VI° Temple of Set, (10)= [1] A.'.A.'./G.'.D.'. - 
was treated evasively by Aleister Crowley, most probably because his claim 
to the lower grade of Magus had already caused him such difficulty. 
[Initiates of higher degrees soon learn to their annoyance that a 
proportionate percentage of their time is devoted to defending their 
suitability for such exalted titles. The temptation is to refuse to admit to 
them altogether, so that one may get on with one's work unpestered.] In 
any case, an Ipsissimus is essentially a "successful Magus": one whose Task 
is complete. 

Inherent in such completion is a unique perception of the new aeonic 
inertia which has resulted, placing the Ipsissimus at once within and 
without the aeon itself. To function as an Ipsissimus, he must work to 
perfect and harmonize not only the created or modified aeon, but also its 
entire relationship with preexisting and potential aeons. Thus he enhances 
the Work of the Magi; thus he ensures that the Understanding of the 
Masters of the Temple is not futile because of factors beyond the aeon in 
which they tend their gardens. 

It is the Curse of a Magus not to be Understood, in that he has set out 
to define and promulgate something alien to the existing inertia of magical 
philosophy. It is the doom of an Ipsissimus to Understand a great many 
aeons simultaneously: to see how they may be exclusive yet complementary, 
independent yet interrelated, sequential yet coincidental. 

The Initiate of any degree of the Priesthood (III°-VI°) may function in a 
lower degree than the highest one attained, and in fact usually does. About 
90% of all Priesthood functions take place at the 111° level, with most of the 
remaining Work characteristic of the IV°. V° Work is sharp and "surgical" 


in nature, and that of the VI° is usually - but not always - too subtle to be 

Of all the difficulties encountered by the Temple of Set - and its 
predecessors - since its inception, none has caused greater damage to both 
the institution and the individuals involved than abuses of the degree 
system: generally the result of rash, egotistical lunges towards what the 
ambitious person perceives simply in terms of increased social status. As I 
would hope this essay points out, such efforts by the unqualified merely 
result in a handful of air insofar as the individual is concerned - but 
accompanied by the very real hazards of trying to function in a 
hyperdemanding capacity without the necessary skills to do so if one 
somehow succeeds in pro forma Recognition. 

It is the sacred purpose of the Temple to Recognize each of its Initiates 
carefully, responsibly, and appropriately - and to encourage each and every 
Initiate to attain to his or her greatest potential. Let us remember too that 
there is intentional symbolism in the fact that all medallions - from 1° to VI° 
- are identical save in background color. No Setian is "better" than any 
other Setian by virtue of holding a particular degree - only more well- 
traveled along certain kinds of paths. The more we perceive one another as 
fellow-travelers with meaningful experiences to communicate, the more we 
can maximize the very real benefits of the degree system as it was conceived 
to function. 


As far as most occultists are aware, references to aeons began with 
Aleister Crowley's much-advertised ^Eon of Horus, which he proclaimed to 
have followed first the ^Eon of Isis (roughly pre-Christian paganism) and 
then that of Osiris (roughly 2,000 years of Christianity). Since Crowley's 
understanding of Egyptian mythology was essentially that of the 
Osiris/ Isis/ Horus trinity, this tied Western civilization up into a nice, neat 

Not only was Crowley responsible for bringing about the ^Eon of 
Horus, we are told, but that of Osiris as well - in a previous incarnation as 
the High Priest of Osiris [and Priestess of Isis] Ankh-f-na-khonsu. The 
detailed story of this is told in his memoir of that incarnation, "Across the 
Gulf, in Equinox #\-j: 


But Thoth the mighty god, the wise one, with his ibis-head and his nemyss 
of indigo, with his Ateph crown and his phoenix wand and with his ankh of 
emerald, with his magic apron in the three colors; yea, Thoth, the god of 
wisdom, whose skin is of tawny orange as though it burned in a furnace, 
appeared visibly to all of us. And the old Magus of the Well, whom no man 
had seen outside his well for night threescore years, was found in the midst; 
and he cried with a loud voice, saying, "The Equinox of the Gods!" 

And he went about to explain how it was that Nature should no longer be 
the center of man's worship, but man himself, man in his suffering and death, 
man in his purification and perfection. And he recited the Formula of the 
Osiris as follows, even as it hath been transmitted unto us by the Brethren of 
the Cross and Rose unto this day ... 

In his own writings Crowley does not indicate where he came by this 
concept of "aeons" or exactly what is meant by it. A little detective work, 
however, takes us back to the days of the Golden Dawn and the writing of a 
book entitled Egyptian Magic (#ioI) by Florence Farr, Scribe of the G.'.D.'., 
in 1896. This book, part of a 10-volume series Collectanea Hermetica 
edited by W.W. Westcott, contained a very interesting chapter called "The 
Gnostic Magic of Egypt", from which the following quote: 

Let us first consider the essential principles of Gnosticism, which are 
briefly as follows: 

First - A denial of the dogma of a personal supreme God, and the assertion 
of a supreme divine essence consisting of the purest light and pervading that 
boundless space of perfected matter which the Greeks called the Pleroma. 
This light called into existence the great father and the great mother whose 
children were the eeons or god-spirits. That is to say from the supreme issues 
the nous or divine mind and thence successive emanations, each less sublime 
than the preceding. The divine life in each becoming less intense until the 
boundary of the Pleroma, or the fullness of God, is reached. From thence 
there comes into being a taint of imperfection, an abortive and defective 
evolution, the source of materiality and the origin of a created universe, 
illuminated by the divine but far removed from its infinitude and perfection. 

Now the Gnostics considered that the actual ruler and fashioner of this 
created universe and its beings good and evil was the Demiurgos, a power 
issuant from sophia or wisdom. By some it was said that the desire of souls for 
progression caused the origin of a universe in which they might evolve and 
rise to the divine. 

The Gnostics definitely believed in the theory of cycles of ascent and return 
to the evolutionary progress of worlds, ages, and man; the ascents & descents 
of the soul; the pre-existence of all human souls now in worldly life; and the 

- 4 6- 

surety that all souls that desire the highest must descend to matter and be 
born of it. They were the philosophical Christians. 

The rule of the Christian church, however, fell into the hands of those who 
encouraged an emotional religion, destitute of philosophy, whose members 
should be bound together by personal ties of human sympathy with an exalted 
sufferer and preacher rather than by an intellectual acceptance of high truth. 

The Gnostics dissented from the creed then being taught, on the ground of 
the inferiority of the hero-worship of Christ to the spiritual knowledge of the 
supernal mind, which they considered he taught. 

The Gnostics were almost universally deeply imbued with the doctrines of 
Socrates and Plato; and a religion of emotion and reverence, combined with 
moral platitudes, did not seem to them of a sublimity sufficiently intense to be 
worthy to replace the religious mysteries of Egypt, India, and Persia, the 
theocracy of the Jews, or the sublime truths hidden in the myths of Greece. 

In Religion in Ancient History (#3A) S.G.F. Brandon comments: 

In his "First Epistle to the Corinthians" Paul had occasion to contrast his 
teaching with that of other systems known to his readers. In so doing he was 
led to give this significant account of his own: "Howbeit we speak wisdom 
among the perfect: yet a wisdom not of this world, nor of the rulers of this 
world, which are coming to naught: but we speak God's wisdom in a mystery, 
even the wisdom that hath been hidden, which God foreordained before the 
worlds unto our glory: which none of the rulers of this world knoweth: for had 
they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory" (ii. 6-8). 

In our official English translations the proper meaning of this passage is 
obscured at two crucial points. The Greek word translated as "world" here, 
severally in its singular or plural forms, is aion, which does not mean this 
physical world or Earth, but "time" or "age".] 

Paul's use of aion here accordingly shows that he was thinking in terms of 
an esoteric system of "world-ages" that probably derived ultimately from 
Iranian and Babylonian sources, and that in various forms was much in vogue 
in current Gragco-Roman thought. Next the words translated as "rulers of this 
world" (archontes tou aionos toutou) do not refer, as is popularly supposed, 
to the Roman and Jewish authorities who were responsible for condemning 
Jesus to death. They denote daemonic beings who were associated with the 
planets and believed to govern the lives of men on Earth. 

As Farr and Brandon both go on to observe, Gnostic Christianity was 
regarded as a very serious threat to the Christian church and was intensely 
persecuted. Had it become prevalent, the 2,000 years might have evolved 
very differently in Western civilization - with a very intellectual, 


philosophical, and initiatory religious climate instead of the intolerant, 
ferocious, and ignorant horror of dogmatic Christianity. 

Now we are beginning to see this term aeon in a new light, if I may be 
excused the expression. The Mon of Horus is not just a period of time when 
ideas symbolized by Horus are dominant. Rather it is a Ding an sich, a 
noumenon: something of purely rational apprehension, not perception by 
the senses. 

Thus in what one might term the LBM sense, an aeon is simply an 
attitude which one chooses or is conditioned to adopt. This is what 
is meant by saying that different people "exist in different aeons": that a 
Jew, Christian or Moslem exists in the ^Eon of Osiris, a Wiccan in that of 
Isis, and a Thelemite in that of Horus. 

Accordingly, while aeons are "pyramidal" in sophistication, after the 
fashion of Plato's "pyramid of thought", there is no reason to consider them 
time-sequential, with each new one superseding and obliterating the one 
before it. 

In an LBM sense, therefore, the population of the world continues 
overwhelmingly in the grip of the ^on of Osiris, the best intentions of 
Aiwass notwithstanding. The ^Eon of Isis is the next influential, followed by 
that of Horus. The ^Eon of Set, highest on the pyramid and most difficult to 
comprehend and indwell, is the "smallest" and most exclusive of all. 

As with the degree system, it would be very difficult if not impossible to 
spend all of one's time in a "higher aeon". When we go about our affairs in 
the profane world, we are usually Osirians, peering with curiosity and vague 
alarm at ecological activists (Isis) or avant-garde artists (Horus). Yet we 
experience periods of Isis and Horus too - and, when we wish to, that very 
rarefied ^on of Set. 

Crowley, who suggested that aeons were periods of time in 
"catastrophic succession" - I presume in order to more forcefully advance 
the cause of the ^on of Horus - predicted in the Equinox #I-io that 
following the ^EH "will arise the Equinox of Ma, the goddess of justice. It 
may be a hundred or ten thousand years from now (1913), for the 
computation of time is not here as there." In 1921, in his "new comment" to 
Liber Legis, Crowley speculated that the next aeon would be that of 
Thmaist, third officer in the G.'.D.'. Neophyte ritual. On the other hand, he 
continued, "It may be presumptuous to predict any details concerning the 
next aeon after this." 

- 4 8- 

That is essentially my attitude as well. As Magus of the ^Eon of Set, I 
am an Eye in that particular Triangle [or Shining Trapezohedron], as it 
were. The only one who knows for certain what the next-conceived aeon will 
be, if indeed there should be one, would be the Magus or Maga who Utters 
its word. 

Above I made reference to aeons "in an LBM sense". Is there a "GBM 
sense" as well? Indeed there is, but - like Her-Bak - you are going to have to 
reflect very carefully upon it to apprehend it. 

Seen through the lens of GBM, an aeon is in fact a living entity, in which 
its initiates are "cells". This is the secret which the Gnostics brought from 
antiquity, and which so frightened the Christian dogmatists. The "god" of 
an aeon is thus a creature of the total magical and philosophical energy of 
material beings who are initiates of that aeon, i.e. who are aware that they 
are "components of the god". [Are you now beginning to see the ancient 
origins of Hegel's concept of an "overmind"?] 

Understood in this sense, a GBM working is a way of the "part's" 
reaching out to contact, experience, and/or express the "whole". This is why 
true GBM is not even remotely like "prayer" as the profane practice it. Nor 
is it mere meditation, in which the mind of the meditator merely extends to 
its own limits. It is the greatest secret, and the greatest fulfillment, of 
unique existence. 

Once an aeon is apprehended in this way, a great many veils fall away, a 
great many mysteries of what magic is/ why it works are revealed, and 
indeed the entire "why" of human consciousness is explained. All you need 
is the noesis to perceive it. Don't be concerned if you don't attain such 
noesis the moment you finish your first reading of Black Magic. It is there; 
and when you are ready for it, It will be ready for you. 

The Pentagram of Set 

Symbols do not represent the thing itself, the actual phenomenon. It 
would also be wrong to think that they are purely and simply schematic 
formulas. In operational research the model is not a small-scale or simplified 
model of a known object; it is a possible approach to, or means of getting to 
know this object. And it is outside reality, in the mathematical universe. 

The next requirement is that the analogical machine constructed on this 
model should enter into an electronic trance so that it can give practical 
answers. This is why all the usual occultist explanations of symbols are 
useless. They look upon symbols as if they were schemas that can be 


interpreted by intelligence at its normal level and so lead immediately to an 
apprehension of reality. For centuries they have been treating in this way the 
St. Andrew's cross, the swastika, and the star of Solomon, but have 
contributed nothing to a study of the profound structure of the universe. 

Einstein, with his sublime intelligence, was able, in a flash of illumination, 
to catch a glimpse of the space/time relationship, but without completely 
understanding or integrating it into his scheme of things. To communicate his 
discovery at an intelligible level, and to help him recapture his own 
illuminating vision, he drew the sign X representing the trihedral angle. 

This sign is not a schema of reality and means nothing to the mass of 
mankind. It is a signal, a rallying cry to all workers in the field of 
mathematical physics. And yet all the progress made in this field by the 
greatest intellects will only succeed in discovering what this trihedral symbol 
evokes, but will not be able to penetrate the universe where the law of which 
this symbol is an expression actually operates. At least, at the end of this 
forward march, we shall know that this other universe exists. 39 

The inverse pentagram against a circular field is known as the 
Pentagram of Set. This insignia constitutes the Seal of the Temple of Set, 
and it is also used to identify the six magical degrees of initiatory 

39 Pauwels, Louis & Bergier, Jacques, The Morning of the Magicians. (#4B) New York: Avon, 


The pentagram is one of the most ancient symbols known to mankind, 
dating from prehistory. 4041 It is significant mathematically in that it 
precisely embodies the ratio ty (phi), as the ratio between any longer and 
shorter line section within the pentagram. 42 43 

In ancient Egypt was known as the Sacred Cut. It was employed in all 
important construction and artwork. For instance, one-half the base of the 
Great Pyramid divided into the apothem equals accurate to 4 significant 
figures. 44 45 

The Greeks too used in art and architecture, naming it the Golden 
Mean or Golden Section. 46 A "Golden Rectangle", where the ratio is equal 
to the relationship betwe en the longer and shorter dimensions, appears in 

40 Don Webb IV°: "William Arnett's The Predynastic Origin of Egyptian Hieroglyphs (1982) 
shows that the pentagram existed side-by-side with the five-line star, which became common use 
in the protodynastic Naquada region (a Setian site). Five-pointed stars were found at Gerza and 
Tarkhan, all Upper or Middle Egyptian protodynastic sites. The Tarkhan has a five-pointed star 
in a circle attached to a boat - one of the first signs of the journey through the Tuat. Arnett dates 
all of these to 3500 BCE, but I suspect for various reasons that they're about a thousand years 

41 See Appendix #2. 

42 The concept and significance of § may be studied at length in H.E. Huntley's The Divine 
Proportion (#12D), as well as in related works in Reading List Category #12. As of this writing 
there is also an excellent website devoted to § at: 

43 The lines of the pentagram reflect the Golden Mean. Each inside angle of the central pentagon 
is 108°. Each inside angle of the five points is 36°. Every line segment of the pentagram divided 
by the next shorter segment yields: 

sin 108° 

= 1.618033988749894848204586834365638117720309180... 

sin 36° 

44 1 am particularly grateful to Setian Rodney Scott of Australia for his meticulous corrections 
and refinements to the ^-mathematics summarized in this section, as well as in the previous notes 
concerning it by other Setians. 

45 Assuming that the base to be 440 cubits and the apothem 356 cubits, then the apothem divided 
by 1/2 the base yields: 


= 1.6181818... 

440 x. 5 

* This entire idea seems to have died with the fall of ancient Greek civilization; it was not 
rediscovered until the 16th century, when Lucas Picioli published Divina proportione with 
illustrations by Leonardo da Vinci. 


the works of artists Leonardo da Vinci, Albrecht Diirer, and George Seurat. 
In 1876 Gustav Fechner, a German psychiatrist, conducted experiments 
which concluded that the vast majority of people "preferred" rectangles in 
this shape. 

also appears in nature. Most spiral growth in nature, notably 
phyllotaxis (the growth of leaves and flowers), follows the Fibonacci series, 
where each number in the series is equal to the sum of the two preceding 
numbers, ie: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34... As this series continues, the 
relationship between successive numbers approaches (|). 47 

The Sacred Cut (or Golden Section) divides a line into unequal sections 
where the smaller is to the larger as the larger is to the whole. Similarly, a 
Golden Rectangle is one which, when divided into a square and smaller 
rectangle, the smaller rectangle is also a Golden Rectangle. Or, 

algebraically, (|) 2 = (|)+i. 48 

This, then, is the "secret" of the pentagram - a fact overlooked 
completely by most occult "authorities" of history. All "magic pentangles" - 
generally embellished with Cabalistic graffiti of one sort or another - 
amount to an unconscious effort to use the innate power of the pentagram 
even though not recognizing it for what it actually is. The pentagram as 
used by the Temple of Set is retained in its pure form, so that the beauty of 
§ is undiluted and undefiled. 49 

47 The Fibonacci series was named after mathematician Leonardo Pisano Fibonacci . The 23 r d 

number of this series is 28,657, the 24 th ; 46,368; 


= 1.6180339882053 


48 Some further properties of (|>: 

1 + § = (|>2; (|) + (|)2 = (1)3; §2 + §3= (1)4; ac j infinitum. 
<j, = (1 + V(5)) /2 

(j) = 1 + 1/(1 + 1/(1 + 1/(1 + 1/(1 + 1/(1 + 1/.. .)))))■■■ 

i = (sec 72)/2 =(csc 18)/2 = 1/(2 cos 72) = 1/(2 sin 18) = 2 sin 54 = 2 cos 36 = 2/(csc 54) = 2/ 
(sec 36) 

49 The Book of Coming Forth by Night. The Church of Satan again displayed the pentagram 
inverse, but only together with the other symbols which comprise the Sigil of Baphomet. The 
Moorish name referred to by Set is obviously the name "Baphomet". "Khar" is the name of the 
Egyptian XVI Nome, whose capital was Ba-neb-tett, or Mendes, and whose god-figure was the 
famous Goat of Mendes, notorious during the Ptolemaic period of decadence as a symbol of 

- 5 2- 

It is portrayed inverse to imply change and movement in place of stasis 
and rest, and also to proclaim the evolutionary dialectic of thesis contrasted 
with antithesis to produce synthesis - instead of a foreordained and 
unavoidable absolute standard. 

In occult tradition the inverse pentagram has also symbolized Black 
Magic or Satanism as opposed to the White Magic of Cabalists and 
polytheists, symbolized by an obverse pentagram. 

The Pentagram of Set is enclosed in a perfect circle (a function of jt), 
representing the mathematical order of the OU. The pentagram does not 
touch the circle, however, signifying that the Powers of Darkness are not 
derived from or dependent upon that order. 

Silver is the traditional color of the night, as gold is of the day. In 
recognition of the role of Set as Prince of Darkness and counterpart to the 
[Horus] light of day, the Temple of Set casts the pentagram in silver. Silver 
has also signified initiatory and exclusive religious systems as opposed to 
open, mass-oriented ones. 

The background color of each degree medallion possesses distinct 
significance. The color white (1°) represents the newfound freedom of the 
mind from myths, misconceptions, and doctrines resulting from fear and 

An Adept 11° wears the pentagram against red. Of all the gods of 
ancient Egypt, Set alone was portrayed in red, and red has also been the 
traditional color of life-oriented religions; the Blood is the Life. 

Those who are Elect to the Priesthood of Set 111° wear the Pentagram of 
Set against black, symbolizing the individual's consecration by the Prince of 

A Master of the Temple IV° wears the Pentagram of Set against blue, 
the traditional color of the most advanced and accomplished initiates (such 
as the Philosopher-Kings of Plato's Republic or the Priest-Kings of 

A Magus V° wears the Pentagram of Set against purple, the traditional 
color of royalty, because he is distinguished from the Masters of the Temple 
by being Tasked by the Prince of Darkness with the Utterance of a Word. 

An Ipsissimus VI° wears the Pentagram of Set against gold. The 
symbolism of this color is known to the Masters of the Temple. 

An Honorary Setian (a non-Initiate of the Temple so designated by 
virtue of distinguished service to the Temple or ^on of Set) wears the 
Pentagram of Set against green, symbolizing the natural universe in which 


the recipient dwells. In this case the Pentagram of Set appears in gold, 
symbolizing the non-initiatory character of this honor. 

The full-size (2" diameter) medallion of the Temple of Set may be worn 
with formal, semi-formal, or casual attire, but never with such garb as to 
reflect ill upon its dignity. Under ceremonial circumstances Initiates of 
degrees I°-III° wear it together with a black robe trimmed in the 
individual's degree-color (I°=white, II°=red, III°= silver). Initiates of 
degrees IV°-VI° wear either robes of the appropriate degree color or black 
robes trimmed in the individual's degree-color. 111° + Initiates may wear a 
black clerical collar. 


Chapter 4: The Black Magical Theory of the Universe 

What is "Theory"? 

Before advancing the theory identified by the title of this chapter, it 
may be useful to review just what any "theory" is - and what it is not. 

Definition: A theory is an organized set of ideas about reality. 

Why is theory useful? (1) It enables data to be ordered. (2) It requires 
that the criteria of selection of problems for analysis be made explicit. (3) It 
is an instrument for understanding similarities and differences. 

Theories can be descriptive (classifying a phenomenon or placing it 
within a conceptual framework) or prescriptive (advancing a set of norms 
or values). 

One must assess a theory either as (1) a passionate statement or (2) an 
honest attempt to state truth. 

A theory should be critiqued on the plane of its logic and internal 
consistency, not on the basis of its popular acceptance and influence [this 
echoes Plato's condemnation of what he derisively called the 
"democratization of truth"]. 

The only absolutely general standard of rational criticism is that a 
theory mustn't contain mutually-contradictory propositions. 

Types of Theories 

Ethical theories express some degree of preference or distaste about 
reality in accordance with certain a priori standards of evaluation. Some 
ethical theories state ideal goals towards which reality ought to be changed. 
[Chapter #5 contains ethical theories.] 

Metaphysical theories are attempts to discover the ultimate nature of 
reality transcending the observable. [This chapter contains metaphysical 

Empirical theories are generalizations about observable realities. 
[This chapter contains empirical theories preliminary to and supportive of 
the metaphysical theories presented.] 

A political theory is a disinterested search for knowledge of political 
and social reality. It is a set of empirically-validated, logically-ordered, and 
functionally-related propositions about the actual political behavior of 


individuals and societies. It contains (1) factual statements about the 
existing posture of affairs, (2) causal statements about probabilities, and (3) 
value statements. [Chapter #5 contains political theories as an illustration 
and application of the ethical theories treated.] 

The Universe 

Before one can venture an intelligent decision concerning what to do 
with one's existence, one must know what that existence is and in what 
environment it is situated. Many of history's major religions and 
philosophies came into being in order to address this problem. While some 
of their proposed explanations are aesthetically and/or emotionally 
attractive and have gained many devotees, this in itself does not make any 
one of them true - merely popular. 

The Temple of Set proposes its solution after having considered and 
dismissed the alternatives as untrue in whole or in part. We consider our 
position to be the only correct one - not because we are intolerant of 
competition or comparison, but rather because we do not accept the notion 
of co-existing but incompatible "truths". If there is an evident fallacy or 
unknown factor in the truth as we understand it, then we must address and 
if possible correct it - or at least identify the fallacy or factor and qualify the 
stated truth accordingly. But to say "ours is just one approach, and many 
others are just as good" is an evasion of responsibility and would reduce the 
concept of "truth" to merely a matter of whim [or popularity]. 

The universe is defined as the totality of existence, both known 
and unknown by humanity. Most people think of this term as 
identifying the vast expanses of space and the masses of animate and 
inanimate matter & energy occupying it. The Temple of Set defines that 
concept as the Objective Universe (OU). 

The issue of the origin of the OU is crucial to conventional religions 
and most philosophies. There are two alternatives: 

(1) Something created it at a point in time, or 

(2) It has always existed, and therefore no creating agent was/is 

Since infinites of anything can only be theoretically conceptualized, 
and then with great difficulty (#2oF), most people tend towards alternative 


#1. If this alternative is true, then there is more to the universe than the 
OU. There must also be a medium for the existence of a universal 
intelligence - a medium which is neither matter nor energy nor empty 
space. This medium must itself extend infinitely back into the past; 
otherwise it in turn requires a creator - a "superior god" - at a prior point in 

Hence either alternative ultimately requires that time be 
extended backwards to infinity. Similarly the existence of the OU 
necessitates the extension of time infinitely into the future. Time ceases to 
exist only when that which it exists to measure - the entire OU - ceases to 
exist. (#2oB) [Note: The concept of "time" can be applied beyond the OU to 
the universe, as well as to other sub-universes, but these applications are 
not immediately relevant to the present discussion.] 

The aforementioned alternatives #1 and #2 are mutually exclusive. 
Which one is correct and why? 

By selecting #2, atheists say that there is nothing more to existence 
than the OU; they think that it is in fact the universe. Their rationale is 
simple: They see no convincing evidence of anything which is not matter, 
energy, or space. Therefore they assume that nothing else exists. 

Agnostics differ from atheists in that they theoretically put off 
judgment, remaining open to the possibility that new data may become 
available which will resolve the question one way or the other. By contrast, 
an atheist believes that the question can be adequately resolved on the basis 
of the existing level of human knowledge. 

Adherents of religions select alternative #1. For one reason or 
another, they believe that they have the necessary evidence. The vast 
majority, of course, have not thought the question through with any degree 
of precision. Rather they have made their decision as an act of faith 
(unsupported, non-rational trust) in the wisdom of others in whose 
opinions they have confidence. 

It is a waste of time to discuss philosophy with anyone who bases his 
position on articles of faith, because he will not question them as long as he 
clings to them. He must first admit to the possibility that his faith can be 
challenged on rational, factual grounds before any meaningful dialogue 
can occur. Most persons who are comfortable with faith to begin with are 
reluctant to do this. The most one can do in a dialogue with a faith- 
adherent is to discuss lesser issues with him, bearing in mind that he will 
accept or interpret the conversation only within the context of that faith. 


Leaders and teachers of religions, assuming that they are sincere and 
intelligent individuals, either feel that they have sufficient empirical 
evidence for the existence of one or more divinities or, in lieu of such 
evidence, admit that their position is an irrational act of faith. 

Perhaps the most famous example of the former attitude is Thomas 
Aquinas, who attempted to prove the necessary existence of God through 
Aristotelian logic. Since Aquinas was "reasoning" towards a conclusion that 
was dogmatically-predetermined, however, much of his "logic" is crude and 
propagandistic - failing, for example, to address the aforementioned 
aspects of the concept of time. Aquinas just assumed that the OU "had" to 
have been created at some point in time; hence the prior existence of a 
"creator" (i.e. God) was proved. 

Critics of Aquinas, such as William of Occam [of "Occam's razor" fame] 
and Roger Bacon pointed out the faults and gaps in Aquinas' "logic". At the 
same time, as Europeans emotionally inclined towards some kind of 
Christian view of existence, they sought a way out of the problem by just 
accepting a Christian cosmology as an admittedly-irrational act of faith - 
much as a child, upon being shown that the "evidence" for Santa Claus was 
forged by parents, might say, "I don't care; I believe in him anyway." 

Once irrational faith is accepted as a valid starting-point, of course, 
"truth" according to any religion becomes a function of obedience to the 
individual(s) or book(s) whose authority to define the faith is generally 

True philosophy differs from faith or ideology in that philosophy is a 
disinterested search for truth, wherein the outcome of the search is not 
predetermined by dogma. 

While there have been many post-Aquinas attempts to logically 
demonstrate the existence of God, all have ultimately suffered from one or 
more of the same fallacies. Present-day religion, both Christian and non- 
Christian, has de facto abandoned the effort and tacitly acknowledged the 
necessity for non-rational faith. The result is a variety of religions which 
have substance only because (a) of the glamor they have gained through 
existence for a period of time ["They've been around for umpteen centuries, 
so they must know what they're talking about!"] and/or (b) they focus 
attention on their practical actions - such as fancy buildings, ceremonies, 
charities, social work, etc. - rather than on their core principles. 

The Temple of Set is not comfortable with a position which, no matter 
how workable its spin-offs, is ultimately founded on a base of sand. 


Aspirants to the Temple come to us because they do not accept the 
premise that rational curiosity must be limited to the OU. 

They also have confidence in the capacity of higher human intelligence 
to reach beyond the frontiers of scientific (i.e. strictly-OU) knowledge to at 
least some aspects of the universe without having to fall back on irrational 
fantasy or faith. Moreover they consider this quest to be an important, even 
crucial one, as they feel that the ultimate, essential reason behind the 
existence of mankind - or at least a certain, unique quality in mankind - is 
to be found only through such exploration. They reject the fence-sitting 
posture of the agnostic as an act of mental laziness, holding that there is 
sufficient information available to commence, if not to immediately 
complete the quest. 

The Psyche 

What is it that has impelled so many curious and dissatisfied 
individuals throughout history to try to break through the perceptual limits 
of alternative #2? 

The answer lies not in the flimsy, foolish arguments for conventional 
religion, but rather in the real, observable phenomenon of humanity itself. 
We perceive something in our own state of being that does not seem to be 
explainable in terms of the OU. We are not satisfied that we can be 
explained or defined merely in terms of electro-chemical equations, even 
very elaborate ones. There is, we feel, something else within us - something 
unique to each being and ultimately more essential than our OU, physical 
substance. First identified as the ba by the ancient Egyptians, it became the 
psyche of the Greeks and eventually the "soul" in modern language. From 
Webster's International Dictionary: 

ba: The living, immortal, eternal, and ultimately divine living soul in 
Egyptian religious belief represented as a bird with a human head and 
believed to leave the body at death and return eventually to revivify the body if 
it is preserved. 

soul: (1) The immaterial essence or substance, animating principle, or 
actuating cause of life or of the individual life. (2a) The psychical or spiritual 
principle in general shared by or embodied in individual human beings or all 
beings having a rational and spiritual nature. (2b) The psychical or spiritual 
nature of the universe related to the physical world as the human soul to the 
human body ... 


Note the connection which is presumed or postulated to exist between 
the human soul and the universe. This connection has also been referred to 
via the term logos. Again from Webster's: 

logos: (l) Reason or the manifestation of reason conceived in ancient 
Greek philosophy as constituting the controlling principle in the universe: (a) 
A moving and regulating principle in the universe together with an element in 
man by which, according to Heraclitus, this principle is perceived, (b) A 
cosmic governing or generating principle according to the Stoics that is 
immanent and active in all reality and that pervades all reality, (c) A principle 
that, according to Philo, is intermediate between ultimate or divine reality and 
the sensible world ... 

Atheists and agnostics - including sub-species such as logical 
positivists, materialists, humanists, etc. - are uncomfortable with the 
religious connotations of the term "soul". They usually refer to the same 
phenomenon as "self, "ego", "mind", or "consciousness". Within the 
Temple of Set all words referring to the phenomenon are used more-or-less 
interchangeably, with distinctions being made in specific cases as 

Essential to the notion of the soul is the sensation that it is somehow 
alien to the physical body - a passenger in a vehicle, so to speak. It is the 
"ultimate you" that, through the machinery of your physical brain, moves 
your arms and legs, sees through your eyes, hears through your ears, and in 
other ways interacts with the OU. If you lose 20% of your body in an 
accident, however, you do not lose 20% of this soul. Is it simply a freakish 
by-product of the brain's natural functioning - an illusion or delusion 
incidentally caused by interactions of electrochemical energy? (#19G) True, 
when damage is done to the brain, the consciousness fragments. This is also 
true when the brain deprives itself [through sleep] (#19E) or is deprived of 
[through sensory deprivation] (#19N) contact with, and continuous 
reinforcement by the OU. 

Many efforts to prove that the soul is not a mere function of the 
material brain have centered around ideas of reincarnation, ESP, out-of- 
the-body ("astral") travel, hauntings, and the like. The idea is to 
demonstrate that the consciousness can and does exist apart from the 
physical brain. Such efforts range from the serious and sophisticated 
(#i8D, #19H) to the preposterous. Fear of death motivates many such 
efforts and colors the results; we seek reassurance that our being will not 


vanish with the death and decay of our physical body. (#i8A) But the 
search can also be motivated by honest curiosity, and that is the raison 
d'etre of the Temple of Set. 

The key which we apply to this problem is what Eric Hoffer refers to as 
"the unnaturalness of human nature". (#17D) The soul or self does not 
behave as though it were merely a "sum total" of the brain's sensory and 
manipulative capacities, combining and recombining inputted information 
as though it were an "organic" electronic computer. It has a sense of 
identity, a sense of uniqueness, a sense of distance and differentiation from 
everything else that exists. It has characteristics which are something more 
than instinctive and something less than logical; these are called 

Most significantly, perhaps, are the creative soul's thought prerogatives 
and dispositions. We don't just think to survive or to react to external 
stimuli, B.F. Skinner notwithstanding. We think creatively, spontaneously, 
abstractly, and aesthetically. We conceive, design, and construct non- 
natural concepts, arguments, processes, and objects. And we can 
distinguish between the natural and the non-natural - something that 
would be a logical impossibility if the consciousness itself could not extend 
beyond the natural. 

To demonstrate this capacity to yourself, consider something as simple 
as a Moebius strip. Your consciousness rebels at a phenomenon which it 
perceives as "against the law". As a matter of fact, the various Moebius 
phenomena are not "against the law"; there is an entire field of 
mathematics - topology - which is concerned with the properties of 
geometric configurations subjected to various transformations. But here it 
is not the phenomenon itself but rather your reaction to it which is 
significant. The revulsion you feel is a manifestation of something in you 
which possesses the power to view the order of the OU from outside. 


The philosopher Immanuel Kant approached this power of the soul 
from a somewhat different angle. He referred to it as humanity's ability to 
assign meaning to natural phenomena - to recognize, appreciate, define, 
categorize, rank, and otherwise determine the importance, relevance, and 
significance of an event or object in nature. "Objects of experience," he said, 
"are never given in themselves, but only in experience, and have no 
existence outside it." 


Arthur Schopenhauer went a step further, holding that the individual 
will is the source of causality itself, of which space, substance and time are 
mere derivations. 

Friedrich Nietzsche discussed the power in terms of the higher 
intellect's ability to build horizons for itself beyond mere recombinations 
of the known. (#i6B) Plato defined this suprarational quality of the mind as 
ncesis and held that it was capable of perceiving the eternal, transcendent 
principles of all existence beyond even the most rigorous reasoning 
(dianoia): the Forms or First Principles. (#12C, #i6F) 

This power of the soul is thus both apprehensive [reaching beyond 
the limits of the OU] and creative [enabling one to generate meaning, to 
initiate existence]. This creative aspect may be called the Subjective 
Universe (SU) to distinguish it from the OU. 

The SU and the OU contain mutually-incompatible elements of 
definition, but they also blend into one another. For example, we use the 
SU to assign meaning to the OU, and we regularly rely upon our knowledge 
of phenomena in the OU to give us "building blocks" to construct objects in 
the SU. [Many "fantasy creatures", for example, can be broken down into 
"parts" of natural animals.] 

The ability of any intellect to generate and operate the SU is not 
automatic [beyond the level of ordinary imagination]. It must be 
deliberately learned and exercised. The experience of such perspective and 
power can be exhilarating and stimulating; more often - to those 
unprepared for the sensation and psychologically unable to accept it - it has 
been frightening. 

Man does not like the idea that he doesn't fit wholly and completely 
into the natural scheme of things. Hence he has sought an ally in a 
personalized "God" that created him as a wholly natural pet project [for 
example, pre-"fallen" man in the Garden of Eden]. He has invented 
religious and social codes that give him a sense of conforming to the natural 
order of the OU. He has built cathedrals and monuments to reassure and 
reinforce this sense, and he has even had his dead body buried with rites 
commemorating his inclusion in it. These very acts, ironically, expose his 
secret dread that his conscious self - his soul - does not belong to it. When 
that part of him which does belong to it - his physical brain and body - 
separates from his consciousness and remains purely a component of the 
OU [through physical death], he fears that his consciousness, unlike his 
physical shell, will not obey the [OU] law of conservation of matter and 


energy. Rather it will cease to exist. 

While fearing the death of his self-consciousness, ironically, man has 
also sought to punish it for its existence. He has mythologized it as devils 
or, in Western Judaeo/Christianity, the Devil. (#3A, #3B) He has tried to 
drive it out of his mind through psychological coercion (#14E, #19L) as well 
as through physical punishment ranging from simple fasting to the tortures 
of the Inquisition. And of course he has tried to pretend that it is really not 
there at all - that any activity by the soul which is not harmonious with the 
OU is simply disease: madness and mental illness. (#19R) 

Nonetheless the soul endures. It has survived all efforts to destroy, 
distort, disguise, or sublimate it - for none of these efforts has ever actually 
succeeded in touching it. At most they have succeeded in damaging only the 
physical medium for its expression. 

The Immortality of the Psyche 

Perhaps the most important contribution of the original Church of 
Satan (1966-1975CE) was its focus upon and glorification of the psyche, 
even though its original ambition was to downplay that concept in favor of 
mere fleshly gratification. 

As we Satanists explored the implications of Anton LaVey's initial, 
dramatic statements in the Satanic Bible, it gradually became evident that 
any focus upon oneself presupposes the separateness of that self from 
everything else. Flesh is found to consist of natural substances, and most of 
our lower-level thought processes - what Plato would class as pistis and 
eikasia - are similarly found to be little more than conditioned responses to 
external stimuli. As the Satanist continued his search for the "thing that 
was exclusively himself, he was forced to increasingly more complex 
introspection, resulting ultimately in a philosophical and metaphysical 
crisis that would only be resolved in the more precise philosophy of the 
Temple of Set. 

In the Temple the psyche became the acknowledged focus of the 
Setian's initiatory quest. The logical mind and the fleshly body were not 
disdained, but seen rather as interpretative and communicative devices 
both between the psyche and its existence in the OU, and between various 
psyches (i.e. between individual Initiates). Subsequently this led the 
initiated psyche to confront the implications of an existence which is 
radically distinct from the OU. The existence of the psyche as something 

-6 3 - 

not the product of natural forces - created and energized by Set - 
necessitates comprehension of its future beyond finite interface with the 
natural/ material. 

Historically the issue of the psyche has been gradually oversimplified 
into a "this-life-only" (TLO) vs. a "life-after-death" (LAD) debate. As the 
debate has raged throughout many ages and mythologies, these two 
alternatives have tended to become mutually exclusive. 

The TLO proponents have passionately denied that anything of "this 
life" can continue past the destruction of the fleshly shell, even though they 
have no positive proof of the simultaneous extermination of the psyche. 
Since they can no longer detect its presence through their own fleshly 
interfaces with the OU (the five senses), they presume that it no longer 
exists. When challenged on this over-extension of logic, they retort that the 
burden of proof is on the challenger ... to prove that a posthumous psyche 
exists by establishing a material/ 5-sensory channel of communication with 

Most publicized efforts to do exactly that have been predictably 
ludicrous at best and fraudulent at worst: seances, reincarnation fantasies, 
and "ascended master" rubbish. Materialists have felt secure in ridiculing 
such antics, and one cannot entirely blame them for claiming that their own 
position has thus been validated by default. But by strict scientific and 
logical criteria it has not. 

At the other extreme are the LAD advocates. They have faced the 
interesting problem of trying to make a convincing and attractive case for 
something whose existence they cannot demonstrate to any of the five OU 
senses. Rather than address that challenge directly [as the Temple of Set 
does], they take the easy way out and sell their product by attacking the 
TLO competition. They portray "this life" as merely a test of obedience, on 
which the individual will be judged at the point of transition into LAD - 
which they hold to be far more important because it is eternal. 

Since uninitiated humans fear the unknown and prefer to be safe 
rather than sorry, the LAD merchants have been able to use fear and 
threats as effective propaganda devices. Although they are in effect "selling 
a totally undetectable and unverifiable product" for the greatest price the 
customer can conceivably pay (a lifelong abstinence from various 
pleasures) they have been generally successful - as is attested to by the 
unbroken grip of LAD religions, from Osirianism to Christianity, on the 
bulk of humanity throughout its recorded history. 

-6 4 - 

Within the Western cultural tradition it is rarely realized that its two 
major religions - Christianity and Judaism - are actually at extremes apart 
on this issue. Christianity in all of its many forms upholds LAD as reason 
for abstinence in "this life". Judaism, on the other hand, insists upon TLO 
and absolutely rejects justification for human behavior on any grounds 
other than YHVH's direct instructions to living humans. Comments Arthur 
Schopenhauer in Par eg a #1, 13: 

The Jewish religion proper, as described and taught in Genesis and all the 
historic books until the end of Chronicles, is the crudest of all religions 
because it is the only one which has no theory of immortality - not even a 
trace of it. Every king and every hero or prophet is buried, when he dies, with 
his fathers, and there is an end of the matter; no trace of any existence after 
death; indeed, as if intentionally, every thought of this sort seems to have 
been removed. 

Schopenhauer is only partially correct. The ancient Hebrews drew no 
distinction between human souls and the animating force common to all 
animals (nephesh). Although some part of this animating force was thought 
to survive the destruction of the body, it was regarded with superstitious 
terror and referred to ambiguously by the terms elohim and rephaim. By 
the 2nd century BCE Hebrew doctrine had changed to include the 
revivification of the material body, but Hebrew theologians never extended 
this principle to the Pythagorean/Platonic concept of an independently- 
surviving psyche. 

Not surprisingly the original Christians continued this Jewish tradition 
of corporeal revivification, using the Greek term psyche to mean much the 
same thing as the Hebrew nephesh. In Matthew 10:28, where the soul is 
mentioned as distinct from the body, their posthumous reunion is promptly 
suggested. The most conclusive example of this doctrine, of course, is that 
of Jesus' own material resurrection [as in Luke 24:36-43], but by the time 
of Paul the distaste with which sophisticated Greeks regarded this 
"animation of corpses" (anastasis nekron) induced that apostle to modify 
Christian teachings in the direction of Pythagoreanism. Paul was further 
aware of - and presumably sought to overcome - the challenge of Gnostic 
and Hermetic Christianity, being a blend of basic Christianity with various 
Egyptian and Hellenic mysteries. 

[The 1945 discovery of thirteen original Gnostic codices at Nag 
Hammadi in Upper Egypt has shed much light on the ideas with which Paul 

-6 5 - 

had to compete. The codices themselves date to 350-400 CE but are 
probably copies of 2nd century CE originals.] 

In I Cor. 15:35 and II Cor. 5:1-2 Paul offers a mixture of Pythagorean 
and Hebrew ideas, whereby the posthumous soul is given a "spiritual body" 
(soma pneumatikori) which nevertheless requires a bodily form. Despite 
Paul's efforts, Christianity has never succeeded in breaking free from the 
notion of reanimation of the original corpse, which at least has been grist 
for the mill of horror-film producers. 

Since humans are accustomed to considering Judaism and Christianity 
as slight variations on a single theme (monotheism with humanity as a 
slave or pet), this actual chasm between the two belief systems has usually 
been overlooked, leaving Christians and Jews somewhat confused as to why 
they don't get along with one another very well. They have tended to 
persecute one another for all sorts of stupid reasons, century after century - 
when they weren't temporarily distracted by crusades against the "infidel" 
Moslems or extermination campaigns against "heathen" Aztecs and Incas. 

The crude anti-Semitism of Nazi Germany is notorious, but what is not 
so well-known is that its roots could be found in a far more subtle comment 
on Schopenhauer - by Dietrich Eckart, initiate of the Thule Gesellschaft and 
mentor to Adolf Hitler and Alfred Rosenberg. In 1919 Eckart wrote: 

It is now evident that a people which completely denies the existence of 
life after death must limit all of its thoughts and endeavors to the present 
world, to earthly existence; it has no other choice. But a people can only grow 
up with such an emphasis on worldly matters if it fundamentally lacks any 
need for immortality, which in turn is possible only if there is no trace of 
feeling in its basic character for the eternal in mankind. Wherever the soul 
manifests itself, no matter how faintly, a sense of immortality necessarily 
follows. The individual is not always consciously aware of this; indeed there 
are many who refuse to understand it - who are so ignorant concerning the 
concept of immortality that they habitually denounce it, even while their 
unselfish actions clearly reveal that each one of them senses the soul and 
therefore eternity within himself. 

Although Pauline Christianity attempted to appropriate the 
Pythagorean/Platonic concept of the "soul distinct within and ultimately 
freed from the body", the new religion proved unable to sustain this concept 
without the conceptual vehicle of the body. Christian artistic 
representations of posthumous Paradise are invariably sterile and dull, 
while wicked souls' adventures in Hell are usually twisted and tortured 


fantasies caricaturing the most desirable pleasures denied in this life. It will 
be recalled that Christ's ultimate promise upon his Second Coming was to 
reunite all souls with their ex-bodies, so that they would once again enjoy 
their original corporeal shells. 

The Christian concept of "Satan", being as it was a crude scarecrow of 
everything Christianity didn't like, was thus as "confused in reverse" as 
Christianity itself was. This is clearly evident in Anton LaVey's Satanic 
Bible, wherein Satan is said to stand for indulgence in fleshly life and 
rejection of posthumous judgment. As Anton plagiarized from Ragnar 
Redbeard's Might is Right: 

Life is the great indulgence - death the great abstinence. Therefore make 
the most of life - here and now! There is no Heaven of glory bright and no 
Hell where sinners roast. Here and now is our day of torment! Here and now 
is our day of joy! 

Viewed in this context, the Church of Satan's initial Satanism was, in 
effect, Judaism with a YHVH who would let you do anything you wanted 
rather than one who was a vengeful sadist. Yet both systems - the nice 
(Satanic) one and the vicious (Jewish) one - came to a screeching halt at the 
grave. [Anton explained the many memento mori decorations of his home 
as reminders of death's being just around the corner, hence of the need for 
Satanists to get as much out of incarnate life as possible.] 

Elsewhere in the Satanic Bible, however, Anton made a statement 
which, while largely overlooked during the Church of Satan's span of 
existence, is one of the more crucial in his entire philosophy: 

If a person has been vital throughout his life and has fought to the end for 
his earthly existence, it is this ego which will refuse to die, even after the 
expiration of the flesh which housed it ... It is this vitality that will allow the 
Satanist to peek through the curtain of darkness and death and remain 

Here Anton's concept of life was still the TLO one common to Judaism 
and his original Satanism. In wishing to live rather than die, he could 
conceptualize immortality only in terms of an extension of TLO through 
force of will. He likened it to the refusal of a child to go to bed when there is 
something exciting going on; in this sense it was a denial that there could 
be any kind of life for the psyche other than "earthbound life". To "go to 

-6 7 - 

bed" is not to move into another mode of existence, but simply to cease to 
exist. Anton's original Satanism thus combined a "friendly YHVH" (Satan) 
with the promise of endless material existence for the psyche - providing 
that the psyche could project the strength and coherence of will necessary 
for that existence. 

As discussed at length in my Church of Satan history, Anton LaVey and 
the Church of Satan were never able to resolve the dilemma of Satan's 
actual existence: Was he real or just symbolic? If he were real, it would 
seem to open the door to the entire Christian concept of the universe. If 
on the other hand he were merely symbolic, then he didn't really exist as a 
self-conscious, willful force which could actualize Satanists' ritual-magical 
desires or which could even care about the existence of the Church of Satan. 
In that case magic would be reduced to mere stage-trickery, and the Church 
itself would be nothing more than a club for spooky psychodrama. 

The Temple of Set resolved this dilemma in 1975 CE by asserting the 
actual existence of "Satan" (as Set - the original, pre- Judaeo/ Christian 
entity) while at the same time removing the concept of his existence 
entirely from the Judaeo/ Christian tug-of-war. 

The essence of the psyche, stated Set in the Book of Coming Forth by 
Night, is such that its existence is neither dependent upon the material nor 
imprisoned in it for testing or task-fulfilling purposes. Rather the physical 
body provides a vehicle in which the psyche can become aware of itself 
and then reach out towards the limitlessness of its conscious 
existence. [It is this process which the Temple defines by the hieroglyphic 
term Xeper.] "This life" may be likened to a springboard or launching-pad 
towards the psyche's ultimate Self- awareness and state of Being. 

As for Set, he neither cracks a whip over humans in TLO nor sits in 
judgment over them in LAD. Rather he is understood as the source of the 
potential for Xeper in each human animal. Whether or not each individual 
recognizes this potential and takes steps to develop it (what we mean by 
"initiation") is not Set's prerogative, else his own psyche would simply 
displace the one within each self-aware human. 

In conceptualizing the existence of the psyche in a non-physical 
environment, let us reflect first upon the wisdom of ancient China. The 
Secret of the Golden Flower (T'ai I Chin Hua Tsung Chih) (#19S) is the 
principal philosophical text - in its oral-tradition origins - of the religion of 
the Golden Elixir of Life (Chin Tan Chiao) which developed during the 
T'ang Dynasty in the 8th Century CE. Its reputed founder is the Taoist 


philosopher Lu Yen, student of the Master Yin-hsi (for whom Lao Tzu is 
supposed to have written the famous Tao Te Ching). 

Richard Wilhelm (translator of the English volume) summarizes the 
Golden Flower's argument as follows: 

Tao the undivided, Great One, gives rise to two opposite reality principles, 
Darkness and Light, yin and yang. These are at first thought of only as forces 
of nature apart from man. Later the sexual polarities, and others as well, are 
derived from them. From yin comes K'un, the receptive feminine principle; 
from yang comes Ch'ien, the creative masculine principle. From yin comes 
ming (life); from yang comes hsing (essence). 

Each individual contains a central monad which, at the moment of 
conception, splits into life and essence (ming and hsing). These two are 
super-individual principles and so can be related to eros and logos. 

In the personal bodily existence of the individual they are represented by 
two other polarities, ap'o soul (or anima) and a hun soul (or animus). All 
during the life of the individual these two are in conflict, each striving for 
mastery. At death they separate and go different ways. The anima sinks to 
earth as kuei, a ghost-being. The animus rises and becomes shen, a revealing 
spirit or god. Shen may in time return to Tao. 

If the life-forces flow downward - that is, without let or hindrance into the 
outer world - the anima is victorious over the animus; no "spirit body" or 
"Golden Flower" is developed, and at death the ego is lost. If the life-forces are 
conserved and made to "rise", however, the animus is victorious and the ego 
persists after death, attaining shen. 

Such illumination was not limited to the orient. It was attained by the 
initiates of the Western world as well. As so carefully illustrated in Her-Bak 
(#2L), it was one of the central secrets of the ancient Egyptian Priesthoods: 

What is life? It is a form of the divine presence. It is the power, immanent 
in created things, to change themselves by successive destructions of form 
until the spirit or activating force of the original life-stream is freed. This 
power resides in the very nature of things. Successive destruction of forms, 
metamorphoses, by the divine fire with rebirth of forms new and living is an 
expression of consciousness. It is the spiritual aim of all human life to attain a 
state of consciousness that is independent of bodily circumstance. 

What I have just said concerns the living spirit bestowed on the man 
already quickened, like every living thing, by a rudimentary soul, which makes 
of such a man a creature superior to the animal-human kingdom. He who 
recognizes the divine meaning of life knows that knowledge has but one aim, 
which is to achieve the successive stages that liberate him from the perishable. 

-6 9 - 

For things die only in their body; the spirit, the divine Word, returns to its 
source and dies not. Unhappy is the Ka that fails to recover its soul. 

This wisdom survived the destruction of ancient Khem as the 
Pythagorean/ Platonic doctrine of transmigration of the psyche as 
evidenced by anamnesis: 

SOCRATES: Those who tell it are priests and priestess of the sort who 
make it their business to be able to account for the functions which they 
perform. Pindar speaks of it too, and many another of the poets who are 
divinely inspired. What they say is this - see whether you think they are 
speaking the truth. They say that the soul of man is immortal. At one time it 
comes to an end - that which is called death - and at another is born again, but 
is never finally exterminated. On these grounds a man must live all his days as 
righteously as possible. For those from whom 

Persephone receives acquittal for ancient doom, 

In the ninth year she restores again 

Their souls to the Sun above. 

From whom rise noble kings 

And the swift in strength, greatest in wisdom, 

And for the rest of time 

They are called heroes and sanctified by men. 

Thus the soul, since it is immortal and has been born many times, and has 
seen all things both here and in the other world, has learned everything that 
is. So we need not be surprised if it can recall the knowledge of virtue or 
anything else which, as we see, it once possessed. All nature is akin, and the 
soul has learned everything, so that when a man has recalled a single piece of 
knowledge - "learned" it, in ordinary language - there is no reason why he 
should not find out the rest, if he keeps a stout heart and does not grow weary 
of the search, for seeking and learning are in fact nothing but recollection. - 
Plato, TheMeno 

When most people think about "immortality", they imagine a simple 
continuation of their immediate, conscious perceptions and impressions. 
That is, the moment-to-moment "reinforcements" that we all experience 
daily, and which - by being "not ourselves" - continuously form a kind of 
propping-up wall enclosing (hence "defining") that amorphous feeling we 
are accustomed to calling "ourself" . 

It is this "self that most people fear to lose in the event of bodily death. 
They simply don't know how else they could know themselves to exist. 


Take away the reinforcing "hits" from the OU, and the "amorphous feeling" 
evaporates into nothingness, they fear, like going under a general 
anesthetic (which also, but temporarily, "removes all hits"). 

The Initiate is challenged to find, in the words of Dr. Raghavan Iyer, 

... not the shadowy self or false egoity which merely reacts to external stimuli. 
Rather there is that Eye of Wisdom in every person which in deep sleep is 
fully awake and which has a translucent awareness of self-consciousness as 
pure, primordial light. 

This is accomplished through reflective, non-reactive thinking. Thus 
the individual becomes aware of his authentic self (psyche, soul); and upon 
activating this as the locus of his consciousness, looks outward at 
phenomena at the same depth. In other words, the superficial "self 
looks out at its level and sees OU events - like bodily pleasure/pain, blue 
sky, ringing telephones, time defined by clocks and calendars, and so forth. 
The core or true self, however, exists as a neter and, when looking outward, 
sees a SU not of the works of other neteru, but of those neteru themselves. 
One "machine" sees other "machinery"; one "creator/operator" sees other 
"creator/ operators". 

The anamnesis or "remembered knowledge" experienced by the slave 
boy in the Meno is perhaps more accurately described as the superficial 
mind reaching in to the core mind for bits of its immortal, eternal wisdom. 
But this is akin to reaching for a coal in a hot fire. It is distressing to do, and 
the result can be held only for a fleeting moment without further distress. 
The superficial self, which through material "hits" continuously reassures 
itself that it is the only self, is shaken by exposure to its falseness, its 
nothingness. It backs away from such "close encounters", dismisses them as 
"illusions", "fantasy", "imagination", etc., and hastens to rebuild its fortress 
of material-sensation "walls". [The fright felt by the superficial self at 
threats to its authenticity results, among other things, in the lashing-out of 
neoskepticism. It is an axiom of the neoskeptics that the superficial self of 
stimulus/response is and must be the only self.] 

Immortality of the self is. Your ability to align your consciousness with 
your neter, rather than your superficial, animal, illusion of "self is Xeper. 

These ancient initiatory keys to immortality were energetically attacked 
and suppressed by Christianity, as that cruel religion correctly perceived 
that fear of death was one of the most powerful weapons it could use to 
enslave humanity. It was important that death be taught as something 


hideous and final, from which the only escape was surrender to Christ - by 
which, of course, Christian churches really meant their institutions. Those 
areas of non-Christian Europe which had escaped, at least for a time, 
domination by this numbing propaganda, continued to preserve the truth. 
In For Freedom Destined (#14U) Dr. Franz Winkler observes: 

In ancient times the secrets of man's true nature, and of the forces that 
determine his fate, were contemplated in the great temple universities of 
paganism all over the civilized world. Though men were fully aware of the 
important role that heredity plays in the shaping of the physiological and 
psychological organism of a human being, they did not think that the 
innermost core of the human being was the product of purely biological 
forces. This innermost core, called by the Greeks the entelechy or dsevnon of 
man, was credited with qualities unique to the individual, apart from the 
characteristics of the body he inhabited. The concept of entelechy 
corresponded roughly with the Judago-Christian concept of an immortal soul. 

Most pagan creeds held that the human entelechy neither begins nor ends 
with life on Earth. Man's 'mortality' referred merely to the fact that his self- 
awareness ceased with the death of his body. The immortal gods differed from 
mortal man by the continuation of their consciousness. Since ancient ideas on 
the mystery of birth cannot be separated from pagan philosophies about the 
soul's supersensible existence, certain concepts generally accepted in the pre- 
Christian era should be mentioned. According to pagan theology, 
consciousness after death could reach one of three levels. The first level was 
the one allotted to the average man: dreamlike, with almost complete absence 
of memory and self-identification, called Hades in Greek, Hel in Germanic 
mythology. The second was accessible to the true hero, the man whose deeds 
of courage and creativeness distinguished him from ordinary mortals. The 
Greeks called this state of consciousness the Elysian Fields, the Germans 
Walhalla. The third level was reached by those who could soar beyond the 
narrow limits of Earth-bound consciousness and thus bring new impulses into 
the world. Already while they still lived in a mortal body, their awareness had 
assumed divine status. Their souls after death, in the language of mythology, 
were lifted to the stars. 

Is attainment of the immortality of the Ba or psyche a technique which 
the individual has to "learn"? Must one hurry to do so, lest one's body 
expire before the trick is mastered? Quite the contrary, as the sage in Her- 
Bak emphasized, this immortality is innate in all conscious beings. 
You have it already, by evidence of that same consciousness which enables 
you to read and comprehend these words. It is nothing which the Temple of 
Set "confers" on you; rather it is something which conventional churches 


have tried to trick you out of, and which materialistic science has denied 
simply because it is an aspect of existence which transcends science 
[hence is not subject to "scientific proof']. Further from Winkler: 

Life's appearance as "meaningless" stems basically from man's 
materialistic concept of himself. If his innermost nature were merely 
biological, complete fulfillment of his appetites and the acquiring of wealth 
would satisfy his longing for happiness. Since they do not, an atmosphere of 
hopelessness is enveloping our generation, especially our youth. In an affluent 
society where all material ways out of such frustration have been found 
wanting, drugs, perversions, and the thrills of crime are now being used as 
desperate means of escape from the intolerable boredom. Well-meaning 
efforts on the part of the authorities to stem the tidal wave of juvenile 
delinquency and drug-addiction will therefore bring scant results, until the 
following simple truth has been fully accepted by parents and teachers: 

Happiness, love, and compassion are spiritual faculties that during 
centuries of neglect and misunderstanding have withered and grown weak. 
Unless they are nursed back to health, man will despair of life and eventually 
throw it away in a mass suicide by nuclear destruction. But how can we care 
for what we no longer comprehend? Modern science, admirable in its 
achievements on a material plane, has proven ineffectual in the 
understanding of intangible values. This limitation, while freely admitted by 
the small number of truly creative scientists, seems to elude the average 
intellectual. And the failure to recognize this limitation adds to the delusion 
that natural science in its present form can be the judge of religious or 
spiritual truth. 

Making modern man's plight even more serious is the fact that his 
materialistic delusion of himself not only deprives him of wisdom and 
happiness, but acts also as a pattern in whose dreary image he tends to 
reshape his nature. Consequently more and more personalities emerge who 
think and act virtually like robots. They know no happiness and have no 
perception of objective morality. 

We have grown wise in the analysis of the material world, have expanded 
the scope of our perception to outer space and to the world beneath the atom. 
But objective inner experience has faded almost entirely away, and it has left 
us groping in the dark for the true image of ourselves. 

It is the function of the Temple of Set, as of the ancient Egyptian 
priesthoods, the Pythagorean Brotherhood, and the Platonic Academy 
before it, to inspire its Initiates to awaken to that knowledge which is latent 
within their consciousness and needs only to be appreciated as such. 
Winkler rightly points out that, the more highly initiated one becomes, the 


more one can experience such prerogatives of Xeper. But this is a matter of 
perspective and proportion, not of the quality of immortality itself. 

It is all too easy to perceive "life" as only the active functioning of one's 
material, OU-constituted body. Such an attitude fosters a disease of the 
psyche far worse than any of the body. It numbs you to that immortality 
which is inherent in the Gift of Set, and it makes you the prey of everyone 
who, in the profane world, seeks to control your life by threats against your 

The Prince of Darkness 

So the non-natural soul - the personalized, subjective "reflection" of the 
"Devil" - has proven its existence many times over, and in a variety of 
contexts and semblances. But what of the Form behind all such 
particularized manifestations - a creative source or First Principle of 
whose essence all non-natural souls partake? What of an actual, uniquely- 
existing "Devil"? 

During its 1966-1975 CE existence, the Church of Satan regarded its 
own mythology with a mixture of emotional fervor and intellectual 
uncertainty. The Church came into existence not as the result of a 
philosophically-deduced need, but rather as a spontaneous gesture of 
exasperation with and contempt for the hollowness and hypocrisy of 
conventional social and religious morality. The Church was thus a 
"statement" - a glove thrown down - not of that morality per se, but rather 
of humanity's impudence in announcing goals and standards for itself 
which it had neither capacity for nor intention of attaining. Satan, as the 
accuser and rebel, was the inevitable symbol for this statement. 

Having rejected conventional options, however, the Church found itself 
in the position of having to construct an alternative approach to morality. 
The result was an imprecise blend of personal hedonism with a rather 
cynical, Hobbesian attitude towards the rest of society. Those able to 
achieve self-indulgent lifestyles - Satanists - should do so without qualms; 
ordinary people should be coldly exploited as befits their unimaginative and 
conservative behavior- and thought-patterns. [Cf. Aristotle's doctrine of 
"natural slavery".] 

As for Satan himself, the Church began by making much of the sinister 
glamor of the Devil, both in its early rituals and in media coverage. In the 
Satanic Bible (#6K) Anton LaVey proposed a simple identification of the 


Devil with any and all forms of pleasurable indulgence. Together with a 
lampooning and debunking of conventional religious dogma, this 
identification constitutes the principal theme of that volume's "Book of 
Satan (authored by Ragnar Redbeard)" and "Book of Lucifer (authored by 

But then the Satanic Bible becomes oddly vague. Satan himself is never 
really defined, save as an allegory, semantic term, and/or symbol of the 
subjective, creative self. On page #62 it is said that "most Satanists [think 
that Satan] merely represents a force of nature - the powers of darkness". It 
is then implied that these "powers of darkness" are simply natural forces 
which neither religion nor science has yet identified or attempted to 
employ. The Satanic Bible advocates using them for Indulgence - and that 
is where the discussion of Satan stops. The reader is then thrown somewhat 
off the track, because the phraseology of the rituals that follow recasts the 
Devil into one or more of his traditional, anthropomorphic molds. 

The paradox of conventional Satanism was that the Devil was 
understood to be a force of nature, thus being derived from and ultimately 
dependent upon "God" in some way. He may make a lot of noise, but in the 
final analysis he is part of the same all-inclusive machinery of the 
Universe/God; even his "rebellion" is part of God's Universal scheme. 
Satanists, accordingly, might be able to play a good game - but ultimately 
the deck is stacked against them. They cannot win. 

The Church of Satan avoided this paradox by the simple technique of 
refusing to confront it directly. An atmosphere of psychodramatic atheism 
prevailed. Satan was ceremonially invoked with great fervor, but in non- 
ceremonial surroundings even the most die-hard Satanists hesitated to take 
a position concerning his reality. If references to his existence were made, 
they were vague, cautious, and hypothetical. 

This attitude prevailed throughout all levels and branches of the 
Church. Even Anton LaVey, when speaking of the Devil, was wont to 
employ such euphemisms as "the Man Downstairs", or to speak more 
cryptically of "forces", "vibrations", "angles", and "atmospheres". 

In addition to the "stacked deck" paradox, there was a second motive 
for this reluctance to grapple with the issue of the Devil's existence: the 
unspoken acknowledgment that atheism is ultimately untenable. 
Throughout the OU there exists rigid adherence to principles of physical 
and natural behavior; we may call this "order" or "consistency". It is 
because of this consistency that we can predict events in the physical, 


chemical, biological, and mathematical sciences. Scientists term such 
predictive patterns "laws". 

[There is a school of philosophy called subjective or voluntaristic 
idealism, in which an effort is made to define nature as merely a creation 
of the mind, an objectification of the will (Fichte, Schopenhauer), but the 
subjective idealists have not been able to prove that the OU is in fact a 
mental construct - for precisely the same reasons that they can challenge 
the assumption that it does not enjoy objective existence apart from 
perception. Like their predecessor Descartes, they are ultimately forced to 
the assumption that one must accept the evidence of the senses as reliable 
and to some extent impersonal.] 

Recalling Thomas Aquinas' failure to demonstrate the existence of God 
through logic, and the consequent relapse of Christianity into a faith-based 
system, rational minds of the Enlightenment era approached this 
"ordering" of the OU in two significant ways: 

First there is pantheism (sometimes called monistic idealism), 
whose most noted advocate was the Dutch philosopher Baruch Spinoza 
(1632-1677). According to pantheism, God and the universe are one and the 
same substance; everything that exists or occurs is an aspect of God. Being 
neither separate from nor independent of the universe, God has no 
personal qualities. [It should not be supposed that Spinoza meant this as an 
"attack" on God after the fashion of Nietzsche. Spinoza's recommended 
attitude for human beings was what he termed the "intellectual love of God" 
through a generalized appreciation of nature.] 

The perception of an "enforced" system of order or consistency 
throughout the entire OU, however, led some philosophers to induce the 
necessary existence of something external and superior to that universe. 
Conceptually the OU cannot "regulate" or "order" itself. Hence another 
school of thought - deism - arose, its most noted proponent being 
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) of Leipzig. Deists differed from 
pantheists by postulating a superior and independent God, but one who, 
after creating the OU and its laws, refrains from tampering with them. 
Hence such a God never intervenes in human affairs or fortunes, whether 
or not he is interested in them. 

The Church of Satan adopted an essentially deistic attitude towards 
cosmology: "God" probably exists, but since he doesn't involve himself in 
human affairs, there is no reason to court his approval. Opening the door to 
the existence of "God", however, opens the same door to the existence of 


another intelligent entity apart from the OU. The Devil can thus exist in 
theory. Is there any evidence that he does in actuality? 

The Enlightenment philosophers assumed mankind to be compatible 
with, hence included in the order of the OU. Human behavior was just 
another kind of science to be explored and mastered. [It is no accident that 
the Enlightenment saw the birth of "social contract" theories of 
government, based on speculations about the "natural ordering" of human 
society.] But, while social contract approaches to government and politics 
have enjoyed some measure of success in the subsequent centuries, they 
have by no means demonstrated their inclusion of individual creative 
power and the force of will. At the close of the 20th century, most of the 
great social contract experiments, if they have survived at all, have mutated 
into a kind of technological Machiavellianism in which individual drive, 
leadership, and fortune determine the shape of the present and the 
direction of the future. 

We confront, therefore, a scenario in which the OU is increasingly 
exposed as a consistent, interrelated machine - and in which the human 
intellect is increasingly exposed as something which has defied all attempts 
to relegate it to a function of this machine. Mankind displays a potential for 
intellectual external-perspective and willful creation that is in sharp 
contrast to everything else that is known concerning this OU. 

Consider the vast intellectual gap between mankind and every other 
species on the planet. One has only to walk into a major library to sense the 
extent of this gap. Much is made about the relatively high intelligence of 
chimpanzees, dolphins, etc.; yet the most intelligent of their number cannot 
remotely compare with even the most primitive examples of homo sapiens. 
Moreover, say physiologists, even the most exalted levels of human 
intelligence and knowledge have been attained with only 10-20% of the 
reasoning potential of the human cerebrum. How and why did humanity 
acquire this freakishly high intelligence potential? 

While anthropologists can chart the stages of prehistoric human 
evolution to the limits of available data, they remain unable to explain why 
the entire phenomenon should have occurred at all. The best they can do, in 
textbook after textbook, is to say that "man developed high intelligence 
because he needed it to survive". According to this theory, proto-men were 
lacking in speed, strength, fighting teeth & claws, and other physical 
attributes necessary for survival. Mutants with greater intelligence tended 
to survive through cunning, sustaining their descendants, while less- 


intelligent groups died out. This process, repeated over some five million 
years, resulted in homo sapiens, the prototype of Cro-Magnon, 
Neanderthal, and Modern Man. 

The escape clause in this theory is the time factor: Five million years is 
plenty of time for almost anything to evolve into almost anything else. 
Besides, the anthropologist will say, the entire primate development 
process can be traced to origins some fifty millions of years ago. Hence the 
condition of Modern Man isn't as startling as it would be had it happened 

All well and good, but there are at least two problems with this 
proposition. One is that proto-man was just one of many animal species 
fighting for survival over the millennia. If his brain could evolve through 
processes of natural selection, then why did the brains of other creatures 
not similarly evolve - at least a little? The fact is that the brains of other 
creatures have remained practically the same size while man's has 
"evolved". This is inconsistent, and it will be recalled that the hallmark of 
the OU - and deistic proof of God - is its consistency. By the law of 
averages - which applies to natural selection as much as to anything else - 
there should have been at least some species other than man evolving in 
intelligence at least partway to the human level. There is none. 

The second problem arises through application of one of the bastion 
theories of Darwinian natural selection. It is that nature always takes the 
easiest way out - that selection favors the less-complicated adaptation over 
a more complex alternative. When a time of famine favors species able to 
reach higher for herbal food, longer-necked giraffes survive. We do not see 
short-necked giraffes with wings. A more-or-less easy physical modification 
must first accidentally occur in a species; thereafter selection takes place 
against those who do not possess the characteristic. That is the way 
evolution actually works. (#17E) 

But there is no explanation for human brain evolution in the laws of 
natural selection. The biophysical factors of a sophisticated brain are far too 
intricate. A proto-man trying to adapt to hostile environments through 
brain modification would have died out long before such external stress as 
he could bring to bear on his brain would have any effect upon that organ 
[if indeed they would have any physiological effect at all]. In the case of 
proto-man, natural selection would occur in favor of almost anything else 
besides the brain. He would become stronger, hairier, tougher, meaner, 
and faster. According to natural selection, you and I should be gorillas. 


But we are not gorillas. Indeed, as our intelligence has made life 
progressively easier for us, we have become weaker and more vulnerable 
physically. We are healthier and more long-lived only because our 
intelligence has enabled us to produce medicines to stave off diseases, and 
dietary standards to maximize our health and growth potential. We have 
controlled environments to fend off the elements, and have developed 
weapons to fend off other creatures. Take away our abnormal intelligence 
and mankind would die out or be killed off within a few generations. 
Because of our brain, then, the natural evolution of the rest of our body 
[which would normally operate in favor of an unaided tougher, more 
disease-free physiology] has actually operated in reverse. Once more this 
is inconsistent. 

There is a corollary to the second problem. It is that natural selection, 
when it does occur, does not overcompensate. If conditions allow all 
giraffes with four-foot necks to survive, there is no reason for the species to 
evolve in the direction of forty-foot necks. If the human brain were 
presumed to be the product of natural selection, why should it possess 
intelligence greater than that required to raise man to stone-age culture? 
More than than, why should it possess the capacity to be ten times smarter 
than it is today? 

If human high intelligence is a violation of OU law, how did it occur? 
There are two possible explanations: accident or deliberate cause. If 
accidental cause is assumed, then the accident would have had to be 
both a major violation of the law and one which sustained itself over several 
millennia. And if there were one such accident, the laws of probability 
would necessitate others in lesser degrees [and greater numbers]. In all of 
the many manifestations of life and evolution with which we are familiar, 
we know of no other such accidents. Natural law's grip on everything else 
besides ourselves appears total and inescapable. We are left with the second 
explanation: deliberate cause. 

During the Age of Satan (1966-1975 CE) a certain "racial memory" of 
some prehistoric change to the natural course of human evolution seemed 
to be asserting itself. 50 The most spectacular and explicit example was the 
film 2001: A Space Odyssey, Arthur C. Clarke's variation on the theme of 
his earlier novel Childhood's End. (#17A) In 2001 proto-man's intelligence 
was artificially boosted by a rectangular monolith. In Childhood's End the 
same operation was performed by an extraterrestrial creature looking 

50 See Appendix #3. 


precisely like the traditional Devil. Presumably the spectacle of a tribe of 
man-apes thronging around Satan would have been a bit too shocking for 
audiences; hence the substitution of the more abstract monolith in the film. 
Intriguingly the monolithic Satan-symbol provoked no adverse criticism 
from viewers, religious or otherwise. Once the religious myths are removed, 
the "fall" of man is seen as his rise. 

Such a 200i-style tinkering with human intellectual evolution would 
have had to occur at the genetic level, and presumably [so as to be 
sustained by normal reproduction] over an extended period of time. So we 
are looking at a subtle process, not a sudden, dramatic event [as in Adam & 
Eve's apple-munching or Prometheus' fire-giving]. We do not have 
sufficient knowledge of genetics or of the brain's physiology to know 
precisely how such tinkering might have taken place - though we can 
estimate it. 51 That it did in fact take place is indicated only - but inescapably 
- by the presence of the fait accompli. 

The "ancient astronaut" theories of van Daniken et al. may be 
dispensed with peremptorily. The human body displays an organic 
constitution completely compatible with those of other Earthly species, and 
alien astronauts could not have taught anything to a proto-man whose 
intelligence had not already developed to a high level. 

There are a great many genuine curiosities of antiquity which suggest 
that mankind's advanced intelligence made its presence known long before 
the recorded civilizations of Egypt, Sumer, China, etc. (#5) But, despite 
torturous efforts to interpret toys or Meso-American murals as 
"spaceships", evidence of alien astronauts on Earth remains conspicuous 
for its absence. 

Mankind's inability to detect the author of our "high intelligence 
experiment" should not be considered as evidence that he does not exist, 
but simply that he has not been discovered and identified. Nor, one may 
add, has mankind been actively looking for him. Instead it has been off first 
on the wild-goose chase of religious-creationism, then on the wild-goose 
chase of natural selection [as applied to the brain]. Nevertheless he exists; 
the conclusive evidence exists. To quote Walt Kelly's Pogo: "Us is it." 

To sum up: We know that there is evidence for the existence of an 
intelligent entity distinct from the OU and thus in incidental, if not 
deliberate conflict with its laws. For whatever its reasons, it has instilled in 
humanity the potential to enjoy the same external perspective, as well as 

51 See Appendix #4. 


the intelligence to do so with deliberate, creative purpose. Some humans 
sense this potential and thrill to it; we call them the Elect. Most others do 
not think precisely and rigorously enough to detect it in themselves; or, if 
they do, they fear it and try to sublimate, repress, or destroy it. Hence they 
have represented our Mysterious Stranger as the Devil. We know him by his 
most ancient name of Set. 

The Temple of Set is thus an association of the Elect to honor Set, exalt 
his Gift to ourselves, and exercise it with the greatest possible wisdom. As 
Set is a metaphysical entity, apart from the OU, he may be likened to a 
"god" as conventional society employs the term. In this sense the Temple of 
Set is a religion - not one which is based on irrational faith, but one which 
derives its core principles from exercise of the evident and conspicuous Gift 
of its neter. 

The Objective and Subjective Universes 

The cosmological premise of the Temple of Set is that there is one 
universe, consisting of the totality of existence. Within it are the OU 
(whose components occupy time and space] and each sentient being's SU. 
The SU may be thought of [at least during one's OU-bodily incarnation] as 
one's personal perspective on the OU, together with any self-created 
phenomena one wishes to add to it. 

In the "exclusive" OU, a house is simply a geometrically-coordinated, 
gravitationally-braced and weatherproof arrangement of certain kinds of 
molecules. As various individuals design, decorate, occupy, or view the 
house, however, it is imbued with characteristics assigned to it by them [cf. 
Kant in "The Psyche"]. It now exists in their several SUs, and it may 
continue to exist there even after the OU house has been demolished. 

As various people discuss the house, moreover, their SU concepts 
concerning it will be exchanged. Thus SUs may themselves overlap. This is 
another way of defining "intellectual affinity", and it is also a precondition 
for affection and love. 

It is open to question whether an individual can detect the existence of 
the OU at all, save through the "distorting medium" of his SU. Rene 
Descartes' famous statement "I think; therefore I exist" was the result of his 
attempt to batter through his SU to secure evidence of the OU's reality [and 
his existence within it]. The Irish philosopher George Berkeley disputed 
Descartes, claiming that the OU does not exist - that such reliable data as 


we have concerning it are merely agreements or similarities between our 
several SUs. The creator and "enforcer" of these similarities, Berkeley 
continued, is the divine mind (i.e. a God or gods). 

Berkeley's philosophy is called immaterialism. It was followed by 
two offshoots: solipsism and subjective idealism. Solipsism disputes 
the existence of a divine mind, and indeed of any other individual minds. 
To the solipsist, the universe consists of "nothing but myself and my ideas". 
The physical world, including the human beings populating it, are simply 
figments of one's imagination. [If one should be "attacked" by such a 
figment, the sensation of the fight and the bruises resulting from it would 
be viewed by the solipsist as unpleasant fantasies of his mind originating, 
beyond his conscious control, in its subconscious depths.] 

Subjective idealism, whose most prominent proponent was the German 
philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte, was an approach to immaterialism 
that seemed to be "less absurd" than solipsism. Fichte began by 
acknowledging that neither materialism (the existence of nothing but the 
OU) nor immaterialism (the existence of nothing but the SU) can be 
established. A philosopher must arbitrarily accept either one or the other as 
a point of departure, then construct his theories from that platform. 

Fichte opted for immaterialism. He felt that he existed, per Descartes' 
maxim. But, unlike Descartes, he didn't trust in God to subsequently impart 
to him reliable sensory impressions of an OU. He postulated the original 
existence of a mental essence divided into the ego (the sensation of the 
self) and the non-ego (sensations of things not perceived as the self). This 
mental essence is more impersonal than the subconsciousness of the 
solipsist. The essence is a sort of "supermind" which transcends all 
particular ego and non-ego manifestations. 

As noted above, Fichte chose the premise of immaterialism and from it 
developed the philosophy of subjective idealism. His successor, Georg 
Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, chose the premise of materialism and from it 
developed the philosophy of objective idealism. In its simplest form, this 
philosophy imparts reality to the OU, making all SUs simply aspects of it. 
Hegel's OU, however, is not a physical substance. Rather it is an all- 
embracing, absolute mind which is racing through its many ideas to 
reconcile them, refine them, and ultimately realize itself through them. This 
is the "evolution" of the universe, and is what Hegel referred to as the 
historical "dialectic" of thesis/ antithesis> synthesis. 


Endless debates rage concerning these and other metaphysical 
theories. This is not the place to attempt to resolve them. They are 
introduced in elemental form simply in order to illustrate the role that the 
concepts of the SU and OU play in them. They are "building blocks": points 
of reference. 

Using these building blocks, the individual may conceive of himself as a 
self-conscious, intelligent entity who confronts the OU and SU from a point 
of external perspective. [Whether this external perspective extends to the 
SU is problematic; this is like asking the mind whether it can get outside 
itself! But for our purposes an external perspective on the OU, together 
with a realization of the SU, will suffice.] The challenge of existence is thus 
how to approach both universes intelligently and rewardingly. 

There are two essential approaches to each universe, which may be 
termed natural and non-natural. 52 Hence a total of four possible 
approaches: (1) natural/OU, (2) non-natural/OU, (3) natural/SU, and (4) 
non-natural/SU. Each will now be discussed in turn. 

The Natural Approach to the Objective Universe 

The natural approach to the OU is to endeavor to blend in with it, to 
harmonize with it, to become one with it. In one mythological context or 
another, this is the goal of all conventional religions, which view man's 
estrangement from the OU as something "out of adjustment" at best and 
"sinful" at worst. A fundamental paradox is involved, however, which 
makes such a goal of reunification impossible. The paradox is that the very 
desire to attain union with the OU evidences the individual's essential 
separateness from that universe. It follows that any conscious act 
relative to that universe - even one which seeks to approach it - is an 
exercise of that separateness. Hence to be aware of one's disconnection 
from that universe is to remain disconnected from it. 

Jesus Christ is reputed to have said that, to enter Heaven, one must be 
"as a little child". To put it another way, such a person would have to 
radiate an innocent, selfless passion for the harmony of the Universe; he 
would be unable to conceive himself as apart from it. 

The irony of Christ's admonition is that neither innocence nor 
selflessness are products of the conscious intellect. Hence he was 
stating a truth about which those listening to him could do nothing, 

See Appendix #5. 

-8 3 - 

whether or not they understood or agreed with him. One cannot "decide to 
be innocent" or "resolve to be selfless". One can conduct one's life as 
though one were innocent and selfless, of course - and be a nice person 
who does nice things for others in the process. But beneath all appearances, 
all affectations, the actual state of the soul remains as it is: either 
animal/ natural or human/enlightened, either asleep and ignorant or awake 
and all too aware. 

It is nothing short of horrifying to review the record of man's efforts to 
"get at" the state of the human soul. He has cruelly tortured the body and 
the mind, even destroyed life itself in efforts to suppress or exterminate the 
"Satanic" state of self-awareness and pride in personal existence. He has 
concocted innumerable religions and substitute-religions purporting to be 
able to snuff out this flame; these have used every conceivable combination 
of drugs, incense, pageantry, recitation, ritual, and even Thomistic-style 
"logic" whose conclusions are safely predetermined by faith-derived 

All such devices are ultimately of no avail. At most they confuse, 
distort, and lull - but in the end "are all spirits, and are melted into air". 
They are false, useless, meaningless, and tragic - tragic in the sense of the 
ancient Greek dramas: futile efforts of an CEdipus struggling pathetically to 
evade what the gods had decided must be. 

Such efforts to deceive the consciousness into believing that it has been 
accepted into the OU are defined by the Temple of Set as white magic 
(WM). It will be noted that this definition is far broader and less value- 
laden than pop-occultists' use of the term. WM embraces not only all 
conventional religions, but all pagan or nature-worship ideologies as well. 
To the Temple, the only distinction between them is one of style and 
imagery, not of underlying purpose. 

Atheists and logical positivists attempt to create the illusion of man's 
inclusion in the OU simply by refusing to admit to the possibility of any 
alternative. Such individuals brusquely deny that anything worthwhile 
exists in the SU, which they consider useful only for fantasy and escapism. 
Such natural/objectivists thus include Machiavelli, Hobbes, Hume, and 
Marx, as well as the Sophists of Hellenic Greece and the later Stoics of the 
Hellenistic and Roman eras of Mediterranean culture. 

When confronted with metaphysical issues, natural/objectivists profess 
annoyance at such "useless" speculation. They pride themselves on 
practicality, on common sense, and on material interests. If they are 

-8 4 - 

involved in religion at all, it is only as a means for social or political 
influence, as in Rousseau's contemptuously-advocated "civil religion" - or 
in order to "scratch the itch" [with as little intellectual bother as possible] of 
the sublimated feeling that there just might be something more to the 
universe than their bourgeois materialism. 

The Non-Natural Approach to the Objective Universe 

If one assumes that one is an independent entity moving about in the 
OU, and that one cannot merge one's consciousness with it - that all 
attempts to do so are mere illusions and delusions - then one approaches 
the OU as a tool to be used for personal satisfaction. Natural/objective 
religionists are regarded as irrational, and natural/ objective atheists are 
regarded as ignorant. 

The non-natural/objectivist makes a careful study of the OU from his 
self-realized external perspective, and he includes in that study 
consideration for the subjective, metaphysical forces that influence human 
disposition and behavior (i.e. others' SUs). He then applies his knowledge 
to entities and events in the OU and through this medium to others' SUs, to 
control or at least influence events and perceptions in accordance with his 
will. This is defined by the Temple of Set as Lesser Black Magic (LBM). 

It will be understood that competence in this art gives the practitioner 
enormous power to affect situations in ways that could scarcely be 
understood by those involved, even if they were aware of the various forces 
being brought to bear on them. It thus follows that rigorous education in 
ethics is an absolute necessity for would-be Black Magicians - else through 
ignorance, immaturity, or impulsiveness they bring about unjustified or 
even unnecessary damage or destruction. As has been noted, the OU is in a 
state of natural equilibrium, and any adjustment to it risks disrupting 
that equilibrium. Some adjustments are tolerable, and some are even 
beneficial. But some which seem positive at first glance may be harmful in a 
larger perspective, as in the extermination of "harmful" mountain lions 
which ultimately results in over-population and mass starvation of their 
natural prey. 

The adept practitioner of LBM is thus not a crude predator; he is an 
adjustor, a manipulator, a meta-physician. He does not practice his art for 
petty egotism, but rather for the greater satisfaction he derives in the 
experience and exercise of his wisdom - which as a by-product invariably 

-8 5 - 

satisfies whatever material goals he may deem appropriate to the situation. 
(#6D, #61, #6K, #6R, #6S, #23) 

A second non-natural approach to the OU is actually a simplified, 
directed application of Greater Black Magic (GBM) [see discussion below] 
towards the solving of problems or adjustment of situations in the OU. This 
special application, bridging the gap between GBM and LBM, is called 
Medial Black Magic (MBM). It is discussed in Chapter #6. 

The Natural Approach to the Subjective Universe 

The atheistic natural/objectivist, as stated above, regards subjective 
impressions as unreal and unimportant save as escapist entertainment. 
This is the realm of science-fiction and fantasy writers, of escapist movies, 
of commercially-driven artists and musicians. Their litany - an invariable 
identifier - is that their work has no usefulness apart from the emotional 
pleasure it brings and such allegorical references as it makes to "realities" in 
the OU. The occasional writer, artist, philosopher, or musician who refuses 
to disclaim the more "disturbing" aspects of his work as mere 
entertainment - as in the case of Wagner, Crowley, von Stroheim, Nietzsche 
- is liable to be dismissed as an eccentric at best or condemned as a 
madman at worst. Profane society fears few things more than 
recognized genius which is not directed towards "safe, 
predetermined" goals. 

The religious natural/objectivist, who creates subjective experiences 
for himself to reinforce his sense of inclusion in the OU, accepts the reality 
of the SU only insofar as his sensations of it provide that reinforcement. 
When these do not, they are labeled heresy, fantasy, or mental disease. 
Once again the determining factor is the relevant religious dogma, against 
which all subjective experiences are measured and evaluated. 

The common factor in both natural/objectivist approaches to the SU is 
that it is rigidly regarded as insubstantial, impotent, and unreal. It can thus 
be cynically endorsed and even cited as authority when convenient [as the 
more successful conventional religions have done]; and it can just as easily 
be ignored when inconvenient or unprofitable. It is a plaything. Except to 
the extent that they have fallen victim to their own artificially-induced 
delusions, religious leaders/white magicians comfortably ignore their 
"gods" whenever it suits their purposes to do so. Or, if in a position to 
"interpret" said gods, they do so with a calculated eye to their own comfort 


and advantage. 

It is one of the great oddities of human civilization that such 
transparent frauds attract any adherents at all, much less world-wide 
followings. John Fowles has suggested that it results from mankind's 
psychological starvation for mystery. "If no one will write new detective 
stories," he observes, "then people will still read the old ones." 

The Non-Natural Approach to the Subjective Universe 

The individual with a basic non-natural ("Satanic") sense of self- 
awareness need not confront the SU directly. He may be content to use it 
symbolically, as a device for emphasizing and formalizing his LBM goals. 
This was the approach of the vast majority of those who affiliated with the 
Church of Satan from 1966 to 1975. Many of the Church's most exotic - and 
seemingly literal - rituals are thus correctly understood as LBM 
psychodramas. As such they could be startlingly effective. 

But what had begun as a somewhat tongue-in-cheek exercise in 
monster-movie theatrics and social satire gradually evolved into an 
increasingly more focused search for the principles behind such 
effectiveness. It was this search which culminated in the metamorphosis of 
the Church of Satan into the Temple of Set in 1975 - minus those who were 
unable or unwilling to see past the original psychodramatic concept. 

The theory and practice of non-natural interaction with the SU is 
defined as Greater Black Magic (GBM). It involves first the exploration 
of one's SU, other SUs which may be involved, and relevant portions of the 
OU to their conceptual frontiers [if not limits]. There follows a precise, 
coherent, and deliberate focusing of the will of the creative self to adjust 
features of the SUs (personal and others') to the desired state, which may or 
may not be "real" in the OU. 

The concept of magic postulates that there is a continuous "linkage" - 
generally referred to as the Magical Link (ML) - between the OU and 
SUs. Hence a change occurring in one will have at least a partially similar 
effect in the other. 

It is easy to explain why the OU should influence the SU, but 
explaining the reverse influence is rather more subtle and complex. It is the 
active application of the ML conceptualized by Fichte, through which 
application the concentrated energies of the ego create "patterns" in the 

-8 7 - 

over-reaching mean essence, which patterns in turn create related, if not 
completely identical "patterns" in the non-ego part of the mental essence - 
which is that which defines and binds together the laws of consistency in 
the OU. [If you are intimidated by Fichte, go see the original (now "Episode 
IV") Star Wars film and you'll get the general idea.] 

GBM is difficult to conceptualize, difficult to master theoretically, and 
difficult to practice reliably - but it does work. It may take effect in greater 
or lesser degree, but in any given case it is virtually impossible to predict 
that degree. 

The chances of success in a GBM working are presumably improved if 
one does not attempt too great a "distortion" in the laws of consistency of 
the OU, and if one applies extraordinary energy to the corresponding 
phenomena in the SU(s). One must also take advantage of every 
cooperative force in the OU to enhance the working, using GBM to "tip the 
balance" rather than do the whole job. Thus GBM is ideally supported by 
LBM, though the converse is not true. Anton LaVey referred to the 
consideration of peripheral factors in support of a GBM working as the 
balance factor in magic. (#6K) 

Recently the term "Medial Black Magic" (MBM) has been introduced to 
describe GBM Workings of a very simple, directed design with the specific 
and exclusive purpose of influencing the OU. These influences or effects in 
the OU then, either incidentally or by intent, impact other SUs which 
experience the phenomena. [Cf. Chapter #6.] 

It is in the process of making the preliminary exploration of the SU and 
OU that the Black Magician begins to discover and ultimately to know how 
things really work. He exists wholly in neither the SU [like a mystic] nor 
the OU [like a materialist]. He regards neither one as a toy, nor denies it 
reality. He moves back and forth between the two with increasing ease and 
expertise, influencing the MLs between them and thus causing change in 
accordance with his will. (#6K, #9K) 

In the process he becomes wise, but because he considers both 
universes when giving opinions, non-magicians may consider much of his 
wisdom as folly. It is not; it merely takes into account more dimensions of a 
particular problem than onlookers are likely to see. A magician who 
accumulates extraordinary wisdom of this "mixed" type is said to possess 

One is taught to become expert in natural approaches to the OU 
through conventional education in the social and physical sciences, and in 


natural approaches to the SU through the arts. The Church of Satan taught 
the theory and practice of LBM, and the Temple of Set adds to that the 
theory and practice of GBM. 

Just as education in natural approaches cannot guarantee that one will 
become competent in applying that education, so education in non-natural 
approaches cannot guarantee that one will become adept in their exercise. 
Many would-be magicians accumulate much "textbook learning", yet prove 
unable to do anything with it. It may be because they don't try to apply it, or 
because they don't have the talent for it, or because they don't have the 
intelligence to really understand it. The Temple of Set, as is the case with 
other ethical, initiatory institutions in history, teaches theory and 
Recognizes expertise in that theory. It cannot guarantee expertise in 

-8 9 - 

Chapter 5: Lesser Black Magic 

Lesser Black Magic (LBM) is the influencing of beings, 
processes, or objects in the OU by the application of obscure 
physical or behavioral laws. 

LBM is an impelling (encouraging, convincing, increasing of 
probability) measure, not a compelling (forcing, making inevitable) one. 
The object is to make something happen without expending the time and 
energy to make it happen through direct cause-and-effect. 

In order to receive celebrity treatment in society, for example, one may 
work for many years to become a genuine celebrity. On the other hand, one 
may simply represent oneself outwardly as a celebrity, behave 
correspondingly, and receive much the same deference. One risks being 
exposed and embarrassed, but such risk is small if the magician is skilled in 
his assumed character. (#23F) 

All LBM is a variation on this basic theme. It involves everything from 
simple tricks of misdirection to extremely subtle and complex manipulation 
of psychological factors in the human personality. While it requires less 
time and effort in application than overt, direct methods, it is more 
intellectually demanding and requires extensive practice. 

Consider something as trivial as the ordinary card-game of "Blackjack". 
The rules and tools are simple and straightforward, and to the casual player 
it is merely an exercise in entertainment and luck. Yet "underneath the 
surface" are mathematical probabilites, increasing in complexity and 
demand of concentration, which can shift the odds in one's favor. The more 
you learn these, apply them, and conceal your knowledge of them from 
others, the more you influence the outcome. [Yet even in this example there 
are still random/chaotic factors - or "luck" if you like - which can prevent 
your success from being inevitable.] 

In addition to their basic personalities and logical thought processes, 
all persons have likes, dislikes, fetishes, strengths, weaknesses, and 
emotional emphases. These are broadcast through direct communication, 
habits, dress, style of life, career patterns, choice of friends, and the like. In 
normal social or business contact, one usually sees only the "tip of the 
iceberg" of this character makeup. This is because individuals in modern 
society are accustomed to project and display only those parts of their 
characters which they feel are advantageous in a given situation. (#13D) 


The magician, like Sherlock Holmes, must habitually look for clues to 
the rest of the iceberg - if possible without the subject's being aware of this. 
If the subject realizes that what Wilhelm Reich called his "character armor" 
is being probed and penetrated, he will react with distrust, annoyance, and 
antagonism. (#19T) 

The purpose of such an analysis is not necessarily to deceive or exploit 
the subject. Most often it is simply to gain a better picture of him or her, so 
that subsequent dialogue and encounters can be more fruitful and 
comfortable for both parties. It is often remarked that the company of a 
magician is stimulating and pleasing. Much of this is due to the magician's 
automatic, almost subconscious tailoring of his mannerisms to a style most 
effective in a particular situation. 

The philosophers Gurdjieff and Ouspensky were fond of saying that 
most people spend their lives "asleep" - meaning that they are content to 
allow their behavior to be governed by instinctive or logical reactions to 
external stimuli. (#19B) As you undertake to look beyond surface 
impressions of individuals, you will probably be surprised - and even 
dismayed - at how applicable this reproach has been to your own life-style. 

As you attempt to form more perfect pictures of people and events 
around you, and as you begin to resist a life of merely reacting to stimuli, 
you will find that you "wake up". To be "awake" in this sense is to be in a 
condition of stress, since you will be making deliberate decisions about 
many things which you previously dealt with semi-consciously [hence semi- 
intelligently]. You will be able to sustain this level of mental activity and 
concentration for only brief periods of time. It is not necessary for you to 
irritate and exhaust yourself by trying to extend those periods. Rather keep 
the ability to "awake" close at hand, ready to summon when appropriate. 

In addition to self-determined personality traits, human beings are 
influenced by a variety of physical factors of which they are generally 
unaware. If the magician is aware of them, he is in a position to take them 
into account when assessing a subject's present or probable future 
behavior. (#19, #2oE, #22L) 

This process of investigating the conscious and subconscious factors 
governing a subject's behavior is neither quick nor easy. To be done 
correctly, it requires careful research (which may prove difficult and be 
regarded as an invasion of privacy) as well as an acquired expertise on the 
part of the magician to interpret the results carefully and objectively. 
Because of time and resource limitations, the magician must usually settle 


for something less than a complete picture. The more incomplete the 
picture, of course, the more margin for error in the emergent picture. 

The distinction between LBM and merely being a good amateur 
psychologist is that the magician is specifically interested in behavior 
determinants which are obscure and consciously unknown to the subject. 
The magician's object is to assess the individual without it being apparent 
that he is "practicing psychology" on him. The result is frequently that the 
deductions and consequent actions of the magician appear mysterious and 
even supernatural. 

The best illustration of this - as well as an excellent way to gain practice 
in LBM [and enjoy doing so ... and run minimum risk of offending test 
subjects] is stage magic. (#23A-D) The stage magician must assess his 
audience, guide their attention unsuspectingly in certain controlled 
directions, and accomplish seemingly impossible things right in front of 
their eyes. Some stage magic depends upon slight-of-hand, some upon trick 
props; but all of it depends upon the magician's developing the skill of 
manipulating obscure tendencies in onlookers' behavior. [It can even be 
done through the medium of the printed page. To get the saliva going in 
your mouth, all I need do is ask you to think for a moment about a very 
bitter, juicy lemon ... which you can taste in your mouth ...] 

One of the more exacting types of stage magic is mentalism, wherein 
the magician creates the illusion that he can read minds, predict behavior, 
and determine subjects' choices. The most impressive mentalist routines 
require rigorous training in memory and other mental gymnastics on the 
part of the magician. Mentalism is the most mysterious and "occult" field of 
stage magic, and its techniques are most adaptable to LBM in general, so its 
study is particularly recommended to you. 

For example, think of any number between 1 and 10. Multiply it times 
9. You now have a two-digit number. Add those digits to get a l-digit 
number. Subtract, say, 5 from it. Are we now properly randomized? Good. 
So now pick the corresponding letter of the alphabet for this random 
number (e.g. i=A, 2=B, etc.). Now three mind-reading questions: 

(1) Think of a country whose name begins with that letter. 

(2) Think of an animal whose name begins with the last letter of the 
country name. 

(3) Think of a fruit whose name begins with the last letter of the animal 

... and wait for the end of this chapter. 


Books and materials dealing with stage magic and mentalism are 
available in magic shops [as opposed to "occult" shops]. If you live in an 
area where there doesn't seem to be such a shop at all, consider a search on 
the Internet. Most magic shops have mail-order catalogues and capabilities. 

Professional stage magicians emphasize that they are entertainers, and 
their acts are usually accented with comedy, props, and "patter" to reinforce 
this image. This sets the audience at ease by allowing it to feel superior to 
the magician; he becomes a "court jester". Aficionados of "serious" 
occultism generally shy away from stage magic because (a) they are afraid 
to appear comical, and (b) they fear that their "true" occult 
accomplishments will be written off as tricks by those on whose awe they 
psychologically depend. 

The Black Magician should not make this mistake. Stage magic, in 
addition to being good training and good fun, is extremely useful in LBM 
operations. In such circumstances, of course, the tinsel, patter, and props 
are absent; the magician deliberately sets out to impress the subject with 
something he will regard as "supernatural". When stage magic is not 
presented in the context of entertainment, it can be quite impressive and 
even frightening. 

Use of the Tarot for fortune-telling purposes is a good example of this. 
The Black Magician regards the Tarot, as he does everything else in magic, 
as a mere tool - a mirror to reflect aspects of his own mind and the minds of 
others. He attributes no intrinsic powers to it at all. When he uses it to "tell 
fortunes" or "read omens" for others, he never trusts blindly in the cards to 
reveal anything. Rather he decides beforehand what he wishes to tell the 
subject [and why], then causes specific cards to appear ... or causes the 
subject to "freely" choose one or more particular cards ... or, if he doesn't 
want to bother with slight-of-hand or "card forces", merely "interprets" 
whatever cards do appear as he desires. It should be easy for you to see that 
the "pick a card" technique of the stage magic entertainer is disarming and 
amusing, while the same trickery applied to a Tarot reading can be 
mysterious and impressive. You are reading the subject, not the 

To the extent that you become known as a Black Magician, people will 
want to see you "do magic". Most of them have no truly legitimate reason 
for this; they just want to be entertained. They would probably find the 
actual experience of GBM mystifying, perhaps extremely frightening, 
perhaps dull - certainly not comprehensible to a bystander with only a 


casual interest. Assuming that you want to accommodate such persons at 
all, you will save yourself a good deal of trouble, time, and annoyance by 
treating them to some stage magic suitably disguised as "the Black Arts". 
Your audience will have a better time - and so will you! 

So far we have discussed LBM on an individual or small-group basis. It 
is also a useful technique in mass situations. The governing principle 
remains the same: to impel behavior at the subconscious level, to control 
people without their realizing how or why they are being controlled. LBM 
applied to the mass falls under the twin headings of politics and 
propaganda. If you find this disappointingly self-evident, don't go ahead 
to the next chapter quite so fast. The only difference between politics 
and stage magic is one of scale. There are certain things you are 
intended to see, say, and do; and the politician's actions are planned and 
carried out accordingly. Rarely will the apparent rationale be the real one. 

Propaganda is the use of political techniques for a variety of behavior- 
control objectives besides those normally associated with "politics". The 
content of the propaganda can be true or false, and the apparent origin of 
the propaganda can be true or false, and the propaganda can be beneficially 
intended just as easily as it can be nefariously intended. High school 
presentations to frighten youngsters away from venereal disease exposure 
are propaganda, every bit as much as the infamous "brain washing" 
techniques of the North Koreans. 

Modern society is engulfed by power-seeking disguised as altruistic 
politics, and by propaganda disguised as information. There is no 
exception, just as there is no free lunch. This is so important that I will 
repeat it: There is no exception, just as there is no free lunch. 
(#23E, #23G) The point to be taken is not that you should become paranoid 
and antisocial. The point is rather that you should accustom yourself to 
looking for actual motives and purposes behind the presented ones. Hence 
you will be able to make your own decisions based on your position relative 
to the actual motives and purposes. It is really that simple, and it is not 
hard to do. [Once you develop the habit of doing this, you will be astonished 
at how easily you used to be led around by the nose!] 

The major political motives, ideas, and ideologies of Western society 
are dissected for you in #14P and throughout category #16. #19L and #19P 
will expose you to basic propaganda theory. By all means pursue advanced 
research in either topic as time and interest move you. 

Ethics in Black Magic 

As you become adept in LBM, you will be tempted to use it for all 
manner of personal gratification. The more skilled you are, the more you 
will be inclined to think that you can get away with almost anything. The 
governing factor is not whether you can or can't, but rather whether your 
consciously-determined ethics allow you to. 

As you begin to direct your life independently of morals, codes, and 
customs imposed upon you by the politics and propaganda of society, you 
will have to assume the responsibility for your own ethics. Only if you are 
known to be a strictly ethical individual will your freedom from 
social norms be tolerated. Otherwise you will be ostracized and 
probably persecuted by society. If it cannot be sure of controlling you, it will 
tend not to trust you to control yourself intelligently unless you make it very 
clear that you can do precisely that. In that case society will tend not only to 
tolerate you, but even to respect and admire you for the unique, creative 
being that you are. The following section discusses ethics in greater detail. 

Before one can consider the proper place of ethics in Setian behavior, 
"ethics" as a term must be raised from a vague sentiment to something 
more concrete. It is, unfortunately, one of those terms whose elusiveness 
has made it all too susceptible to casual and cursory use. "He's an ethical 
person," we say - and leave it at that. What are ethics? How can we identify 
them, and how should we judge them? 

Ethics, alternatively called moral philosophy, seeks to distinguish 
what is good from what is bad and to formulate justifiable reasons for 
making such distinctions. 

As a branch of philosophy, ethics is a normative science; that is, it 
seeks to identify principles of good and evil that transcend social, cultural, 
or political convention (social contract theory). 

Beyond a merely normative approach to ethics is metaethics, which 
seeks to investigate normative currency-terms such as "good", "evil", 
"justice", "ought", "right", and "wrong". The neutrality and objectivity of 
metaethics presume that such terms are not dependent upon moral beliefs 
(such as religion). The metaethical concept of naturalism, advanced by 
theorists such as John Dewey and Herbert Spencer, posits that moral terms 
have a basis in scientific fact. Intuitionists agree that moral terms have an 
external, reliable basis but attribute it to self-evident ("I know it when I see 
it") qualities. 


Challenging intuitionists and naturalists are moral skepticists who 
insist that moral terms are completely arbitrary. Emotivists claim that 
such terms have no capacity for being true or false in themselves, and that 
the people who use them are simply stating their emotions about an issue. 
Subjectivists maintain that moral judgments state subjective facts only 
about attitudes, not the objects of those attitudes. And Imperativists 
insist that moral judgments are actually "commands" in another guise, 
hence do not focus at all on criteria of truth or objectivity. 

When even its basic language terms are so fraught with controversy, 
normative ethics is off to a rough start. Beyond this are arguments over the 
criteria for making any kind of moral judgment. Teleologists maintain 
that the morality of an action is determined solely by its consequences. 
Some teleologists, such as Plato, insist that the perfection of the self is the 
correct consequence; hedonists say that it is mere pleasure; utilitarians 
counter that it must be the greatest benefit to society. Theologians, such 
as Aquinas, Luther, et ah, dispense with teleology altogether in favor of 
obedience to proclaimed or perceived morality from a God or gods. 

The sharpest attack on ethics generally comes from egoists such as 
Thomas Hobbes and Friedrich Nietzsche (cf. his Genealogy of Morals) [and 
Ragnar Redbeard!], who consider all ethics as verbal camouflage to conceal 
the reality that all actions are merely in the interest of the stronger (who by 
that same strength dictate all definitions of "justice", "right", etc.). The 
egoist position was represented in the Platonic Dialogue The Republic by 
Glaucon, and went on to form the basis for Enlightenment "social contract" 
theories (Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau), wherein "justice" and related terms 
became just matters of agreement and contract between the people of a 

Accordingly it is not surprising that practical problem-solvers shy away 
from metaethical issues and try rather to address questions in terms of 
what are generally called descriptive ethics - the customs and standards 
of a given culture which serve as measurements of Tightness and 
wrongness within that culture. An acceptance of descriptive ethics as ethics 
leads to an attitude of ethical relativism, according to which there is no 
standard for judging right and wrong apart from the cultural environment 
of specific situations. Hence the killing of humans by humans may be 
"ethical" if sanctioned by a judge or national sovereign, but the identical act 
may be "unethical" if undertaken by an individual, regardless of reasons. 


Until the Enlightenment of the late- 17th and 18th centuries, ethical 
philosophy was completely metaethical; standards of good and evil were 
accepted as being prescribed by one or more divinities or divine principles 
(neteru, Forms). It was humanity's task not to determine ethics, but rather 
to understand and obey divinely-ordained ethics. 

To reprise an important point in Chapter #2, the ancient Egyptians 
perceived the universe as actively controlled by conscious, natural 
principles or "gods" (neteru in hieroglyphic). To the Egyptians, all of 
"nature" (derived from neteru) was alive and the direct consequence of the 
wills of the neteru. Nature was intelligible not just through inanimate, 
automatic, general regularities which could be discovered via observation, 
but also through connections and associations between things and 
events perceived in the human mind. There was no distinction 
between "reality" and "appearance"; anything capable of exerting an effect 
upon the mind thereby existed. Justice and virtue were sought in 
manifestations of beauty, symmetry, and harmony, and were personified by 
the goddess Ma'at. 

In contrast to the Egyptian view of humanity as being a harmonious 
component of nature - symbolized by the pharaoh's position as half-divine 
deputy of the neteru - ancient Mesopotamian tradition posited humanity as 
something estranged from the gods. Virtue in Mesopotamia was thus 
understood as obedience to the willful desires of the god(s), not harmony 
with their natural principles. Mesopotamian kings sought the "right ruling" 
of their communities in accordance with the Akkadian principle of shulmu 
(later the Hebrew shalom), a term meaning not just "peace" but the 
community well-being that engenders peace. In the Hebraic system, God is 
not intelligible through reason or logic, but rather through prophecy and 
the history of events, whether or not the events' outcomes seem 
situationally appropriate (theodicy). The Hebraic presumption of a 
"covenant" between mankind and a divinity reflected the notion that 
mankind is given a "mission" and/or a "destiny", and that virtue lies in the 
fulfillment of that mission/destiny - whether or not it is aesthetically 
palatable or even understandable. Herein lie the roots of a certain kind of 
"outcome-justified" thinking that is prevalent in modern culture. 

The ethics of Plato reflect his commitment to teleology, the doctrine 
that purpose and design are apparent in nature, and that natural 
phenomena move inexorably towards certain goals of ultimate self- 
realization. [The opposite of teleology is mechanism, which describes 


phenomena in terms of prior causes rather than presumed destination or 
fulfillment. Modern science is thus mechanistic] 

In his Dialogues Plato, through the character of Socrates, endorsed the 
Egyptian and Pythagorean model of human virtue as a particularization of 
universal principles (an application of his famous "Theory of the Forms"). 
Such Forms or principles could be apprehended through rigorous exercise 
of the higher faculties of reason (dianoia), leading to an intuitional or noetic 
apprehension of the good - and a simultaneous veneration of it for its own 
sake. This process Plato referred to as the dialectic, meaning self-teaching 
through the examination and refutation of logically- or factually-imperfect 

In Plato's Republic Socrates is unable to directly refute Glaucon's egoist 
charge that justice is merely a rationalization for the prevailing of the 
interests of the stronger. Socrates can only suggest, through the analogy of 
a perfectly-harmonious "republic", that it is more natural for a man to be 
just if his psyche is healthy and each part is doing its proper work. The 
virtuous state is held up as "the psyche writ large". 

Aristotle, the most famous of the early mechanists, laid the 
groundwork for situational ethics by denying that virtue, truth, beauty, and 
the other Pythagorean/Platonic Forms existed in an absolute sense. Such 
values, as they applied to humanity, were rather to be sought in moderation 
between unacceptable extremes in specific situations: Aristotle's doctrine of 
the "golden mean". 

Until this point in human history, ethics and politics were inseparable; 
the individual's good and the community's good had to be pursued 
together; there was no such thing as "personal ethics within an unethical 
state", nor "an ethical state comprised of unethical citizens". The sins of 
CEdipus necessitated not only his blinding but his exile, and Socrates' 
challenge to the harmony of Athens was considered sufficient grounds to 
condemn him to death. Socrates himself acknowledged this principle, 
accepting his execution as a "cure" of his function as a kind of social 
"illness" - albeit one whose impact would ultimately strengthen the 
Athenian political culture. 

In the Hellenistic era - the period following the conquests of Alexander 
the Great - ancient mankind lost its innocence. Elaborate philosophical 
systems dependent upon specific cultural deities were discredited when 
other cultures with different philosophies and different gods were seen to 
be doing just as well - and perhaps better. Materialism was the order of the 

day, and the power of ethics to influence society was denied by the Cynics 
and Skeptics. If virtue had any place in human affairs, it was in one's 
personal conduct. Epicureanism held that virtue could be found in the 
happiness of the soul, and that such happiness was to be pursued not by 
mere hedonistic indulgence, but rather by disassociating oneself from the 
corruption of society. Stoicism also despaired of social ethics, but insisted 
that personal ethics were to be pursued by one's labors within the social 
fabric rather than apart from it. 

The importance of Stoicism to the subsequent path of Western 
civilization can scarcely be overemphasized. Stoics, like Aristotle, sought 
validation of knowledge in sense-experience rather than through abstract 
logic or intuition. A wise man, said the Stoics, can distinguish reliable 
impressions (kataleptika phantasia = "grasping impressions") from 
ethereal ones. Humanity is integral with nature; virtue is to be found in 
reason-based endurance of the natural flux. Thus if evil comes to the good 
man, it is only temporary and not really evil, since in the greater sense it is 
natural. The Stoic thus accepts the fortunes and misfortunes of life calmly, 
seeking to avoid passionate loss of objectivity. The Stoics' ideal was a 
gradually-evolving "world society" (cosmopolis) transcending geographic 
and cultural divisions. 

Stoicism was the primary ethical force in the Roman Republic and 
Empire, and it is not surprising to find its core principles adopted by early 
Christianity. Augustine's doctrine of the "two cities" reflected the Stoic 
notion of a virtuous soul co-existing with a flawed social system. By the 
medieval era, the "two cities" had been refined into Thomas Aquinas' 
"hierarchy of laws", with social and political "human law" placed firmly 
beneath [church-] revealed "divine law" and Stoic-derived "natural law". 
The contradictions and corruptions of such a climate spawned Machiavelli. 

Niccolo Machiavelli (after whom the Devil began to be called "Old 
Nick") sought to prescribe wise conduct (virtu) for Italian princes faced 
with unavoidable problems (necessita) brought about by factors beyond 
their control (fortund). Contrary to his church-propagandized image, 
Machiavelli was constantly and intensely concerned with the establishment 
of the ethical society, and his manipulative techniques were justified in his 
eyes by the "best political results under the circumstances" that he expected 
as the eventual outcome. Precisely quoted, the famous passage from 
Chapter #18 of The Prince reads: 


In the actions of all men, and especially of princes who are not subject to a 
court of appeal, we must always look to the end. 

While Machiavelli advocated the tacit manipulation of society for 
deliberate [and ultimately virtuous] ends, early Protestant theorists such as 
Martin Luther and John Calvin regarded ethics as being beyond the 
rational reach of mankind. The basis for ethical behavior, they said, is that a 
righteous man will automatically incline towards such behavior, not 
because it is logically or empirically justified in itself. Salvation 
(=attainment of righteousness) is attainable only through the complete 
surrender of oneself to Christ. This constituted a rejection of medieval 
scholasticism, and of the "logical ethics" arguments of Aristotle (whom 
Luther called "this damned, conceited, rascally heathen") and Aquinas. The 
impact of the Protestant Reformation was to remove the rational basis and 
responsibility for either personal or social ethics, replacing these with the 
notion of ethics as a suprarational article of religious faith - to be selectively 
invoked by spokesmen for that religion. 

With the social-contract theorists of the 17th- and 18th-century 
"Enlightenment" came a renaissance of reason - including as the negotiated 
basis for ethics. Thomas Hobbes, after Glaucon, denied the religious tenet 
of a "supreme good", seeing in its place only material self-interest and 
gratification. Hobbes' prescribed social contract was thus a negative one, 
establishing an atmosphere of truce between citizens who would otherwise 
savage one another mercilessly. Such a contemptuous view of humanity 
evolved forward into many "lower" ideologies of contemporary society, 
most conspicuously communism. "Hobbes," Karl Marx is said to have 
muttered, "is the father of us all." It should be pointed out, however, that 
Hobbes' reputation for harshness came not from personal preference, but 
rather from a coldly practical analysis of what makes human beings behave 
unpleasantly towards one another. Previously "evil" had been excused as a 
theological force, or as the result of "original sin", i.e. something for which 
rational individuals could not be held exclusively responsible. Hobbes 
denied such excuses. 

In contrast to Hobbes, John Locke suggested that social-contract 
nations could exist on a positively cooperative basis of mutual interest. 
It is important to note that Locke's prescription was based not on idealistic 
abstractions (such as ethics), but rather on attainable material objectives: 
"life, liberty, and estate". Like Hobbes, he sought to design a society 

- 100- 

reflecting "basic man" rather than one espousing unattainable ideals and 
expectations. Locke's positively-cooperative assumptions and prescription 
for limited government based upon majority rule formed the philosophical 
basis for the American Declaration of Independence and Constitution, to 
include the latter's Bill of Rights [against the government]. Locke 
recommended a "reasonable Christianity" - a faith which, while satisfying 
personal religious desires, would play only a symbolic and ceremonial role 
in political decision-making. 

The history of social-contract ethics does not cease with John Locke, 
but his ideas, as immortalized in the aforementioned documents, ordained 
the ethical atmosphere of United States political culture, in which the 
Temple of Set is principally based, to the present day. This atmosphere may 
be summarized in five general maxims: 

(1) Government based on law is a positive institution, not something to be 
eliminated in an ideal society. 

(2) Good government is a construct of the people and is responsible to them 
(social contract theory), not to a higher religion, destiny, or ideology. 

(3) The will of the people is best ascertained through the opinion of the 
majority, which thus determines "political truth". [It is precisely because 
there is no authority superior to such majority opinion that Locke placed 
certain "inalienable rights" of all humanity beyond the reach of 

(4) As society is based upon cooperative self-interest, so the attractions of 
such self-interest - for example, private property - must be preserved and 
enhanced as beneficial and indeed vital features of that society. 

(5) There is an intrinsic dignity in the individual human life which must be 
accepted and respected as an article of faith. 

To the Lockean frame of mind, these values are, in the words of the 
Declaration of Independence, "held to be self-evident"; they are beyond 
debate, beyond compromise. Nevertheless many other cultures do not 
accept them in whole or part - and do not necessarily see this as a 
deficiency in their social structures. 

As the United States aged sufficiently to develop a sense of and regard 
for its own history, "pure" Lockean theory became leavened with a measure 

- 101- 

of ethical conservatism: an acceptance of certain things as "good" simply 
because they have continued to be tolerated over an extended period of 

Conservatism was elevated to a deliberate ethical philosophy by David 
Hume, who defined the morally good as what one ought to do according to 
prevailing passionate custom. Hume denied that the good could be 
ascertained by dispassionate reasoning. Reason, he said, is useful only to 
discover the most practical or sensible approaches to problems. Hence 
virtue and vice are products of sentiment. Virtue is not approved because 
it is "intrinsically virtue"; it is considered to be virtue because it meets with 
passionate approval. 

The point of this brief tour through certain key concepts in the 
evolution of ethics is simply to show clearly what all too many people 
perceive only dimly and imprecisely - how the United States has developed 
its "official ethics". If this background is not understood, Setians cannot 
clearly understand why certain ethical norms are expected in this country - 
or understand why some foreign cultures "mysteriously/unreasonably" 
reject those norms ... often on what they consider to be ethical grounds! 

The science of ethics is not peripheral or incidental to the Temple of 
Set; it is central to it. Whether people hold a certain opinion or behave in a 
certain way is critically influenced by whether or not they believe 
themselves justified in so doing. Once "rightness" or "wrongness" is 
established, specific LBM workings will be interpreted accordingly. In order 
to be effective, a magician must first recognize and consciously 
appreciate the ethical components of his designs that are particular to 
their cultural point of origin. 

Earlier in this chapter it was demonstrated that Western civilization's 
efforts to apprehend "truth" - and to answer the integral question of 
whether "truth" and "the good" are inseparable - have been arduous and 
frustrating. The United States emerged at a moment in history - the 
Enlightenment - when reason reigned supreme, and so the values of the 
Enlightenment's most optimistic and practical political philosopher, John 
Locke, were incorporated into our Constitution. 

Lockean values have served us reasonably well these past two 
centuries, but what of those countries who have "worshipped strange 
gods"? What do they know of "the good", and in what respect - if any - do 
they hold "the truth"? 

- 102 - 

The principal social contract theorists - Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau - 
viewed the state as a man-made construct, justifiable only as it might 
serve the interests of its citizens. The first of the two great challenges to this 
preeminence of the individual came from Georg W.F. Hegel, who insisted 
that the state is prior to man. 

Hegel conceived of the universe as the manifestation of God's mind 
seeking complete self-realization through a process called dialectic 
idealism. As applied to our particular planet, it is the notion that the 
history of the world consists of part of the spirit of God, manifesting itself 
through the collective spirits of mankind, moving onwards through logic 
(the dialectic) towards completion. An existing idea (thesis) is criticized and 
partially refuted by its opposite (antithesis), resulting in a more perfect 
product (synthesis). Hegel felt the organic state to be the manifestation 
or reflection of the dialectic of God's mind in the world. Accordingly it 
might well proceed in ways and towards goals which are not necessarily the 
sum total of the ways and goals of the individual human minds within it. 

The task of national leaders, according to Hegel, is thus to apprehend 
the "spirit of the state" (Volksgeist) and to make their decisions in support 
of its furtherment rather than for the citizens who may chance to populate 
it at a given point in time. The Enlightenment values of individualism and 
rights against a government were considered by Hegel to limit freedom: 
Since they reduce the scope and power of the whole, they serve to restrict 

Hegel plus a heavy dose of 19th-century Wagnerian Romanticism 
pointed the way to the state-cults of National Socialist Germany and Fascist 
Italy. Germany in particular sought to redirect the sense of life- 
consciousness from the individual human being to the state. Most Germans 
were able to achieve this only in a mundane sense - in a kind of ecstatic 
selflessness created and sustained by propaganda. But the "monk-knights" 
of the pre-war SS could disdain, even willingly embrace the death of the 
individual human body according to the doctrine that disciplined personal 
consciousness could be transferred to a larger life-form - that of the 
Hegelian state - and that individual sacrifice towards the strengthening of 
that life-form would actually contribute towards one's greater immortality. 
In a very real way incomprehensible to the mundane mind, therefore, all of 
the individual-death references in the SS - such as the Totenkopf insignia 
and ritual pledges of "faithfulness unto death" - were in fact arrogant 
affirmations of immortality. To Dr. Rauschning Hitler remarked: 


To the Christian doctrine of the infinite significance of the individual 
human soul and of personal responsibility, I oppose with icy clarity the saving 
doctrine of the nothingness and insignificance of the individual human being, 
and of his continued existence in the visible immortality of the nation. The 
dogma of vicarious suffering and death through a divine savior gives place to 
that of the representative living and acting of the new Leader-legislator, which 
liberates the mass of the faithful from the burden of free will. 

Both National Socialism and Fascism are now ghosts of history, but the 
principle which underlay their phenomenal power and impact - the organic 
state as prior to its citizens - remains very much a force in the 
contemporary international environment. 

In the United States, social and political truth is arrived at via the 
methods specified in the Constitution, all of which are based on some 
combination of direct or representative voting. Our national perception of 
truth is thus democratic - an approach which John Locke would consider 
eminently reasonable, but one which would affront Plato and Hegel. To 
them, truth was/is an absolute principle - not something to be 
determined by whim, much less by the masses. Plato held that truth could 
be attained through the dialectic of human philosophical enquiry; Hegel 
insisted that only God could consciously employ such a dialectic, and that 
the most humanity could hope for was to sense its reflection through the 
dynamics of the state. 

What is it we see when we look at the many "democracies" and 
"republics" of the world and perceive them to be behaving not as vehicles 
for the benefit of their individual citizens, but rather as cultural amoebae of 
ethnocentric, even xenophobic passion which contemptuously sweep aside 
appeals to reason? A few are relics of ancient theocratic systems, but most 
have shed this worn-out skin only to regenerate it under the guise of the 

One may indeed communicate with the citizens of such cultures as 
individuals, but to influence the culture as a whole one may not appeal just 
to the citizens' individual desires. Rather one must speak to the interest of 
whatever it is that they perceive their "national spirit" to be. To seek to 
"Westernize" it - to alter citizens' conception of the state into a social- 
contract model - is to attack not a set of rational opinions, but an article of 
faith which is perceived to be the very fountain of truth and ethics. 

The second great challenge to social-contract individualism came, of 
course, from Karl Marx. Marx was strongly influenced by Hegel, but 

- 104- 

believed that Hegel had made a fundamental mistake in using nations as 
the basis for his dialectic and in relating it to a divine manifestation or 
purpose. Marx considered the dialectic to be a function of economic 
struggle between social classes, and he denied the existence of any 
supernatural intelligence, calling all religion "the opiate of the people". 53 

Marxism, sometimes called dialectic materialism to distinguish it 
from the dialectic idealism of Hegel, is a theory of socialism that identifies 
class struggle as the fundamental force in history. Increasing concentration 
of industrial control in the capitalist class and the consequent 
intensification of class antagonisms and of misery among the workers will 
lead to a revolutionary seizure of power by the proletariat and the 
subsequent establishment of a classless, Utopian society. 

Marx, like Hegel, premised his ideas on a necessary, inevitable 
process of history. Thus communism would eventually come to pass, no 
matter what capitalism tries to do to stop it. The other side of this coin is 
that there is nothing Marxists can do to speed it up; their society must first 
evolve to the "last stages" of decadent capitalism. This didn't suit V.I. Lenin, 
who wanted to accelerate social evolution a bit. His prescription for doing 
so was the so-called "dictatorship of the proletariat", under which a 
communist elite would force-march the masses towards their eventual 
paradise. The state apparat would then "wither away". 

As in the case of Hegelian state-preeminence, communism cannot 
simply be challenged or refuted by appeals to individual self-interest. To a 
serious Marxist, history is again moved by far greater forces than the wills 
of individuals who may chance to inhabit it at a given point in time. Marxist 
states view the advanced capitalist cultures as social bombs collectively 
approaching critical mass; their desire is accordingly to avoid being caught 
up in the desperate external adventurism, including apocalyptic warfare, 
which they expect deteriorating capitalist nations to employ in an effort to 
stave off their inevitable communist revolutions. 

Communism [to use the label by which modern Marxism is generally 
known] incorporates two attitudes towards the truth. The "greater truth" - 
the materialist dialectic - is considered to be absolute, and adherence to it is 
once again supra-rational: an article of faith. Why an article of faith? 
Because the people, if given the sole power to determine the government, 
might revolt against it again - particularly if it is not [as per Locke] 
designed to facilitate their pursuit of personal interests. The option of 

See Introduction #1, Note #1. 


further revolution must therefore be removed - by representing the 
Communist Party as the "priesthood" of a "god" higher than that of the 
people themselves. In service to this "god", lesser ethical issues are 
unimportant - and indeed heretical if they confuse or inhibit the greater 

When capitalists seek to "reason" with communists, they fail to realize 
that they are regarded as ignorant, corrupt, or deluded by their very 
inability to see and accept the "great truth". A sincere communist 
does not reason with such an opponent any more than with a child; he 
seeks rather to placate, deceive, or otherwise control him. 

To communicate with a communist theoretician is thus a difficult task. 
One must first establish basic rapport by displaying an understanding of, if 
not an agreement with Marxist theory. Immediate goals of mutual interest 
may then be pursued jointly insofar as they do not intrude into ideological 
realms where the communist's position must necessarily rigidify. 

A curious and paradoxical picture emerges from this examination of 
communist vs. capitalist ethics. In the West we are accustomed to regard 
the United States as a "religious" society, and to condemn communism for 
its "godlessness". In communist countries theorists disdain Western 
adherence to religion and take pride in communism's "state atheism". But 
is this picture borne out in practice? 

Locke advocated a national structure in which supreme wisdom lay in 
the will of the citizenry and in which organized religion played only a 
symbolic and ceremonial role: in his words a "reasonable Christianity". Our 
governments have since approached our national and international 
problems under the presumption that the free will of the human 
beings directly involved will order the course of events. This is 
vintage Enlightenment-thinking, and to date the United States has seen no 
reason to subordinate it to any "higher authority". In terms of its political 
decision-making processes, the United States behaves atheistically. 

On the other hand, communist leaders do not consider themselves 
able to control or influence the passage of events as free agents. They may 
make minor adjustments here and there, but the basic course of the future 
is above and beyond their control, locked in place according to Marx' 
principles of historic determinism. Like the ancient Mesopotamians, they 
perceive themselves as the incidental tools of a "god" - whose name just 
happens to be Dialectic Materialism instead of Baal or Marduk. In terms of 
its political decision-making processes, communism behaves theistically. 

- io6- 

Where ethics are concerned, therefore, capitalism holds itself fully 
responsible for its own, while communism considers any and all "minor" 
ethical abuses automatically justified if in service of its "god". This is a very 
crucial point - and it explains why the United States goes through such 
persistent agonies of self-criticism while communist countries such as 
China and the late Soviet Union shrug off far more horrendous excesses. 

[At the conclusion of the 20th Century CE, the Soviet Union dissolved 
into constituent quasi-capitalist states. Communism as a political and 
economic phenomenon has revealed its fragility. It will be interesting to see 
what happens to communism as a "religion".] 

The Black Magician contemplating a particular LBM working must 
therefore determine not only whether that working will be ethical in his 
eyes, but also ethical according to the cultural mind-sets of all other parties 
to the working: participants, objects, catalysts, witnesses. To label a 
working "good" or "evil" by some knee-jerk, propagandistic formula is 
entirely inadequate. [Formula "good/ evil" values are merely appropriate for 
the profane masses, who can't - and don't want to - understand anything 
more precise.] 

There is thus no easy answer to the question of whether a given magical 
act is "good" or "evil". In itself it is ethically neutral. As Machiavelli so 
clearly observed, it is the result it produces which will be judged - and 
then it is up to the magician to determine what judgments - by which 
judges - will be important. Successfully conducted, such an assessment will 
not only reinforce the success of a given working; it will also ensure that the 
magician correctly anticipates the actual consequences of its immediate 

This chapter was intended to achieve two goals: First, to alert you to 
the fact that everyone in the world is practicing LBM on everyone else, 
usually unconsciously and usually extremely unskillfully. Second, to advise 
you that, as you become sensitive to its use on you - and skilled in your own 
use of it on others - you can accomplish a great deal. 

You will now have to go out and study the aforementioned subjects, 
practice them, and become fluent in them before they will be of any real 
use to you. Just reading this chapter and assuming that you "get the 
message" is not sufficient. 

It is perhaps appropriate to conclude with a brief but necessary 
warning: As an association of Adepts in LBM, the Temple of Set could not 
function cooperatively if its Initiates practiced this particular Art on one 

- 107- 

another, no matter with what good intentions. You are trusting the Temple 
and its sages to enhance and Recognize your self-initiation - not to 

mislead or exploit you for lesser/ulterior purposes. You must reciprocate in 
turn. So remember this point and remember it well: 

Do not - ever - attempt to control another Setian through 

Because he trusts you not to, his usual guards will be down, and you 
may think him easy to influence in this way. Nevertheless it is just a 
question of time before either your "victim" or another Setian realizes what 
is happening, whereupon you will find yourself facing probable expulsion. 

In all contacts and communications within the Temple, be 
straightforward, direct, and open. In profane society you might be pounced 
upon as a "mark" or "sucker" for such behavior, but within the Temple of 
Set you will find yourself trusted and respected as a fellow Initiate and 

And were you thinking of a kangaroo eating an orange in Denmark? 


Chapter 6: Greater Black Magic 

You have already been exposed to two sharp distinctions between the 
Temple of Set's principles and those of other religions, philosophies, and 
occult doctrines. The first is that, while we do not consider logical 
positivism as being sufficient to explain the universe, we do consider it a 
necessary foundation upon which to build such an explanation. Sound 
metaphysics must be in keeping with what is known about related subjects 
in physics, else the metaphysics are simply articles of faith. "Faith" is how 
one excuses a belief he cannot justify through any rational or logical 

To become an Adept in the Temple of Set, therefore, it is not enough to 
feel blind trust in and enthusiasm for its doctrines. The Initiate must know 
how those doctrines came to be realized as being most probably true. He 
must understand the reasoning behind each proposition. Initiation implies 
not just knowing how but also knowing why. 

The second distinctive characteristic of the Temple of Set is its 
utilitarian approach to WM and LBM. The former, embracing all 
conventional religions and occultisms, is assessed simply as fraud and/or 
self-delusion. The Temple of Set has no self-appointed mission to cure the 
mass of humanity of fraud or delusion, so we ignore White Magicians as 
courteously as possible. 

In the previous chapter's discussion of LBM, you have seen that many 
social and scientific techniques used casually, ignorantly, or inexpertly by 
the rest of society are utilized by the Black Magician to realize his 
immediate goals in the OU. (#61) You have further seen that mastery of 
LBM does not come quickly or easily, and that it is by no means a substitute 
for cooperation with society's accepted rules of competition, survival, and 
prosperity. It is a specialized technique for use in situations which appear 
to be ideally suited to it, and it is generally used as an enhancement to more 
ordinary techniques already in play. 

All this is probably not what you expected when you entered the 
Temple of Set. You anticipated a secret society, comfortably law-abiding but 
deliciously "sinister" in its pageantry - something both more novel and 
more exotic than Rosicrucians, Masons, Wiccans, and the like. You have 
now seen the Temple expose and explain the fabric of human interactions. 
It has done this not to amuse you, but to tear the blindfold from your eyes: 

- 109 - 

to lead you out of the cave wherein you were chained. After you finish 
blinking at the light, you face the question of how best to use your new 
clarity of vision. 

Many of those who joined our predecessor institution, the Church of 
Satan, were somewhat confused by the Satanic Bible's approach to magic. 
First, in the "Book of Satan", it scorned all belief systems and reduced all 
gods and demons to simple fantasies and psychological crutches. But then, 
in the subsequent Books of "Lucifer", "Belial", and "Leviathan", it promised 
satisfaction in return for appealing to various demons through ritual. The 
official apology for this seeming inconsistency was that rituals are mere 
psychodrama: play-acting for emotional gratification. But the reality was 
that the rituals were performed with complete seriousness throughout all 
the Grottos of the Church, and that they in fact yielded the results they 
promised, at least to some degree. 

The Satanic Priesthood gradually concluded that, although the 
mythological imagery of such ritual might be prima facie inaccurate and 
inconsistent, the particular type of mental and willful concentration 
achieved during ritual did in fact exert an effect upon both the celebrant 
and the OU. To the celebrant it seemed that, as his concentration and 
projection of will increased, the normal barriers of space and time began to 
recede. The celebrant's SU appeared to force its way into the OU in a 
limited, focused fashion. 

What this meant for the fledgling Satanist was an experience of the 
"blurring of reality". It was often disturbing and distressing, just as the 
experience of hallucination or schizophrenia can be disturbing and 
distressing. (#igG) A ritual working differed from psychosis, however, in 
that the magician's own mental coherence - his sense of identity and ability 
to organize his thought - remained unimpaired. He knew precisely what 
was happening: where each universe began and the other one ended, what 
he wished to do, and how to increase, decrease, or halt the experience. 

As the Satanist became increasingly familiar with the sensations of 
ritual magic, his fear of it would disappear and he would become proficient 
at creating precisely the blend of universes desired. The need for OU props 
(a physical ritual chamber) to create a suitably dramatic atmosphere 
lessened, as did the need for texts, incantations, and scripts. Ultimately a 
stage would be reached where the experience and exercise of ritual became 
a completely automatic one for the magician, who could now blend his SU 
with the objective one and accomplish changes in it as delicately as a skilled 

- 110 - 

surgeon might wield a scalpel. 

An individual's SU, to be sure, is extremely fluid. It may closely 
resemble the OU, or it may become bizarre and fantastic. Many clinical 
schizophreniacs are simply those who have lost the ability to distinguish the 
SU from the OU, and who in some cases are at the mercy of their SU mental 
imagery. (19X) 

Clinical schizophrenia is usually involuntary - the result of a physically 
diseased or injured brain, or of extraordinary psychological stress. A danger 
of ritual magic is that the experience may become so intoxicating that the 
underlying sense of perspective upon and balance between the two 
universes may be neglected or abandoned, resulting in an uncontrolled 
blending process. The magician is still in control of his will, but he is unable 
to accurately distinguish the elements of the OU from those of his SU. He 
makes mistakes, which appear in his SU as inexplicable abortions of his 
previously effective desires and creations. Ultimately he may lose all control 
of his consciousness, becoming a paranoiac and/or a megalomaniac. 

The old myth that you will endanger your soul if you dare to 
experiment with Black Magic thus has more than a grain of truth in it. Not 
because some fiend in red underwear is going to drag you down to Dante's 
Inferno in punishment for your blasphemy, but rather because you are 
now exercising your mind in the deliberate conception and 
construction of its own external frames of reference. If you do this 
with prudence, intelligence, and sensitivity, the result will be a more 
excellent state of being (= initiation). If you do it impulsively or carelessly, 
the result could be disastrous. 

The Temple of Set thus repeats the warning in its introductory 
literature: Black Magic is dangerous. LBM is dangerous because it can 
tempt the individual to unethical abuse of the technique (#6R, #6S), while 
GBM is dangerous because its practice makes possible the destruction of 
the perspectives of the rational consciousness. (#7C) 

You are thus admonished to be extremely careful when working 
with either technique. You should seek out and study the relevant texts 
from the Reading List thoroughly, experiment cautiously and judiciously, 
and by all means seek - and heed - the advice of the Priesthood in matters 
of doubt. Each Priest and Priestess has accepted the responsibility to advise 
Setians and Adepts of the Temple concerning the increase and use of their 
magical powers, but each Priest and Priestess also has the power to expel a 
Setian or Adept from the Temple if LBM/GBM is being used irresponsibly. 

- Ill 

It is now appropriate to explore the phenomenon of GBM itself. What 
is it, how does it work, and how may the Setian begin to experience it? 

Greater Black Magic (GBM) is the causing of change to occur 
in the SU in accordance with the will. This change in the SU may 
cause a similar and harmonious change in the OU. 

Examine this definition. A deliberate effort is made to alter one's 
subjective frame of reference, so that a thing which used to be 
conceptualized one way is now conceptualized in another. A distasteful 
situation may be adjusted to produce a favorable outcome; a live enemy 
may be adjusted to be thwarted or nonexistent; a desire of any sort may be 

Magical manuals from the medieval grimoires to the Satanic Bible have 
discussed the use of imagery as an aid to this process. Perhaps the most 
stereotypical example of this is the sticking of pins into a wax effigy to cause 
harm. In Walt Disney's Dumbo the little elephant was given a feather to 
hold with his trunk. He was told that it was a magic feather which would 
enable him to fly - and he did so by flapping his ears. When he eventually 
lost the feather, he started to fall, until he was told that the feather was 
really nothing more than an ordinary feather. As soon as he realized that he 
was the source of the "magic", he flapped his ears again and regained 

Photographs, wax images, talismans, music, fires, swords, statues, and 
indeed entire ritual chambers have no more intrinsic magic in them than 
Dumbo's feather. Their effectiveness in magic, again like Dumbo's feather, 
comes from their significance to the magician. If he grants them 
certain powers in his SU - if he credits them with atmospheres, auras, 
curses, or blessings - they will assuredly have them. They will possess these 
qualities absolutely in the SU. 

Once this occurs, the phenomenon of the ML between the SU and OU 
will transfer a portion of the quality to the items' objective mass. The 
potency and endurance of the transfer depends upon the skill and 
willpower of the consecrating magician, the scope of the working, the 
amount of distortion in the OU attempted, and a wide variety of physical 
and environmental factors which may range from sunspot activity to a sore 
toe which intrudes upon the magician's concentration. Perception and 
activation of the imbued qualities by another magician will similarly 
depend upon the skill and willpower which he brings to bear upon such 


The implications of this principle are fascinating. Among other things it 
explains why sophisticated magical workings based on a variety of different 
gods or pantheons have worked. It makes no difference whether the gods 
be socially generated (like those of ancient Greece) or personally created 
(like those of H.P. Lovecraft). It makes no difference whether the Enochian 
Keys be phrased in honor of YHVH (as in John Dee's diaries), in honor of 
Satan (as in the Satanic Bible), or in honor of Set (as in the Word of Set). 
Accusations of heresy, blasphemy, and/or inauthenticity - whether 
historically justified or not - are simply barking up the wrong tree from a 
magical standpoint. 

Another implication of the operational principle of GBM is that there is 
a large amount of it "loose" in the OU by individuals who are generating it 
without calling it by that name and without even realizing what they are 
doing. Every time we have an "objective impression" of something 
possessing a quality which its physical characteristics do not substantiate, 
we are sampling the results of a GBM operation on the OU. [#4J(i)(2), 

To take a few common examples: Snakes and rats are usually thought 
to be sneaky and evil, birds and cats beautiful; smog and sludge unnatural, 
trees and flowers natural. Many SUs agree upon and reinforce such 
interpretations, and in the OU it becomes increasingly difficult to identify 
the phenomenon in question without the subjectively-imposed "overlay". 
[Such overlays may also be called "biases", "prejudices", or "points of 

We are thus the victims of a world-wide GBM epidemic which has 
manifest itself as political ideologies, artistic aesthetics, advertising, social 
morality, etc. We cannot honestly say that we "live" in the OU, but rather in 
a crazy-quilt of SU overlays on the OU. The first thing the magician must do 
is realize this; the second thing he must do is attempt to see and understand 
the actual OU through all the layers. The third thing he must do is attempt 
to change parts of the OU carefully and precisely through his own magical 
workings, both LBM and GBM. 

The "unconscious" GBM of profane society works because of sheer 
mass, as a herd of buffalo will break through a fence that would easily stop 
any one of them. At the same time this profane effort is chaotic, unreliable, 
and ultimately random in its consequences. 

Attempts to control such massive social forces have been made by 
many political and religious leaders throughout history. All have failed in 


whole or in part, even when the illusion of control could be created. (#14A, 
E, F, J, K, L, V; #i6I) The individual Black Magician cannot change the OU 
through raw force; his is only a single, isolate will. He does possess, 
however, an understanding of how GBM works and the consequent ability 
to narrow his use of it to a precise, directed focus. It is this focus that 
enables his workings to succeed. 

If you have never undertaken GBM Workings before, some of the 
preconditions for them may strike you as unnecessary, even adolescent. Be 
patient, and you will come to see why they are not. 

You may think that you possess great powers of imagination, 
particularly if you have some skill at art, music, writing, or some similar 
form of creative expression. Consider, however, that your soul - which 
communicates with the OU through your brain - constantly receives 
reinforcement of OU reality through your five physical senses. This 
reinforcement tends to act as a kind of "shock absorber" to your mind, 
cushioning and compensating for all ideas that do not correspond to OU 

What you will be doing in a formal GBM working is to change the 
signals which are received by your five senses, bringing them into 
synchronization with the concept on which you intend to focus. Thus you 
prepare for a working by constructing an artificial environment in the OU 
most closely attuned to it: a ritual chamber. 

There is no "official" design, nor required contents for a Setian ritual 
chamber. Our Reading List exemplifies how widely our interests vary, and a 
working emphasizing any one Category of that List [or any other concept] 
would require appropriate accoutrements. 

Thus a "classic Black Mass" in the most delicious tradition of Gothic 
horror novels might recreate the atmosphere of a gloomy, medieval crypt. A 
ritual utilizing spacial/dimensional concepts might make use of odd, 
Expressionistic angles, optical illusions, mirrored or irregular lighting 
effects, and atonal or unharmonious sound effects. Workings concerned 
with space may take place under the starry sky in a desert, where the 
absence of reflected light from cities reveals the cosmos in all its glory ... or 
in planetariums, observatories, or astrophysics laboratories. 

The more care you take to find or create the proper environment, the 
more potent the working itself will be. This is not just because a more 
elaborate ritual chamber is more exciting and evocative, but also because 
the very act of preparing it and anticipating the working contributes to the 


momentum of the working proper. 

The "ritual chamber" is not merely the room or open area in which you 
operate. The concept extends to everything apart from your self - including 
your physical body. You must be in good health, or sufficiently in control of 
your mental state of being not to allow physical maladies to intrude upon 
your concentration during the working. You must be awake and alert. You 
must be visibly [to others, if it is a group working] and mindfully [to 
yourself] clothed and/or costumed as appropriate. Your goal is to exclude 
all sensations which clash with the focus of the working, and to reinforce all 
sensations which enhance that focus. 

Address all five of the physical senses: sight, hearing, smell, touch, and 
taste. At the very least, take steps to ensure that no distracting sensation 
intrudes. As you become increasingly familiar with GBM, you will become 
more expert at creating environments to facilitate it. Do not expect to get 
everything exactly right the first time. And, of course, there may be 
circumstances rather beyond your complete control, such as mechanical 
background noise in urban areas - or crickets in rural ones! 

You have prepared yourself and your ritual chamber. It is the 
appropriate time of day or night [or you have blocked out all sensory inputs 
dictating the time], and your invited assistants and/or fellow magicians are 
present. You are ready to commence the working itself. 

You may use a full script or an outline, or you may proceed 
extemporaneously. Each has advantages: the script for formality and a 
sense of historical accuracy, extemporaneous speech for its sincerity and 
spontaneity, and an outline for a blending of both. Make your decision not 
on some assumption of what you "ought" to do, but rather on the basis of 
what feels right to you. You might use the text of a 4,000-year-old 
Egyptian incantation - but you may wish to change two words in it. Do so! 
Use a pre-prepared selection of gods and/or daemons, or create some new 
ones yourself. Neither type is "inauthentic". Gods exist as they are 
evoked to meaningful existence by the individual psyche. (#61, 
#6K, #9K) 

Every thought, statement, and action during the working should be 
directed towards its object. If your preparations have been thorough, you 
will find that you can attain far greater concentration - and maintain it for a 
longer span of [objective or subjective] time - than you suspect. Following 
the ritual you should not be surprised to feel correspondingly exhausted 
and drained of energy. 


It is not uncommon for a magician to find himself carried away by a 
ritual he is doing. The experience is so impressive, so wonderful, so 
overwhelming that he becomes transfixed by it both during and following 
the working. There is a very simple rule of thumb which should be applied 
in situations such as this, and it is: Bear in mind that the ritual itself 
is/was a personal, SU experience. If you wish to impress other 
magicians with it, you must translate that experience into a form that is 
comprehensible and meaningful to them. If you succeed, they will share 
your interest and enthusiasm, at least to a degree. If they are not interested 
or enthusiastic, do not condemn them for it. Either you have not explained 
it carefully enough to do justice to it, or it simply isn't as relevant to their 
SUs as it is to yours. If you become antagonistic or resentful, you will 
accomplish nothing save to lessen your stature in their eyes. 

As discussed in Chapter #5, human beings are accustomed to 
projecting particular pictures of themselves into others' SUs. This is a 
common LBM phenomenon. In GBM the magician does not wish to present 
an artificial image at all, but rather to unveil his innermost self. He is thus 
highly vulnerable and highly sensitive to external influences. 

Usually - particularly in the case of novice magicians - GBM workings 
are best performed alone. If anyone else is present, it should only be 
someone who is so trusted by and attuned to the magician that no self- 
consciousness weakens the working. The more individuals present, the 
greater the risk of the working deteriorating into a "living theatre" show, 
with each participant presenting an artificial image to the others. 

Under no circumstances should you permit anyone to be present at 
a GBM working as an "observer", "student", "interested friend", or even 
"potential Setian". In a working you necessarily behave in an uninhibited 
fashion, which will be extremely disconcerting to someone who is still 
wearing his character armor. No matter how good his intentions may have 
been, he will still react by defensive, condescending denigration of the 
working. He is compelled to do this in order to protect and reinforce his 
insecure, confused self-image. The inevitable patronizing comments will be 
annoying to you, awkward for him, and certainly unhelpful to any profane 
friendship or rapport between you. 

If an acquaintance wants to find out what Black Magic is like, invite 
him to apply to the Temple of Set just as you did. If he isn't that interested, 
he probably doesn't have the self-discipline and strength of will necessary 
for success in Black Magic. He will be much happier in some variation of a 


WM environment, wherein pageants and shows proliferate. 

Other Setians of the same or less-advanced degrees than yourself 
should be present only as participants - never as bystanders or observers. 
Only Initiates of the Priesthood may be present in a non-participant 
capacity. They have a Recognized motive to enhance and encourage the 
success of the working, not to intrude upon or otherwise preempt it. 

You undertake a GBM working because you want to understand 
something or because you want to change something. The former type 
may be referred to as an illustrative working, while the latter is often 
called an operative working. Each takes effect by expanding and/or 
altering your SU, which then exerts a corresponding and proportionate 
influence upon the OU - and other SUs - via the ML phenomenon. 

A "law" in science is "a statement of exclusive cause and effect". By this 
exacting standard the ML is not a scientific law; nor is it consistent, 
reliable, or duplicatable. This is because it is not an influence or process 
involving only the manipulation of matter or energy in the OU, though a 
GBM working may include such manipulation. But the essence of GBM is 
its effect upon the SU(s) of the magician and/or others, which are not 
governed or limited by the laws of the OU. And such SUs are inescapably 
the "lenses" or "windows" through which the OU is perceived, assigned 
significance, and interpreted. That is how and why operative GBM - and the 
ML - works. 

Do not underestimate the subtlety and complexity of this 
phenomenon. To become adept in GBM requires comprehensive 
reorientation of your attitude towards your sensory inputs and outputs, and 
the way in which you realize, signify, and process information between 
input and output. It is essential that you exist, so to speak, at a far higher 
and more precise level of consciousness than the profane individual 
experiencing the same flow of information. This generates great stress, 
which even among experienced magicians can be sustained for only brief 
concentrations of time and effort. Start simply, and pursue more complex 
GBM as you gain experience in and a feel for it. 

You should never insist upon a complete alignment of related 
phenomena in the OU and other SUs as a result of a GBM working. Such 
would call for a far greater convergence of energy over a far greater period 
of OU time than a single mind can project. When you seek to cause change, 
therefore, look for fulcrums which need only be nudged slightly to set a 
desired chain-reaction in motion. Consider the most opportune times and 


locations for change. And do enough preliminary research to ascertain that 
the picture you have of the preexisting situation is a reasonably accurate 
one - else you may unknowingly change it for the worse. 

Ideally the magician should never use GBM when LBM will suffice, nor 
should he use LBM when intelligent, conventional actions will suffice. 
Much of the effectiveness of magic is due to its exclusiveness, its esoteric 
glamor. To overuse it, or to use it for vulgar purposes, is to cheapen it. One 
does not use fine china to serve hot dogs for lunch. Keep magic something 
special in your life; consider it a sacrament and a testament to the eternal 
majesty of your soul. Then you will find that it will dignify and sanctify your 
being, and will raise you above profane humanity. To echo Pythagoras: 
"Thou shalt be an immortal god, divine, no longer mortal." 

There is no standard sequence for a GBM working. Each is tailored to 
its object and to the magician undertaking it. You will find many texts, 
instructions, and sample scenarios in Temple of Set resources such as the 
Jeweled Tablets, the Scroll of Set (including its back-issue collection), and 
the Temple Intranet. These are tools which others have used successfully, 
for the specific purposes indicated. You may use any such tool for its 
original purpose, or pick and choose parts of various tools, and/or 
construct entirely new tools of your own. The more you work with GBM, the 
more fluent you will become with these options. 

The Temple of Set, in keeping with this philosophy, has no "official" 
GBM working rules. It is our position that "the text of another is an affront 
to the self. The following sequence is thus provided as an example of how 
a GBM working might be undertaken. You may adapt it as you desire, or 
you may create workings which are uniquely your own. 


1. Prepare the Chamber 

Choose a time and location suitable to your theme, considering privacy, 
comfort, and its psychological impact upon you. Decorate it as appropriate. 

Black is the traditional color of Black Magic [stands to reason!], 
because of its mystery, solemnity, and capacity for dissolving sensory limits 
and barriers. Paint or drape a room in black and you will see that it 
expands rather than confines the space. Flat black is more effective at 
dissolving barriers [imparting the sensation that you are "floating in 


space"], while gloss black creates a mirror-like effect that suggests an 
"angular matrix" about you. 

Other evocative colors may be used, but avoid white, pastels, and "head 
shop" posters. Natural wood, earth, or stone is excellent; some of the most 
effective chambers are constructed from/in unused attics or cellars. 

Lighting should be by candles, fires, electric candles, or colored light 
sources. Ultraviolet light may be used with great effectiveness because of 
the "sparkle" that it imparts to the atmosphere, the negative ions it 
generates (#22L), and the exotic visual effects it produces. Avoid using it in 
conjunction with pre-designed UV-sensitive pictures or posters, and 
conceal the light-source if at all possible. Avoid looking directly into 
ultraviolet light tubes, especially for extended periods. Avoid 
also extensive or concentrated exposure to ozone gas, whether 
from UV or electrostatic-generation sources. Use minimum 
necessary lighting - one or two candles rather than a dozen. You can see 
much better in semi-darkness than you think you can. [Rituals may also be 
conducted wholly or partially in complete darkness, which is one way of 
creating an "instant ritual chamber" in the midst of an otherwise unsuitable 

If you use recorded music, take care that it is not so rigidly sequenced 
that you have to march the working in time to it. Otherwise the music, not 
you, is conducting the working. "Workings" designed around musical or 
visual effects are "pageants" and thus fall under the heading of LBM - 
designed to influence audiences or specific participants. 

An altar may be constructed out of almost anything of convenient size. 
When it is serving as an altar, ensure that it is not used for any other 
purpose. Indeed this holds true for all ritual implements. A ceremonial 
dagger or knife will not be the worse for being used to carve a turkey at 
dinner, but in your SU you will never regard it in quite the same way if you 
suffer it to be used for mundane purposes. 

Behind and above the altar should appear the Pentagram of Set in 
silver or red against a black field. Prismatic (fresnel) material is fine for the 
Pentagram, and other colors may also be used if meaningful to the 
magician. If any other emblem is used, as in a specialized or historical 
working, it should be displayed either beneath the Pentagram or in another 
location entirely. 

Atop the altar should be [at minimum] a bell, a goblet or chalice 
(hereafter called the Grail), and a central flame source (which may range 


from a large or ornate candle to a small oil or jellied-fuel brazier). The 
flame source should ideally produce a blue-black or blue flame; Sterno is 
ideal; an electronic-lightning source such as a Tesla coil or "Eye of the 
Storm" will also suffice. Any texts required for a ritual may be placed upon 
the altar, as may additional candles, sword, knife, dagger, staff, and/or 
wand. Add whatever else you desire, from talismans and statuettes to 
flowers and foliage. 

The Church of Satan used to use a naked female as a "living altar" 
centerpiece, ostensibly to symbolize carnality and the living Earth. It was a 
nice idea in theory, but it proved difficult in practice. It is always awkward 
for one person to be nude while everyone else is clothed. An attractive 
"living altar" tends to distract participants' concentration, while an ugly one 
can be repellent; and of course no two people see "beauty" and "ugliness" in 
the same way. A large, sturdily-built altar platform is necessary, and sex 
always complicates matters with questions concerning the appropriateness 
of male altars for female heterosexuals or male homosexuals, etc. By all 
means use a "living altar" if you wish to, but don't feel he/she is essential or 
even desirable for a successful working. 

No protective circles or pentacles on the floor [or anywhere else] are 
necessary, though you are welcome to add them for dramatic or symbolic 
purposes. Since the Black Magician is at One with the Powers of Darkness, 
he needs no "protection" from them. Nor, it may be said, are circles or 
pentacles the slightest deterrent to these Powers, save in the SU of a 
superstitious White Magician. 

Children should never be allowed to attend any GBM working. They 
will not understand it, may be frightened by it, and may wrongly represent 
it to others. Pets may be present only if they can be depended upon to 
enhance, not to disrupt the atmosphere. 

Under no circumstances is any life-form ever sacrificed or 
injured in a Black Magical working of the Temple of Set. 
Violation of this rule will result in the offender's immediate 
expulsion and referral to law enforcement or animal protection 

The purpose of this statement is to prohibit any intentional taking or 
injuring of life in such a working. Obviously this applies to the bigger, more 
visible, more tangible, more familiar humans and animals. But just as 
certainly it applies to any other life-form over which you have aware, 
discretionary control. If you crush some captured ants, or burn a living 

- 120 - 

plant, etc. in a ritual, then you are in violation of this principle. 

It is the element of "aware, discretionary control" that is key here, 
because at issue is your respect for the phenomenon of life per se. Beyond 
the reach of your senses, you cannot reasonably exercise such control, and 
that is that. Probably every time you open and close your mouth while 
uttering incantations, you crush to death a great many microscopic 
residents of your teeth and gums. And you are certainly not expected to 
perform magic only in a laboratory "clean room"! Use common sense, 
compassion, and especial sensitivity, and you will fulfill the intent of this 

2. Dress for Working 

Dress however you wish, as long as it reflects the serious atmosphere of 
the working. The Temple of Set medallion appropriate to your degree 
should be worn. There are no color or design guidelines or restriction 
concerning magical clothing and costumes. If a robe or cowled robe is worn, 
however, it should be black. Colored trim or cords for black robes, if used, is 
traditionally keyed to the Temple's initiatory degrees: I°=white, II°=red, 
IIP=silver, IV°=blue, V°= purple, and VI°=gold. 

3. Ring the Bell 

The bell, which should have a deep, melodious tone rather than a 
sharp, tinkling one, is used to formalize the beginning and end of the 
working. It should be tolled nine times, either towards the altar or at the 
four points of the compass as the magician turns counterclockwise. The 
number 9 honors the Council of Nine of the Temple of Set. The magical 
significance of the number 9 is also discussed in my "Ceremony of the Nine 
Angles" and Anton LaVey's "The Unknown Known" in #6L, as well as in 
Pythagorean lore (#12). 

4. Light the Black Flame 

The central flame source on the altar symbolizes the Black Flame of 
Set, which brought isolate self consciousness to higher life. It is the willful 
act of rekindling this Flame on the altar which opens a "Gate" of 
interconsciousness between the magician and the Powers of Darkness. 

- 121- 

5. Invocation 

In the name of Set, the Prince of Darkness, I enter into the Realm of 
Creation to work my will upon the Universe. O Majesty of Set, hear me, look 
upon me, and go with me upon this journey. Enfold me with the Powers of 
Darkness; let them become as One with me as I am become One with the 
Eternal Set, whose Seat is behind the Constellation of the Thigh. As I send 
forth my most exalted and sublime Self, arm it with the Pentagram of Set and 
with the sceptre of Tcham that it may defy all constraints, dismay all 
challengers, and cast down all that is moved to appear against it. 

Let then my eyes become the Eyes of Set, my strength become the Strength 
of Set, my will become the Will of Set. As a Fire in the Darkness I am Become; 
as Air in the Sky I am Become; as Earth in Space I am Become; as Water in 
the Desert I am Become. I dwell in the Fane of the Flame of Ba. Time bows 
before my will, and I am Lord of Life, Death, and Life in Death. Hear then this 
Doom which I pronounce, and beware the Ka which now Comes Into Being 
through that Art which is mine to command. 

6. Drink from the Grail 

The Grail should contain any pleasing liquid, the more unusual and 
aromatic the better. The liquid need not be alcoholic and must not be 
blood. [The use of blood for ceremonial purposes would represent the 
destruction of a life-force. The magician respects blood in its proper vessel, 
the body, and does not degrade it.] 

The liquid may be imbibed only by the celebrant, or it may be shared 
with others present. If it is to be shared, the liquid should appear initially 
on the altar in a suitably ornate flask, then be poured into individual goblets 
or chalices by the celebrant or an assistant during this phase of the working. 
It is not recommended that more than one participant share a single goblet. 
[The goblets need not match; each participant may wish to bring the one 
from his own ritual chamber.] 

In the Church of Satan the Grail was called the "Chalice of Ecstasy", 
and its contents symbolized the elixir of life. 

In the Temple of Set it assumes an elder and more esoteric identity. 
The pre-Christian Grail is one of the most ancient and powerful symbols of 
the European Black Magic tradition (#14B, C, D, U). It symbolizes Truth in 
its purest and most sublime Form. The Grail is ever sought, never found by 
the profane, for they fear Truth even when they profess otherwise. Should 
they chance upon the Grail through innocence or accident, they dash it 

- 122 - 

from their lips in terror or, upon drinking from it, come hideously to grief 
for their rashness. Only the Initiate of the Left-Hand Path may dare to 
drink from the Grail with impunity, and only he shall see it brought forth 
before him whenever he desires. Woe to him who drinks from the Grail 
with deceit and falsehood in his heart; it shall consume him utterly. 

"The Knights of the Grail live from a stone of purest kind. 

If you do not know it, 

It shall here be named to you. 

It is called lapsit exillis." 

- Wolfram von Eschenbach, Parsival 

"Hie lapis exilis extat precio quoque vilis 
Spernitur a stultis, amatur plus ab edoctis." 
[This insignificant stone is indeed of trifling value. 
It is despised by fools, the more cherished by the wise.] 

- Arnold of Villanova, Rosarium Philosophorum 

7. Summoning of the Elements 

The magician now calls upon the living creatures and inert elements 
whom/which he wishes to observe or control. He may do this by using their 
conventional names, or by invoking symbols of them in isolation or 
combination (gods, daemons, chemical or alchemical symbols, images, 
musical themes, or other media of description). He weaves around them the 
appropriate context of his SU, thus creating what he wishes to Come Into 

8. The Working 

Upon construction of the working environment, the magician proceeds 
to enter it, observe what he desires to, and change what he wishes to. This is 
a precise, methodical, carefully conceived and executed action. It is "Astral 
projection" in the strictest sense. (#9G/H "Liber O", #9K) 

Briefly the technique is this: The magician constructs within his SU a 
"magical double" or ka (Goethe's Doppelg anger). This is an idealized entity 
whose precise characteristics may vary from working to working. He then, 
by an act of will, transfers his soul or ba to the vehicle of this ka and then 
executes his will in the SU. This may be completely disassociated from the 
physical body of the magician, or it may be closely aligned with it. Physical 


alteration of imagery in the ritual chamber may play a part, as may actions 
and expressions through the magician's material body. 

At the conclusion of the working, the ba is redirected to the physical 
body and the ka is dispelled. The elements of the SU specifically summoned 
for the working are released into their normal contexts, there to influence 
their OU counterparts. 

Vast amounts of advice concerning "Astral projection" and the 
construction and use of a magical double have been proffered. There is no 
one best technique which works for everyone. You will have to experiment, 
turning your mind and consciousness "in upon themselves" to explore, 
understand, and control their functions and parameters. Be careful and 
gentle with yourself. Do not hesitate to ask the Priesthood of Set for advice 
if in doubt. 

9. Extinguish the Black Flame/Close the Gate 

10. Ring the Bell [as in Step #3]. 

11. Utter the Traditional Closing Words: "So It Is Done!" 


Medial Black Magic 

Over the years we have become accustomed to the Temple of Set's two 
major divisions of Black Magic: Lesser (LBM) and Greater (GBM). By the 
former we generally refer to applied/scientific/manipulative magic; by the 
latter to introspective ceremonies of noetic solemnity. 

It is easy to focus strongly and exclusively on either one or the other of 
these two categories, so much so that we miss that grey area wherein they 
blend. Let us call this Medial Black Magic (MBM). 

MBM involves the use of the ML in its simplest, most direct form in an 
operative context. Unlike LBM, in which the magician uses forces and 
features which are of the OU to accomplish his goal, MBM has similar goals 
but uses metaphysical means - the ML - to realize them. It is not as "pure" 
as true GBM (which has no purpose other than itself). 

The beauty of MBM is its simplicity and directness. It requires only so 
much formality as you feel appropriate to what you wish to do. Grimoires, 
spellbooks, even the famous curse/lust/ compassion rituals of the Satanic 

- 124 - 

Bible are needlessly overcomplicated and are just so much window- 
dressing for persons who need such "training wheels" to work up a proper 
mental/magical state of concentration. 

Dark Shadows, that charming occult soap-opera of the 1960s, got it 
right. When Angelique the witch felt the need to curse, confound, or 
[rarely!] help someone, she would simply light a candle, or gaze into a 
fireplace, or stare at the Moon, and dictate her will. And so it would come to 
pass. Seances and Tarot readings worked, not because they were elaborate 
frauds or because the people participating in them were gullible fools, but 
because the participants approached them with simple open-mindedness. 

However, and this is an important point, MBM is not just "making a 
wish" or "saying a prayer", because these things involve no will, nor even 
sincerity. MBM requires your will that the result you desire actually occur. 

Unlike LBM, there is no calculable cause-and-effect. If you are using 
proxemic magic (LBM), you can reliably count on keeping someone in a 
room, driving him out of it, altering his mood, etc. because of the 
physiological and psychological principles you are applying. As a stage 
magician (also LBM) you can trick or control people by things that may 
seem to be MBM but aren't. 

When you resort to MBM, you enter that Twilight Zone between 
physics and metaphysics. The ML may or may not work, or it may work in 
some unexpected way [not necessarily to your satisfaction]. You may try 
MBM and get good, regular results. You may get nowhere and conclude 
that, for you anyway, it is a waste of time and an intellectual insult. Or you 
may find it a kind of mix of the two. 

As a rule of thumb I would say: Never use LBM when ordinary 
interaction will suffice, and do not resort to the uncertainties of MBM when 
LBM will suffice. And don't forget that old Balance Factor: Don't try to 
accomplish something of GBM scale with a simple candle-lighting of MBM 
"will investment". 

Keeping MBM simple doesn't mean that you can't use more elaborate 
systems for it if you prefer. Just keep the horse before the cart, i.e. don't feel 
that you are forced to recite some long, dreary ritual text to accomplish 
something. A more direct ritual, which you understand and will coherently, 
will serve you better. 

And the final, inevitable words of caution: If you look for something 
long enough, you will find it. If you want something hard enough, you will 
get it. Accordingly you had better take the time to think the whole business 


through beforehand and be reasonably sure that you do in fact want to 

find or get "it". Because in Black Magic there is no turning back. 

The Beginning 

- 126 - 

Appendix 1: On the Left Hand of Religion 


"Karhun Hampaan Kantaja" 

Scroll of Set #XXV-5, October 1999 

In our own writings there is often mention of the Temple of Set as "a 
religion". What exactly do we mean by this? Clearly if we are a religion, we 
are not one in the common sense of the word. 

This short article focuses on the issues of what is "religion" and how the 
Temple of Set can be viewed as a "religious organization". The article is not 
meant to be any final word on the issue; rather I intend to express what I 
currently think about the issue, and to further discussion about the subject 
in the Temple. 

What is "religion"? 

Scholars of comparative religious studies have not arrived at a 
consensus on the question of what religion is during the discipline's 150 
years of academic history. Such scholars as Otto, Eliade, James, Durkheim, 
Douglas, and Soderblom seem to have something substantially in common 
in the focus of their work, but still their definitions of "religion" vary 

Etymologically in Roman Catholicism the word "religion" is derived 
from the Latin word religio. 

In other Indo-European languages there was no word to signify 
"religion" before Christianity's influence. The same can be said about 
Finno-Ugrian languages. Thus the word/concept of "religion" has a very 
limited cultural sphere of etymological and contextual origin, which creates 
certain difficulties in attempting to apply it to other cultures and their 
"religious" aspects. 

There are two different etymological views concerning the word religio. 
Some scholars of Indo-European languages have suggested, based on 
Cicero's work De Natura Deorum, that the word derives from verb legere, 
which means "to collect". According to that view, religio means actions that 
are used to re-collect (re-legere) everything that is needed in order to 
worship gods. 

On the other hand Christian author Lactantius proposed the verb 
ligare, which means "to bind". He thought that religio means a "bond" 

- 127- 

which re-binds (re-ligare) people to divinity. 

The ways in which the word religio has been used from classical 
antiquity through today are complex and contradictory. Meanings of the 
word religio have varied in the course of history according to several 
contexts in which the word has been used. 

Historically it is noteworthy that the concept of "religion", in the sense 
we generally understand it today, didn't exist before the 18th century C.E. 
There were, of course, "religions" throughout the world before the 18th 
century, but the way they were approached was very different from the way 
we in the Western world are accustomed to thinking about "religions" in 
our 20th century. 

The concept of "religion" was formed in 18th century as a part of great 
social and epistemological changes in European culture. Previously 
humankind didn't have in its cultures and languages a special category of 
"religion" - a category that could be conceptually separated from the rest of 
the culture and considered from a comparative, scientific, non-religious 

From this perspective the category of "religion" is a result of 
development of a language. The "birth" of that category came from a social 
and cultural need to create a general concept to describe and to 
differentiate Christian and non-Christian traditions, practices, and 
experiences of a "religious" nature. 

Thus "religion" is a concept that is bound to a general Western cultural 
system of categories of existence. This culturally-bound system is the 
conceptual base still used to categorize things like "new religious 

This cultural background is good to remember when we consider what 
generally is thought to be "religious" in the Western world, and to what 
cultural fabric that word is historically bound. 

There are several definitions of "religion" offered by scholars of 
comparative religious studies. Here are just some of them: 

(A) Definition via Supernatural 

Edward Burnett Tylor: "It seems that it is best to use this 
source and to simply base the belief in spiritual beings as 
a minimum definition of religion." 


Sir James Frazer: "By religion I understand appeasing of and 
arbitration with higher powers than man. Those powers 
are believed to direct and to control the course of nature 
and the life of man. With this definition religion is 
formed from two components, theoretical and practical, 
that is belief in powers that are higher than man and the 
efforts to appease and to please them." 

Anthony Wallace: "Religion is a group of rituals that are 
rationalized with myths, and which are used to mobilize 
supernatural powers to bring or to prevent changes in the 
world of man or in the nature." 

Roland Robertson: "Religion is a group of beliefs and 
symbols (and values that are derived from those) that 
deal with separation between empirical and non- 
empirical, transcendent reality, in which empirical issues 
are subordinated to non-empirical issues." 

Melford Spiro: "I define religion as institution which consists 
of culturally conditioned interaction with culturally 
expressed supernatural beings." 

Rodney Stark & William S. Bainbridge: "There is some kind 
of idea about supernatural being, world, or power in 
religions and an idea that this supernatural is active and 
that it effects activities and situations here on earth." 

(B) Definition via Sacred vs. Profane - Separation 

William James: "Religion ... will here signify emotions, 
actions and experiences of individuals in their solitude, 
as they understand themselves in relation to something 
that they consider the divine." 

Emile Durkheim: "Religion is solidary system of sacred 
things, that is special and forbidden - a system of beliefs 
and customs that unites all of those who believe in them 
as a moral unit that is called a church." 

Nathan Soderblom: "A religious people is such that holds 
something as sacred." 

- 129 - 

Mircea Eliade: "Religion can still be considered as a useful 
term if we remember, that it does not necessarily imply 
belief in god, gods, or spirits, but which refers to 
experience of the sacred and is thus related to the ideas of 
being, meaning, and truth." 

Roy Rappaport: "The term 'religion' refers to public 
discourse that includes at least one sacred proposition 
and those conventional social functions, that are done 
according to the discourse. 'Sacred' is a quality of 
unquestionable truth that believers give to a proposition 
that can't be verified." 

(C) Definition via "Perennial Concern" 

Paul Tillich: "Religion is a state of mind where one has a 
sense of perennial concern, a concern that sets all other 
concerns subordinate to it and which itself includes an 
answer to the question about the meaning of life." 

Robert Bellah: "Here presented, the concept of religion - 
which is most general common mechanism that 
integrifies the meaning and motivation in the system - 
applies to all kinds of systems, not only to whole society 
or its groups." 

Clifford Geertz: "Religion is (l) a system of symbols that 
functions to (2) bring forth powerful, broad, and long- 
duration moods and motivations in human beings (3) by 
forming ideas about the general order of existence, and 
(4) by giving those ideas such reliable nature (5) that 
those moods and motivations seem specially realistic." 

Jacques Waardenburg: "We consider religion as orientation 
and religions as specific systems of orientation. System of 
orientation helps human beings to find his way in his life 
and in the world with certain context that gives meaning 
to it and which helps one to navigate in it." 

While all of the above definitions are interesting perspectives of the 
phenomenon of religion, I think they do not quite address the essence of 
the issue from the Setian point of view. 


For example, the theory of Durkheim ("religion is utterly social and 
collective") explains quite well the world's religions (the most popular 
religions) and Right-Hand Path religions and approaches to existence in 
general, be they called "religions", "philosophies", "ideologies", etc. 

But it doesn't apply that well to the Left-Hand Path approach to 
existence, nor to its concepts of "sacred" and other "religious" issues. 

Going a bit deeper into the "Left-Hand of religion", I now consider 
what generally makes human beings "religious" in the first place, or rather 
what is categorically a necessary condition for a human being to be a homo 

Whether one can be defined to be a "religious" or "unreligious" person 
is a matter of perspective, and is also greatly dependent upon the social 
context of the traditions of thought and world context into which one has 
grown up and learned to use. Meanings of words and concepts are not 
completely independent of time and society - like language in general. Also 
those meanings vary to some degree in relation to changes in other areas of 
culture and society. 

To conceptually define "religious" and "unreligious" is a philosophical 
and scientific problem. In everyday life that problem is of course solved 
rather easily: A "religious" person says he is such and an "unreligious" 
person says he is not such. 

If religions are based on human beings' innate tendency to create 
meaning and order to one's existence, we can ask what qualities in human 
beings make some of us "religious" and some of us not. 

From the point of comparative religious studies, it can be said that the 
same things that create culture and humanity create religion. 

If we try to conceive conditions in which religiosity could be 
impossible, we would presume human being who could not be conscious of 
a difference between "I" and "others", who would not be conscious about 
coming physical death, and who would not be able to create visions of the 
future world and of that which would Come Into Being. 

Accordingly a situation where religiosity would be impossible would 
also be impossible for the existence of culture. That condition would be a 
"state of nature", wherein human beings would not be creatures who 
consciously recognized borders to their existence and could manipulate the 
OU via different symbolic systems (languages). In that condition we would 
be mere brutes, having direct, instinctive responses to all external stimuli. 


Religions exist because humans are more or less self-conscious beings 
who are able to use symbolic systems to conceptualize existence and to 
communicate it from a perspective that is separate from nature. As such we 
are beings who create values and meanings. 

We do not have only mind; we also have consciousness. We do not have 
only natural needs, but also values and non-natural needs. We do not just 
act, but also have ideas about "right" and "wrong" action. We have not only 
a past but a history and a future. We not only see, but also recognize 
whether something is beautiful. 

Apparently "religious" experience is, in very general terms, a common 
human experience of "there's more to life than what there superficially 
seems to be". It is generally an experience that there is some higher 
meaning in existence, and that one's self is more than mere flesh and blood 
and culturally conditioned persona. 

In his classic work Das Heilige (The Idea of the Holy), philosopher of 
religion and theologian Rudolf Otto called religious experience as 
"numinous" (from the Latin numen, meaning "dynamic, spirit-filled trans- 
human energy or force"). He described this experience as "mysterium 
tremendum" - experience of "something wholly other"; of profound awe, 
majesty, energy, and urgency that at the same time fascinates and terrifies. 

I think that this experience has its roots in the conscious experience of 
one's separate self. 

"Religion" and the Temple of Set 

Religions are usually certain kinds of symbolic systems that are shared 
by their practitioners and that try to act as a means between different 
supposed realms of existence, providing some kind of profound meaning, 
order, morality, and general perspective to it. 

Religions can generally be seen as a different kind of unconscious and 
distorted outer reflection of the inherent non-nature of one's conscious self. 

At best Right-Hand Path religions can be quite harmless and also 
useful for society at large. But at worst they can also be truly horrible. If we 
compare the way that the source of all religions - the conscious, separate 
self - is approached in Right-Hand Path religions to that of the Temple of 
Set's approach to the same thing, we can't help but note that if we are a 
religion, we are completely different from most if not all of the other 
religions that have existed and that now exist in the world. 


If we are talking about religion in the layman's sense of the word, then 
the Temple of Set is not really a religion. We are certainly an initiatory 
school (or "tool"). 

Likewise we have a "Setian philosophy" instead of a "Setian religion" as 
a methodological base in our pursuit of Xeper. One might very well have 
"religious tones" in one's Xeper, but a mere sense of "sacred" as such is not 
the focus of the Temple; instead it is clearly and more precisely an 
individual Xeper. 

Magister Roger Whitaker wrote once so well about the subject of 
"religious Setianism" on the Setian-1 Internet mailing list that I'll include a 
lengthy quote from him here: 

I think it is vital to distinguish religious Setians - such as myself, Balanone, 
Magister Kelly, and others - as particular aspects of the process of self 
improvement and individual growth we call Xeper. 

It was as a result of my Xeper that I became a religious Setian; that is where 
my work led me. However what constitutes the elements which manifest as this 
"religious understanding" for me may very well not work for anyone else, nor 
ideally should it (except for those wondrous cases of synchronicity). 

There is no single path, and no sure destination where that path may lead 
you. The important considerations: Are you experiencing Xeper? Do you 
continue to grow? 

Now you can Xeper and not be a religious Setian, but you can't be a truly 
religious Setian without Xeper if the term is to have any substantive meaning. 

Each of us follows a path of our own making; where this path inevitably 
leads the individual is indeed a grand mystery, one which constitutes the 
wonder, beauty, and artistry of the Left-Hand Path. 

It is important for Adepts 11° and Setians 1° to understand that 
religious Setians do not expect nor desire you to join them. It is something 
which will or will not happen as a result of your work, study, and magic. It 
has no bearing on how far you will Xeper, for there is no organizational 
privilege attached to crossing over into religious Setianism. It is something 
each must decide for himself based upon individual experience in the active 
process of Xeper. 

As a Setians we are first of all focused to Xeper - an individual process 
of Coming Into Being. To that end we apply rational inquiry, logic, 
initiatory philosophy, and magic - not prayers nor unquestionable beliefs, 
nor dogma, nor ready-made moral codes, nor plain sense of "sacred". 


We differ from manifestations of the Right-Hand Path by asserting an 
individual's being and Becoming as the focus of his existence, and by 
stressing one's responsibility for one's actions from that perspective. 

We do not pray to our Patron; instead we seek individually to practice 
our Patron's Gift of self-consciousness, and by so doing to honor both him 
and ourselves. 

The Temple of Set is legally incorporated as a "church", which implies a 
"religious" organization. It is meaningful in general terms for us as an 
organizational manifestation of the Black Flame of self-consciousness, and 
as a school for its cultivation amidst the profane world of today. 

If we look at the question of religiosity more closely, the picture is of 
course more complicated. 

The concept of "religion" is, if not exclusively, at least very much a 
Right-Hand Path-saturated concept for a general human experience of 
"there's more to life than what there superficially seems to be" - all the way 
from the "birth" of the concept's modern meaning. 

General answers to this human experience are given in abundance in 
various Right-Hand Path forms, in which the general position and value of 
individual human being is seen as subordinate to some more higher and 
powerful being(s) of some sort and its (or their) authority, aims, and will. 
With this general background to the concept of "religion", the "Left-Hand of 
religion" is easily a confusing concept. 

My understanding is that a Setian "religious" experience refers to an 
Initiate's conscious experience of his separate self, of being aware of one's 
conscious existence, its idea, of the borders and potential of one's being via 
one's pursuit of Xeper. 

The experience includes specific sense of truth, right, beauty, nobility, 
sacredness, majesty, power, and metaphysical dimensions of meaning and 
purpose attached to them. 

Members of the Priesthood have their individual experiences of Set, 
their individual interactions with that entity being an essential part of the 

Thus I see that Setian "religiosity" is first of all defined and experienced 
via individual experience of Xeper, not via such things as "supernatural", 
"profane vs. sacred"- relation, nor "perennial concern". 

If we take the above as a definition and description of Setian "religious" 
experience, I think we can safely say that Setian philosophy can also be 
"religious" in its initiatory focus and that we indeed are a "religion". 


I would, however, as a "religious" Setian myself, be interested to find a 
better, more precise, and less tainted concept than the Right-Hand Path- 
saturated term "religion" to describe the experience from the Left-Hand 
Path/ Setian point of view - that of Xeper. 

Written as a small reflection on the heart of being on the Year of the 


Appendix 2: On the Pentagram of Set in Ancient Egypt 

- by Patty A. Hardy IV° 

At the Set-XIV Conclave in London I was asked if the pentagram were 
definitely known and used in ancient Egypt. I could do no better at the time 
than state that Pythagoras had spent 22 years there and then started up his 
Brotherhood in Magna Graecia with the pentagram as its supreme secret 
and badge of recognition. 

Now I have archaeological data. After much soul- and budget-searching, 
I obtained one of Guy Brunton's three volumes on the Qau and Badari 
excavations sponsored by the British Museum. Flipping through the 
volume, I found a half-page of Old Kingdom pot marks that included two 
definite and unmistakable pentagrams - one cut into the clay before firing 
by the potter, one scratched onto the pot by its owner. The bread pot with 
the potter-cut pentagram was thought to be from the IV Dynasty. Brunton 
remarks on "the noteworthy pentagram used in quite different ways and at 
different periods" in speaking of these pot marks. 

After that I decided to go back to Brunton's Matmar expedition notes 
and found a crude pentagram among the pot marks documented there, 
again on a pot thought to date to the Old Kingdom. 

I then consulted Flinders Petrie's Tanis expedition notes published 
nearly forty years earlier. There I found among the sketches of items from 
Defenneh near Tanis a pentagram marked on a sealed vessel dated to the 
XXVI Dynasty. 

So here are instances of the pentagram used to mark vessels in both 
Upper and Lower Egypt, in both early and late dynastic times. In all these 
cases the pentagram does not appear to be an ornament or decorative 
element; it stands by itself, without apparent reference to any other mark or 
inscription. Since I have only three expedition reports in my possession, 
and all three included an instance of a pentagram cut or scratched into 
pottery, it seems evident that the pentagram was known in great antiquity. 
It was found not on stelae or tomb paintings, but on pottery found in graves, 
suggesting that the symbol predates the strict artistic canons and religious 
formulae governing the work of scribes and artists in pharaonic Egypt - or 
arises from some tradition outside them. 


What has been said so far concerns figures which are unmistakably 
pentagrams. The five-pointed star - in its simplest form a five-rayed 
asterisk - is found everywhere in Egyptian hieroglyphic inscriptions and art. 
One never finds six-pointed stars or hexagrams. A seven-pointed star is the 
symbol of Seshet, who appears to be a female neter of records and site 
plans. She is always portrayed at the founding of new temples and 
monuments, either with reed-pen and tablet in hand or assisting the king in 
driving the first peg that will be used to stretch cords during the 
foundation's layout. [Using the stars of the Thigh to orient the foundation is 
frequently mentioned in the text for these scenes.] 


Appendix 3: On Racial Memory 

- by Patty A. Hardy IV° 

The concept of "racial memory" has acted powerfully on the 
imaginations of those who watched such presentations during our first 
decade. Academics once hostile to any hint of "outer mysteries" have 
admitted to their ranks a new field, Cognitive Science, devoted to the Gift. 
This multidisciplinary field arose in response to the realization that neither 
psychologists nor neurologists nor computer scientists nor evolutionary 
biologists could independently hope to fathom the complexity of the human 

It is a fledgling field, but one that I think holds promise - and of course 
concerns a topic of great significance to us. The continuing remanifestation 
of the First Thought, and the ensuing dialogue with the Other present at the 
birth of the First Thought, is the mystery. 

Have a look at Merlin Donald's Origins of the Modern Mind as well as 
Gerald Edelman's Bright Air, Brilliant Fire. Both of these take the 
approach that the mind is a web of complex associative chains whose 
creation requires specific topological features of the brain (or whatever - 
Edelman says he's not a "carbon chauvinist", though he makes very clear 
that the mind is not algorithmic). Both attempt to explain how this neural 
architecture might have arisen. 

The evidence presented by Donald and Edelman was of two kinds: 
clinical and archaeological. Study of aphasias, specific types of impairment 
of language ability, has allowed neurologists to figure out that language 
appears to be "spread" over two different regions of the brain. The parietal- 
occipital-temporal associative area, or Wernicke's area, receives and 
associates information already processed in specialized regions of the brain. 
It is known to be one of the two areas where damage impairs language 
ability. Broca's area appears to be specifically involved with speech itself. 

Among other examples, a case was presented of a person having 
seizure activity of an unusual kind: he lost the ability to comprehend 
language for several hours at a time. During these seizures he recognized 
what was happening and tended to activities that required no language 
comprehension; at intervals he would turn on a radio to check to see if his 
seizure was over! The types of activity he pursued without the ability to 


understand language nevertheless implied reflective and purposeful 
thought at a level beyond what we see with apes. 

From the perspective of a cognitive scientist, it looks as if Wernicke's 
area handles temporal sequencing of sensory feedback and voluntary motor 
action. From an evolutionary perspective, this is precisely the capability 
that would have developed to go from "monkey see monkey do" to self- 
directed learning, emulation, intentional repetition, self-evaluation and 
eventual mastery in a human learning how to flint-knap or weave a basket 
or paint cave art or perform a ritual dance. None of these things require 
speech! But they do require a capacity for abstracting, reviewing and 
replaying. From the linguistic perspective, this would solve the grammar 
problem, the fact that human infants learn to speak without enough 
exposure to language to reconstruct a grammar: rules of grammar are being 
constructed, not from hearing sentences, but from abstract models of 
reality created from experience. From our perspective, this cascading 
ability to isolate elements of experience, pay attention to them and imbue 
them with meaning, evaluate them, and will change in the subsequent flow 
of experience is the ability to Come Into Being. 

The archaeological evidence involves looking at artifacts left by 
different species of Homo and Australopithecus, judging complexity of the 
actions required to produce these artifacts, and examining fossil cranial 
endocasts to make some guess about the gross morphology of the brain. It 
appears - this is still a topic of dispute - that Australopithecus, while bigger- 
brained than our modern apes, shows no sign of the development of 
Werncke's area that seems characteristic of Homo from Homo erectus 

(This would also explain why apes like Koko pick up sign-language 
vocabularies but show no acquisition of grammar: they don't make abstract 
models of experience. I've heard nothing to indicate that Koko finds 
anything unusual about ASL, except that the cat doesn't understand it. 
Compare this to Helen Keller's electrifying account of "getting" her first 


Appendix 4: On the Genetic Code and the Gift of Set 

-by Ronald L. Barrett 11° 

The Scroll of Set #XIV-3, June 1988 

Beyond you who are the third ordering shall be those of the fourth, who 
shall again come into being by a first, to recall the high orderings of the past 
and to witness those of the lower orderings in their mindless self-annihilation 
and labor, and to continue the exalted work of the second and third orderings. 

- The Sixth Part of the Word of Set 

Sometime about a million years ago on the southern African bush there 
appeared a most amazing creature. Treading on two legs, and bearing stone 
tools in the place of sharp teeth and claws, this being was otherwise 
defenseless in his environment. Yet he was somehow able to survive while 
in competition with predators such as saber-toothed tigers and hyenas the 
size of small horses. 

This small creature, the ancestor of our kind, was unlike any other that 
had ever roamed our planet. His unique characteristics stemmed from his 
ability to give meaning to his perceptions and experiences, and is to this day 
unprecedented in any other species. Today we carry on his legacy - and 
more, as we take the Gift of Set to the outer limits of Xeper and 

It is both ironic and amazing that the most perplexing phenomena we 
as mankind have encountered in the OU is the vessel of our very own SU: 
the human psyche. We turn our gift to look at itself, and we ask questions. 
How is it that this super-entity bestowed the gift of intelligence upon a 
pathetic primate so long ago? And what the hell is this damned thing called 
"intelligence" anyway? 

I have a few ideas on the subject, and I would very much like to hear 
what other Initiates "make of it". What follows is a synthesis of perspectives 
through three lenses: anthropology, molecular biology, and Black Magic. 

My approach is this: If I were the Prince of Darkness, how would I 
create an intelligent biological organism? Creating the creator is no simple 
task. But considering the entity involved, the wielding of such dark power is 
not only the exception but the self-made rule. So for now let's leave aside 
the issue of what the essence of intelligence really is and concentrate on the 
basic mechanics of the physical transformation. 

- 140- 

Starting with an organism already possessing a degree of potential to 
start with, my selected creature would have to be physically capable of 
manifesting subjective genius into adaptive advantage. After all, it would 
hardly be fair to give intelligence to a sea anenome. Higher-order primates 
make for good starting material in this regard. Their fingered hands with 
opposable thumbs give them the dexterity to manipulate their environment 
in subtle ways. They possess a reasonably-large cranial capacity and the 
most state-of-the-art brain that random mutation has been able to provide. 
Additionally they live in a somewhat friendly ecological niche. Possessing 
few natural enemies in the treetops of the most plentiful rain forests, they 
would have some chance to grow and develop before things started getting 

Now on to that pesky little problem of transformation. True genius 
would involve an elegantly simple mechanism, one that would require 
minimum change to actuate maximal effect. To merely change the physical 
structure of the organism is completely out of the question: Even if the 
creature possessed the Gift, it would not be passed on to the next 
generation unless the genetic blueprint itself were changed. In fact that is 
all that would have to be changed for the ugly little critter to be able to give 
birth to its future masters. To create a new program designing a new 
species, it is simply a matter of getting into the gonad, into the nuclei of the 
sex cells (sperm and ova), and reprogramming the molecular blueprint of 
the old species. In other words, the way to transform an ape into a man is to 
reprogram him. 

Reprogramming an ape into a man: In the nucleus of every cell 
composing every living organism on Earth, there is a blueprint for that 
entire creature contained on an enormously long molecule known as DNA. 
This DNA is like a "floppy disk" containing programs (genes) that will direct 
the construction of the creature in every detail, including its brain. To make 
the creature intelligent, you change its mind; to change its mind, you 
change its DNA. 

The change would not have to be a very large one. Comparisons of 
human and chimpanzee DNA indicate that they are 97% identical, yet we 
are quantumly different beings in terms of mental ability. Apparently a very 
small change in programming has gone a long way. How? 

There are known to be special kinds of genes, called regulatory genes, 
that can control the expression of other genes. These regulatory genes can 
effect amazingly different physical manifestations simply by turning other 


genes on and off in different combinations. This is why the cells composing 
the brain, bone, muscle, and other tissues of your body can perform entirely 
different functions using identical sets of genetic information. Additionally 
it has been recently discovered that in two species of closely-related 
amphibians, the only genetic difference between them lies in a set of 
regulatory genes controlling their adolescent development. 

Now I have a critter (the ape), the material I wish to change (DNA), and 
the kind of reprogramming I intend to do (regulatory gene). I could either 
change an existing regulatory gene or genes, or add one or two of my own. 
The methods for making these sorts of changes are beginning to be worked 
out by molecular biologists, and are currently being used for many kinds of 
applications in science and industry. "Cloning" is the popular term for a 
collection of techniques in which genes are spliced in various sorts of ways 
and inserted into a single-celled, bacteria-like organism, thereby 
transforming it. These transformed organisms can thus be reprogrammed 
to become biochemical factories for fun and profit. The techniques are 
simple and have been taught to high school students in a single afternoon. 

Humans aren't the only creatures that can reprogram DNA. There are 
some very simple "life"-forms that do it much better than we have been able 
to so far. They comprise a certain class of viruses known as retroviruses. 
They consist of only genetic material and an enzyme in a protein capsule. 
Depending upon the virus, they can insert their genes into the DNA of a 
host cell in such a way that the once-normal cell is transformed into a virus 
factory. Again depending upon the virus, this can be lethal for a whole set of 
cells of a certain type. 

Not all viruses are lethal, however, and some have made genetic 
changes without any detrimental effect on the host. There is now some 
evidence for the possibility that we may contain genes which were the result 
of a retrovirus infecting our ancestors sometime in the distant past. These 
genes are called proviruses and are believed to be no longer active. But 
there is no reason why they couldn't be. 

Now the pieces come together in a very intriguing fashion. The model I 
am proposing is this: The Prince of Darkness could well have provided the 
Gift in the form of a master program: a regulatory gene or genes which 
would affect other genes. This gene would be spliced into a non-lethal 
retrovirus that would infect only the sex-cells of the ancestor primate. The 
former species would then mate and produce the protohuman progeny, 
who would then go on to reproduce themselves. 

- 142 - 

Set as the master molecular biologist? At some point he would have to 
make a physical alteration, as the human psyche would be unable to 
adequately express itself in an inadequate brain. At some point physical 
changes are necessary, and these would have to be done in a simple but 
complete way. Genetic alteration can accomplish this, given the dark genius 
to guide the mechanisms in a very elegant manner so as to effect the 
transformation with only a small set of instructions. 

William S. Burroughs once said, "Language is a virus from outer 
space." I am suggesting that this may indeed be so. What are the 

Our genes are fossils of the past, and molecular biology is providing 
insights into our evolutionary past. Race-memory is real; it exists in the 
genes located in our DNA. Some of the information has long since changed; 
some is much the same now as it was millions of years ago. 

Most DNA has been thought to be "garbage" containing no real 
information at all. Developmental biologists, however, are changing this 
perception. The expression "hen's teeth", for instance, has some basis in 
fact. Apparently an early ancestor of the chicken had a set of teeth. While 
this trait no longer exists in the modern bird, chicken fetuses have been 
induced to grow some tooth tissue using some special gene-activating 
factors. This experiment has demonstrated that a creature can contain 
remnants of its evolutionary past in the form of genes that have long since 
been deactivated yet are nevertheless hanging around. 

If Set left a genetic fingerprint of his handiwork, it would be very 
difficult to find. Human DNA contains about 6 billion bits of information 
coding for an estimated 100,000 genes in a 4-character language. That is a 
lot of information. Currently there is a major project ongoing to sequence 
all of the human DNA. We will soon have the complete set of instructions 
for construction of an entire human being. This information will mean very 
little to us at the moment, but will be progressively more useful in the 
future. [Ed. Note: As we go to press, I understand that fundamentalist 
religious and some ethnic groups are pressuring Congress to suppress this 
DNA-deciphering effort. The stated grounds are concern for "genetic 
mutations out of control", but it doesn't take much imagination to see 
what's really behind the effort.] 

If the Gift is contained on the DNA, we will have that also. We will be 
able to play with it and manipulate it. We will be able to affect our evolution 
in a very direct way - to program our biological future. We'll be able to do 


this even if we don't find such a gene; we're starting to already. 

Given this information, there is much to be considered by the Black 
Magician. Following are some sample ideas and scenarios: 

1. Up to this time I have mentioned only the known intelligence of the 
human race. What of the possibility of other creatures receiving the Gift? 
Dolphins appear to be good candidates for such an occurrence. Could they 
have developed their intelligence in a more subjective context, not needing 
to do the kind of environmental manipulation required of humans on land? 

2. Suppose the Gift is a set of multiple genes, with one of them yet to be 
activated - waiting for a human hand to turn it on? [Ed. Note: In effect a 
genetic version of 2001: A Space Odyssey.] 

3. Suppose the Gift consisted of only one gene, and that it was a piece of 
DNA containing exactly 666 bits of information? This is not outside the 
range of a small gene. Suppose the "waiting" gene discussed in #2 above 
possesses this characteristic? 

4. The revolution in molecular biology is providing tremendous 
applications in biological warfare. While the United States and the Soviet 
Union have agreed not to produce offensive biological weapons, they are 
currently engaged in research having to do with "defensive scenarios". 
Since a "defensive scenario" requires a weapon against which to defend, we 
are currently producing real weapons for these "what if situations. There 
are plans to build a test-chamber in Utah. 

5. The cold war may be the least of our worries. Unlike nuclear 
technology, both the information and the tools are readily accessible in 
biotechnology. Remember the stories about college students designing and 
building their own nuclear devices? In the near future we may have the 
doomsday capability in our hands without the lack of "plutonium" to 
prevent someone from implementing it. I'm talking not just about small 
governments and terrorist groups, but also about individuals. 


Appendix 5: On Natural vs. Non-Natural Religion 

- by Stephen E. Flowers V° 

We live in an age heavily influenced by the ideals of Romanticism. In 
this age to say that something is "natural" is to equate it with something 
"good, right, and moral" - so saith the Gospel According to the Cereal Box 
(a contemporary American icon). For the most part this emphasis on the 
natural has been a positive development, and has been used as the chief 
battering-ram against the edifices of monotheistic totalitarianism. But this 
can be considered only a provisional weapon in the fight to return to a more 
spiritual heritage. It seems that "Mother Nature" can be fairly easily 
substituted for "God the Father" - so easily, in fact, that we might suspect 
that "Mother Nature" is none other than "God the Father" in drag. 

Before we go on, two important concepts must be defined and their 
synonyms explained. Natural indicates that which is the product of 
regularly-occurring organic or mechanical processes in the Objective 
Universe (OU). It might be worth pointing out that the word natur-al is 
derived from the past participle of the Latin verb nasci (to be born). 54 So 
too are all of the words using this stem, i.e. nat-ion (people sharing 
ancestors). All of these originally have to do with organic or physical 

Many systems of thought have had no trouble distinguishing between 
the natural and the non-natural. The ancient Greeks knew well the 
difference between physis (nature) and psyche (spirit). Modern German 
academic faculties have no problem drawing the distinction between the 
Natural Sciences and the Intellectual Sciences (which we call the 

The Right-Hand Path (RHP) essentially teaches that these two 
categories are illusions, and that in reality the two are identical. Its solution 
is to subordinate the "illusion" of self-awareness, of the psyche, to the 
"reality" of God, Nature, or whatever. 

The Left-Hand Path (LHP) solution is simpler. It teaches that the two 
categories we are capable of perceiving as being distinct are in fact just that. 
The distinction is the result of the existence of the principle of isolate 

54 And, apparently, further back from the ancient Egyptian neter (a Form or First Principle = a 

"god" or "goddess" of the Universal existence). - M. Aquino 


consciousness within the universe, and the presence of the Gift of that 
Intelligence within individual members of the human species. The LHP 
solution is then to cultivate and nurture this intelligence as a separate and 
unique quality, that it may Xeper. Xeper leads to individually-determined 

In the history of religion and philosophy, we have seen many examples 
of how natural and non-natural systems can harmoniously interact with 
one another. In Japan, for example, we see how the native or ancestral 
religion of Shinto has been supplemented by the introduction of the 
sometimes non-natural [and certainly non-native] Buddhism. The typical 
Japanese is today both Shinto and Buddhist. Each system fulfills a special 
function in the religious life, and provides a special set of religious options 
to the modern Japanese. Shinto puts a person in touch with the collective, 
eternal life-force and vitality coursing through the nation, while Buddhism 
provides a method of individual enlightenment - which may emerge on 
either the RHP or the LHP. 

The same thing can be seen in the philosophy of Plato. He did not think 
that all people should be trained in the fashion of his Philosopher-Kings. 
The traditions of the belief in the gods and goddesses of the Hellenic 
civilization were to be cultivated and continued; but beyond this there was 
to be a system of philosophical inquiry and enlightenment of the self based 
on direct knowledge of the objective Forms (noesis). This noesis, however, is 
a non-natural step for humans to take. 

Both natural and non-natural religions or philosophical systems can 
and do coexist in single cultures or societies. Each supports the other. This 
achieves the Platonic ideal of a whole and evolving society. 

Such coexistence is not possible in a truly Christian world. Christianity 
reduces the non-natural to a natural or organic/mechanical model [whether 
Christians appreciate this or not], and falsely elevates that model to the 
level of "super-nature". 55 There is really nothing "super-natural" about 
Yahweh; he is, as the Gnostics well knew, merely a personification of the 
natural/organic laws. 

55 According to Thomas Aquinas, natural law embraces all universal phenomena, humanity 
included, save for revealed instructions of God to the human consciousness (divine law). Only 
God himself was, as the source of eternal law, exempt from these "proclaimed" ordering of 
things. The self-consciousness of mankind, to the extent that it obeys the divine and natural law 
of God in the issuance of human law, is dutiful and acceptable. The presumption of that self- 
consciousness to the prerogatives of eternal law itself - as the Black Magician does - is "sinful" - 
the "crime" of Adam & Eve in the Garden of Eden, as it were. - M. Aquino 

- 146- 

Natural religious systems are most effective for organizing and 
maintaining natural structures in society, in the OU, and within those 
segments of the Subjective Universe (SU) of the believer which still may be 
dependent on organic models. On the other hand, non-natural systems are 
most effective for the understanding and conscious development of the Self, 
which in turn may have an effect on the SU and OU themselves. 

These are the most effective uses of the two systems. But as Black 
Magicians we must always return to the agent of any usage - to the user - 
for our ultimate perspective. 

The philosophy of the Temple of Set is not a natural religion; it is 
essentially a non-natural one. It is perhaps the most sophisticated and self- 
conscious exponent of this point of view that history has yet seen. 

When outsiders hear of some of the "non-natural" rhetoric employed in 
Setian discourse, they sometimes think that Setians advocate the wanton 
destruction of nature. Nothing could be further from the truth. Just because 
Setians are capable of going beyond nature does not imply that we find it 
useless or in any way hateful. 

Just because a person is capable of thought does not mean that he or 
she will cease such natural activities as feeling, eating, or having sex. The 
individual, however, may turn these activities into thought-provoking 
experiences. In transforming natural functions into spiritual experiences, 
humans exercise their non-natural prerogative to go beyond the bounds of 
organic existence. In going beyond the bounds of nature, the human does 
not come merely to understand divinity, but rather to exercise it. That is the 
aim of non-natural religion. 



Abyss 42 

^Eon 44-48 

Agnosticism 56, 59 

Anamnesis 69-70 


Alpha Draconis/Thuban 21 

Anubis 25 

Aquinas, Thomas 57, 95, 98, 99, 145 

Aquino [Sinclair], Lilith 13 

Aristotle 73, 97, 99 

Assign meaning 60 

Astral projetion 122-123 

Astrum Argenteum 36-38 

Atheism 56, 59, 83-84 

Augustine 98 

Ba 23, 58, 121 

Bacon, Roger 57 

Bainbridge, William 128 

Bakunin, Mikhail 29 

Balance factor 87 

Baphomet 51 

Barrett, Ronald L. 139 

Berkeley, George 80 

Bellah, Robert 129 

Blackjack 89 

Blavatsky, H.P. 31 

Book of Coming Forth by Night 12-13 

Brandon, S.G.F. 46 

Brugsch-Bey, Heinrich 21 

Buddhism 30-31, 145 

Budge, Sir E.A Wallis 15, 19, 26 

Burnett, Edward 127 

Burroughs, William 142 

Calvin, John 99 

Capitalism 105-106 

Carus, Paul 22 

Causality 61 

Christ, Jesus 82-83 

Christianity 46, 64-65 

Church of Satan 9-11, 31 

Church of Satan (ebook) 11 

Cicero 126 

Clarke, Arthur C. 78 

Communism 104-105 

Conservatism 101 

Council of Nine 13 

Crowley, Aleister 36-38, 42, 44-47 

Crystal Tablet of Set 8 

Cynicism 98 

Dark Shadows 124 

Deism 75 

Degrees, Church of Satan 10-11, 38-39 

Degrees, Temple of Set 34-44, 52-53 

— Setian I°39-40 

— Adept 11° 34, 40 

— Priesthood 111° 34, 41-42 

— Magister Templi IV° 33, 34, 42-43 

— Magus V° 33, 34, 43 

— Ipsissimus VI° 34, 43 

— Honorary Setian 52-53 
Descartes, Rene 23, 75, 80 
Devil 62, 73-80 

Dewey, John 94 

Dialectic materialism 104 

Donald, Merlin 137 

Doppelganger 122 

Draco 20-21 

Dumbo 111 

Durkheim, Emile 128, 130 

Eckart, Dietrich 65 

Edelman, Gerald 137 

Ego 32, 81 

Egoism 95 

Egypt, ancient 15-27 

— Art 16 

— Destruction of records 15 

— Double Crown 22 

— Dynasties (Manetho) 17-18 

— Dynasties, Setian 24 

— Origins 15 

— Thought, geometric 16 

— Unification 22 
Einstein, Albert 49 
Elect 28 

Eliade, Mircea 129 


Enlightenment 75, 96, 99 
Entelechy 71 
Epicureanism 98 
Ethel, Robert 13 
Ethics/moral philosophy 94 

— Definition 94 

— Descriptive 95 

— Normative 94 

— Metaethics 94 

— Emotivism 95 

— Imperativism 95 

— Intuitionism 94 

— Moral skepticism 95 

— Naturalism 94 

— Subjectivism 95 

— Teleology 95 

— Theology 95 
Ethical relativism 95 
Evolution, human 76-78 
Exodus, Hebrew 25 
Experience 60 
Fascism 103 

Fagan, Brian 5 

Fairservis, Walter 15 

Faith, religious 56-57 

Farr, Florence 45-46 

Fibonacci series 51 

Fichte, Johann G. 75, 81, 86-87 

Flowers, Stephen 144 

Forms, Pythagorean/Platonic 30, 61 

Fowles, John 86 

Frazier, James 128 

Gamma Draconis 21 

Geertz, Clifford 129 

Genetic code 139-143 

Gnosticism 45-46, 64-65, 145 

Golden Dawn 34-35 

Golden Flower, Secret of the 67-68 

Golden mean 97 

Grail 121-122 

Griffiths, J. Gwyn 27 

Grottos, Church of Satan 10, 13 

Grumboski, Michael 13 

Gurdjieff, George 90 

Hardy, Patty 135, 137 
Harker, Jonathan 28 
HarWer 22 
Hegel, Georg 81, 102 
Her-Bak 27, 28, 42, 68-69 
Het/"Great One of Spells" [see 

Egypt/Double Crown] 
Hitler, Adolf 102-103 
Hobbes, Thomas 83, 95, 99, 102 
Hoffer, Eric 60 
Hoffman, Michael 8 
Horus 21-22 
Hume, David 83, 101 

— Subjective/voluntaristic 75, 81 

— Monistic [see Pantheism] 

— Objective/ dialectic 81, 102 
Iitti, Vesa 126 
Immaterialism 81 
Indulgence (V° Word) 14 
Initiation 28-53 
Innocence 82-83 
Intuition 30 

Ions, Veronica 18, 22, 27 

Isis 18 

Iyer, Raghavan 70 

James, William 128 

Jeweled Tablets of Set 8 

Judaism 64-65 

Ka 69, 121, 122 

Kant, Immanuel 60 

Lactantius 126 

LaVey, Anton 9-11, 66, 74, 87 

LaVey [Hegarty], Diane 10, 11 

Leibniz, Gottfried 75 

Lenin, Vladimir 104 

Locke, John 95, 99-100, 102, 105 

Lockyer, J. Norman 20-21 

Logos 59 

Luther, Martin 99 

Ma'at 96 

Machiavelli, Niccolo 83, 98-99 

Magic, Black 4, 31 

— Greater (GBM) 4, 86, 108-124 


- Lesser (LBM) 4, 84, 89-107 

- Medial (MBM) 85, 87, 123-124 
Magic, stage 91-92 

Magic, White 31, 83 

Magical Link (ML) 86 

Manetho 17 

Marx, Karl 3, 83, 99, 103-104 

Mechanism 96 

Memory, racial 78, 137-138 

Mentalism 91, 107 

Moebius strip 60 

Morning of the Magicians 48-49 

National Socialism 103 

Nature 16, 74, 144 

Nepthys 25 

Neter/u 3, 15-18, 96 

Nietzsche, Friedrich 61, 75, 95 

Nirvana 32 

Non-ego 81 

North Solstice X Working [see Book of 

Coming Forth by Night] 
Numinous 131 
Occam, William of 57 
(Edipus 83, 97 
Ombos 21, 25 
Osiris 18, 25-27 
Otto, Rudolf 131 
Ouspensky, Peter 90 
PaMat-et 21 
Pantheism 75 
Parsifal 28 

Path, Left-Hand 30-32 
Path, Right-Hand 30-32 
Pentagram of Set 48-53, 135-136 
phi (c|)) 50-52 
Philosophy 57 
Pi-Rameses 24 
Plato 30, 69, 95, 97, 103 
Plutarch 18 
Politics 93 
Propaganda 93 
Psyche 23, 58-73, 97, 144 

- Immortality of 62-73 
Pylons 14 

Pyramid Texts 22 

Pythagoras 30 

Rappaport, Roy 129 

Recognition (degree) 29 

Regardie, Francis 35-36 

Religion 3, 5-6, 56, 126-134, 144-146 

Ritual chamber 113-114, 117-120 

Robertson, Roland 128 

Romanticism 102 

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 84, 95, 102 

Romer, John 25 

Salvation (Christian) 32 

Samtaui 22 

Satan 9, 25, 73-80 

Satanic Bible 9, 66-67, 73"74, 109 

Sauneron, Serge 23-26 

Schaefer, Heinrich 16 

Schopenhauer, Arthur 61, 64-65, 75 

Scroll of Set 14 

Seago, L. Dale 13 

Sentiment 101 

Sephiroth 35 

Set Title page, 3, 12-13, 19-27, 73-8o 

— Invocation to 121 

SeXet [see Egypt/Double Crown] 

Shaw, George 13 

Shinto 145 

Shulmu/shalom 96 

Skepticism 98 

Socrates 69, 97 

Soderblum, Nathan 128 

Solipsism 81 

Sophism 83 

Soul 23, 58-62 

Spencer, Herbert 94 

"Sphinx & the Chimagra" 17 

Spinoza, Baruch 75 

Spiro, Melford 128 

Stark, Rodney 128 

Stars, circumpolar 20-21 

Star Wars 87 

Stoicism 83, 98 

Sutekh 26 

Tanis 21, 135 


Tantrism 30 

Tao 32, 68 

Tarot 92 

Tcham sceptre Title page, 22 

Teleology 96 

Temple of Set (ebook) 13 

Te Velde, H. 19-22 

Theodicy 96 

Theory 54 

— Descriptive 54 

— Empirical 54 

— Ethical 54 

— Metaphysical 54 

— Political 54 

— Prescriptive 54 
Theosophy 31 

Thigh, Constellation of the 21, 136 

Tillich, Paul 129 

Tree of Life 35 

Truth 30 

Udjat 22 

Understanding 87 

Universe 55, 80 

— Subjective 4, 80 

— Objective 3, 55-56, 80 
Urseus [see Udjat] 
Urfe, Nicholas 28 
Volksgeist 102 
Waardenburg, Jacques 129 
Wallace, Anthony 128 
Webb, Don 50 
Wendall, Margaret 13 
Whitaker, Roger 132 
Wild, Leon 35 
Wilhelm, Richard 68 
Wilson, John 17 
Winkler, Franz 71-72 
Winspear, Alban 17 
Wisdom 29 

Word of Set 139 

— Illustrative 116 

— Operative 116 

Xeper 6, 14, 29, 67, 132-134, 145 


Temple of Set Reading List 

- by Michael A. Aquino V°/VI° (Ed.) 


The magical and philosophical interests of the Temple of Set span a wide 
range of disciplines. Use of commercially-published reference works, despite their 
respective drawbacks, is thus both essential and economical. It enables the Temple 
to concentrate its internal publications in areas in which critical information is 
either seriously substandard or altogether lacking. 

When using this reading list, keep in mind that the Temple is not a book club, 
but rather a religious institution in which Initiates are expected to be practicing 
magicians. These books are recommended not merely to entertain [though many of 
them are good at that too!], but more importantly to impart principles which may 
be applied and to provide facts which are helpful or essential to an understanding 
of these principles. 

Ideally this list should contain only those works which are currently in print or 
which are generally available through libraries. Unfortunately the unusual and 
exotic directions of our interests frequently necessitate titles which are neglected, 
suppressed, and/or out-of-print. Some of these works are available only at 
excessive prices through rare-book dealers; others seem to have vanished 


If you keep your eyes open while browsing through new/used bookstores, 
however, and if you make maximum use of library and inter-library-loan services, 
you should be able to track down the materials of greatest interest to you. Many of 
the most interesting and valuable books may be discovered by accident [?] , when 
you are looking for something else entirely [or just rooting around in dusty, dark 
stacks in the Arkham University Library]. The only thing you can't do is grumble 
about the fact that the book you want isn't presented to you on the neighborhood 
supermarket rack for $2.50. "Those who seek shall find." 

In earlier editions of this list, notations were made as to whether a given book 
were in or out of print, including foreign editions. Experience has shown that this 
information, as well as pricing, changes so frequently as to be unreliable. Setians 
seeking a particular book should check with Internet search engines, libraries, 
bookstores, or book- search services for current availability. Lending-library 
options are particularly to be recommended, as prices for many of these works - 
particularly the out-of-print ones in "collector' s" fields - may be excessively high. 
If you have doubts as to the worth of a given book at a price quoted to you, check 
with the source recommending the book. 

Internet Book Sales and Search Services 

The following three websites (none of which are connected with or officially 
endorsed by the Temple of Set) may be useful to you in locating/acquiring desired 

Use of the Reading List 

The reading list is not intended to be doctrinal or dogmatic. The inclusion of a 
book in it should not be taken to mean that all or even most of its premises and 
conclusions are endorsed by the Temple of Set. Most have been written by very 
wise people. A few have been written by cranks who just happened to blunder into 
something that we want to know about. Hence your own discernment is critical. 
Bear in mind that few if any books are written for the disinterested transmission of 
facts. Every author necessarily writes with a motive [besides the profit one] and 
from a point of personal perspective and/or bias. 

The reading list is selective but not exclusive. For each book on the list, many 
alternatives may have been considered and rejected for one reason or another over 
the last two decades. 

On your own you may - and probably will, if you pursue your initiation 
aggressively and conscientiously - discover works which appear preferable to some 
of those on the list, or which you think should be added to it. In such cases you are 


invited to send particulars. If your recommendation is adopted, the book will be 
added to the next update of that category of the list, with your name as the 


This reading list is continuously and incrementally updated, and the most 
current list is included with each new Crystal Tablet sent out. Current updates of 
this introduction and all Categories are available in the Crystal Tablet area of the 
Temple of Set Intranet. 

Letter Codes 

After each book title you will see one or more letter codes, which identify the 
book as relevant to a particular initiatory system currently embraced by the Temple 
of Set. "TOS" = Temple of Set generally. "COS" = Church of Satan (I-X AS). 
"TRP" = Order of the Trapezoid. "SHU" = Order of Shuti. "VAM" = Order of the 
Vampyre. "LVT" = Order of Leviathan. Other codes may be added at any time to 
identify works pertinent to specific Orders of the Temple. 

Comments By 

Before the comments to each book are either initials (MA = Michael Aquino 
VI°, JL = James Lewis VI°, DW = Don Webb VI°, AL = Anton LaVey V°) or the 
name of the commenter. 

Non-English Languages 

The Temple of Set has reached the point in its development where we have a 
growing number of Initiates in countries whose native language is not English. We 
are now experimenting with German annotations to this list to see if this will be 
useful and practical to German- speaking Setians. Annotations in other languages 
may be added later. 

This is not only because of non-English-speaking cultures' interest in 
translations of English-language books. Some invaluable reference works exist 
only in non-English originals, and gradually the Temple will want to identify them. 

[Roland Winkhart, Magister Templi IV°, Deutschland: "Diese Leseliste erhebt 
keinen Anspruch auf Vollstandigkeit. Alle Setianer werden gebeten, erganzende 
Informationen beizusteurn. Dies gilt insbesondere fur fremdsprachige Titel oder 
Titel, die im Buchhandel nicht mehr erhaltlich sind und nur noch tiber Ausleihe 
oder Fernausleihe von Bibliotheken (unter Nennung der Signatur) zu bekommen 
sind. ('WU' = Wurttembergische Landesbibliothek, Stuttgart.)"] 


Research Level Numbers 

You will see a research level number attached to each letter code. These are 
explained as follows: 

-1: The specific information contained in this book is generally 
essential to Initiates of all degrees. The book's treatment is unique, 
and substitution of another book on the same subject is not 

-2: The topical information contained in this book is generally essential 
to Initiates of all degrees. The book's treatment is not unique, and 
other books covering approximately the same material may be 

-3: This book should be considered supplementary to -1/-2 books in the 
same category. It is not essential, but is recommended rather for 
those who have a special interest in the topic. 

-4: This book is suitable primarily for highly-specialized, technical 
research and is liable to be confusing or misleading to readers 
without previously-acquired, basic knowledge of the field in 
question. It should be considered supplementary to any -1/-2/-3 
books in the same category. 

-5: The contents of this book may be dangerous if applied by 
inexperienced magicians. 111° + consultation and guidance strongly 

Films/Periodicals/Music/Organizations/Websites Sections 

Sections are gradually being added to each category to cover films, 
periodicals, recorded music, special-interest organizations, and Internet websites 
relevant to that category. Entries in these supplementary sections will appear 
gradually over time - and when entries initially appear, they may be fragmentary 
and even inaccurate until we have had time to check the data out and update/verify 
the entry in question. [Your recommendations and feedback will be very helpful in 
this regard.] 

The RL-# coding system will not be used for these supplementary sections. 
Films and music, in particular, are artistic items subject to personal taste. The 
presence/description of a film or recording on the list, therefore, should be 
understood merely as a suggestion of something you might like to investigate, not 
as "sanction". 


Entries in this section will be designated with an "F" in front of the entry- 

There are many ways to see non-current films, of which the easiest are (a) 
waiting for them to come around on television and (b) renting or buying them on 
videocassette or DVD. The Temple of Set can't help you much with the former 
option, save to alert you to some titles to keep an eye out for. 

In the case of the latter option you can prowl your local video rental stores, or 
you can purchase a particularly-desired item by mail order. Two possible sources: 

Movies Unlimited. MU publishes a massive annual catalogue of 
VHS (NTSC) films, from which you can order at prices about as low as 
you'll find anywhere. There is a charge of +/-US$8 for the catalogue, but 
it is so massive and comprehensive that it's easily worth the price. For 
exact information, contact MU at 6736 Castor Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 
19149, USA or telephone (800) 523-0823 for ordering information or 
(215) 722-8398 [9-5 Eastern US time] for customer service. Website: 
http: //w w w .moviesunlimited. com 

A Million and One World-Wide Videos: Post Office Box 349, 
Orchard Hill, GA 30266-0349. Telephone: (800) 849-7309. This 
company specializes in finding and mail-ordering almost every video that 
exists worldwide. You don't even have to be sure of the title; just give 
them something to work with, such as the name of the director or an 
actor, and they'll send you a list of films they worked on. Website: 


Entries in this section will be designated with an "P" in front of the entry- 

There are some excellent professional and special-interest magazines and 
journals covering areas addressed by various categories of the reading list. As we 
narrow our survey down to the best, we will begin to include them here. 


Entries in this section will be designated with an "M" in front of the entry- 

This will be an effort to accumulate commercially available recordings of 
music appropriate to the reading list category in question, which may range from 
classical to electronic to soundtracks to rock, etc. 


Entries in this section will be designated with an "O" in front of the entry- 

In addition to specialized periodicals, and usually in concert with them, are 
special-interest groups and societies. If we come across a particularly good one, 
we'll discuss it here. 

Table of Contents (Number/Category) 

1 . Ancient Egyptian History 

2. Ancient Egyptian Philosophy 

3. Religion and Daemonology in Historical Perspective 

4. Occultism in Contemporary Perspective 

5. Atlantis 

6. Satanism 

7. H.P. Lovecraft 

8. Vampirism and Lycanthropy 

9. The ^on of Horus 

10. The Golden Dawn and its Predecessors 

1 1 . John Dee and the Enochian System 

12. The Pythagoreans 

13. Sex in Religion and Magic 

14. Fascism, Totalitarianism, and Magic 

15. Cybernetics and Artificial Intelligence 

16. Good and Evil 

17. The Gift of Set 

18. Life and Death 

19. TheMetamind 

20. The Four (?) Dimensions 

21. The Future 

22. Toward the Unknown Region 

23. Lesser Black Magic 

24. Runic Arts and Sciences 


Category 1: Ancient Egyptian History 

Agyptische Frlihgeschichte 
as of February 26, 2003 

Ancient Egypt holds the distinction of being both the first true nation (as 
opposed to city-state) and the most enduring one - existing three times as long as the 
Roman Empire and fifteen times as long as the United States. Many of the political 
and social principles which sustained Egypt are being adapted for contemporary 
applications by the Temple of Set. Many Egyptian cultural and scientific 
achievements, some long forgotten or neglected, are also of special importance when 
considered in the light of related areas of Setian concern. Because of its undeniable 
grandeur and mystery, Egypt has been sadly abused by occultists and sensationalists 
of later eras. Hence it is all the more incumbent upon Setians to observe responsible 
standards of accuracy when referring to the present Temple's ancient heritage. 

1A. The Mummy by E.A. Wallis Budge. NY: Collier Books, 1973. (TOS-2) 
MA: "This book contains sections on history, magic, culture, and hieroglyphics. 
The late Keeper of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities for the British Museum (and 
rumored initiate of the Golden Dawn), Budge has written many detailed works on 
Egyptology. Their shortcomings are minor: an overemphasis on Osirian 
interpretation of philosophy and occasional questionable assumptions (generally 
educated guesses based on whatever fragmentary archaeological data were 
available during his lifetime). The Mummy is a good 'basic Budge'. Written at the 
beginning of this century, however, it is necessarily dated. Its contents are best 
updated by comparison with recent theories contained in more modern works." 

IB. Egypt the Black Land by Paul Jordan. NY: E.P. Dutton, 1976. (TOS-2) 
MA: "Jordan is a writer and producer of archaeological films for television, 
specializing in Egyptology. This book, with chapters on history, society, religion, 
morality, technical/scientific achievement, and philosophy, is an excellent survey 
incorporating recent archaeological data. Technical assistance from the Royal 
Scottish Museum's Cyril Aldred. A good work to cross-reference with #1A. Many 
beautiful photographs are included." 

1C. The Larousse Encyclopedia of Ancient and Medieval History by Marcel 
Dunn (Ed.). NY: Harper & Row, 1963 [reprinted 1972 (paperback) by Crown]. 
(TOS-3) MA: "The Egyptian section of this book is remarkably succinct and 
objective, which accounts for its inclusion in this category. An additional benefit is 
that the book is written sequentially, so that an episode occurring in one part of the 
world may be followed by an episode taking place in another area at the same point 
in time. The general library value of this book extends far beyond its Egyptological 
applications. Indeed, Setians would do well to familiarize themselves with the 
Larousse series, including such Encyclopedias as #3R, #24A/B/C, and Modern 
History (companion to #1C)." 


1D. Egypt Under the Pharaohs by Heinrich Brugsch-Bey. NY: Charles 
Scribner's Sons, 1891. (TOS-4) MA: "Brugsch-Bey was one of Germany's most 
prominent Egyptologists of the last century. This book was his final publication, 
and in it he endeavored to derive a history of Egypt entirely from the inscriptions 
on its surviving monuments. Since most of the inscriptions are quoted in the text, 
the reader has a means of assessing the author's conclusions - a rare luxury in 
Egyptology. The book is understandably dated and may be compared with works 
incorporating more recent data." 

IE. The Curse of the Pharaohs by Philipp Vandenberg. NY: J.B. Lippincott 
Company, 1975 [paperback reprint available]. [Deutschland: Der Fluch der 
Pharaonen. Europaische Bildungsgemeinschaft, Stuttgart, 1978.] (TOS-3) MA: 
"Although written in a van Daniken-sensationalistic flavor, this book contains 
some interesting observations concerning Egyptian magic, priesthoods, tomb 
preparation techniques [including anti- grave- robber devices], and some of the 
major Egyptologists. Care is required to distinguish worthwhile lines of inquiry 
from the author's more fanciful speculations." 

IF. Secrets of the Great Pyramid by Peter Tompkins. NY: Harper & Row, 
1971 [paperback reprint available]. [Deutschland: Die Geheimnisse der grossen 
Pyramide. Fischer Taschenbuchverlag, Frankfurt, 1979.] (TOS-3) (TRP-3) MA: 
"This is the most comprehensive analysis to date of the Great Pyramid of Giza. 
[See also #1K.] It contains a sophisticated discussion of the scientific and 
mathematical principles incorporated in the monument, as well as a history of 
archaeological attitudes towards it. Extensively illustrated. It should not be 
confused with the many 'pyramid fad' books appearing shortly thereafter. 
Tompkins has written a companion volume on obelisks, as well as one devoted to 
pyramid structures in the western hemisphere: Mysteries of the Mexican Pyramids 
(NY: Harper & Row, 1976). While not as impressive as the information 
concerning the Giza pyramids, this material is also worthy of study by those 
interested in architectural magic in general. Some provocative additional material 
concerning the Great Pyramid is contained in The Mysteries of the Great Pyramids 
by A. Pochan (NY: Avon #31492, 1978. Tompkins has also written the prefaces to 

1G. The Pyramids by Ahmed Fakhry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 
1961. (TOS-3) MA: "Fakhry (1905-1973) was Professor of Ancient History at 
Cairo University. This book is a thorough survey of all the major Egyptian 
pyramids, with supplementary chapters on building processes, the Giza Sphinx, 
and related philosophy. His approach is essentially unsympathetic to those who 
'read mysticism into' the monuments; hence this book is a good contrast to #1F. 
Nevertheless it is evident that Fakhry ignores data that do not support his solidly- 
materialistic approach." 


1H. Lives of the Pharaohs by Pierre Montet. Cleveland: World Publishing 
Company, 1969. [Deutschland: Das Leven der Pharaonen. Propylaen Verlag, 
Frankfurt, 1970.] (TOS-3) MA: "Montet is a Member of the French Institute and 
Honorary Professor at the College de France. Rather than attempting to cover 
Egyptian history in its entirely, he focuses on the more significant periods, 
governments, philosophies, and rulers. The result is a book with major insights into 
such episodes as the Hebrew exodus, the Akhenaten period, and the Setian 
dynasties. After reading this book, you will be able to see the Osirian distortions in 
most of the less exactingly researched histories." 

II. A Book of the Beginnings by Gerald Massey. Seacaucus, NJ: University 
Books, 1974. (TOS-4) MA: "A two-volume edition of about 1,200 pages. Massey 
was a poet and amateur Egyptologist in turn-of-the-century England, and this work 
was the first of his series on the topic. It was so radical a departure from accepted 
archaeological interpretations that it was rejected in academic circles. The book's 
contentions are often startling, but Massey documents his arguments so thoroughly 
and carefully that criticism is decidedly difficult. He is further an accomplished 
linguist, reading and cross-referencing hieroglyphics fluently. Among the topics 
addressed: Egypt's connections with later civilizations' mythologies, Egyptian 
origins of practically every Hebrew and Christian myth, Egyptian origin of the 
Hebrew language, the Setian religion as the most ancient in existence, the Hyksos 
not outside invaders but rather an indigenous Egyptian group, and periodic 
Setian/Osirian factional control of the nation." 

1J. The Natural Genesis by Gerald Massey. NY: Samuel Weiser, 1976 [two 
volumes]. (TOS-4) MA: "Massey considered this as the 'second half of #11. It 
continues the same themes, with the noteworthy addition of an extensive and 
exhaustive chapter on Darkness and Setian symbolism in ancient Egypt. Also 
included are many investigations into the cults of HarWer and Xepera, animalistic 
influences on primitive human psychology, and physiological influences on 
mythical systems. There are innumeral surprise tidbits along the way, such as 
evidence for the Egyptian origins of the waters of ZamZam [see #6L]. A linguistic 
comparison of Sanskrit and Egyptian hieroglyphics [no mean feat!] is appended. 
1,050 pages." 

IK. Ancient Egypt, the Light of the World by Gerald Massey. NY: Samuel 
Weiser, 1976 [two volumes]. (TOS-4) MA: "Massey 's final work, originally 
published in 1907. In the introduction he said: 'Comparatively speaking, A Book of 
the Beginnings was written in the dark, The Natural Genesis was written in the 
twilight, whereas Ancient Egypt has been written in the light of day.' This work 
covers much the same ground as his earlier editions, but it includes a major attack 
on Hebrew/Christian mythology. One suspects that this may be the reason for the 
reluctance of Western society to accept, much less endorse Massey; those who 
interrupt soothing fictions with irritating facts are rarely welcome. 944 pages. [In 

- i6o- 

1974 Samuel Weiser also published Gerald Massey's Lectures in hardcover. This 
volume is recommended as a supplement to Massey's theoretical works, since it 
comments upon their theses in a series of lecture texts. It will not be very 
intelligible to the reader who has not previously read #1I/J/K, however.]" 

1L. Pyramid Odyssey by Wm. R. Fix. NY: Mayflower Books, 1978. (TOS-3) 
MA: "Recommended as supplementary reading to #1F. Fix is the first author to 
make a critical analysis of Tompkins' contentions concerning the Pyramids. In 
doing so he traveled to Giza and discovered that many facts concerning the 
Pyramids' measurements which were taken for granted by various authors are 
unsubstantiated by first-hand measurement. Fix also details various discoveries 
concerning the monuments which do not appear in other works on the subject. Fix 
himself is an amateur rather than a professional Egyptologist or archaeologist, but 
his arguments are impressive for the obvious care with which they are constructed. 
[See also #20.]" 

1M. Egypt Before the Pharaohs by Michael A. Hoffman. NY: Alfred A. 
Knopf, 1979. (TOS-4) MA: "An academic, archaeological text written in language 
intelligible and meaningful to the layman. This is the first modern, coherent 
treatment of Egyptian history and prehistory ca. 700,000 BCE to 3100 BCE and 
includes interesting evidence and speculations concerning the origins of the 
Egyptians' religious and philosophical traditions, including the predynastic 
influence of the Set and Horus cults. Author a Ph.D. in Anthropology and a 
Professor at the University of Virginia." 

IN. Chronicle of the Pharoahs by Peter A. Clayton. NY: Thames & Huston, 
1994. (TOS-3) DW: "The most up-to-date Pharaonic history." 

10. A History of Ancient Egypt by Nicholas Grimaal. Oxford: Blackwell, 
1992. (TOS-2) DW: "Grimaal 'has managed to transform - without disguising 
current gaps in knowledge - disparate sources of evidence and the result of many 
different disciplines into a coherent historical sequence'. In the paperback version 
Kent R. Weeks (of KV5 fame) has added a nice section of further reading in 
English. Grimaal is a Professor of Egyptology at the Sorbonne." 

* * * 

F1A. The Egyptian. MGA, 1954. MA: "This film was one of the 'sword and 
sandals' Cinemascope spectaculars which were popular in the 1950s. Adapted 
from Mika Waltari's novel, it tells the story of an Egyptian physician, Sinue 
(Edmond Purdom), involved in court intrigues during the reign of Akhenaten 
(Michael Wilding). Taking dramatic license, the film skips Tutankhamun, jumping 
the throne immediately to Horemheb (Victor Mature), alternately regarded as the 
founder of the 19th (Setian) Dynasty or as a non-dynastic Pharaoh between the 


18th & 19th Dynasties. This film is interesting not so much for archaeology as for 
the picture it sketches of court life and atmosphere in ancient Egypt. The 
Akhenaten era is a good subject for this, as of course it involved conflicts between 
the traditional priesthoods and the throne-patronized cult of Aten. Additional roles 
are played by Jean Simmons, Peter Ustinov, and Gene Tierney. The soundtrack is 
available on the MGA label and offers a nice selection of what Hollywood thinks 
ancient Egyptian music might have been like [but probably wasn't]." 

FIB. Egypt: Quest for Eternity. National Geographic Society. MA: "Of all the 
archaeological surveys of ancient Egypt, this is - as is in keeping with NG 
productions generally - one of the most professional and visually impressive." 

F1C. Mysteries of the Pyramids. MA: "A film that investigates the Pyramids 
as incisively as #1F & #1L remains to be made. But this is a nice 'tourist trip' , with 
a nice guide (Omar Sharif), if you can't visit Giza personally." 

* * * 

PI A. KMT. KMT Communications, 1531 Golden Gate Avenue, San 
Francisco, CA 94115. MA: "A layman's archaeological magazine devoted to 
ancient Egypt. Subscriptions only - not normally available on newsstands." 

- 162 

Category 2: Ancient Egyptian Philosophy 

Philosophic im alten Agypten 
as of July 10,2004 

In a relatively short span of time, the Egyptian culture went from barbarism to 
an advanced and intricate cosmological philosophy. After the fall of Egypt's initiatory 
priesthoods - and the extinction of hieroglyphic literacy - this philosophy survived 
only in crude and superficial approximations, often so ludicrous out-of-context that 
Egypt became a prime target for romantic fantasy. Not for another two thousand years 
would its true tenets begin to be rediscovered, and popular understanding of them is 
still minimal - due, in no small part, to the significant dissimilarity between them and 
mainstream Western philosophy and mysticism, which proceed largely from 
Judaic/Christian assumptions. For the Setian to understand the Temple of Set, it is 
first necessary to understand and experience life as the initiated Egyptians perceived 
it, then to temper that impression with modern scientific knowledge. 

2A. Egyptian Mythology by Veronica Ions. NY: Hamlyn Publishing Group, 
1973 [series updated & reissued 1986 by Peter Bedrick Books]. [Deutschland: 
Agyptische Mythologie. Vollmer Verlag, Wiesbaden, 1970.] (TOS-3) (SHU-2) 
MA: "Detailed analyses of the many divinities, religions, and religious centers of 
Egypt, this book differs from others on the same subject by not over-emphasizing 
the Osirian religion (about which the most information survived, accounting for the 
disproportionate emphasis accorded it by most Egyptologists and archaeologists). 
Contains much post-Budge data. Part of an excellent world mythology/religion 
series by the same publisher. Other volumes in the series include: Chinese, African, 
Persian, Scandinavian, Greek, Celtic, Roman, Christian, Indian, Near Eastern, 
North American Indian, Oceanic, South American, and Mexican & Central 

2B. Before Philosophy by Henri Frankfort (author of #2Q) et al. Baltimore: 
Penguin Books, 1946. (TOS-3) MA: "A survey of higher cosmological, political, 
and moral thought prior to Hellenic Greece. The section on Egypt, written by John 
A. Wilson, summarizes Egyptian cosmology, the concept and functioning of the 
state, and various values of life. This material is particularly helpful in 
understanding the integration of Egyptian cosmology into the entire political and 
social attitude and derivative structures & institutions of the nation. This book is 
generally considered the classic work on its subject." 

2C. From Fetish to God in Ancient Egypt by E.A. Wallis Budge. London: 
Oxford University Press, 1934. (Quality paperback reprint available) (TOS-4) MA: 
'This last major Egyptological text written by Budge incorporates many new 
archaeological discoveries not yet made when he authored his earlier works. 545 
pages long and extensively documented, it may be considered his magnum opus. It 
covers the entire range of Egyptian religion, with abundant quotes from actual texts 


and inscriptions. The Osirian cult is still disproportionately emphasized, however, 
and the political/social applications of the religious philosophy covered are not 
treated in detail." 

2D. The Egyptian Heaven and Hell by E.A. Wallis Budge. La Salle, Illinois: 
Open Court, 1974. (TOS-3) MA: "In this book Budge describes major Egyptian 
texts dealing with the Tuat (the 'afterworld') - specifically the Book of Gates, Book 
of Am-Tuat, and other accounts of a non-Osirian orientation. This material is 
valuable as a contrast to the more extensive and better-known Book of Coming 
Forth by Day ('Book of the Dead'), which treats the same subjects from an Osirian 

2E. The Conflict of Horus and Seth by J. Gwyn Griffiths. Chicago: Argonaut 
Publishers, 1969. (TOS-4) MA: "This book contains both extensive quotes from 
Egyptian texts and analyses of later treatments of the legend by Herodotus, 
Diodorus, Plutarch, and subsequent scholars. It remains the definitive work on the 
subject, with a 23-page bibliography. It is out of print, and few copies exist, so 
significant material from it will be introduced from it as pertinent in Temple of Set 
papers. #2E may be considered a companion volume to #2G." 

2F. The Dawn of Astronomy by J. Norman Lockyer. Cambridge: MIT Press, 
1964. [More recently republished at US$45 by Kessinger Publishing; P.O. Box 
160; Kila, MT 59920 - phone (406) 756-0167.] (TOS-3) MA: "Lockyer, an 
eminent British astronomer of the 19th century, developed a theory that the 
Egyptian gods - and the temples and artifacts dedicated to them - were closely 
integrated with astronomical phenomena. Although he accompanied his argument 
with extensive documentation, the theory was initially considered too radical to 
have substance. Recent archaeological discoveries have prompted the reprinting 
and reconsideration of this book." 

2G. Seth, God of Confusion by H. Te Velde. Leiden, The Netherlands: E.J. 
Brill, 1977. (TOS-4) (SKM-1) MA: "This is the definitive analysis of Set in 
ancient Egyptian religion and philosophy. Essentially an archaeological reference 
work, it includes 150 pages of text, 6 pages of bibliographic entries, and a section 
cross-referencing Set to major Egyptian texts. Reprinted [quality paperback] and 
revised from the original 1968 edition. Write for Brill's current catalogue, which 
also includes many other works of possible interest. In the U.S.A. write to: E.J. 
Brill, P.O. Box 467, 24 Hudson Street, Kinderhook, NY 12106. Overseas: E.J. 
Brill, Postbus 9000, 2300 PA Leiden, The Netherlands. #2G may be considered a 
companion volume to #2E." 

- 164- 

2H. Cleopatra by H. Rider Haggard. NY: Harper & Brothers, 1888. Reprinted 
1987 by Castle Books Division of Book Sales, Secaucus, NJ (ISBN 1-55521-122- 
4) [Deutschland: Kleopatra. Arthur Schilbach Verlag, Leipzig, 1898.] (TOS-5) 
(LVT-5) MA: "Haggard, better known as the author of She and King Solomon's 
Mines, also produced this extraordinary account of Egyptian initiatory priesthoods 
and their relationship to the national government. The plot revolves around the 
hypothetical survival of a native line of succession, protected by the Priesthood of 
Isis, during the Ptolemaic era. Harmachis, last of this line is charged by the 
Priesthood to overthrow Cleopatra and reestablish the Egyptian dynasties. What 
transpires involves many lessons concerning initiation, honor, and the 
responsibilities of a true priesthood and priest-kingship. Aspirants to the Priesthood 
of Set should accordingly take seriously to heart the central theme of this story." 
JL: "The meeting of Harmachis with Cleopatra is that of one magician 
encountering another and proving as did Star Wars, The Lord of the Rings, and The 
Wizard of Oz that an 'evil' can be overcome only by chance or a yet greater 'evil', 
bearing in mind that 'evil' is in the eye of the beholder. The lessons of the central 
theme spoken of by MA for those aspirants to the Priesthood of Set are also 
extremely important." 

21. Ancient Egypt by Maurice Maeterlinck. London: George Allen & Unwin 
Ltd, 1925. (TOS-4) MA: "This essay succeeds in capturing the atmosphere of 
Khem to a degree unmatched by other published works. Chapters on life, the 
wisdom of the priesthoods, the secret religion, and the spiritual atmosphere of the 
land. [Maeterlinck is also the author of #18D.]" 

2J. Development of Religion and Thought in Ancient Egypt by James H. 
Breasted. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1912. (TOS-4) MA: "Breasted was 
Professor of Egyptology and Oriental History at the University of Chicago, and 
this book is composed of a series of lectures given at a theological seminary. 
Although some of the source material is dated, this book covers the same ground as 
#2B with greater sophistication and detail. Egyptian texts are quoted and 
documented with precision, and appropriate attention is given to non-Osirian 
aspects of the national philosophy and to the integration of the religion with the 
entire state of being of Egypt." 

2K. The Mythical Origin of the Egyptian Temple by E.A.E. Reymond. NY: 
Barnes & Noble, 1969. (TOS-4) MA: "Primarily an archaeological text, this book 
treats the actual construction of Egyptian temples from the myths surrounding 
them. Major sections cover actual use of the temples - something rarely to be found 
in other works on Egyptian religion - as well as the legends concerning the 
conception and construction of specific edifices. Reymond is precise with his facts; 
the book is dry but thoroughly scholarly. Useful as a 'hard archaeological' contrast 


2L. Her-Bak (two volumes) by Isha Schwaller De Lubicz. NY: Inner 
Traditions, 1954. (TOS-3 alternative to #2AB) (SHU-1) (LVT-1) MA: "Although 
speculative and intuitive rather than strictly historical, Her-Bak describes the 
experience of Egyptian priestly initiation clearly, coherently, and consecutively. 
The two volumes are in the form of a narrative story whereby a young Egyptian, 
Her-Bak, undergoes both exoteric and esoteric selection and schooling. Included 
throughout the narrative are many digressions into the social, political, and cultural 
life of ancient Egypt. A wealth of appendices provide more detailed discussions of 
some of the key concepts and points addressed in the story proper. The reading of 
Her-Bak is a pleasant, reflective, and meditative experience - so much so that one 
is occasionally relaxed to the point of sleep! Her-Bak' s Egypt seems to be 
suspiciously free of the interpersonal strife that characterizes so much of human 
society. If there is a shortcoming to this work, then, it is that it doesn't come to 
grips with 'low' human nature in the way that #2H, #2M, or Waltari's The 
Egyptian can do. When all of life begins to seem like a Booth cartoon, read some 
Her-Bak. [For a more archaeological treatment of the Egyptian priesthood 
institution, see #2AA.]" JL: "MA's description of the two volumes is concise and 
insightful. One could wish de Lubicz had Dr. Aquino's ability to say a lot in fewer 
words. The GM of the Order of Leviathan detests the Her-Bak books with a 
passion, but admits grudgingly that the set holds more than its share of wisdom as 
Her-Bak Xepers from urchin to initiate." DW: "The Schwallers were French 
Romantics who undertook a magical and philosophical interpretation of Egyptian 
culture and symbolism. I would include Schwaller on my list of Magi; his Word 
was Al Khemi, which was later reUttered by Ronald K. Barrett as Xem. For one 
perspective on Schwaller see his biography: Al Khemi: Hermetic, Occult, Political, 
and Private Aspects ofRA. Schwaller de Lubicz by Andre Vandenbroeck (Hudson, 
NY : Lindisfarne Press , 1 987) . " 

2M. Wisdom's Daughter by H. Rider Haggard. NY: Del Rey #345-27428-8- 
195, 1922. (TOS-3) (LVT-2) MA: "Another approach to the subject of #2L in the 
form of a novel concerning the Egyptian initiation of Ayesha, central figure of 
Haggard's She and its sequels. The novel's orientation is first Osirian [Ayesha' s 
initiation is as a Priestess of Isis] and ultimately theistic, but her use of her 
priesthood is quite Setian - thus leading her to the experiences recounted in She 
and Ayesha: The Return of She. Her-Bak this is not!" JL: "Anyone whose only 
exposure to Haggard's She-Who-Must-Be-Obeyed is #F2B is missing a great deal. 
The movie's characters cannot hold a candle to the actual Black Magician which 
Ayesha is. Members of the Order of Leviathan will benefit from seeing the mind of 
the Priestess [at least nominally of Isis] in motion as she plans for the present and 
future, invariably confounding her foes. Time and circumstance are the servants of 
Ayesha, not her masters." 


2N. Mathematics in the Time of the Pharaohs by Richard J. Gillings. 
Cambridge: MIT Press, 1972. (TOS-4) MA: "This is a scientific textbook; its 
chapters are filled with mathematical formulae and calculations as the Egyptians 
employed them. Apart from the purely technical evidence it offers concerning the 
high level of Egyptian civilization, it may be considered an interesting cross- 
reference with #12E and #12F. " 

20. Star Maps by Wm. R. Fix. London: Octopus Books, 1979. (TOS-3) MA: 
"In this book Fix, the author of #1L, undertakes the somewhat more ambitious task 
of making sense out of Egyptian 'out of the body' writings, specifically with 
regard to extra-terrestrial life sources and life-after- death modes of existence. This 
book has strong points [interesting analyses of various inscriptions, correlations to 
the work of Lockyer (#2F) and Lilly (#19N)] and weak points [accounts of 'astral' 
experiences of dubious authenticity and relevance, i.e. Stanford Research Institute 
(see #19W)]. Yet Fix brings to this study the same sincerity and tenacity evident in 
his earlier work; he is trying to make sense of some admittedly perplexing data. 
His conclusion is that man is primarily a metaphysical and only degeneratively a 
physical entity, and that his eventual triumph over the physical orientation will 
enable the initiated intelligence to return to a universal/stellar mode of unrestricted 
existence and consciousness. In this theme Fix has much in common with most of 
the initiatory texts and stories in this reading list category. This book could also be 
classified in categories #18 or #19, but is placed here because of Fix' many 
references to ancient Egyptian texts and philosophies. A well-researched and 
argued hypothesis, not a definitive statement." 

2P. The Temple in Man by R.A. Schwaller de Lubicz. Brookline, 
Massachusetts: Autumn Press, 1949. (TOS-4) MA: "De Lubicz, an alchemist [in 
the philosophical sense] became an amateur Egyptologist, residing near Luxor for 
15 years. In this book he presents the thesis that Egyptian temple construction has 
certain geometric and architectural relationships to the human body. Further - and 
perhaps more central to his Egyptological contributions - he proposes that any 
study of ancient Egypt prenecessitates one's personally assuming the Egyptians' 
philosophical outlook. Otherwise the monuments and writings convey distorted 
meanings. The clarity, logic, and coherence of #2L (written by his wife) are the 
best possible testimony to this approach." 

2Q. Kingship and the Gods by Henri Frankfort (Editor of #2B). Chicago: 
University of Chicago Press, 1948. (TOS-3) MA: "A comparative study of the 
institutions of Egyptian and Mesopotamian kingship and their relationship to the 
respective religious and magical codes of the lands in question. Relevant to the 
Temple of Set not only because of the historical material contained, but also 
because of its indication that Platonic concepts of the role of the philosopher-king 
originated in Egyptian governmental tradition." 

- 167- 

2R. Principles of Egyptian Art by Heinrich Schaefer (Emma Brunner-Traut, 
Ed.) (John Baines, Trans. Ed.) Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974. [Deutschland: Von 
agyptischer Kunst, besonders der Zeichenkunst. Heinrichs Verlag, Leipzig, 1922.] 
(TOS-4) MA: "From E.H. Gombrich's foreword: 'This book is more than a classic 
of Egyptology. Its results must be of interest to art historians, psychologists, and 
philosophers who concern themselves with systems of signs and their role in 
communication. It constitutes indeed the only attempt ever made of analyzing an 
artistic style as a mapping procedure. Schaefer has successfully reconstructed the 
key we have to consult if we want to interpret an Egyptian image in terms of what 
it is intended to represent. Put in another way, he teaches us the rules of 
transformation we must apply if we want to translate an Egyptian representation 
into the corresponding verbal description of a real or imaginary situation.'" 

2S. The Opening of the Way by Isha Schwaller de Lubicz. NY: Inner 
Traditions, 1979. (TOS-3) MA: "A non-fictional treatment of some of the main 
themes of #2L by the same author. As is the case with some of the philosophical 
dialogues in #2L, the writing style is a bit on the dry side. Moreover the argument 
culminates in a somewhat lame proposal for gnostic Christianity, which is 
presumably the result of the author's feeling she has to end up in some kind of 
mode acceptable to the mainstream of Western religious tradition [a mistake]. The 
reader should not be put off by this, but should approach the text for what it does 
present competently." 

2T. Egyptian Language by E.A. Wallis Budge. NY: Dover Publications, 1973. 
(TOS-3) MA: "A small, economical, and relatively easy-to-read introduction to 
Egyptian hieroglyphics. This book will not teach you to become fluent in ancient 
Egyptian, however; for that you would have to undertake more extensive and 
exhaustive studies. [Ten years of training was required of Egyptian scribes.] If you 
are not deterred, proceed to #2U and #2X." 

2U. An Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary (two volumes) by E.A. Wallis 
Budge. NY: Dover Publications, 1978. (TOS-4) MA: "A reprint of the original 
1920 dictionary, which is virtually unavailable outside of libraries. Though flawed 
by some later discoveries in hieroglyphic translation techniques, this remains the 
most available and easy-to-read publication of this type." 

2V. Symbol and the Symbolique by R.A. Schwaller de Lubicz. NY: Inner 
Traditions. (TOS-4) MA: "An introduction to the vital [as opposed to rational] 
philosophy espoused by the author in #2P. This book specifically addresses the 
Egyptians' use of symbol and symbolism in representing such concepts." 

2W. The Gods of the Egyptians by E.A. Wallis Budge. London: Open Court, 
1904 (reprinted in two volumes by NY: Dover, 1969). (TOS-3) (SHU-2) MA: 
"Budge's survey of the principal Egyptian gods and groupings of gods. Extensive 


and pertinent chapters concerning Set and Nepthys (who are usually treated rather 
superficially in other books on this subject). A good cross-reference to #2A." 

2X. Egyptian Grammar by Sir Alan Gardiner. Oxford: University Press, 1927 
(Third Edition reprinted through 1979). (TOS-4) MA: "This 646-page hardcover 
book will teach you how to read and write hieroglyphic text, but it is a difficult and 
demanding undertaking. There is a dictionary in the latter part of the book; while 
not as large as that of #2U, it is generally acknowledged to be more accurate since 
it reflects advances in the field since Budge's time. Currently selling for about £17 
in London." 

2Y. Sacred Science by R.A. Schwaller de Lubicz. NY: Inner Traditions, 
English translation 1982. (TOS-4) MA: 'This book - the most extensive work by 
this author - might perhaps be described as his version of the #2S argument, 
supported by a non-fictional treatment of the principles espoused [pardon the pun] 
in #2L. It is noteworthy for comparisons drawn to Pythagorean and Copernican 
thought. I would assess it as being somewhat more speculative and subjective than 
a strictly-archaeological analysis should be, and again the author's inclination 
towards an Osirian bias and a resultant Gnostic Christianity is - as in #2S - 

2Z. Egyptian Mysteries by Lucie Lamy. NY: Crossroad, 1981. (TOS-3) MA: 
"Lamy was a long-time student of R.A.S. de Lubicz, and her superb 
Egyptian/hieroglyphic illustrations, both line drawings and color paintings, may be 
found throughout his works as well as in the Her-Bak volumes. In this slim but 
elegant treatise on Egyptian religious philosophy - also beautifully photo-accented 
and illustrated, she displays her considerable skill as an author and philosopher as 
well. In keeping with what I am tempted to call the 'de Lubicz style', the 
discussion is marked by serenity and quiet reverence for the concepts being 
treated; this is no 'textbook' that treats the ancient Egyptians like so many 
interesting bugs to be dissected. 96 pages - about the size of one of the Hamlyn 
books. More diverse than #2A in its treatment of philosophical concepts, and I 
would say more insightful as well - but not nearly as systematically organized. 
This is a 'browsing and enjoying' book." 

2AA. The Priests of Ancient Egypt by Serge Sauneron. NY: Grove Press 
(Black Cat Edition), 1980. (TOS-3) MA: "Serge Sauneron is a former Director of 
the French Oriental Archaeological Institute in Cairo, and has participated in 
excavations in Tanis and Karnak. In this 190-page book he focuses on the concept 
of the priesthood as it evolved in the ancient Egyptian culture. Whereas #2L is 
more intuitive than archaeological, #2AA is solidly an archaeological work. 
Chapters deal with: the priestly function, the world of the temples, the sacred 
activities, the sacred wisdom, and the fortunes & misfortunes of the priesthoods. 
The rise and fall of various priesthoods over the dynasties is also discussed in some 

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detail, including the renaissance of the Priesthood of Set during the XIX-XX 

2AB. Serpent in the Sky: The High Wisdom of Ancient Egypt by John Anthony 
West. NY: Julian Press, Inc. (ISBN 0-517-56635-4), 1987. (TOS-3 alternative to 
#2L) MA: "An extremely lucid and concise summary of the de Lubicz 
interpretation of Egyptology, easily available in this high-quality oversized 
paperback. Preface by Peter Tompkins, author of #1F. Whereas #2L presents these 
ideas through the medium of a narrative story, this book is completely analytical in 
format. The essence of de Lubicz' argument is that, in its literature, art, and 
architecture, Egypt incorporated an extremely sophisticated metaphysical 
philosophy which must be intuitively apprehended, not merely archaeologically 
deciphered. Such a heretical approach to Egyptology has made de Lubicz 
anathema to conventional Egyptologists, but they remain unable to refute his 

2AC. Symbol and Magic in Egyptian Art by Richard H. Wilkinson. 
London/NY: Thames and Hudson Ltd, 1994. (SKM-1) DW: 'This book is a 
follow-up to Wilkinson's Reading Egyptian Art. It deals with the symbolism of 
form, size, location, materials, color, numbers, hieroglyphs, actions, and gestures. 
Full of examples, and an explanation which is both readable and scholarly." 

2AD. Hieroglyphics Without Mystery: An Introduction to Ancient Egyptian 
Writing by Karl-Theodor Zauzich (translated and adapted from the German 
(Verlag, 1980) by Ann Macy Roth. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1992. 
ISBN 0-292-79804-0 (pbk.) (TOS-3) DW: "This is a small volume that attempts to 
fill the gap between the child-level introductions to the Egyptian language and the 
standard text, Sir Alan Gardiner's Egyptian Grammar (#2X). Written primarily for 
tourists and museum visitors, it imparts the information required to read short 
inscriptions. The material on vocabulary and grammar is both well organized and 
very readable. The first part of the book contains a concise description of the 
writing system, and the second part applies it to several dozen photographs of 
inscriptions. It also has a number of useful appendices, including suggestions for 
pursuing further study of the hierogylphs. There are also many workbook- style 
problems in the text. A good alternative to the more elementary and dated #2T." 

2AE. SAOC 54. The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice 
(Second Edition Revised) by R.K. Ritner. Chicago: Oriental Institute, 1995. ISBN 
0-918986-75-3. (TOS-4) DW: "I was very glad to hear that Ritner's revised 
dissertation is reprinted. Thanks for letting us know, Priest Radtke. It is the 
absolute best source, with only two drawbacks. It is costly (US$50). It assumes 
some familiarity with Egyptian thought/language. If you really want to do 
Egyptian magic, you need this book." From the publisher's announcement: "To 
date no comprehensive treatment of Egyptian magic has focused on the practice of 

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the magician. Both general studies and textual publications have emphasized 
instead the religious elements in the contents of recited spells, while the 
accompanying instructions, with their vignettes and lists of materials, instruments, 
and ritual actions, remained uninvestigated. This study represents the first critical 
examination of such 'magical techniques', revealing their widespread appearance 
and pivotal significance for all Egyptian 'religious' practices from the earliest 
periods through the Coptic era, influencing as well the Graeco-Egyptian magical 
papyri. The author also discusses the 'pagan-Egyptian' influence on Old and New 
Testament practices and in the lives of the Coptic Desert Fathers. The second 
edition includes minor corrections from the original edition. 'This volume is a 
significant revisionist approach to ancient Egyptian magic. As a result of a 
methodical analysis of both the textual and archaeological records, Ritner 
concludes that the boundaries between ancient Egyptian magic, religion, and 
medicine were not as strictly observed as modern commentators believe. 
Furthermore he categorically denies the frequent attempts of moderns to define 
ancient Egyptian magi as a phenomenon dealing with the supernatural, practiced 
primarily for nefarious purposes sub rosa by individuals outside of the religious 
mainstream ... Ritner' s engaging prose style and felicitous exegesis of even the 
most arcane material make for easy reading. But more important still, the content 
of the work ensures that it will become a vital reference tool for all engaged in any 
aspect of ancient Egyptian religion.' [From a review in Journal of the American 
Oriental Society 114 (1994) 513]." To order, contact Oriental Institute Publications 
Sales, 1155 E. 58th Street, Chicago IL 60637, or call Chris Kahrl (Sales Manager) 
at (312) 702-9508, or email Chris at 

2AF. Idea into Image: Essays on Egyptian Thought by Erik Hornung. NY: 
Timeken, 1992. [Deutschland: Geist der Pharonenzeit. Artemis Verlag, 1989.] 
(TOS-1) DW: "This book is the best introduction to Egyptian thought. Chapters 
include: Word and Image, Origins, Time and Eternity, Limits and Symmetries, The 
Hereafter, The Temple as Cosmos, The Concept of Maat, History as Celebration, 
Body and Soul. Homing's books are the best of the best; any and all are 
recommended. Originally written in German. He is a Professor of Egyptology at 

2AG. Seven Faces of Darkness: Practical Typhonian Magic by Don Webb. 
Smithville, TX: Runa-Raven Press, 1996. (TOS-1) DW: "A study of the magic of 
the Late Antique Mediterranean with a special emphasis on the figure of Set- 
Typhon in the magical writings and practices of that time. Useful for understanding 
the relationship of practical sorcery to the process of initiation." 

2AH. The Ancient Egyptian "Tale of the Two Brothers" by Susan Tower 
Hollis. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. (TOS-4) (SKM-1) DW: 
"The Papyrus d'Orbiney has a reworking of an Egyptian fairytale known as the 
'Tale of the Two Brothers' into a Setian initiatory manual. The papyrus was 


written for Prince Seti-Merenptah, who later became Seti II. Dr. Hollis' book is a 
great scholarly examination of the papyrus with many useful, hard-data insights 
into the nature of life, Set, Anubis, rebirth, and Remanifestation. It may be a bit 
challenging to someone new to Egyptology." 

2AI. The Secret Lore of Egypt: Its Impact on the West by Erik Hornung and 
David Lorton (trans.). Cornell University Press, 2002. ISBN: 0801438470. (TOS- 
4) Patty Hardy IV°: 'This volume documents the most visible, persistant, and 
pervasive legacy of ancient Egypt: esoteric teachings and arts, mystery schools, 
and secret societies, architectural tributes and political movements reflecting a 
view of Egypt as fountainhead of wisdom. For this perspective he coins the term 
'Egyptosophy'. [This book could also go in RL#4, as a survey of the roots of 
contemporary occultism.] Hornung, a Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the 
University of Basel, writes that 'scholarly concern with the esoteric tradition is still 
in its infancy and stands in inverse proportion to the immense importance of the 
esoteric among the general public' and muses: 'Are we heading for a new 
Renaissance in which Egypt, though in a very different form, will again play a 

2AJ. The Mind of Egypt: History and Meaning in the Time of the Pharaohs by 
Jan Assmann and Andrew Jenkins (trans.). Hardcover: New York: Metropolitan 
Books, 2002 (ISBN: 0805054626). Paperback: Harvard University Press, 2003 
(ISBN: 0674012119). (TOS-3) Patty Hardy IV°: 'This history strives to trace and 
document transformations of meaning - changes in the philosophy and self-image 
of ancient Egyptian - using three sources of evidence: 'traces' (material artifacts), 
'messages' (the content of inscriptions and papyri, which contain both explicit and 
implicit clues to the authors' perspective), and 'memories' (folklore, myth and 
other narratives of the remembered past). Each source has strengths and blind 
spots. With these three sources Assman braids a history of Egypt from unification 
to the birth of modern Egyptology - which Assmann views as a victory of the 
'traces' school over rival interpretations of ancient Egypt. But this victory is not 
the last word: 'Today we know infinitely more abut Egypt than did the experts of 
the eighteenth century. But we are also infinitely less sure of what to do with that 
knowledge. Only gradually are endeavors emerging to supplement that antiquarian 
preoccupation with traces (the merits of which are beyond question) with an 
attempt to enter into a dialogue with the newly readable messages of ancient 
Egyptian culture and thus to reestablish them as an integral part of our cultural 
memory.' Since 1976 Assmann has held a professorship of Egyptology at the 
University of Heidelberg. Assmann makes points generally relevant to the Setian 
interest in Egypt: (a) the West is viewed as having 'dual foundations' in Greek 
classicism and Hebrew religion, but both of these are responses to contact with 
Egypt; (b) this cultural legacy of Egypt continually remanifests and re-informs the 
West, regardless of the suppressed or disreputable cast given to it." 

- 172 - 

2AK. The Literature of Ancient Egypt: An Anthology of Stories, Instructions, 
Stelce, Autobiographies, and Poetry by William Kelly Simpson (Ed.), with Robert 
K. Ritner, William Kelly Simpson, Vincent A. Tobin, and Edward F. Wente, Jr. 
(trans.). Paperback: American University in Cairo Press, 2003. (ISBN: 
9774248171). Also through Yale University Press, 2003. (ISBN:0300099207). 
(TOS-3). Patty Hardy IV°: "Popular understanding of ancient Egypt rests on the 
juxtaposition of impressive images (documentaries portraying the Pyramids, the 
treasure of Tutankhamen) with a hostile religious subtext (The Ten 
Commandments, The Prince of Egypt). This 500-page paperback allows the ancient 
Egyptians to speak for themselves, in tones witty, humorous, reflective, moral, 
passionate, and imaginative. As a sourcebook it includes translations of works 
examined or reworked elsewhere in the Reading List: 'The Contendings of Horus 
and Seth' (RL#2E), 'The Tale of Two Brothers' (subject of RL#2AH), 'Setne 
Khaemuas and the Mummies' (RL#F2A), and 'The Story of Sinuhe' (RL#F1A)." 

* * * 

F2A. The Mummy. Universal, 1932. MA: 'The first and best of many 
'mummy /monster' films, The Mummy actually involved more research and subtle 
allusions than most of the viewing public is aware of. The 'Scroll of Thoth' in the 
film was taken from #18C, and the mummy himself was named after Imhotep, 
legendary architect of the Pyramid of Zoser. Makeup by Jack Pierce, the Universal 
wizard responsible for most of the classic film-monsters of the 1930s, such as the 
Frankenstein monster and the Chaney wolf-man. Edward Van Sloan makes as 
crafty an opponent for Boris Karloff here as he does for Bela Lugosi in Dracula." 

F2B. She. Hammer Films. MA: "There have been eight film treatments of She 
(cf. #2M), though, as far as I know, none of the other She -series books by 
Haggard. The most lavish and most recent stars Ursula Andress as Ayesha. I have 
not yet found it as a videocassette, but have seen it broadcast occasionally on 
television. The last and best of the seven silent-film versions was shot in 1925 
starring Betty Blythe, with cards written by Haggard himself." 


Category 3: Religion and Daemonology in Historical Perspective 

Religion und Damonologie in historischer Perspective 
as of February 26, 2003 

Today's philosophical and religious climate derives from the interaction and 
competition of a great many schools of logic, superstition, science, and intuition 
throughout history. It is necessary for the Setian to acquire at least a working 
familiarity with such systems, as the information gained is often useful in the 
development of both Greater and Lesser Black Magical techniques. Furthermore, 
while the original Priesthood of Set did not survive the decadence and downfall of 
Egypt, many of its characteristics were either preserved by other cultures or 
independently discovered by initiates of other magical/philosophical systems. The 
works selected for this category are intended to survey the more elaborate and 
esoteric concepts of intellectual elites throughout the ancient Mediterranean and 
Western European cultures. [See also Category 24.] 

3A. Religion in Ancient History by S.G.F. Brandon. NY: Charles Scribner's 
Sons, 1969. (TOS-3) MA: "This book is worth chasing down through a library. It 
consists of 25 essays on such topics as the soul, national religions, the Devil, life 
after death, Dualism, Jewish history to 70 CE, early Christian mythology, Time as 
God and Devil, origins of religion, the Akhenaten period, early Christian 
Gnosticism, and angels. Author a Professor of Comparative Religions at 
Manchester University." 

3B. The History of the Devil by Paul Carus. NY: Land's End Press, 1969 
(paperback reprint 1974 by Open Court). (TOS-3) (SHU-1) (LVT-1) MA: "Still 
the standard reference work on the topic, containing chapters on the devils and 
daemons of many cultures from antiquity to the present. Included are many 
perceptive observations on the concept of 'evil' in human behavior. In his 
Confessions Aleister Crowley remarked: 'Carus had always interested me as being 
widely learned, yet understanding so little. After meeting him, I decided that I 
liked him for it.'" JL: "Occultists of ye olden days believed that to know the name 
of a demon was to have power over him. They were correct only insofar as their 
belief was an attempt to define a principle or supposed entity and therefore have 
the power to use it through understanding it. In the case of #3B, Carus' work has 
placed a name and brief history with almost every devil for whom one could wish , 
and with a few for whom one would not. Attractive or otherwise, the demons in 
#3B are named, traced, and cross-referenced. The Order of Leviathan member can 
find historical background in the book and use it to follow the trail of the Serpent." 

3C. Christian Mythology by George Every. NY: Hamlyn Publishing Group, 
1970. (TOS-3) MA: "Another in the Hamlyn mythology series [see #2A], updated 
& reissued in 1986 by Peter Bedrick Books. It exposes the origins and adaptations 
of Christianity and includes a number of later legends quite at odds with the Bible. 


The author' s comments on the psychological need for specific myth- types are quite 
illuminating. The book is neither pro nor con - merely analytical. Hence it is an 
excellent source of data for dialogues with Christians; you can respond to 
theological issues on a historical rather than on an emotional, dogmatic, or aesthetic 

3D. The Romance of Sorcery by Sax Rohmer. NY: Causeway Books, 1973. 
(TOS-3) MA: "Better known as the author of the Fu Manchu novels [fun to read if 
you're into 1890's 'Yellow Peril' themes and heroines who faint a lot], Rohmer 
was also an initiate of the Golden Dawn who dreamed of writing an authoritative 
commentary on the occult. This book was the result - an empathetic but not- 
uncritical profile of history's prominent sorcerers, including Apollonius, 
Nostradamus, Dee, Cagliostro, Blavatsky, and Francis Barrett. Written in 1913 and 
especially commended by Harry Houdini." 

3E. Secret Societies by Norman MacKenzie (Ed.). NY: Crescent Books, 1968. 
[Deutschland: Geheimgesellschaften. Ramon F. Keller Verlag, CH-Genf, 1914.] 
(TOS-3) MA: "While not as extensive as #3F, this book has the advantages of 
being relatively current and attractively illustrated. Chapters on the Mafia, Ku Klux 
Klan, Chinese Triads, Freemasons, Knights Templar, Thugs, Rosicrucians, etc. 
Well-researched and very readable. Three initiatory rituals (KKK, Mafia, and 
Masonic) are appended." 

3F. The Secret Societies of All Ages and Countries (two volumes) by Charles 
William Heckethorn. New Hyde Park: University Books, 1965. [Deutschland: 
Geheime Gesellschaften, Geheimbunde u. Geheimlehren. Renger Verlag, Leipzig, 
1900.] (TOS-3) MA: "Written in 1875 and revised in 1897, this remains the major 
work on the topic. It does full justice to its ambitious title. In addition to discussing 
the characteristics of secret societies per se, Heckethorn includes comments on the 
clandestine operations of supposedly above-ground organizations (such as the 
Jesuits). Literally hundreds of groups are covered. If nothing else, it will leave you 
with the impression that there have been quite a number of sneaky people around." 

3G. The Magic Makers by David Carroll. NY: Signet #E-6556, 1974. (TOS-3) 
MA: 'This little paperback covers somewhat the same ground as #3D and #4C, 
with the advantage of being less dated. There are chapters dealing with the reality 
of magic, the magical universe, the interrelationship of magic and science, and the 
national magical practices of Egypt, Israel, Greece, and Rome. Individual 
magicians profiled include Apollonius, Dee & Kelly, Cagliostro, Saint Germain, 
Agrippa, and Faust." 

3H. The Secret Societies of All Ages by Manly Palmer Hall. Hollywood: 
Philosophical Research Society, 1928. (TOS-4) MA: "Available in a variety of 
sizes and pricetags, this book contains 45 chapters on just about everything 


remotely connected with the Rosicrucian/Masonic tradition. Hence there is 
considerable material on Egypt, the Pythagoreans, Atlantis, the Cabala, etc. It is 
admittedly a treasure-house of sorts, but the intelligent reader will note an 
abundance of unsupported speculation. There are no footnotes, bibliographical 
references, or documentary attributions. Accordingly this volume is best used as an 
introduction to interesting areas of study rather than as a definitive text concerning 
them. It [particularly the larger/more expensive editions] looks nice on a coffee- 
table. The biggest one (Golden Anniversary monster edition) is heavy enough so 
that you can bash a rat with it and be reasonably assured he's now a two- 
dimensional rat. The information in this book is also handy for confusing [equates 
to impressing] Masons and Rosicrucians whose cages you want to rattle. [If you 
want to understand what Freemasonry and Rosicrucianism are all about, your best 
bet is #3E.]" 

31. Encyclopedia of Occultism by Lewis Spence. New Hyde Park: University 
Books, 1960 (originally published 1920). (TOS-3) MA: "There are three 'occult' 
encyclopaedias on this reading list, the others being #4E and #4F. Although dated, 
this one is extremely well researched, objective, and thorough. Its companion 
volume, Nandor Fodor's Encyclopedia of Psychic Science, is less likely to be of 
interest or practical value. Before acquiring a copy of #31, consider whether #4E, 
which reprints extensively from it, will suffice for your needs and interests." 

3J. The Occult Sciences in the Renaissance by Wayne Shumaker. Berkeley: 
University of California Press, 1972. (TOS-3) MA: "Shumaker is Professor of 
English at U.C. Berkeley. This definitive work includes sections on astrology, 
witchcraft, White Magic, alchemy, and Hermes Trismegistus - painstakingly 
footnoted and with thoughtful critical analyses. 'The analyst does not take for 
granted the necessary existence of truth, much less of profound, forgotten wisdom 
in any of the systems, but treats them objectively as historical efforts to understand 
the world in which man is placed and to use his knowledge for human purposes.' 
[See also #3N.]" 

3K. The Dark Side of History: Magic in the Making of Man by Michael 
Edwardes. NY: Stein & Day, 1977. (TOS-3) MA: "A fascinating investigation by a 
Professor of History and Political Science into the roles of magic in major social 
movements of history - from Mesopotamia to the French Revolution to Maoist 
China. This might be considered a reflective essay rather than a documentary 
analysis, but Edwardes' work is a commendable effort towards bridging the gap of 
ignorance that usually separates magic from the social sciences. Not as much fun 
to read as #4B, perhaps; but one doesn't feel quite so far out on a limb either." 

3L. The Western Mystical Tradition by Thomas Katsaros and Nathaniel 
Kaplan. New Haven, Conn.: College & University Press, 1969. (TOS-3) MA: "A 
very good history of mysticism from Hellenic Greece onwards. Offers the 

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'mystical perspectives' of many of the philosophers whose more materialistic 
concepts are treated in tomes such as #16A." 

3M. A History of Magic and Experimental Science by Lynn Thorndike. NY: 
Columbia University Press, 1923 (eight volumes). (TOS-4) MA: "Frazier's Golden 
Bough - which would seem to be an inevitable component of a reading list such as 
this - was ultimately not included because its focus on mythology as such (i.e. as 
an essentially anthropological phenomenon) offers no thesis which is usable by 
magicians. 'Magic,' said Frazier in an oft-quoted passage, 'is science that doesn't 
work.' Since Black Magic as defined by the Temple of Set does work, and since 
we are not interested in variations that don't work, we seek more illuminating 
histories to trace its development. Thorndike' s is one such. In this massive work he 
shows the complex interrelationships between the magical, the scientific, and the 
philosophical from the time of ancient Egypt to the 17th century CE - after which 
the influence of materialism and logical positivism acted to suppress both magic 
and philosophy in favor of an all-embracing scientific method. Like the unabridged 
Golden Bough, Thorndike' s opus is usually to be found only in major libraries. 
You should be aware of its existence for advanced research purposes." 

3N. Pythagorean Palaces: Magic and Architecture in the Italian Renaissance 
by G.L. Hersey. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1976. (TOS-4) MA: "According 
to Pythagorean philosophy, numbers and proportions possess quality as well as 
quantity, and the elements of architecture approach excellence as they maximize 
incorporation of these elements of quality. In this book Hersey, Professor of Art 
History at Yale University, analyzes several Italian Renaissance buildings 
according to the Pythagorean standards employed by their architects. [See also 
category #12 in general, as well as #3J. See also #60 for observations concerning 
architecture which is conspicuously lacking in Pythagorean excellence.]" 

30. A History of Secret Societies by Arkon Daraul. NY: Citadel Press, 1961. 
(TOS-3) (COS-3) AL: "A fine essay on the subject, with objectivity and much 
attention to detail." MA: 'This survey includes chapters on such groups as the 
Order of the Peacock Angel (Yezidi), Knights Templar, Assassins, Sufis, Gnostics, 
Castrators, Vehm, Rosicrucians, and of course the Masters of the Himalayas. Used 
by the early Church of Satan as a source document for appropriate magical and 
ritual material. No documentation is offered, so this book is best considered at face 

3P. The Lost Key to Prediction: The Arabic Parts in Astrology by Robert 
Zoller. NY: Inner Traditions, 1980. (TOS-3) MA: "The first part of this book is an 
exacting examination into the philosophical and metaphysical bases for 
astrological theory, resulting in the author's postulate that the true astrologer deals 
'with the material globes in astrology only insofar as they are used to time the 
movements of the inner "planets" and "stars" that lie hidden at the center of man's 


being'. Part Two consists of Zoller's translation of a 13th-century Latin 
astrological text by Guido Bonatti. In Part Three Zoller applies Bonatti's concepts 
to the construction of horoscopes. One of the most sophisticated conceptual studies 
of astrology yet penned. Reviewed in detail in Runes #111-1. The excellent 
bibliography is supplemented by extensive notes. The author is an ex-Adept 11° of 
the Temple of Set and a practicing astrologer. [See also his review of #3R, 
described in that entry.]" 

3Q. Larousse Encyclopedia of World Mythology by Pierre Grimal (Ed.). NY: 
Excalibur Books, 1981. (TOS-3) MA: "As the title indicates, this is the 
'mythology' volume in the Larousse series of encyclopaedias. 550 pages - in fine 
print - jammed with information. Note that this book focuses on mythology, not on 
occultism, so it is more descriptive of systems [from an 
archaeological/anthropological/ sociological point of view] than analytical 
concerning their various merits, drawbacks, substance, etc. The editor is a 
Professor at the Sorbonne in France." 

3R. The Serpent and the Rainbow by Wade E. Davis. NY: Warner Books #0- 
446-34387-0, 1987. [Deutschland: Die Toten kommen zuriick. Dromer-Knaur 
Verlag, Mlinchen, 1986.] (TOS-3) MA: "This is the book explaining the Voodoo 
system of Haiti and the manner in which zombis are actually created - not by 
supernatural means, but by the secret use of poisons. The book is based upon field 
research by the author, who holds undergraduate degrees from Harvard University 
in Ethnobotany and Biology, and more recently a Ph.D. in Ethnobotany. #3R is 
reviewed in detail by Adept Robert Zoller (author of #3P) in Scroll #XII-3, June 

3S. The Books of the Beast by Timothy d'Arch Smith. London: Crucible 
(Aquarian Press/Thorsons Publishing Group, 1987. (TOS-4) MA: "This is a 126- 
page, high-quality paperback collection of essays on Aleister Crowley, Montague 
Summers, Ralph Nicholas Chubb, Francis Barrett (author of The Magus, the book 
which revived an interest in sorcery & ceremonial magic in 19th-century England), 
Florence Farr (author of #101), and the British Library's catalogue of erotica. This 
collection is cited here because of some interesting anecdotes it contains re 
Crowley, Summers, Barrett, and Farr. If you are interested in one or more of them, 
you might enjoy this book as a 'casual read'. But I would not consider it essential." 

3T. Testament: The Bible and History by John Romer. NY: Henry Holt, 1988. 
(TOS-3) MA: "A superb study of the history of the Judaeo/Christian Bible, to 
include its sourcing from pre-J/C cultures and mythologies and its assembly and 
revision over the Christian period in Europe. There is also a companion PBS 
television series, also excellent, narrated by Romer. This study is valuable for its 
objectivity; Romer is not unsympathetic to the J/C cultural heritage, but neither 
does he seek to distort its true historical origins. The author is a distinguished 


Egyptologist and archaeologist." 

3U. Strange Superstitions and Magical Practices by William J. Fielding. 
Philadelphia: Blakiston Company (Circle Books), 1945. (TOS-3) Terry 
Quesenberry 11°: "This little book is surprisingly objective and broad in its 
coverage of superstition and magic in its manifold phases, considering the time it 
was published. Topics covered include Satanism, Black Mass, Walpurgisnacht, 
lycanthropy, pentagram (as an emblem of perfection), evil eye, Nietzsche, 
mysteries of nature, mysteries of number, ancient Egypt, divination, magic of 
mathematical formulae, daemonology, origins of pagan holidays, and witchcraft." 

3V. The Devil in Legend and Literature by Maximilian Rudwin. La Salle: 
Open Court, 1989 (latest reprint). (TOS-3) DW: "An alternative to #3B. For my 
money this volume, dedicated to the memory of Paul Cams, is much the superior 

3W. The Fifth Sun by Burr Cartwright Brundage. Austin: University of Texas, 
1983. (TOS-3) DW: "This book explains the Aztec mindscape rather well and 
includes great coverage of Tezcatlipoca, the Aztec Set. A good book to read for a 
cross-cultural perspective on Set." 

3X. The Occult in America: New Historical Perspectives by Howard Kerr & 
Charles L. Crow (Eds.). Chicago: University of Chicago, 1983. (TOS-4) DW: "Of 
historical interest to Setians both socially and in terms of the development of occult 
wisdom & folly in North America. Of particular interest are the effects of the 
Hindu Left-Hand Path ( Vivekananda) , Theosophy, and African religious practices. 
The opening essay, 'Explaining Modern Occultism' by Robert Galbreath, almost 
garners the book a TOS-1 rating." 

3Y. Hermetic Magic by Stephen Edred Flowers, Ph.D. York Beach, ME: 
Samuel Weiser, 1995. (TOS-1) DW: 'This book is an analysis both scholarly & 
practical of the Southern tradition's greatest magical success [until the Temple of 
Set]. It deals with the synthesis of Greek & Egyptian traditions into Hermeticism; 
with ancient, modern, & postmodern theories of magic; and with practical spell- 
book methodology. The Hermetic tradition involves gaining & using power, and 
this is the best gateway in the English language. It is the Arrow handed by Arrabis 
to me." MA: "The term 'Hermeticism' brings to mind vague, inconsistent, & 
impotent Judaeo/Christian mystical fluff. This book has nothing to do with that. 
Rather Flowers explores the historical filtering of coherent Egyptian magical 
theory & practice through a number of later cultures, then explains how the core 
concepts may be put into effective practice." 

3Z. The Presence of Shiva by Stella Kramrisch. Princeton: Princeton 
University, 1981. (TOS-4) DW: "This book, nicely reprinted as a Bollingen 


paperback, is a study of the figure of Rudra/Shiva, the 'Set' of Hinduism and focus 
of much historical & current Hindu Left-Hand Path practice. It is another way to 
get a handle on the Prince of Darkness beyond our usual Satanic & Egyptian 
lenses. 'Rudra is consciousness, and his actions are its forms.' A useful initiatory 
model for those drawn to the gate of the East." 

3AA. The Myth of Egypt and its Hieroglyphs in European Tradition by Erik 
Iversen. Princeton: Princeton University, 1961 (Mythos Edition, 1993). (TOS-4) 
(SKM-1) DW: "Iversen looks at Egypt's artistic, philosophical, & magical 
influence on European thought. A good historical backdrop to Schwaller, the 
Golden Dawn, Cagliostro, etc." 

* * * 

F3A. Masada. 1981. MA: 'This was originally a television mini-series, now 
condensed into a single videocassette. The fortress of Masada was one of the last 
strongholds of the Zealots in ancient Israel to be conquered by the Romans, and the 
film dramatizes this seige. Peter O'Toole is the Roman general and Peter Strauss 
his Hebrew counterpart. Most relevant to this category of the reading list is the 
Romans' utilitarian use of religion in contrast to the fanatic belief of the Hebrews. 
The film does not pass a moral judgment as much as it highlights a ferocious battle 
fought because of different perceptions of reality." 

F3B. The Devils. 1971. MA: "Probably the most graphic and horrifying 
treatment of the Inquisition ever brought to the screen, this film recounts the story 
of the 17th-century French priest Urban Grandier (Oliver Reed) who was accused 
of signing a pact with the Devil. The political schemes resulting in Grandier' s 
downfall are developed with cold precision, and his torture, mutilation, and death 
by burning at the stake are also shown in graphic detail. This is one of the films 
strongly opposed by the Catholic Church, for obvious reasons! The cast also 
includes Vanessa Redgrave. Directed by Ken Russell (who also directed Altered 

F3C. The Serpent and the Rainbow. 1988. (07-1587). MA: "This may have 
started out as an attempt to bring #3R to the screen, but by the time Hollywood was 
finished with it, it was more of a simple horror movie than a non-fictional study of 
Voodoo and zombification. Useful perhaps to catch something of the atmosphere 
of the grip which modern Voodoo has on its adherents in locales such as Haiti." 

* * * 


P3A. Freethought Today. Freedom From Religion Foundation (FFRF), Post 
Office Box 750, Madison, WI 53701. Telephone 608-256-8900. MA: "FFRF is a 
very feisty atheist organization which publishes the bimonthly newspaper 
Freethought Today (subscription about US$30/year). FT is almost completely 
devoted to exposes of Christian corruption and violations of church/state 
separation, together with scholarly articles debunking Judaeo/Christian mythology 
and superstition, all done to a professional standard. A major feature is the 'Black 
Collar Crimes' column, which dutifully recounts the ongoing epidemic of sex 
crimes committed by Christian officials. The Temple of Set does not spend much 
time J/C-bashing in the way that the old Church of Satan did, so if you're nostalgic 
for that kind of confrontation and would like lots of ammunition for debates, an FT 
subscription is essential. It will also astound you to see how much dirt there is to 
dig up." 


Category 4: Occultism in Contemporary Perspective 

Okkultismus in zeitgenossischer Perspektive 
as of February 26, 2003 

Aside from the Temple of Set itself, what may be said concerning the positive 
achievements of occult research? Is the field substantive? And what is "the occult"? 
The following books explore these and other questions in terms of current scientific 
and cultural knowledge. 

4A. The Occult by Colin Wilson. NY: Random House, 1971. [Deutschland: 
Das Okkulte. Heyne Taschenbuch-Verlag (01/7282), Mlinchen, 1986.] (TOS-2) 
MA: 'This book is divided into two principal sections - a history of European and 
American occultism to the present century, and an extensive commentary 
concerning occult methodology from an existentialist point of view. Wilson 
postulates a 'Faculty X' of the human mind to explain psychic phenomena. Here 
the weakness of a non-initiated approach to the subject is glaringly demonstrated, 
because Wilson's bibliography includes many sources of questionable quality. 
Moreover Wilson becomes predictably confused as he tries to explain his 'Faculty 
X' as a natural potential of the mind. The history section of the book is nicely 
done, though it also suffers from Wilson's reliance upon some biased sources. A 
more careful and reflective argument for 'Faculty X' is presented in Wilson's 
Mysteries: An Investigation into the Occult, the Paranormal, and the Supernatural 
(NY: Putnam, 1978), providing that one exercises prudence in crediting some of 
the case studies." 

4B. The Morning of the Magicians (original French title: The Dawn of Magic) 
by Louis Pauwels and Jacques Bergier. NY: Avon Books, 1968. [Deutschland: 
Aufbruch ins dritte Jahrtausend. Wilhelm Goldmann Verlag (Nr. 11711), 
Mlinchen, 1979.] (COS-3) (TOS-1) (TRP-1) (LVT-1) AL: "First and best work 
ever done describing the Satanic influence in the world." MA: "This is the book 
that kicked off the occult revival of the 1960s and started the whole van Daniken 
show on the road. It highlights many phenomena for which non-occultists cannot 
account [somewhat after the fashion of Charles Fort]. Included is an especially 
interesting section on German Nazi esoterica, which until recent years was 
virtually the only account of such material easily available to the public. It is also 
the only recent book to discuss the original Council of Nine (the Nine Unknown). 
If there is a defect to the book, it lies in its emphasis of fanciful, rhetorical 
questions and in the lack of adequate footnotes in some of the most intriguing 
chapters. This is an excellent book to recommend to a friend who thinks you're 
crazy for being interested in the occult. [See also #17B and #22B.]" JL: "MA's 
comment on the book says it all." DW: "This book represents French Romanticism 
at its height with a little Gurdjieff thrown in. It inspired a huge occult revival in 
France. It has a twofold Solve effect: It makes the reader 'wake up' a bit and 


realize the effect of the suprarational in history. Its enthusiastic reception in 
English-speaking countries facilitated the translation of related French authors such 
as de Lafforest (#60) and Charroux. This contributed to the rise of movements in 
those countries such as 'New Wave' science fiction and the Church of Satan. This 
book is not as unique in the 1990s as in the 1960s, in part because of its own 
success in encouraging more sophisticated and current imitators and successors. 
Fun for inspiration, but take with many grains of salt." 

AC. The Black Arts by Richard Cavendish. NY: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1968. 
[Deutschland: Schwarze Magie. G.B. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt, 1969.] (COS-3) 
(TOS-3) AL: "Good basic primer on the subject." MA: "Still the most lucid 
introductory book on the subject of 'general occultism'. Chapters on numerology, 
Cabalism, alchemy, astrology, ritual magic, Black Magic, and Devil worship. Very 
dispassionate, with esoteric doubletalk kept to a minimum. If you're relatively 
'new to occultism' and would like to survey the subject from a non-Temple of Set- 
particular point of perspective, try this book. Conspicuous defects include an 
excessive emphasis on the Hebrew Cabala and on similarly superstitious 
techniques such as astrology, numerology, and alchemy." 

4D. Occultism, Witchcraft, and Cultural Fashions by Mircea Eliade. Chicago: 
University of Chicago Press, 1976. [Deutschland: Das Okkulte und die moderne 
Welt. O. Miiller Verlag, A-Salzburg, 1978.] (TOS-3) MA: "This is a critical 
analysis of the current appeal of occultism, with case studies taken from the 1960s. 
Inclusive and generally well-argued, though the cited source material indicates 
Eliade' s unfamiliarity with in-depth documents and doctrines in the murky forest 
of occultism. He is a distinguished Professor of History of Religions at the 
University of Chicago and has penned many works of repute in the field." DW: "I 
think this is Eliade 's least interesting book. His others have my universal 
recommendation. " 

4E. Encyclopedia of the Unexplained by Richard Cavendish (Ed.). NY: 
McGraw-Hill, 1974. (TOS-3) MA: 'This is a very readable encyclopaedia which 
emphasizes 20th-century occultism rather than the more historical material treated 
by #31. Contributing editors and authors include such recognized authorities as 
Professor J.B. Rhine and Ellic Howe (#10F, #14W). Rhine's introductory essay 
'How to Cope with a Mystery' is excellent. 304 pages, profusely illustrated." 

4F. Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology by Leslie A. Shepard 
(Ed.). NY: Avon Books #48835, 1980 (two volumes). (TOS-3) MA: "Basis for this 
large paperback set is #31 and its Fodor companion, which Shepard has updated 
with more recent material. A pretty good effort and worth the $20 pricetag." 


4G. A Fascinating History of Witchcraft, Magic, & Occultism by W.B. Crow. 
North Hollywood: Wilshire Book Co., 1970. (COS-3) AL: "Has much new 
material of interest to Satanic scholars." 

4H. The Occult Sourcebook by Nevill Drury and Gregory Tillett. London: 
Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978. (TOS-3) MA: "A single-volume survey of 
contemporary occultism [as of the mid-1970s] by Drury (one of Australia's most 
intellectual occult students) and Tillett (an anthropologist specializing in 
contemporary occultism). Stronger on British and Australian movements than on 
American ones. 45 chapters on various topics, each containing organizational and 
personal references and suggested books for further study. Sample chapter titles: 
Traditional Witchcraft, Modern Satanism, Shamanistic Magic, Eastern Mysticism, 
I Ching, Ritual Consciousness, ESP, The Tattvas, etc. At the end of the book is a 
'Who's Who in the Occult' section. An updated edition is expected in the near 
future. [See also #4L.]" 

41. Haunted Houses by Richard Winer and Nancy Osborn. NY: Bantam 
#23755, 1979. 

4J. More Haunted Houses by Richard Winer and Nancy Osborn Ishmael. NY: 
Bantam #24008, 1981. 

(TOS-3) MA: "Two entertaining paperbacks containing a vast assortment of 
haunted houses, graveyards, battlefields, ships, railroads, theaters, prisons, hotels, 
entire cities, and even an elevator for good measure. Both books are indexed and 
include bibliographical lists of books and periodicals for avid spook-hunters [and 
spooks]. #4J contains a June XV interview with Anton LaVey concerning Jayne 
Mansfield and her 'Pink Palace'." 

4K. The Haight-Ashbury: A History by Charles Perry. NY: Random House 
(Vintage Books #394-74144-7), 1984. (TOS-3) MA: "There are many different 
kinds of 'occultism', including some that don't think of themselves, and aren't 
usually described by others in that context. The 'Hippie experience' was one such. 
At the time (ca. 1966-69) it was fragmentary, unprogrammed, and generally 
difficult for either insiders or outsiders to understand. It was far more than simply a 
drug-orgy, and - though Anton LaVey would probably be loath to admit it - its 
values were very much those of the Age of Satan and its Word (Indulgence). 
Finally there is a book which pulls it all together into a coherent (as much as 
possible) whole, showing how so many trends of the post- World War II era lead 
slowly but inevitably into this particular 'critical mass', and how so many of the 
values in the subsequent decades have been charted along certain courses because 
of that same 'critical mass'. Included is an account of the 9/21/67 'Satanic mass' 
conducted by Ken Anger at the Straight Theatre, including the showing of the 
original version of Lucifer Rising, reportedly pilfered that evening by Bobby 
Beausoliel. See also Tom Wolfe, The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test (NY: Farrar, 
Straus & Giroux, 1968), which focuses in on the LBM influence of Ken Kesey and 


his Merry Pranksters. See also #19X." 

4L. The Occult Experience by Nevill Drury. Garden City Park, New York: 
Avery Publishing Group, 1990 (ISBN 0-89529-414-1). (TOS-3) MA: 'This is the 
book version of the made-for-television film of the same name (#F4A). Drury 
(author of #4H) was technical consultant to the film, which includes episodes on a 
variety of occult and quasi-occult groups in Australia, Britain, and the United 
States. Interviewed/discussed are: [USA]: Selena Fox, Z Budapest, Starhawk, Dr. 
Gordon Melton (Institute for the Study of American Religion), Dr. Michael & 
Lilith Aquino, Michael Bertiaux, Dr. Michael Harner (today a shaman but an ex- 
6114-ite - see #6M), Dr. Charles Tart, Dr. Joan Halifax; [UK]: Fellowship of Isis, 
Janet & Stewart Ferrar, Alex Saunders; [Australia]: Temple of the Mother, Coven 
of Lothlorien; [Switzerland]: H.R. Giger. The Temple of Set's discussion accounts 
for 16 of the book's 150 pages. Also included are names & addresses for all 
groups/individuals discussed [TOS address outdated], as well as a bibliography. 
An eight-page black/white photo section is included. Note: This book was also 
published by Robert Hale Ltd in London, England in 1987, and by Fontana 
Publishers in Sydney, Australia in 1985. The Australian edition has the photo- 
section in color." 

4M. The Illuminatus! Trilogy by Robert Shea and Robert Anton Wilson. New 
York: Dell Publishing Company, 1975 (ISBN: 0-440-53981-1). (TOS-4) MA: 
"This volume combines the three original paperback novels The Eye in the 
Pyramid, The Golden Apple, and Leviathan which comprise the Illuminatus! 
trilogy. Alternately referred to as 'the longest shaggy dog story in literary history' 
and 'a fairy tale for paranoids', this is a rambling journey through almost every 
zany occult movement and conspiracy theory in contemporary society. I assume 
the Temple of Set was spared only because the book was published the same year 
we were founded. I don't know what happened to Shea, but Wilson went on to 
publish some 'non-fictional' works in the same vein which, because they lacked 
the unself-conscious style of Illuminatus!, fell right into the category of 
publications so successfully lampooned by Illuminatus! . Truth, however, remains 
stranger than fiction, and within the pages of Illuminatus! you will actually find 
many gems of, er, occult wisdom. This is perhaps a counterweight to Morning of 
the Magicians: a good book to give to someone who's too obsessed with the 

4N. The Tarot Handbook: Practical Applications of Ancient Visual Symbols 
by Angeles Arrien. Sonoma, California: Arcus Publishing Company, 1987 (ISBN 
0-916955-02-8). (TOS-4) R. Menschel IV°: "An excellent companion to Aleister 
Crowley's Booh of Thoth text and deck (#9L), this book discusses each card's 
symbolism and application intelligently from a modern perspective. Much easier to 
read than Crowley's text, though lacking in some correspondences, this book also 
introduces some new applications not mentioned in Crowley's work." 


40. The Gurdjieff Work by Kathleen Riordan Speeth. Los Angeles: Jeremy P. 
Tarcher, Inc., 1989 (2nd edition/reprint of 1976 edition). (TOS-2) DW: 'This is 
perhaps the only book on Gurdjieff that tells you what to do rather than relating a 
history of the movement. If you are really interested in these techniques, you might 
look for local Gurdjieff/Ouspensky centers; initiation works better when practiced 
rather than merely read about. But, as always, observe the graduates of the school 
before investing your time, efforts, and funds. The best history of the Gurdjieff 
movemement is James Webb's The Harmonious Circle.'" 

4P. Persuasions of the Witch 's Craft: Ritual Magic in Contemporary England 
by T.M. Luhrmann. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1989. (TOS-4) MA: 
"This is an extremely sophisticated study of the neo-pagan/Wiccan phenomenon 
by a cultural anthropologist, who went to the extent of joining several covens and 
participating personally in their ritual activities. Although it is clear that Luhrmann 
retained an 'academic detachment' from the cultures she was investigating, her 
analysis is remarkable for being empathetic and non-critical; she seeks to 
understand and to explain, not to condemn or ridicule. Although Wicca is on an 
entirely different level from that of the Black Arts, Luhrmann' s observations and 
conclusions are nonetheless most valuable in helping the aspiring Black Magician 
to see ways in which the Black Art and Science can be used for social/cultural 
needs common to humans generally. Probably the most insightful study of Wicca 
yet published." 

4Q. Cows, Pigs, Wars and Witches: The Riddle of Culture by Marvin Harris. 
NY: Random House 1974, Vintage Books 1978 (paperback). (TOS-3) Patty Hardy 
IV°: "This is a functional analysis of food taboos, infanticide, ritualized warfare, 
messianic cults, and witchcraft crazes. More than an anthropological study of bad 
craziness, it will alert the Initiate to delusional elements in modern life. Writes 
Harris: 'Ignorance, fear, and conflict are the basic elements of everyday 
consciousness. From these elements, art and politics fashion the collective 
dreamwork whose function it is to prevent people from understanding what their 
social life is all about.' Harris taught anthropology at Columbia University and 
held the Chair of the Department of Anthropology from 1963 to 1966." 

4R. Aghora: At the Left Hand of God (1986) and Kundalini: Aghora II (1993) 
by Robert E. Svoboda. Albuquerque, New Mexico: Brotherhood of Life. (TOS-2) 
DW: "Readable introductions to the current practices of a branch of the Hindu 
Left-Hand Path. The Aghorist breaks with the world with beef-eating and seeking 
that which society deems impure, meets the gods on their own level, and practices 
those purifying virtues which makes the psyche self-aware by not uniting with the 
laws of the cosmos but escaping them by becoming larger than them. A good 
cross-read to #3Z. [Write to the Brotherhood of Life, 110 Dartmouth SE, 
Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA for information on these & other publications.]" 


* * * 

F4A. The Occult Experience. (LVT-2) MA: "This is the videocassette version 
of #4L." JL: "This is the famous one we saw at the first Las Vegas Conclave. It is 
also the one with the 'If the Devil lives anywhere, it could be in San Francisco' 
comment. Michael and Lilith Aquino are interviewed, clips of Anton LaVey from 
Satanis are shown, and from there the film goes downhill. As a study in 
comparative religion, it is worth adding to one's personal video library." 


Category 5: Atlantis 

as of February 26, 2003 

Since it is now established fact that mankind has possessed high intelligence for 
quite some time prior to the recorded beginnings of Egypt, the question of what was 
happening during the previous 95,000 years - approximately the length of time we' ve 
possessed our expanded cranial capacity - remains unresolved. Did our ancestors 
content themselves with swinging from trees and eating bananas ... and suddenly 
decide to civilize themselves a mere 5,000 years ago? Or were other things taking 

5A. Atlantis, the Antediluvian World by Ignatius Donnelly, 1882; 
revised/edited by Egerton Sykes, 1949. NY: Gramercy, 1949. [Deutschland: 
Atlantis, die vorsintflutliche Welt. ?, Esslingen a.N., 1911.] (TOS-3) MA: "This is 
the classic analysis of Atlantis. Written to the scientific standards of Donnelly's 
time, it fell victim to a priori disbelief and was dealt a near-death blow by being 
embraced by the occult faddists of that day. Nevertheless the book remains a sound 
archaeological study, though dated in some areas which will be readily apparent to 
modern readers. Some of the more startling points made by this book are cited at 
the beginning of George Pal's sci-fi/fantasy (?) film Atlantis, the Lost Continent 

5B. The Mystery of Atlantis by Charles Berlitz.NY: Leisure Books #272DK, 
1969. [Deutschland: Das Atlantis-Rdtsel. Zsolnay Verlag, Hamburg, 1976.] (TOS- 
3) MA: "This book summarizes the current case both for and against Atlantis. 
Berlitz comments extensively and authoritatively on Donnelly, particularly with 
regard to the language question. [Berlitz, son of 'the' Berlitz, speaks thirty 
languages himself.] The tone of the book is conservative and scientific. Ultimately, 
however, Berlitz can add little in the way of new data; he merely critiques #5A." 

5C. Atlantis Rising by Brad Steiger. NY: Dell Books #1182, 1973. (TOS-3) 
MA: "A speculative work on Atlantis, with some interesting new data. The case 
studies are well presented, although the book suffers from Steiger' s sensationalistic 

5D. Atlantis: The New Evidence by Martin Ebon. NY: Signet #W-7371, 1977. 
(TOS-3) MA: "In most regards this book is neither as scholarly nor as thorough as 
the other books in this category. It does include, however, a very intriguing 
account of the archaeological efforts of Heinrich and Paul Schliemann concerning 
Atlantis. A lot of time is wasted on snipe-hunt theories about Atlantis actually 
being Crete or Santorini, presuming that Plato (who traveled about the 
Mediterranean Sea) was too stupid to know the difference between the 
Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean." 


5E. Timceus and Critias by Plato. Baltimore: Penguin Books #L261, 1971. 
[Deutschland: Platon-Hauptwerke (u.a. Texte). Alfred Kroner Verlag, Stuttgart, 
1973.] (TOS-4) MA: "These are the two Platonic dialogues concerned, among 
other things, with Atlantis. They are also included in #12C, but this edition has the 
added attraction of some very good footnotes to the mathematical intricacies of the 
dialogues. The book's drawback is a Santorini-oriented appendix on Atlantis by 
the edition's translator, Desmond Lee of University College, Cambridge." 

5F. The Secret of Atlantis by Otto Muck. NY: Pocket Books, 1978. 
[Deutschland: Atlantis- gefunden. Victoria Verlag, Stuttgart, 1954.] (TOS-3) MA: 
"A tightly argued, carefully documented case for the historical accuracy of Plato's 
accounts. Muck, a German scientist who contributed to the invention of the 
schnorkel and V1/V2 rockets of World War II, concludes: 'The Mayan temple 
records and modern methods of historical dating agree. They prove that Plato's 
account is true. The statements that have been looked on with such skepticism are 
correct.' Introduction by Peter Tompkins, author of #1F, who dispenses firmly 
with the Santorini theory." 

5G. Ancient Man: A Handbook of Puzzling Artifacts by William R. Corliss. 
Glen Arm, Maryland: The Sourcebook Project, 1978. (TOS-3) MA: "In his preface 
Corliss states: 'The primary objective of this handbook is to provide libraries and 
individuals with a wide selection of reliable descriptions of unusual artifacts of 
ancient man. To meet this goal I have analyzed hundreds of volumes of 
archaeological journals as well as the complete files of Nature and Science. The 
result is an incomparable collection of information on the frontiers of archaeology.' 
Chapters on engineering structures, tools & artifacts, graphics & symbols, geology, 
anthropology, biology, and mythology. 800 pages of small print! Altogether a 
refreshingly reliable text after one has endured the sensationalistic stuff of van 
Daniken and his many imitators for so many years." DW: "If you write to Corliss, 
get his catalogue. Its well-researched title stock will challenge you in many ways." 

5H. Atlantis of the North by Jiirgen Spanuth. NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold 
Company, 1979. [Deutschland: Die Atlanter-Volk aus dem Bernsteinland. Grabert 
Verlag, Tubingen, 1985.] (TOS-4) (TRP-1) MA: 'This is a rather deceptive work. 
Although published as a book in 1979, it is a revised and expanded treatment of the 
author's earlier work Atlantis (1965). But as you examine the dates in the footnotes 
and the 16-page bibliography, it begins to dawn on you that Spanuth has taken 
massive amounts of material from the archives of the prehistorical research 
elements of the Ahnenerbe-SS [see #14M]. In fact it is rather amusing to see how 
'startling' everyone finds this book - as though this is all 'breakthrough revelation' 
in archaeology. It is more correctly the unveiling of source material that has lain 
under an emotional and political taboo since 1945. To be fair to Spanuth, he has 
done a good job of integrating and analyzing an enormous amount of data whose 
processing under the Nazi regime was inhibited by (a) wartime pressures and (b) 


the ideological constraints of Nazi politics. Spanuth's thesis is that the royal island 
of Atlantis (Basileia) was located in the area of Heligoland, and that the Platonic 
accounts of Atlantean history are essentially accurate. He - and the Ahnenerbe - 
make a good case." 

51. Plato, Prehistorian: 10000-5000 B.C. Myth, Religion, and Archaeology by 
Mary Settegast. Cambridge: The Rotenberg Press, 1986. (TOS-3) DW: "There's a 
more recent trade paperback of this book from Lindisfarne Press. Settegast looks 
seriously at Plato's Timceus and Critias as a remembrance of the spiritual 
awakening in the mid- seventh millennium from Persia to north Africa to the Greek 
peninsula, which created certain links in these cultures with the practice of mystery 

5J. Forbidden Archaeology: The Hidden History of the Human Race by 
Michael Cremo and Richard Thompson. San Diego: Bhaktivedanta Institute, 1993. 
ISBN: 0-9635309-8-4. (TOS-4) MA: "A gigantic compendium of all sorts of 
'inconvenient' archaeological data that conventional archaeology has preferred to 
ignore or 'fast-forward' through. At the end of this tome the authors blithely 
propose the significance of this data: that 'beings resembling anatomically-modern 
humans were present in the Early Pleistocene (1.7 million years ago) and Pliocene 
(3.5 million years ago)'. Furiously denounced by conventional archaeologists [see 
Scroll of Set, April 1996], this book still, well, exists unrefuted. A year later C&T 
followed FA with a less-technical, abridged version entitled just The Hidden 
History of the Human Race (Badger, California: Govardhan Hill, 1994), which 
could be considered TOS-3." 

* * * 

F5A. Atlantis, The Lost Continent. MA: "Despite the power of the Atlantis 
legend, it has not been an object of much interest by filmmakers. One exception 
was this 1960s-vintage fantasy film by George Pal. Beginning the film with a 
recitation of 'Atlantis-proofs' from #5A, Pal set his Atlantis in the time of 
Classical Greece and decorated it with Nautilus-like submarines, crystalline death- 
rays, and mad-lab experiments in applied lycanthropy. Interesting for the 'flavor' it 
creates for an Atlantic civilization like yet unlike the known ones of the 

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Category 6: Satanism 

as of February 26, 2003 

Satanism is the "Blackest" of the Black Arts and until the North Solstice X 
encompassed the most advanced - and the most dangerous - school of religion and 
magical knowledge. Because its doctrines are intensely personal, hence asocial, 
conventional societies have tended to regard it as a threat to the docile, cooperative 
obedience of the citizenry. This bias against Satanism as something "necessarily 
criminal" will be evident in some of the following accounts, and it frequently resulted 
in persecution that drove Satanists even farther from the social mainstream. In 1966 
CE (the year I of the ^Eon of Set) Anton Szandor LaVey founded the Church of 
Satan, an institution designed to translate the philosophy of Satanism into a socially- 
acceptable form. In 1975 the Church of Satan evolved into the Temple of Set, at 
which time the philosophical inconsistencies and anti-Judaic/Christian orientation of 
the older organization were eliminated. The Black Art has now been raised to its 
highest form. 

6A. La-Bas {Down There) by J.K. Huysmans. NY: Dover Publications, 1972. 
[Deutschland: Tief unten. Diogenes Taschenbuchverlag, CH-Zurich, 1987.] (TOS- 
3) MA: "This is the classic of late 19th-century French Satanism. It contains 
detailed accounts of the old 17th-century Black Mass as later practiced in 
'underground' Paris. The book evidences a strong Christian moral bias; hence it is 
historically unreliable. Nevertheless it became a model for subsequent efforts at 
anti-Christian ceremonies. 'Devil-worship' sequences from most contemporary 
films, for example, can be recognized as variations on the La-Bas account. 
[Appendix 64 of #6N reprints the Black Mass sequence from La-Bas. .]" 

6B. The Satanic Mass by H.T.F. Rhodes. London: Jarrold's Publishers Ltd, 
1968 [available in the U.S. from Citadel Publishers]. (COS-3) (TOS-3) AL: "A 
non-hysterical account by a criminologist who has researched his subject well." 
MA: 'This book, whose emphasis is criminological, traces Satanism from an 
underground French revolutionary movement to organized crime to decadent 
burlesque to modern cultural offshoots and influences [short of the Church of 
Satan, which had not yet been founded when the research for this book was 
completed] . Principal emphasis is on the French tradition and the Dashwood Hell- 
Fire Club. This was one of the basic sourcebooks for the Church of Satan during its 
formative years." 

6C. A Razor for a Goat by Elliot Rose. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 
1962. (TOS-3) MA: 'This book was begun as a good-humored effort to debunk the 
neo-witchcraft theories of Margaret Murray and Gerald Gardner [which it does 
rather conclusively]. Rose went a good deal further and straightened out many 
misconceptions concerning medieval witchcraft accounts as well. Yet he argues for 
the essential value of the concepts of 'pure' Satanism. This was another book of 


prime importance to the original design of the Church of Satan, and it helps to 
explain the strong anti-neopagan/Wiccan attitude of that institution. It says 
something for popular tastes [and the memory of P.T. Barnum] that Wiccan 
literature continues to flourish while #6C is usually found only in university 

6D. Seven Footprints to Satan by A. Merritt. NY: Avon Books #28209, 1942 
[reprinted 1976]. (TOS-5) (LVT-5) MA: "Written ca. 1928, this novel contains 
many passages describing the central philosophies of Satanism, as well as many 
episodes exemplifying them. Since the book was ostensibly fiction, Merritt did not 
have to mince words. Harmless to non-Initiates, it is a Satanic manifesto for 
Adepts of the Left- Hand Path. And the character of 'Satan' in the story bears a 
remarkable resemblance to Anton Szandor LaVey ... in more than one way." JL: 
"The image of 'Satan' in #6D is very like that of Anton LaVey during I-X AES. 
His expertise as a magician surpasses even Ayesha's best efforts and is more 
believable because of the novel's contemporary setting. Although he uses highly 
sophisticated LBM exclusively, his designs far exceed the grasp of the other 
players who, despite their efforts, continue dancing to the tune played by 'Satan' 
almost to the end. #6D portrays a world in which the present and future are both 
controlled with admirable precision. The acts of theft and violence in #6D may be 
deplorable, but we can admire the mind which created and mastered a universe 
designed for its exclusive pleasure." 

6E. Asimov's Annotated Paradise Lost by John Milton and Isaac Asimov. NY: 
Doubleday, 1974. (TOS-4) MA: "The creative aspects of Satanism are beautifully 
portrayed in Paradise Lost, and this edition has the added attraction of extensive 
notes by the brilliant and witty Asimov. [Missing, sadly, are the famous Dore 
illustrations, which enthusiasts will have to seek in other editions.] Milton, who 
lived and wrote during the Cromwellian Commonwealth, observed due subtlety in 
his portrayal of the virtues of Satan and the vices of YHVH. Asimov is under no 
such constraint, and he overlooks no opportunities to identify and explain the 
hidden material." 

6F. The Unholy Bible by June K. Singer. NY: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1970 
[Harper & Row paperback edition available]. (TOS-4) MA: "This is a 
psychological interpretation of the Satanism of William Blake, prepared for the 
C.G. Jung Foundation for Analytical Psychology. Included are plates, quotes, and 
detailed commentary on The Marriage of Heaven and Hell and The Bible of Hell, 
as well as a short biography and psychological profile of Blake himself." 

6G. The Hell- Fire Club by Daniel P. Mannix. NY: Ballantine Books #01625, 
1959. (TOS-3) MA: "This is an extensive, sensationalistic account of 18th-century 
England's notorious Friars of St. Francis of Wycombe, a Satanic society organized 
by Sir Francis Dashwood and including such prominent personalities as the Prime 

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Minister and the First Lord of the Admiralty. Benjamin Franklin was a noted 
visitor from the Colonies. [The Dashwood estate is open to visitors.] See also #6T 
& #6AC, which are progressively less colorful but probably more accurate." 

6H. Witchcraft: Its Power in the World Today by William Seabrook. NY: 
Lancer Books #78656, 1968. (COS-3) (TOS-3) AL: "Witchcraft discussed in terms 
of suggestive psychology." MA: "Originally published in 1940, this book was the 
forerunner of the occult revival of the 1950s. Although personally a skeptic, 
Seabrook admitted the psychological effectiveness of witchcraft. He was among 
the close friends of Aleister Crowley at the time of the latter' s attainment of the 
grade of Magus. This book is now somewhat dated, but it may be acquired for its 
scholarship and its value as a classic." 

61. The Magus by John Fowles. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1965 [revised 
edition 1977]. (TOS-4) MA: "A novel of an arrogant/selfish/ sensitive/intellectual 
British schoolteacher who becomes enmeshed in the schemes of a modern 
magician. An excellent illustration of the use of psychological magic as a control 
device [as opposed to a mere research tool]. The characters of Nicholas (the 
schoolteacher) and Conchis (the magus) exemplify aspects of the Nemo and 
Aristos, principles in Fowles' own brand of existentialism as set forth in his 
incisive theoretical work The Aristos (NY: Signet Books #Q4280, 1964). Fowles 
describes the revised edition of The Magus as less fantastic/more realistic than the 
original edition, but after several readings of comparing the two I am inclined to 
favor the revised edition as a richer experience from which the magic has definitely 
not been excised. The Magus is one of those books whose every re-reading brings 
new impressions and adventures. I was strongly tempted to rate it TOS-1, but feel 
that greatest benefit will be derived from a reading of it when the Setian has first 
mastered the basics of the included philosophical concepts and of Lesser Black 
Magic. See also #F6J." 

6J. The Powers of Evil by Richard Cavendish. NY: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1975. 
(TOS-3) MA: "While preparing #4C and editing #4E, Cavendish was intrigued by 
certain recurring themes relative to the notion of 'evil' in cross-cultural contexts 
involving death, darkness, sex, disorder, etc. This book is his effort, as an 
acknowledged skeptic and agnostic, to deal with these themes. The result is not a 
full survey of the philosophy and theology of 'evil', but it is a good introduction. 
The book's defect is that Cavendish, as a consequence of his detachment, is forced 
to rely upon second-hand sources for his data and so can only report others' direct 
impressions [which can be somewhat less than objective]. Much of the book's 300 
pages are weighted down with the usual, tiresome collection of occult anecdotes 
and mythological stories." 


6K. The Satanic Bible by Anton Szandor LaVey. NY: Avon Books #NS44, 
1969 [hardcover edition from University Books, 1972]. (COS-1) (TOS-3) (TRP-1) 
(LVT-1) MA: "This book summarizes the social and magical philosophy of the 
Church of Satan at the time of its writing, but it is not a compendium of all C/S 
doctrines of subsequent years. LaVey was the founder and High Priest of the C/S 
and Magus V° of the Age of Satan (1966-1975 CE). Included are instructions for a 
'basic' Satanic ritual, as well as LaVey 's 'Satanic' version of the Enochian Keys of 
John Dee [see category 11]. Introduction to the hardcover edition by M.A. Aquino, 
then IV° C/S. Introduction to the most recent Avon edition by Burton Wolfe, 
author of #6M. Chapter 4 of #6N reviews #6K in detail." JL: "Although research 
by the Temple of Set has shown that the 'Book of Satan' section was plagiarized 
from Ragnar Redbeard's Might is Right (1896), the 'Nine Satanic Statements' from 
Ayn Rand, and the 'Enochian Keys' from Ipsissimus Crowley's Equinox, #6K was 
the leading reference volume for Satanists during years V-5/X of the Age of Satan. 
Just as Ipsissimus Crowley was faced with opposition from the momentum from 
the lEon of Osiris, Magus LaVey boldly confronted society with a Church in honor 
of the Devil. Without the dramatic impact of the Age of Satan, the lEon of Set 
would have been longer coming into being." DW: "This book is one of the most 
effective workings in the English-speaking world. It set up the path of Satanic 
initiation, which utilizes the forces of the world as the resistance necessary for the 
individual to gain power. It was designed to produce a solve, a dissolving of the 
world. As such it will remain a powerful force in the world; as long as there are 17- 
year-olds, it will be in print. It failed to provide a new vision directly, but it is the 
nature of works of destruction that they carry the seeds of a new creation. The lEon 
of Set is that creation. This book isn't here for inspiration, but as a model of how to 
shake things up, if that is what you want to do. But you'll have to come up with a 
new figure to shake things up with: Satan now sells T-shirts and music albums." 

6L. The Satanic Rituals by Anton Szandor LaVey. NY: Avon Books #W359, 
1972 [hardcover edition from University Books, 1972]. (COS-1) (TOS-3) (TRP-1) 
(LVT-3) MA: "Companion volume to #6K, this book contains a discussion of 
ritual theory and a selection of rituals (French, German, Russian, Persian, and 
Church of Satan) adapted and/or written by LaVey for the Church. The historical 
claims for the texts are improbable, although each text does incorporate ethnic 
and/or historical images of interest to the magician. A theoretical essay on H.P. 
Lovecraft and two accompanying Lovecraftian rituals were contributed by M.A. 
Aquino. Chapter 21 of #6N reviews #6L in detail, and #6N also contains 
uncensored/original/authentic versions of some of the rituals published in #6L. 
Performances of early (ca. III/1968) versions of a C/S Black Mass, the Stifling Air, 
and other ritual sequences may be seen in the film Satanis [see comments under 
#6M]. See also #6AA & #6AB." JL: "In the lEon of Set our Understanding and 
application of ritual magic have evolved substantially since the Age of Satan. And 
yet the rituals created and collected by the original Church of Satan deserve 
preservation [and application as appropriate] rather than neglect. Rituals of any 


religion are an expression of the magical and philosophical trends of the host 
society." DW: "A good source of ritual texts to be reworked and redesigned in a 
Setian context. Of particular importance are: (1) the 'Vorspiele' , which 
demonstrates that the laws of consciousness evolve through time and culture - an 
excellent reworking of the Eighth Precept of the Emerald Tablet of Hermes 
Trismegistus; (2) the 'Ceremony of the Nine Angles', which demonstrates the 
GBM principle that one may attain inner psychic order, the existence of the Xeper 
of mankind's most noble heritage [If they did it, I can do it.]; and (3) the 'Adult 
Satanic Baptism' , which establishes control of the psyche as the key to power." 

6M. The Devil's Avenger by Burton H. Wolfe. NY: Pyramid Books, 1974. 
(COS-1) (TOS-3) (LVT-3) MA: "A biography of LaVey and an account of the 
Church of Satan's San Francisco operations from 1/1966 to III/1968, including 
profiles of some early C/S members. The book brings out the impressive scope of 
LaVey's exposure to the art, history, and institutions of occultism and to many 
colorful personalities on the fringe of contemporary society. Unfortunately the 
book is also extremely propagandistic, advancing many 'facts' which are either 
questionable or known to be false - for example the chapter recounting a supposed 
LaVey/Marilyn Monroe affair, and the final chapter with several distortions 
concerning the post-Ill Church of Satan. Moreover the personality profiles are 
unrepresentative of the mainstream of post-Ill Satanists both within and without 
the San Francisco area. Specific details may be checked with III°+ officials, or 
with any II°+ Setian owning a copy of #6N. An interesting photo section is 
included in #6M. Burton Wolfe also wrote another book which is of interest, if 
only as a curiosity, to collectors of C/S memorabilia: The Devil and Dr. Noxin (San 
Francisco: Wild West Publishing House, 1973). This paperback is a political- satire 
play picking generally on Richard Nixon but incidentally on several other political 
personalities of that time. Ritual sequences and philosophical principles from the 
1966-68 Church of Satan are included as a running theme throughout the play, and 
are favorably/seriously treated. Oddly enough The Devil and Dr. Noxin was not 
publicized nor promoted by LaVey at the time of its publication or, as far as I 
know, thereafter." JL: "Taken with a large grain of salt because of the self-serving 
exaggerations and inaccuracies, this colorful portrait of Anton LaVey nonetheless 
illustrates the first steps that he and others around him took ca. 1966-68 towards 
developing the Church and Age of Satan." 

6N. The Church of Satan by Michael A. Aquino. San Francisco: Temple of 
Set, 1983-2002. (TOS-3) (TRP-3) (LVT-1) MA: "A detailed analytical and 
documentary history of the Church of Satan from 1/1966 to X/1975. 37 chapters, 
photograph section, 161 appendices, and topical index, all totalling well over one 
million words [about the length of the unabridged Crowley Equinox (#9G)]." JL: 
"Now in its final/fifth edition, #6N remains the most accurate history of the Church 
of Satan and its Magus. The Order of Leviathan designates it with a '1' rating 
because of its reliability and the wealth of Magical history and approaches to life 


documented therein." Available in .pdf format at: 

60. Houses That Kill by Roger de Lafforest. NY: Berkley Medallion Books 
#425-02620-125, 1972. (TOS-5) (TRP-5) MA: "Anton LaVey originally intended 
to follow #6L with a collection of essays entitled From the Devil's Notebook. 
Among these was to be an essay on Satanic architecture in general and the Law of 
the Trapezoid in particular [discussed in #6N]. Mention of #60 was censored from 
the Church of Satan's newsletter by LaVey because it appeared to preempt the 
planned FTDN essay. #60 suffers from a certain amount of sensationalism, but it is 
a first step into the unexplored region of 'negative architecture'. Chapters on 
open/closed air, types of afflictions, cancer, waves and currents, walls, retention of 
memories ('haunted houses'), and remedies & precautions. Certain infamous case 
studies are offered." DW: "If this one doesn't send you over the deep end, try his 
Fate Control." 

6P. Hollywood Babylon (San Francisco: Straight Arrow Books, 1975) and 
Hollywood Babylon II (NY: New American Library, 1984) by Kenneth Anger. 
[Deutschland: Hollywood Babylon (2 Bande). Rogner & Bernhard Verlag, 
Mlinchen, 1985.] (COS-1) (TOS-3) MA: "Anger is an 'underground film maker' 
[whose style anticipated today's 'music videos' by about 20 years] who became 
fascinated with Aleister Crowley and with Anton LaVey during the early days of 
the Church of Satan. [Anger's films Scorpio Rising and Inauguration of the 
Pleasure Dome contain Crowley themes, while Invocation of my Demon Brother 
includes a cameo appearance by Anton LaVey. The most recent version of Lucifer 
Rising, despite its title, includes no C/S themes.] Anger's view of Hollywood is 
characterized by savage, decadent nostalgia - captured to perfection in Hollywood 
Babylon II II. Anton LaVey was gripped by many of the same emotions in the 
1973-75 period, with a resultant influence on the Church of Satan as discussed in 
#6N. [For a 'tourist guidebook' to many of the sites discussed in HBI/II, see 
Richard Lamparski's Lamparski's Hidden Hollywood (NY: Simon & Schuster, 
1981). It contains capsule biographies, addresses, and photos of the various stars of 
HB vintage, among which is a misleading account of Marilyn Monroe derived in 
part from Anton LaVey.] [See also The Movie Lover's Guide to Hollywood by 
Richard Alleman (NY: Harper & Row/Harper Colophon Books #CN1262, 1985) 
for an excellent on-site guidebook complete with addresses, descriptions, photos, 
and maps. Another good guide is Ken Schessler's This Is Hollywood (Los Angeles: 
Southern California Book Company, 1984): 'Hundreds of exciting and unusual 
places to visit, including historical sites, landmarks, murders, suicides, graves.']" 

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6Q. The Second Coming: Satanism in America by Arthur Lyons. NY: Dodd, 
Mead, 1970. (COS-3) (TOS-3) AL: "Discusses our Church from an objective 
standpoint, shows how the media have maligned our Order, and gives concise 
comparisons with the beliefs of some of the 'Satanic cults'." MA: "A 'lightweight' 
historical survey of Satanism, concluding with 'magazine- story' coverage of the 
Church of Satan. Lyons was a 1° C/S whose active participation in the Church was 
limited to San Francisco ca. 1969. In 1988 this book was extensively revised, 
expanded, updated, and republished (NY: Mysterious Press) under the title Satan 
Wants You: The Cult of Devil Worship in America. New chapters analyze and 
expose the 'criminal Satanism' scare of the 1980s. The new edition's only 
drawback is that Lyons, apparently out of personal devotion to Anton LaVey, 
significantly misrepresents the crisis of 1975 in the Church of Satan and portrays 
that institution as continuing unabated. In a similar vein he distorts the origins and 
post- 1975 development of the Temple of Set. Lyons corrected some of the more 
blatant errors in the subsequent paperback edition of this book by the same 
publisher, but the LaVey-obsequiousness continues. Although Satan Wants You is 
the more current and sophisticated of Lyons books, therefore, The Second Coming 
remains the more honest one." 

6R. Rasputin by Colin Wilson. London: Panther Books, 1966. (COS-3) AL: 
"An insight into the workings of a truly Satanic magician." MA: "Anton LaVey 
was strongly impressed by Rasputin both as an individual and as a social influence. 
This is most evident from the 'Russian' section of #6L." 

6S. Pedlar of Death: The Life of Sir Basil Zaharoff by Donald McCormick. 
London: Macdonald & Co., 1965. (TOS-3) MA: "Zaharoff was a European 
munitions agent from 1877 to his death in 1936. He was also a behind-the-scenes 
manipulator of politics [towards war] and a British knight. Though never included 
on a Church of Satan reading list, this book was the primary source of Anton 
LaVey 's fascination with Zaharoff as a skilled, Machiavellian Lesser Magician. 
LaVey also admired Zaharoff s Howard Hughes-like avoidance of public scrutiny - 
to the point of deliberate sabotage of records concerning him. McCormick' s 
research is careful, exhaustive, and convincing, making this book the definitive one 
on the subject. McCormick also wrote #6T." 

6T. The Hell-Fire Club by Donald McCormick. London: Jarrolds Publishers 
Ltd, 1958. (TOS-3) MA: "McCormick (also author of #6S) argues that the long- 
standing image of the Hellfire Club as an elite Satanic [in the strict, theological 
sense] society is erroneous. His research leads him to the position that the club was 
neither diabolist nor decadent, but simply an example of 'rakemanship' common 
among British clubs of the day. His evidence and argument are [regrettably] 
convincing. This thesis is explored in greater depth in #6AC." 


6U. The Family by Ed Sanders. NY: E.P. Dutton, 1971. (TOS-3) MA: "The 
definitive study of the Manson Family, with extensive treatment of its alleged 
exposure to such occult organizations as the Process Church of the Final Judgment 
[see also #6AD] and the Solar Lodge of the O.T.O. While the public was quick to 
brand Charles Manson a 'Satanist' , his own Family considered him Jesus Christ. In 
a sense that neither the public nor his Family understood, perhaps he was [and is] a 
Satanist. To prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi, Manson' s 'evil' was easy to identify & 
condemn. This book is by no means an apology for Manson; if anything, it paints 
him in even more horrific colors than Helter Skelter. But the picture also emerges 
of a far more complex individual than generally seen by the public. In 1989 this 
book was reissued by Signet (ISBN 0-451-16563-2). Although there are five new 
chapters updating the history of the Mansonites, this new edition also omits an 
entire chapter on the infamous 'Solar Lodge of the O.T.O. ' as well as several 
references to the O.T.O. and the Process. [This is as the result of a lawsuit filed 
against Dutton by the Process after the publication of the original edition - won in 
the United States but lost in England.] Hence it is useful to acquire both editions of 
this book. For Manson' s own version of his life and the development of the 
Family, see Nuel Emmons, Manson in his Own Words (NY: Grove Press, 1986). In 
this narrative Manson downplays the legends that grew up around him and 
rationalizes his actions in terms of his personal alienation from and antagonism 
towards society in general. Another portrait of Manson is offered by Nikolas 
Schreck in The Manson File (NY: Amok Press, 1988). This compendium of 
Manson documents & memorabilia also includes commentary on Manson' s 
relationship to the Process and other occult groups/ideas [See also 'Distant Echoes 
of Helter Skelter' in Runes #111-3.]" 

6V. Rosemary's Baby by Ira Levin. NY: Random House, 1967. [Deutschland: 
Rosemary 's Baby. Europaische Bildungsgemeinschaft, Stuttgart, 1984.] (TOS-3) 
MA: "Written a year after the founding of the Church of Satan and made into a 
dramatically-successful movie in 1968, this 'contemporary Gothic' novel reveals 
Satanists to be 'the people next door' - and rather cultured ones at that. Although 
Anton LaVey gave Roman Polanski advice concerning the film, he did not, as is 
rumored, personally play the role of Satan in it. Rosemary's Baby as both a book 
and a film touched off a wave of interest in the occult generally and in Satanism in 
particular. In the words of Roman Castevet: 'To 1966 - the Year One!' See also 

6W. The Circus of Dr. Lao by Charles G. Finney. NY: Viking Press, 1935 
[reprinted paperback: Avon #19190, 1974]. [Deutschland: Dr. Laos grosser Zirhus. 
Klett-Kotta Verlag, Stuttgart, 1984.] (COS-1) (TOS-3) (LVT-3) AL: "A tale that 
tells it all; every human foible is dissected. It is the epic of man's desire and 
futility: Zarathustra under canvas - an excursion to the highest Llamasery of the 
Red Monks for those who can read it." MA: "This is the story of a traveling circus 
which arrives suddenly in a small town in the Arizona desert. It is a very unusual 


circus, including among its attractions a satyr, Apollonius of Tyana, a Gorgon, a 
mermaid, a roc, a chimaera, a sea-serpent, and a werewolf. Its main show includes 
such exotica as a witches' sabbath, complete with personal appearance by Satan. 
Dr. Lao, the enigmatic Chinaman who ringmasters this show, is one minute a 
bumpkin, the next an intellectual, and always a magician - in short, a kind of 
Chinese ASLV. No turn back on him preeze! See also #F6L." JL: "Finney's book, 
although not easy to find even in paperback, is a superb trek into the universe of a 
Magician highly skilled in ECI, LBM, and GBM." 

6X. The Omen by David Seltzer. NY: New American Library, 1976. (TOS-5) 
MA: "Revelation 13:18. See also #F6M." 

6Y. Damien - Omen II by Joseph Howard. NY: New American Library, 1978. 
(TOS-5) MA: "I John 4:3. See also #F6N." 

6Z. The Final Conflict by Gordon McGill. NY: New American Library, 1980. 
(TOS-5) MA: "Revelation 13: 1 1. See also #F60." 

6AA. Devil Worship: The Sacred Books and Traditions of the Yezidiz by Isya 
Joseph. Boston: Richard G. Badger/The Gorham Press, 1919. (TOS-3) MA: "This 
rare little book was Anton LaVey's source for the Yezidi section of #6L, including 
the ritual texts quoted. As noted in #6N, Joseph bases these rituals and his own 
conclusions upon an 'Arabic manuscript presented to me by my friend Daud as- 
Saig ... a man of culture, in sympathy with western thought, etc' When Joseph's 
book was assessed in 1967 by Royal Asiatic Society anthropologist C.J. Edmonds, 
he noted that it remained unauthenticated. Fellow R.A.S. scholar Alphonso 
Mingana considered the ritual texts offered by Joseph as simple forgeries, based 
upon Mingana' s analysis of their grammar & syntax. These evaluations and 
objections were apparently unknown to [or ignored by] Anton LaVey when he 
included the Joseph material in #6L. The Temple of Set' s texts of the Yezidi rituals 
in question are included as appendices to #6N, and are based upon current doctoral 
papers at the University of California, Los Angeles, obtained through the 
Anthropology Library at UC Berkeley. The UCLA papers reveal Joseph's account 
and analysis to be incomplete and factually suspect. For Yezidi culture, your best 
starting point is #6AB." 

6AB. A Pilgrimage to Lalish by C.J. Edmonds. London: Royal Asiatic Society 
of Great Britain and Ireland, 1967. (TOS-3) MA: "This small, concisely-written 
book remains the most coherent and reliable published book concerning Yezidi 
culture to date. It does not contain any of the Yezidi religious or magical texts, 
however. The authentic text of the Yezidi Book of the Revelation [corrected and 
expanded from the Joseph version contained in #6L] is reprinted as Appendix 65 of 
#6N. The other principal Yezidi text, the Mashaf-a Resh (Black Scripture), is not 
reprinted in #6N because of its length, but a copy is available in the archives of the 


Temple of Set." 

6AC. Dashwood: The Man and the Myth by Eric Towers. London: Crucible 
(Aquarian Press/Thorsons Publishing Group, 1986. (TOS-4) MA: 'This is the 
definitive account of Sir Francis Dashwood and his Medmenham Abbey, complete 
with extensive photo sections. This continues and reinforces the thesis of #6T, 
offering evidence that Dashwood' s 'occult' activities consisted largely of revels in 
honor of Apollo and Bacchus in West Wycombe Park, with the only possible 
Satanic element being hearsay rumors about a 'closed room/chapel' in Dashwood' s 
Abbey. This room was reputed to be accessible only to the 'monks' of Dashwood' s 
group, and to be decorated with obscene/ blasphemous pictures. If, so, the decor 
was removed later, for the Abbey today shows no trace of it in any room. An 
interesting side-note is that the Dashwood group never called itself the 'Hellfire 
Club'. That name actually belonged to a club of libertines formed in London many 
years earlier (1719) by the Duke of Wharton, which became so scandalous that the 
crown shut it down with a proclamation denouncing 'certain scandalous clubs or 
societies of young persons who meet together, and in the most impious and 
blasphemous manner insult the most sacred principles of our Holy Religion, 
affront Almighty God himself, and corrupt the minds and morals of one another'. 
By contrast the frolics at West Wycombe seem to have been rather less extreme. 
Towers' book includes an interesting discussion of how rumors about Dashwood' s 
doings multiplied over the centuries until it was taken for granted that he presided 
over every kind of depravity at Medmenham, to include Dennis Wheatley- style 
Black Masses. Over the main entrance to Medmenham can still be seen the 
inscription FAY CE QUE VOUDRAS from Dr. Francois Rabelais' 'Abbey of 
Theleme' in his novel Gargantua, which Aleister Crowley would later borrow for 
his 'Do What Thou Wilt' Law and for his own Abbey in Sicily." 

6AD. Satan's Power: A Deviant Psychotherapy Cult by William Sims 
Bainbridge. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978. (TOS-4) MA: "The 
definitive account of the 'Process Church of the Final Judgment', a quasi-Satanic 
movement that existed in the late 1960s-early 1970s. It was more the product of the 
'Jesus Freak' atmosphere of the time than of authentic Satanism, as it was a 
'hippie' religion that acknowledged four deities - Jehovah, Christ, Satan, and 
Lucifer - in a complementary relationship. Predictably it was the 'Satanic' 
component of the Process that attracted the most attention - from aspirants and 
external critics alike - and the Process proved unable to come to grips with this 
symbolism and its implications. Bainbridge shows how the organization was 
erroneously linked to the Manson Family in Sanders' The Family (#6U), and how 
its failure to successfully dispute and reject this linkage resulted in the breakdown 
and eventual dissolution of the group. Theologically/philosophically the Process 
was ignorant of Satanism, so the primary value of this account is as an account of 
the dangers faced by an unskilled group perceived by society as 'Satanic' in the 
conventional/evil sense. [Principal name disguises: Process = 'Power'. Processean 

- 200 - 

= 'Powerite'. DeGrimston = 'de Forest Jones'.] Bainbridge is Assistant Professor 
of Sociology at the University of Washington." 

6AE. Satanismus by Josef Dvorak. 1989. (LVT-2) JL: "Written in German, 
Satanismus deals with Satanskult analyses ranging from Aleister Crowley to Anton 
LaVey to the homocidal Manson. The Grand Master's German is less polished 
than could be desired; hopefully an English translation will become available." 

6AF. Satanic Panic: The Creation of a Contemporary Legend by Jeffrey S. 
Victor. Chicago: Open Court, 1993. (TOS-3) MA: "Simply the most 
comprehensive and objective analysis to date of the 'Satanic crime' urban myth of 
the late- 1980s. Available in both hardcover (ISBN 0-8126-9191-1) and paperback 
(ISBN 0-81 26-9 192-X). This book is not essential for Setians who are not 
personally interested in the myth and the scams resulting from it. But if you are 
interested, this book is indispensable. An exhaustive bibliography is appended, as 
are names and addresses of important specialized contacts, both individuals and 
organizations. Victor is Professor of Sociology at the State University of New 
York and has an extensive academic background in the study of rumor-panics." 

6AG. In Pursuit of Satan: The Police and the Occult by Robert D. Hicks. 
Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1991 (ISBN 0-87975-604-7). (TOS-3) MA: "The 
best book on the subject of #6AF from a professional law-enforcement perspective. 
When the 'Satanic scare' was instigated, law-enforcement agencies were caught 
off-guard, having virtually no background or experience in 'cult- hunting'. To make 
matters worse, some officers had personal religious biases and agendae that 
colored their approach to the scare. This book provides a historical overview of 
what resulted, together with a methodical presentation of facts to prevent a similar 
over-reaction from recurring. Hicks, a former police officer, is a criminal justice 
analyst who advises Virginia law-enforcement agencies." 

6AH. Lords of the Left-Hand Path: A History of Spiritual Dissent by Stephen 
E. Flowers. Runa-Raven Press, P.O. Box 557, Smithville, TX 78957, 1992. (TS-3). 
Order directly from Runa-Raven for US$40 postpaid domestic. Overseas orders 
include approximate surface or airmail book postage. MA: "The definitive survey 
of the 'Satanic tradition' throughout recorded history and the world's major 
cultures. Flowers is a Magus V° of the Temple of Set, Grand Master of its Order of 
the Trapezoid, Yrmin-Drighten RX of the Rune-Gild, and a Ph.D. in Germanic 
Studies - as well as author of many definitive books in ancient north European 
history and esoterica. Chapter titles (& just some of the subtopics): The Left-Hand 
Path (defined); The Eastern Traditions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism); 
The Roots of the Western Tradition (paganism, Greece, north Europe, Semitic, 
Hamitic, cult of Set); The First Millennium (Gnosticism, Christianity, Islam, 
Assassins, Yezidi); The Path of Satan (Middle Ages, dualists, pantheists, 
witchcraft, Faust); Lucifer Unbound (Hellfire Club, de Sade, Goethe, modern 

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Devil-concepts); An Interlude in the Absolute Elsewhere (Nazi occultism); The 
Occult Revival (Theosophy, Crowley, Fraternitas Saturni, Spare, Gurdjieff, 
modern witchcraft); Anton Szandor LaVey (& Church of Satan); Michael A. 
Aquino: The Temple of Set; Offshoots & Parallels. Appendices include a 
discussion of 'Satanism' as a fundamentalist urban legend." 

6AI. The Yezidis: A Study in Survival by John S. Guest. London: KPI, 1987. 
(TOS-3) DW: "Contains the sacred texts and information on the Yezidi as a living 
culture from an anthropologist who has lived among them. Fascinating stuff." 

6AJ. The Fortunes of Faust by E.M. Butler. London: Cambridge University 
Press, 1952. (TOS-4) DW: "This volume, third in a recommended trilogy of The 
Myth of the Magus and Ritual Magic, deals with the Faust legend, a Christianized 
Remanifestation of the Odhinn's 'sacrifice of himself to himself - in other words, 
making a deal with your own psyche, which under the anti-psyche mode of 
monotheism became 'Satanic'. Dealing with figures of Don Juan and Faust, Butler 
shows how the pagan concept of the magus endured and appealed to artists - an 
archetype which could not and cannot be banished." 

6AK. The Satanic Screen by Nikolas Schreck. London: Creation Books, 2001. 
(TOS-3) MA: "An exhaustive, incisive, and provocative survey of all films made 
with Satanic themes. This is no mere recitation or catalogue, as Schreck (a 
Magister Templi IV° of the Temple of Set at the time of publishing) possesses both 
the initiatory perspective and the film- world experience to bring out not just the 
entertaining and horrific aspects of each movie, but its [intentional or accidental] 
philosophical and magical power as well. Mention must also be made of Schreck' s 
writing style, which is elegant-yet- slashing in the tradition of the Esthetes and 

6AL. Flowers From Hell: A Satanic Reader by Nikolas Schreck (Ed.). 
London: Creation Books, 2001. (TOS-3) MA: "An exhaustive collection of the 
most elegant and inspiring writings concerning Satan or Satanic themes by authors 
Dante Alighieri, Christopher Marlowe, John Milton, Johann Goethe, William 
Beckford, Matthew Lewis, Charles Maturin, Washington Irving, Edgar Allan Poe, 
Charles Baudelaire, J-K. Huysmans, Mark Twain, Anatole France, Max Beerbohm, 
and Aleister Crowley. The Diabolicon is also publicly published for the first time. 
At least as fascinating as the classic contents of this volume is Schreck' s extensive 
Introduction "The Luciferian Vision", in which he examines not only each 
individual text, but the personality and psychology of each author." 

* * * 

- 202 - 

F6A. The Devil's Rain. 1975. MA: "In 1974 CE Robert Fuest, who directed 
the Dr. Phibes films, decided to film a horror movie with Satanism as its theme. 
He took an anemic novel about Wiccan-witchcraft in New England and hired 
Anton LaVey as technical advisor to spice it up, which he did - adding touches of 
LaVey artwork, Mexican extras chanting Enochian Keys, and 'Satanic Priest' 
Ernest Borgnine intoning extracts from the invocation in my 'Ceremony of the 
Nine Angles' in #6L. The setting was moved to Durango, Mexico ('Redstone'), 
and the colorful cast included Ida Lupino, William Shater [just before the Star Trek 
movie revival], John Travolta [his screen debut - a fight & fall downstairs], and 
cameos for Anton (a gold-helmeted Priest) and Diane (Borgnine' s colonial-era 
wife) LaVey. While the film was [and is] lots of fun for those in the know about all 
this, it bombed at the box office and is today only rarely shown on television. See 
discussion in #6N." 

F6B. Asylum of Satan. 1975. Charles Kissinger, Carla Borelli. MA: DVD: 
"Something Weird Video" #ID1598SWDVD. "Around 1971CE, when I was Priest 
111° of the C/S Nineveh Grotto in Louisville, Kentucky, a local commercial film 
company decided to try for the big time by making a Satanic horror movie - using 
local theatrical talent. Since they had a Church of Satan in town, they asked us if 
we would handle the ritual scene. I wrote the script, Nineveh designed the 
chamber, and we imported the Rosemary's Baby devil- suit [with a new head] from 
Hollywood. The result of all this was a turkey of a movie with, if I say so, a rather 
zesty ritual sequence. The company is no longer in existence, but somehow this 
thing survived as a videocassette - and later, in 2002, as a digitally-remastered, 
widescreen DVD, complete with a commentary by the original filmmakers which 
is at least as charming as the film itself Dry-ice, rubber snakes & bugs, and plaid 
trousers on the hero will all scare you frightfully. See discussion in #6N." 

F6C. The Devil Rides Out. Hammer Films, 1968. Screenplay by Richard 
Matheson. Director: Terence Fisher. Christopher Lee. (LVT-2) MA: "Probably one 
of the best Hammer films ever made - now available in a Hammer Collection 
videocassette. It is a very accurate screenplay of Dennis Wheatley's first and most 
famous Satanism novel. Look for Charles Gray's silky-evil portrayal of Mocata, 
the character whom Wheatley specifically modeled after Aleister Crowley, an 
acquaintance of his. [One other Wheatley Satanism novel, To the Devil a 
Daughter, was also made into a film, but it is a ghastly mess which bears no 
comparison to the book. Wheatley's novels are generally available in British 
editions, with occasional American publication. Other novels in his 'Satanism' 
series include The Satanist, They Used Dark Forces, and The Ka of Gifford 
Hillary." JL: "The novel is far better than the movie, but few can resist taking a 
look at the cinematographer's art turned to the subject of Black Magic. Christopher 
Lee stars as de Richleau, the rich man's Indiana Jones, although his IJ exploits are 
mentioned only in passing. Of far more interest is Charles Gray's portrayal of 
Ipsissimus Mocata, particularly in his discussion of the moral aspects of Magic. 


The film also has in its cast Paul Eddington, a British actor who has turned for the 
most part to comedy. It might have been that DB was a bit too much for him." 

F6D. Fade to Black. 1983. Dennis Christopher and Linda Kerridge, Mickey 
Rourke. Director: Vernon Zimmerman. MA: "In the flavor of Anger's Hollywood 
Babylon books, this is a horror movie about a young, aliented film buff, Eric 
Binford, who, in a different application of lycanthropy, assumes various characters 
from classic films to give himself 'their powers'. Readers of #6N will recognize 
the parallels to the 1974+ interests of Anton LaVey, to include the presence of 
Marilyn Monroe as Eric's ideal woman and 'death angel'." 

F6E. Rosemary 's Baby. 1968. Mia Farrow, John Cassavetes, Ruth Gordon, 
Sidney Blackmer, Maurice Evans, Ralph Bellamy. Produced by William Castle. 
Directed by Roman Polanski. MA: "This film is so well known to contemporary 
Satanists that little need be said. After the smash success of the novel, Polanski 
filmed it with virtually no modifications whatever. Contrary to rumor, Anton 
LaVey did not play the part of the Devil in it, but consulted briefly with Polanski in 
Los Angeles before the film was shot at the Dakota building in New York City. 
Unusual music by Christopher Komeda, who died shortly afterwards. Chocolate 
mousse was added to Levin's story because of the excellent CM at the 'He de 
France' restaurant across West 72nd from the Dakota - where the Priesthood had a 
dinner meeting at the 3rd Eastern Conclave of the C/S at Halloween 1972. See 
further discussion in #6N." 

F6F. The Abominable Dr. Phibes. 1971. Vincent Price, Joseph Cotten, Hugh 
Griffith, Terry-Thomas. Director: Robert Fuest. MA: "A campy horror movie with 
Price as a disfigured ex-vaudevillain (nice pun) seeking vengeance against a team 
of physicians he believes responsible for the death of his wife. What makes the 
movie is the lush atmosphere of Art Nouveau/Art Deco with which Phibes 
surrounds himself in the magical 'universe' he has created for himself. See further 
discussion in #6N." 

F6G. Dr. Phibes Rises Again. 1972. Vincent Price, Robert Quarry, Terry- 
Thomas. Director: Robert Fuest. MA: 'The success of #F6F prompted this sequel, 
even more lavish than the original. Phibes travels to Egypt in search of the river of 
immortality, dispatching assorted inconvenient archaeologists and policemen on the 
way. See further discussion in #6N." 

F6H. The Brotherhood of Satan. 1971. Strother Martin, L.Q. Jones. MA: 
"After the success of Rosemary' s Baby, Hollywood floundered around trying to 
capitalize on the Satanism theme with a couple of failures like The Mephisto Waltz. 
#F6H was the first film to start 'getting it right', and it was the brainchild of a 
little- known producer/director, L.Q. Jones, who also starred as the sheriff in the 

- 204" 

film. Strother Martin plays a surprisingly effective Satanic Priest." 

F6I. The Black Cat. Universal, 1934. Boris Karloff, Bela Lugosi. MA: "A 
remarkable essay in Art Deco/Satanism starring Karloff as the Satanist and Lugosi 
as his only-slightly-less-sinister opponent. The story line, centering on a house 
modeled after the Ennis-Brown house in Hollywood [see Runes #111-6], has 
nothing to do with the Poe version. Included is a stylized Black Mass - about as 
close as Hollywood would come to UFA-expressionism." 

F6J. The Magus, ca. 1968. Michael Caine, Anthony Quinn, Candice Bergen, 
Anna Karina. Director: Guy Green. Screenplay by John Fowles. MA: "The Magus, 
like Lord of the Rings, is one of those novels which is so subtle and complex that 
you have to read it about 2-3 times before you really begin to absorb it. The film 
was an excellent translation of the book to the screen - but only for persons who 
had previously digested the book. To a first-time viewer it was dreadfully 
confusing. Nevertheless, if you have read the book, the film is a fine set of 
illustrations to accompany it. Perfectly cast, with Quinn as Conchis, Caine as 
Nicholas, and Bergen as Lily/ Julie. Finally released as an unabridged video/DVD 
in 2006." 

F6K. Satanis, the Devil's Mass. 1970. DVD: "Something Weird Video" 
#ID1615SWDVD. MA: "Satanis was a commercial documentary of the Church of 
Satan in San Francisco, filmed in 1968CE and shown almost exclusively in a San 
Francisco art-theater. Available currently in DVD. Satanis includes ritual 
sequences, interviews with Anton, Diane, and Karla LaVey, and footage of the 
premises of the original Central Grotto house on California Street in San Francisco. 
An amusing sequence shows the blessing of Isaac Bonewits' penis by Anton 
LaVey. IB was later tossed out of the C/S and went on to become a self -proclaimed 
'druid'. Whether the spell is still effective is not known." DW: "Sometimes sold 
with Satanis is an episode of Brother Buzz, a San Francisco children's TV show, in 
which BB, a puppet bee, tells his friends about the lion Togare and his wonderful 
master Anton LaVey. A picture of Anton during his pre-Church of Satan ghost- 
hunting days, with some shots of his house." 

F6L. The Seven Faces of Dr. Lao. 1964. Tony Randall, Barbara Eden. 
Produced by George Pal. (LVT-3) MA: "On the whole, a pretty effective film 
treatment of #6W - a bit more lighthearted than the somewhat savage novel, 
however. Available in DVD." JL: "This film appears infrequently on cable stations 
and is also worth watching, particularly for those who have read the book." 

F6M. The Omen. 1976. MA: "See#6X." 
F6N. Damien: Omen II. 1978. MA: "See #6Y." 
F60. The Final Conflict. 1981. MA: "See #6Z." 


Category 7: HP. Lovecraft 

as of February 26, 2003 

MA: The novels and short stories of Howard Phillips Lovecraft are famed for 
their horrific imagery. To the Setian, however, their importance lies in their success in 
capturing emotion, motives, and patterns of behavior long suppressed to near- 
extinction by conventional civilization. These qualities may be effectively employed 
in Black Magical operations. Collectively the Lovecraft writings illustrate the concept 

of "genetic memory", also a key magical principle. [See also #6L and #6N.] 

* * * 

R. Winkhart IV°, Deutschland: "Die Werke von H.P. Lovecraft sind grossteils 
in Taschenbuchern des Suhrkamp-Verlages, Frankfurt in diversen Sammelbanden 
veroffentlicht worden. Dies als Hinweis zu 7B." 

7A. Lovecraft: A Biography by L. Sprague de Camp. NY: Doubleday & Co., 
1975 (paperback edition available). (TOS-3) MA: "This is the definitive biography 
and psychological profile of HPL, with detailed analyses of the philosophical 
principles he incorporated into his writings. In contrast to the sanitized image 
portrayed by August Derleth, de Camp covers all aspects of HPL's personality, 
socially-acceptable and otherwise. Consequently this biography has been criticized 
by some HPL fans who want to see their idol exemplify and reinforce their own 
social ideologies. Its objectivity, candor, and thoroughness nevertheless make it 
indispensible for a correct understanding of HPL the man, the writer, and the 

7B. The Dunwich Horror & Others I Dagon & Other Macabre Tales I The 
Mountains of Madness & Others I Tales of the Cthulhu Mythos (four volumes) by 
H.P. Lovecraft. Sauk City, Wisconsin: Arkham House, 1963+. (TOS-3) (TRP-1) 
(LVT-5) MA: 'The first three volumes contain the bulk of HPL's principal works, 
and the fourth contains both HPL material and selected stories by the most 
prominent writers of the 'Lovecraft Circle'. The magical philosophies and 
techniques illustrated herein were experimented with by the Church of Satan and 
are currently applied effectively by the Temple of Set." JL: 'The LVT places 
Lovecraft 's works in the '5' category not because we worry that anyone might 
inadvertently move his lips while reading, but because the rites and gods of HPL 
can be misused through misinterpretation. No one believes there to be a Cthulhu, 
and yet it is possible to become so involved with the creation of a Cthulhu working 
that one strays over into a King in Yellow trap with a resulting loss of contact with 
reality." DW: "Tales of the Cthulhu Mythos was re-edited 1990. These stories by 
diverse hands are powerful extensions of HPL concepts. Of particular note are 
'The Hounds of Tindalos' by Frank Belknap Long and 'The Terror from the 
Depths' by Fritz Leiber. If the latter' s theme of negative architecture grabs your 
fancy, look for his Our Lady of Darkness (very much a TOS-5)." 

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7C. The King in Yellow by Robert W. Chambers. NY: F. Tennyson Neely, 
1895 (Dover paperback available). (COS-5) (TOS-5) (LVT-5) AL: "First on my 
list, as it is the work of a writer of cheap romances who became daemonically 
possessed after being involved in espionage work of a delicate nature, the 
implications of which are still cycling. Chambers, in his literary emergence from 
the Impressionists of his day, cast a die for Lovecraft, Orwell, Huxley, and many 
others. Yes, the reading of The King in Yellow in its entirety can drive one mad, if 
one realizes the insidiousness of the thing." MA: "This is the book at the core of 
HPL's mythos and the model for his fictional Necronomicon. It constitutes the 
beginning of a type of Black Magic unknown prior to this century - at least in 
traditional esoteric circles. It may be read by the non-Initiate with consequences no 
worse than confusion, but to the Adept this book is exceedingly dangerous if 
misapplied. [See also #7J.]" JL: "Those conversant with the handling of dangerous 
chemicals or sensitive explosives will find #7C a book to be savored. Those not so 
skilled in cautious handling should delay #7C until later Initiatory levels are 

7D. The Necronomicon by George Hay (Ed.). London: Neville Spearman, 
1978. (TOS-3) MA: 'The fame of HPL's fictional Necronomicon inevitably 
inspired other authors to produce books purporting to actually be that terrible tome. 
Some are good-humored tributes; some appear to be deliberately fraudulent. This 
Hay version, which is both a collection of commentaries and a 'translation' of the 
Necronomicon, is both the most entertaining and the most scholarly of the good- 
humored types. Included are essays by Colin Wilson (#4A, #7E, etc.) and David 
Langford (#2 ID), with 'translation' by Robert Turner [from the 'John Dee Edition' 

- which was invented by Frank Belknap Long for one of his Cthulhu-mythos 

7E. The Mind Parasites by Colin Wilson. NY: Bantam Books #F-3905, 1967. 
[Deutschland: Die Seelenfresser. Marz Verlag, Berlin, 1983.] (TOS-3) MA: "When 
Wilson criticized HPL in The Strength to Dream, August Derleth challenged him 
to write a better HPL- style novel. Wilson's response was this book, the writing of 
which increased his respect for HPL and caused him to embark on his own series 
of related novels and short stories. This Bantam edition contains a preface by 
Wilson explaining this. Other novels in the series include #19A and The Space 
Vampires (sequel to Parasites - later made into the science-fiction movie Lifeforce 

- which in my opinion is more interesting than the Space Vampires novel)." 

7F. Selected Letters of H.P. Lovecraft, Volume V. Sauk City: Arkham House, 
1976. (TOS-4) MA: 'The fifth and final volume in this Letters series, this one is 
recommended because it encompasses the period 1934-37, when HPL's personal 
philosophy had reached its greatest maturity and complexity. Many of the letters 
are far more revealing of his thought than are even the most ambitious of his 
stories. Arkham House [and various paperback licensees] make a deliberate effort 

- 207" 

to keep the #7B books more or less continuously in print, but other Arkham works, 
such as the HPL Letters series, tend to be limited editions, infrequently reprinted if 
at all. Hence if you are interested in specialized Arkham works and see what you 
want in a used or specialty bookstore, you are advised to snap it up without delay if 
the price is reasonable." 

7G. Lovecraft at Last by HPL and Willis Conover. Arlington, Virginia: 
Carrollton/Clark, 1975. (TOS-4) MA: "This is a beautifully presented and bound 
account of HPL's correspondence with Conover, containing some unusual insights 
into the Cthulhu mythos and some rare photographs of HPL himself. Many HPL 
letters are included in both photo-facsimile and typeface - including one in which 
HPL recounts the history of his mythical Necronomicon in great detail, to include 
its inspiration by #7C." 

7H. The Man Who Lived in Inner Space by Arnold Federbush. NY: Bantam 
Books #Q8794, 1973. (TOS-5) (LVT-5) MA: "In this beautiful, ethereal, 
occasionally chilling novel, a man whose body and lifestyle are shattered by the 
surface world and its inhabitants becomes more and more enchanted by the sea, 
first watching it, then studying it, then living near it, then living in a permanently- 
submerged habitat, then finally adapting his body to an amphibian existence. HPL 
treated a related theme in his The Shadow Over Innsmouth, but the only horror to 
be found in Federbush' s account comes from the savagery of the surface world and 
its inhabitants. This is not a superficial novel, but one which looks carefully into 
human anatomy and oceanography. A powerful 'genetic memory' statement, it 
ranks with #7C and #22G as a magical text. An excellent non-fictional 
bibliography is appended for those who wish to pursue this area further." JL: 
"Federbush' s man of the sea is a magician who focuses his Art towards the central 
aim of Magic: the control of one's life and the universe impacting upon it. An 
entertaining book in its own right, it should nonetheless be read with some 

71. H.P. Lovecraft: A Critical Study by Donald R. Burleson. Westport, 
Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1983. (TOS-4) DW: "This is the best historical 
overview of Lovecraft' s life with reference to his fiction. Good information on 
how the fiction transformed the man. A great magical study." 

7J. The Hastur Cycle by Robert M. Price (Ed.). Oakland, California: 
Chaosium, 1993. ISBN: 1-56882-009-7. (TOS-5) MA: "In the words of the editor: 
'13 tales that created and define Dread Hastur, the King in Yellow, Nighted 
Yuggoth, and Dire Carcosa'. #7C was a lightning-rod that drew to itself various 
preexisting themes, melded them into a Working of Power, and sent them forth 
into Lovecraft' s Mythos and the Dead Dreams of others. Here in this volume are 
several of these Pre- and Remanifestations, by authors such as Bierce, Machen, 
Chambers, Blish, Campbell, Carter, and Derleth. Most fiendishly are actual 


attempts at reconstructing The King in Yellow drama itself by Blish and Carter - 
both too close to the Essence of the Pallid Mask for [their] comfort." DW: 
"Chaosium publishes an ongoing series of books of fiction connected to the 
Cthulhu Mythos, including many out-of-print items and rarities. As Chaosium is a 
gaming company, these books are available in many role- playing gaming stores. 
Volumes focus on a theme (such as the 'Hastur Cycle') or a writer (such as Bloch). 
A catalogue is available from Chaosium, 950-A 56th Street, Oakland, CA 94608- 
3129, USA." 

* * * 

F7A. The Curse. 1987. Claude Akins. MA: "Interesting treatment of HPL's 

The Color Out of Space." 

F7B. Die, Monster, Die! 1965. Boris Karloff, Nick Adams. MA: "Another 
shot at The Color Out of Space, much more stylized and remote from the original 

F7C. Re-Animator. 1985 Jeffrey Combs, Bruce Abbott. MA: "A charmingly 
horrible adaptation of HPL's early series of short stories Herbert West- 

F7D. From Beyond. 1986. Jeffrey Combs, Barbara Crampton. MA: "Since 
audiences survived #F7C, the same gang returned with this somewhat more 
startling HPL-theme film - not very true to the story, as Howard was not into black 
leather S&M, but reasonably Yuggothy." 

F7E. The Dunwich Horror. 1970. Sandra Dee, Dean Stockwell, Ed Begley, 
Sr., Sam Jaffe. MA: 'The first 'modern' HPL film. Sandra Dee was added to the 
story to give it a female victim, and there is nothing physically unusual about 
Wilbur Whateley, although Stockwell portrays him weirdly enough. The only 
appearance by the 'Old Ones' is as a group of hippies dancing through the 
meadows, which is a new one for this HPL-fan." 

F7F. The Haunted Palace. Vincent Price, Lon Chaney Jr. MA: "For some odd 
reason, this film is fully titled 'Edgar Allen Poe's The Haunted Palace. In actuality 
it has nothing to do with Poe; the story is adapted from HPL's novel The Strange 
Case of Charles Dexter Ward. It is a loose adaptation, fun for CDWophiles." 

F7G. The Resurrected. Live Home Video, 1991 (ISBN 1-55658-765-1). MA: 
"A superb rendition of The Case of Charles Dexter Ward, true to the original 
except moved forward to contemporary time. Available in DVD." 

- 209 - 

F7H. Dagon. 2001. MA: "Director Stuart Gordon, who gave us #F7C & 
#F7D, really outdid himself with this one, which is essentially HPL's The Shadow 
Over Innsmouth reset [interestingly/convincingly] to a decrepit Spanish fishing 
village. As is usual with HPL protagonists, things start creepy and get 
progressively worse. Don't watch this one late at night, alone, or if you're planning 
a Spanish coastal vacation." 

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Category 8: Vampirism and Lycanthropy 

as of February 26, 2003 

This category is important for much the same reason as #7: The legends of the 
vampire and the werewolf reveal suppressed characteristics of the human soul which 
the magician may recognize, control - and occasionally avoid when sensing them to 
obsess the personalities of immature or hysterical humans. It is important to note that 
the literature in this category is selected not for its story value, but for its in-depth 
treatment of these phenomena. Here may be found some of the most ancient and 
essential instincts and intelligent dispositions of the soul - qualities among the first to 
be challenged and ostracized by profane society because of its brutish fear of such 
godlike prerogatives. Because of the superstitious taboo which has lain over them for 
so many centuries, it is widely assumed by profane society that vampirism and 
lycanthropy are mere myths, playthings for monster-movies. They are not. 

8A. The Vampire Papers by Bernhardt J. Hurwood (Original title: Terror by 
Night, later released as The Monstrous Undead). NY: Pinnacle Books #523-00975- 
5, 1976. (TOS-3) MA: "Unlike the werewolf or vampire sections of most occult 
anthologies, this book focuses directly on the sexual and psychopathic bases of 
both archetypes. Other sections dealing with necrophilia, cannibalism, blood 
rituals, and premature burial have made this one of the books least likely to be kept 
in stock at your neighborhood bookstore. A short but informative bibliography is 
appended. [See also #81.] Books dealing exclusively with subjects such as 
necrophilia [sample title: The Love of the Dead (!)] were evaluated for this reading 
list but rejected as being mere attempts to pander to degenerate and morbid tastes. 
#8A relates such themes to the more significant precepts addressed by this reading 
list category." 

8B. The Annotated Dr acuta by Leonard Wolf. NY: Clarkson N. Potter, 1975 
(paperback edition also produced). (TOS-3) MA: "A richly-annotated facsimile 
publication of the first edition of the classic by Bram Stoker. This edition includes 
descriptions and explanations of the many factual events and references included in 
the novel. Complete with maps, photographs, and a series of magnificent 
illustrations by Satty. [Historical note: A review of this book was struck from the 
Church of Satan newsletter because of a clash between Anton LaVey and Wolf 
over the length of a 'Satanic pregnancy' (Wolf = 13 months, LaVey = 9 months) 
and also because of a parting of ways between LaVey and Satty some years back.] 
Wolf is also author of #8D." 

8C. The Vampire by Ornella Volta. NY: Award Books #A807S-MAC, 1962. 
(TOS-4) MA: "Only slightly less gory than #8A, this book explores various 
psychological implications of vampirism and proceeds to case studies. Again the 
nature of its contents makes it unlikely that this book will be easily located." 

- 211- 

8D. A Dream ofDracula: In Search of the Living Dead by Leonard Wolf. NY: 
Popular Library #445-00159-125, 1972. (TOS-4) MA: "This is a painstaking, if 
somewhat rambling and Freudian study of the vampire in contemporary society, 
with many references to historic incidents. Wolf is author of #8B and a San 
Francisco State University Professor. An excellent bibliography is appended." 

8E. The Werewolf by Montague Summers. New Hyde Park: University Books, 
1966. (TOS-3) MA: "Completed in 1933, this is a detailed history of lycanthropy, 
backed up with extensive notes and bibliographical entries. Useful as an overview 
of the subject. Not nearly as hysterical in tone as some of Summers' other works." 

8F. The Werewolf of Paris by Guy Endore. NY: Farrar & Rinehart, 1933. 
(TOS-5) MA: 'This novel is to lycanthropy what Dracula is to vampirism. If you 
are so rash as to order a copy, the book dealer may shoot you on sight [with a silver 
bullet]. Not advisable to read during the full Moon, particularly if you have 
neighbors who might resent your howling at it." 

8G. Man Into Wolf by Robert Eisner. NY: Philosophical Library, 1951 
(republished Santa Barbara: Ross-Erikson, Inc., 1978). (COS-4) (TOS-4) MA: 
"Highly regarded by Anton LaVey as a psychological analysis of lycanthropy, this 
work is an anthropologically-based treatment of sadism, masochism, and 
lycanthropy in the form of a 30-page lecture and 233 (!) pages of footnotes to that 
lecture. The issue is whether man is inherently savage or whether he imitated 
savagery from other species and hence has the prerogative to rid himself of it. The 
notes are very extensive, amounting to an annotated bibliography of lycanthropic 
literature. Introduction to the original edition by Sir David K. Henderson and to the 
1 978 edition by Donald Lathrop. " 

8H. Cult of the Cat by Patricia Dale Green. NY: Tower Publications, 1970 
[later reprinted as The Archetypal Cat by Spring Publications, Dallas, TX]. (COS- 
3) AL: "Without question the most enlightening book yet written on the 
relationship of the cat to Satanism." 

81. Vampires by Berhardt J. Hurwood. NY: Omnibus Press, 1981. (TOS-3) 
MA: "Hurwood (author of #8A) produced this as a 'coffee-table' book on 
vampires - bits and pieces of interesting information concerning vampirism in 
general. It is less analytical and psychological than #8A, while at the same time 
being more story-, movie-, and legend-oriented. Included are an extensive 
bibliography, an indexed listing of all films on the theme of vampirism, and even a 
directory of vampire-related organizations." 

8J. Interview with the Vampire by Anne Rice. NY: Ballantine Books, 1976. 
(VAM-1) (LVT-3) Robertt Neilly IV°: "Though TV has an excellent story line, its 
real value consists of its examples of vampiric/human characteristics thought to be 

- 212 - 

hidden from view. The story is told from the vampire's perspective, and addresses 
many aspects of the 'ancient & essential instincts' discussed in the preamble to this 
category. The novel also explores goals for those who would tap the mind's 
potential. Described is the process of transformation & transmutation from human 
to vampire, together with the experience of surviving death via the Will." J. Lewis 
VI°: "Anne Rice's vampires are beings operating generally at a highest and best 
level, although the human creeps in again and again. The Order of Leviathan 
affiliate will find her undead exploring the problem of an eternal, powerful 

8K. The Monster with a Thousand Faces: Guises of the Vampire in Myth and 
Literature by Brian J. Frost. Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green State 
University Popular Press, 1989. (TOS-3) (VAM-3) D&RW: "This tidy little 150- 
page survey covers both non-film vampire legends and the various ways in which 
vampiric themes have been treated in film. A very useful addendum to the book is 
an extensive list of novels and short stories dealing with the subject of vampirism. 
Frost is a long-time amateur devotee of weird fiction, and evidently accumulated 
enough data on this particular subject to assemble it thus." 

8L. The Living and the Undead: From Stoker's "Dracula" to Romero's 
"Dawn of the Dead" - by Gregory A. Waller. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 
1986. (TOS-3) (VAM-3) MA: "Contributed to the reading list by Setian James 
Sass. An exhaustive study of the influence of the vampire theme in contemporary 
Western culture, particularly through film interpretations, with special attention to 
the Hammer Film Draculas and the two versions of Nosferatu. A member of the 
English Department at the University of Kentucky, Waller extracts psychological 
details from these films with an intricacy most casual viewers might consciously 
miss - but which might very well affect their attitude towards the films 

8M. American Vampires: Fans, Victims, Practitioners by Norine Dresser. 
NY: W.W. Norton & Co. (ISBN 0-393-02678-7), 1989. (TOS-3) (VAM-3). MA: 
"Dresser is a teacher of folklore at the California State University, Los Angeles 
and is a research associate of the Center for the Study of Comparative Folklore at 
the University of California, Los Angeles. This book is a light and lively study of 
the vampire theme as present in American society today [to include the Temple of 
Set's Order of the Vampyre]. An added feature are the names and addresses of as 
many vampire-related societies as the author (ahem) dug up ..." 

8N. Lady of the Beasts by Buffie Johnson. NY: HarperCollins, 1988. (TOS-3) 
DW: "A study of the relationship between the divine and the savage feminine 
beast/godforms. Useful for beginning lycanthropes and the Arkte Element." 

* * * 


F8A. An American Werewolf in London. 1981. MA: "What would it really be 
like to (a) encounter a werewolf and/or (b) become one? Watch this film to find 
out. Then sniff out its sequel, AAWI Paris." 

F8B. Dracula. 1931. Bela Lugosi, Edward Van Sloan, Dwight Frye. MA: 
"Tod Browning's classic translation of the stage play Dracula to the screen. Needs 
no introduction for vampires and vampire-fans." 

F8C. The Wolf Man. Universal, 1941. Lon Chaney Jr., Claude Rains, Bela 
Lugosi, Maria Ouspenskaya. MA: "The first and best of the Universal 'wolfman' 
films, in which Lon Chaney Jr. made this role as much his as Lugosi did that of 

F8D. Nosferatu, Phantom of the Night. Fox. Isabell Adjani, Klaus Kinski. 
Director: Werner Herzog. Music: Popol Vuh. MA: 'There are scores, perhaps now 
hundreds of Dracula-theme movies in existence. This remake of the original 
Murnau Nosferatu is recommended not because Kinski makes a shudderingly-ugly 
Dracula, but because the film so eerily illustrates the not-living/not-dead phantom 
realm of the classical vampire, and the 'atmosphere' which accompanies him. See 
#8L for a strong discussion of the symbolism in the two Nosferatu films. When 
originally tested in the United States, this French/German film had English voice- 
overs. When finally released, it was in German with English subtitles, which 
prevents the audience from being absorbed into its scenes. Too bad! There are 
'French' and 'German' editions of the soundtrack album by Popol Vuh." 

F8E. Blood for Dracula. Andy Warhol/Paul Morrissey. Udo Kier, Joe 
Dallesandro. MA: "If you think you've seen all the Dracula variations there are to 
see, try this one: This Dracula (Kier) can only drink the blood of virgins. A frantic 
comedy ensues in his desperate quest to find one. The high point is reached when 
the sullen Dallesandro, a staple in Warhol/Morrissey films, seduces the only virgin 
daughter in the Italian family being stalked by the count. When caught in the act by 
the girl's understandably indignant mother, Dallesandro retorts, 'I'm saving her 
from a vampire' - probably the most unusual excuse yet offered. Very explicitly 
sexual, very gory, and very funny." 

F8F. Bram Stoker's Dracula. Columbia, 1992. Directed by Francis Ford 
Coppola. Gary Oldman, Winona Ryder, Anthony Hopkins, Keanu Reeves. MA: 
'The most magnificent Dracula ever filmed. Winner of 3 Academy awards. 
Stunning costumes by Eiko Ishioka. A romantic epic of titanic scope and 
sensitivity - only incidentally a 'horror movie'. Watch for effects such as the semi- 
independent movements of Dracula' s shadow in his castle - a charming variation 
on the legend that vampires cast no shadow." 

- 214 - 

F8G. Shadow of the Vampire. Universal, 2001. MA: "Willem Dafoe steals this 
show as Max Schreck in this film about the making of the original Murnau 
Nosferatu - the twist being that Schreck is really a vampire. Dafoe - who received 
an Oscar nomination for this role - intimidates his fellow castmembers, and 
Murnau (John Malkovich) as least as much as the audience. Watch for Udo Kier as 
the director's long-suffering associate." 

F8H. [John Carpenter's] Vampires. Columbia Pictures, 1998. MA: '"When I 
find the bastard, I'm going to shove a stake up his ass,' growls vampire-hunter 
James Woods, and that pretty much sets the tone for this brutal, hardboiled, 
vampires-vs.-humans yarn set in the modern American west. As is often 
Carpenter's whim, he does the soundtrack with his own band, the Texas Toad 
Lickers: a sledgehammer of a score that is well-worth picking up as a CD on its 


Category 9: The ^on of Horus 

Das Aon von Horus 
as of February 26, 2003 

In 1904 CE the British magician Aleister Crowley - the self-acknowledged 
Beast 666 - proclaimed the ^Eon of Horus, an initiatory climate characterized by 
actualization of the most refined sense of the human Will towards conscious 
unification with the Universe. This was a major advance in the coherence and 
evolution of occultism, comprising the most sophisticated basis for initiation until 
1966 CE and the advent of the ^Eon of Set. 

In his writings, Crowley sought to integrate what had previously been a 
haphazard collection of medieval superstition and ancient paganism into a legitimate 
magical philosophy. He was more or less successful, but his works are so complex - 
requiring for their understanding an extensive background in philosophy, occultism, 
comparative religious mythology, and world cultural history - that it remains open to 
question how many [if any] of his present-day disciples can be said to truly possess 
and apply the extremely rigorous magical skills he sought to codify and 
communicate. That there are numerous "Aleister Crowley fan clubs" is undeniable. 
Whether any of them would have gained his personal endorsement as a legitimate 
embodiment of the Silver Star (A. '.A.'.) or Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.) as he 
originally conceived them to be is an issue that cannot be resolved by argument, 
decree, or civil law - but only by the test of time. At this time there is no legitimate 
A. 'A.', in evidence. There are only two O.T.O. organizations with meaningful claims 
to legitimacy: The California-incorporated/New York-headquartered O.T.O. (the 
"McMurtry" or "Caliphate" O.T.O. - which is recognized as the O.T.O. under U.S. 
law) and the "Metzger" O.T.O. in Switzerland. The Temple of Set recognizes and 
enjoys cordial relations with the U.S. O.T.O; we have had no contact with the Swiss 
organization. We do not recognize the credentials of any group claiming to be the 

The Book of Coming Forth by Night establishes the Temple of Set's interest in 
and responsibility to the Crowley legacy. Because of the continuing and highly- 
emotional controversies over Crowley organizations, concepts, and successors, we 
have thought it best to allow water to seek its own level over a period of time, 
concentrating our Crowley-related efforts towards meaningful and serious discussion 
and application of ^Eon of Horus principles as they may complement and enhance 
those of the ^Eon of Set. 

The books cited below represent only part of the entire corpus of Crowley 
literature. While the Temple's archives include virtually the "complete Crowley", 
many books by/about him contain overlapping/ reprinted material ... and/or confuse 
more than they clarify. Some Crowley-related books - most conspicuously those by 
Kenneth Grant and Marcelo Motta - contain severe distortions of Crowley' s original 
concepts and are not recommended accordingly. If you want to go Crowley-hunting, 
the books listed in this category ought to be the most informative and rewarding. 

9A. The Great Beast by John Symonds. London: Macdonald, 1971 [Weiser 
paperback edition available]. [Deutschland: Das Tier 666, Sphinx Verlag, CH- 
Basel, 1983] (TOS-3) (LVT-1) MA: 'This remains the most comprehensive and 
objective biography of Crowley. The 1971 Second Edition is expanded and 

- 2l6 - 

updated from the original 1951 First Edition. #9A has been criticized for 
describing certain episodes of Crowley's life in a scornful and condescending light, 
but it would be more accurate to say that a description of his behavior without 
attention to his magical motives for such behavior is misleading. #9B and #9C in 
particular reveal these motives. So complex were Crowley's life and works, 
however, that any attempt to understand other works in this category without first 
having digested #9A will result in confusion." J. Lewis VI°: "The Work of the 
Magus of the A^on of HarWer is one of the invaluable legacies passed down to 
Setians, who have the benefit of historical perspective. Understanding the Word 
Thelema is an essential step along the path of Initiation." 

9B. The Eye in the Triangle by Francis I. Regardie. St. Paul: Llewellyn 
Publications, 1970. (TOS-3) MA: "Regardie worked with Crowley for many years 
as his personal secretary. Although the two became estranged in 1937, Regardie 
went on to edit and publish a number of Crowley's major works, including #9D, 
#9F, #9H, and #91. More than any direct testimony could establish, Regardie' s 
sensitivity and skill at such editing established him as the single most reliable 
authority on Crowley. #9B is more of a portrait than a biography, although it was 
written in part as a protest against the bias Regardie felt to be present in #9A. 
[While Regardie did not recognize the Church of Satan, he did enjoy pleasant and 
cooperative relations with the Temple of Set and myself from 1975 to his death in 
1985. It was he, incidentally, who put the Temple in touch with the California 

9C. The Confessions of Aleister Crowley by Aleister Crowley (Ed. Symonds 
& Grant). NY: Hill & Wang, 1969. [Deutschland: Confessions - Die Bekenntnisse 
des Aleister Crowley (2 Bande), Johanna Bohmeier Verlag, Bergen an d. Dumme, 
1986] (TOS-4) (LVT-4) MA: "Crowley's autobiography - elegantly written, with a 
treasure-house of his magical philosophy to be found along the way. While it adds 
the missing motives to most of the unflattering episodes cited in #9A, #9C 
probably ignores or minimizes events that Crowley disliked recalling. All things 
considered, the picture of the Beast that emerges from this work is that of a far 
more sensitive and principled individual than his media reputation suggests. One 
suspects that Crowley indeed suffered from the Curse of a Magus (not to be 
understood, much less Understood), and that those who could not u/Under stand 
him lashed out at him to allay their own feelings of frustration and inferiority." J. 
Lewis VI°: "This fascinating and oversized book is one of the best portraying the 
Task and the Curse of the Magus. DCLXVI reached for the eternal; #9A and Liber 
Legis tend to question whether he truly attained it. Read and draw your own 

9D. Magick Without Tears by Aleister Crowley (Ed. Regardie). St. Paul: 
Llewellyn Publications, 1973. [Deutschland: Magie mitlohne Tranen. Kersken- 
Canbaz, 2 volumes, ISBNs: 3-89423-076-2 & 3-89423-077-0.] (TOS-3) (LVT-4) 

- 217- 

MA: 'This is an extensive 'interview' with Crowley in the form of a series of his 
letters [answering those of a new student]. Most aspects of his magical philosophy 
are covered, and the absence of magical jargon makes the book relatively easy to 
understand. Since this exchange of letters took place rather late in Crowley's 
magical career, his discussion of many of his more controversial ideas shows a 
more reflective approach than in earlier works." J. Lewis VI°: "#9D is not a book 
to be taken down for an evening of easy reading. It calls for an attentive 
examination, which will show Crowley's exceptional insights." 

9E. Magical and Philosophical Commentaries on the Book of the Law by 
Aleister Crowley (Ed. Symonds & Grant). Montreal: 93 Publishing, 1974. 
[Deutschland: Liber Al vel Legis mit Kommentaren. Kersken-Canbaz, ISBN: 3- 
89423-001-0.] (TOS-4) MA: "In 1912 and again in 1920 Crowley wrote two 
extended commentaries on the Book of the Law, the magical Working through 
which the A^on of Horus was announced and defined. These commentaries are 
consolidated in this beautifully printed book. Its only shortcoming consists of an 
introduction and footnotes by Kenneth Grant, who attempts therein to twist the 
Book of the Law and Crowley's commentaries into supports for his own theories 
and pretensions. The same Crowley commentaries appear in The Law is For All, 
published by Llewellyn in 1975. In this volume their layout is somewhat 
confusing, but there is the advantage of an excellent introduction and annotation by 
Regardie. A third volume containing the Crowley commentaries - The 
Commentaries of AL, published by Weiser - has been butchered so badly by 
'editor' Motta as to be virtually useless. [See also the section on the Book of the 
Law, containing the complete text and my own commentaries to same, in The Book 
of Coming Forth by Night: Analysis & Commentary, in the Ruby Tablet of Set.]" 

9F. The Secret Rituals of the O.T.O. by Francis King (Ed.). London: C.W. 
Daniel Company, 1973. (TOS-4) MA: "Distributed in the U.S. by Weiser, this is 
both a capsule history of the original German and later Crowley versions of the 
Ordo Templi Orientis, and the texts of its rituals from 0° to IX° as written and/or 
revised by Crowley. Also included are several essays of secret 'instructions' to the 
IX° by Crowley. This volume is valuable for the insight it provides into the 
innermost initiatory doctrines of the original Crowley O.T.O. It also provides a 
good introduction to the older German O.T.O., which is the parent organization of 
virtually all Illuminati/Rosicrucian societies presently in existence [such as San 
Jose's AMORC, whose founder, H. Spencer Lewis, received its charter from the 
O.T.O. 's Theodor Reuss in 1915]. Present-day Illuminated Rosicrucians will 
probably be disappointed to discover that the enthusiastic sex-magic of the original 
O.T.O. Illuminatus IX° has been abandoned in favor of more spiritually uplifting 
meditation with the 'Cosmic Masters'. For more information on the original 
German O.T.O., see 'German Occult Groups' in #4E." 


9G. The Equinox (Volume I, #1-10) by Aleister Crowley. NY: Samuel 
Weiser, 1972 (reprinted). [Deutschland: Der Equinox Band I. Kersken-Canbaz, 
ISBN: 3-89423-078-9.] (TOS-4) MA: "This series of books was intended by 
Crowley as a loosely-organized [not topical or alphabetical] encyclopaedia of the 
A. '.A.', magical system. Most of Volume I is exclusively A.'.A.'., but as Crowley 
lost confidence in the ability of students to master the A.'.A.'.' s difficult curriculum 
- and as he became enthused over the sex-magic/Masonic atmosphere of the 
O.T.O. - the O.T.O. began to appear as well. Weiser' s 1972 reprint is out-of-print, 
but a 1994 reprint has since appeared from the same publisher. Since most of 
#9G' s essential contents may be found in #9H and other extracted books [there are 
quite a few Crowley collections which are just selected extracts from #9G], 
acquisition of #9G is generally necessary only to the advanced student of Crowley. 
Nevertheless it remains unique among magical source publications for its size, 
scope, and sophistication. A single volume followed the original ten - the so-called 
'Blue Equinox' (Volume III, #1) [there was no Volume II]. [Deutschland: Der Blue 
Equinox. Kersken-Canbaz, ISBN: 3-89423-097-5.] Weiser reprinted it separately 
from Volume I, but it is also now out-of-print and sells used for +/-$50. Among 
other things it contains the blueprint for the O.T.O. organization as Crowley 
planned to restructure it. [Note: In recent years Marcelo Motta, an O.T.O./ A.'.A.'. 
pretender, published a series of books purporting to be the 'Equinox, Volume V - 
with bindings, layout, and typeface in imitation of the actual Equinox. Setians are 
cautioned against this misrepresentation. [See also #9P.]" 

9H. Gems from the Equinox by Aleister Crowley. St. Paul: Llewellyn 
Publications, 1974 [reprinted 1982 by the Israel Regardie Foundation]. (TOS-4) 
(LVT-4) MA: 'This is a single-volume condensation of the best material from #9G 
(Volume I, #1-10 & Volume III, #1). The contents are selected, introduced, and 
edited by Regardie. For all but the most detailed research, this volume is a quite 
adequate - and better organized - substitute for #9G. Regardie' s purpose was to 
consolidate 'all the magical writings' and eliminate the literary /poetic/dramatic 
ones, as well as those by contributors other than Crowley himself. So, from a 
purely organizational/ magical/initiatory standpoint, #9H is the 'meat' of #9G. 
1,134 pages in length, and about $25." J. Lewis VI°: "Gems is a reference volume 
deserving a place in anyone's magical library. It does not have the OL's T' rating, 
but is worth tracking down for the wealth of ritual, magical rules, and approaches 
to life it contains." DW: "Much of the material in #9H can be found in on-line 
archives maintained by the O.T.O. on the Internet." 

91. The Magical Record of the Beast 666 by Aleister Crowley. Montreal: 93 
Publishing, 1972. (TOS-4) MA: "Edited and annotated by Symonds & Grant, this 
book contains the 1914-1918 record of Crowley's O.T.O. sex magic experiments, 
the 1919-1920 Magical Record, and the non-annotated text of the Book of the Law. 
Primarily valuable for the extemporaneous philosophical reflections found in the 
Magical Record. The Grantnotes are the better for being ignored." 

- 219 - 

9J. The Magical Diaries of Aleister Crowley by Stephen Skinner (Ed.). NY: 
Samuel Weiser, 1979. (TOS-4) MA: "This diary covers the year 1923 and is 
capably edited by Skinner. A very helpful Crowley chronology is included. 'I may 
be a Black Magician, but I'm a bloody great one. The world may have to pass 
through a period of error through me, but even the error will tend to the truth.' - 
A.C. 6/10/23." 

9K. Magick by Aleister Crowley. NY: Samuel Weiser, 1994. Available by 
mail from 93 Publishing Ltd.; P.O. Box 2593; Asheville, NC 28802; USA 
(US$49.95 + postage). [Deutschland: Magick. Kersken-Canbaz, 2 volumes, ISBNs: 
3-89423-007-X & 3-89423-008-8.]] (TOS-4) MA: 'This volume is divided into 
three parts: a discussion of Yoga and a description of the various artifacts required 
for ceremonial magic (parts I & II = Booh Four) and a series of essays on magic 
itself (part III = the famous Magick in Theory and Practice). This Weiser edition is 
recommended instead of the older 'pirated' Castle Books edition of Magick in 
Theory and Practice because of its extensive annotation and because parts I-III are 
best considered together. While Magick in Theory and Practice appears at first 
glance to be an introductory text, it contains many comments and references which 
are understandable only after exposure to many of Crowley's other works. For 
maximum value it should be read after the other works in this category. This most 
recent revised edition contains over 100 photos & illustrations, as well as color 
plates." R. Winkhart IV°: "Die beiden hier angeflihrten Bande beinhalten im 
wesentlichen den Inhalt der englischen Originalausgabe (Anm.)." 

9L. The Book of Thoth by Aleister Crowley. NY: Samuel Weiser, 1969. 
[Deutschland: Das Buch Thoth, Urania Verlag, Waakirchen, 1981] (TOS-4) (SHU- 
4) MA: "Crowley's guide to the Tarot, this is vastly superior to any other published 
book on the same subject. [The O.T.O. Tarot deck manufactured by U.S. Games 
Systems, Inc., 38 East 32nd Street, New York, NY 10016 should be used in 
conjunction with this book. Ask for their 'Best of Cards' catalogue, which at last 
report costs $2 and contains almost every Tarot deck in existence.]" 

9M. 777 and Other Qabalistic Writings of Aleister Crowley by Israel Regardie 
(Ed.). NY: Samuel Weiser, 1973. [Deutschland: 777 und andere kabbalistische 
Schriften, Verlag Sigrid Kersken-Canbaz, Berlin, 1982] (TOS-4) MA: "A volume 
bringing together all of Crowley's principal writings on Cabalistic 
correspondences. Since this edition corrects and expands upon earlier editions of 
777 and The Qabalah of Aleister Crowley, it is recommended in place of them. As 
a point of clarification, Crowley used the term 'Qabalah' to describe any system of 
magical correspondences a magician might find personally meaningful or useful. 
He was not a slave to the Hebrew Cabala, though he was fluent with its 
terminology and was perfectly capable of bending same to his purposes as he 
might be so inclined." 

- 220- 

9N. The Equinox of the Gods by Aleister Crowley. O.T.O., 1936 [publisher 
unidentified]. (TOS-4) MA: "A reprint of the Book of the Law together with a 
number of autobiographical and analytical extracts from Crowley's diaries and 
#9G bearing upon it. Useful in understanding Crowley's own attitude towards 
Liber AL - a supplement to #9E." 

90. Liber Aleph: The Book of Wisdom or Folly by Aleister Crowley. Chico, 
California: L.A. Brock [undated]. [Deutschland: Liber Aleph: Das Buch von 
Weisheit oder Torheit, Verlag Johanna Bohmeier & Co., Clenze, 1986] (TOS-4) 
MA: "In Crowley's own words: 'Liber Aleph was intended to express the heart of 
my doctrine in the most deep and delicate dimensions. It is the most tense and 
intense book that I have ever composed.' #90 consists of 208 paragraphs, each 
encapsulating some aspect of Crowley's philosophy. He is correct in saying that 
these summaries are the most 'intense' he ever penned; at the same time they are 
so poetic, so couched in metaphor as to be confusing and mystifying to the reader 
who is not familiar with Crowley's magical jargon. Recommended, like #9K, only 
after the more elementary books in this category." 

9P. The Equinox #111-10 by Hymenaeus Beta (William Breeze) (Ed.). NY: 
Thelema Publications, 1986. (TOS-3) MA: "Shortly after the McMurtry O.T.O. 
won its court fight against Marcelo Motta in 1985, it set about to organize the 
O.T.O. literature into some kind of coherent whole. This book, released in early 
1986, was intended to be a 'basic collection' of administrative documents, rituals, 
and exhortations. To this extent it is successful, since it makes available easily and 
inexpensively (ca. $15/paperback) many Crowley writings on the O.T.O. that are 
otherwise accessible only in rare and expensive volumes. Unfortunately, since this 
collection contains only O.T.O. -related works, the novice Crowley student will not 
be exposed to the crucial A. '.A.', background to Crowley's philosophy - nor, for 
that matter, to a hard-hitting biographical profile of Crowley himself. Also some of 
the most interesting magical aspects of the O.T.O. system - the symbolism and 
structure of its various degrees - are omitted from this compendium, presumably to 
keep them mysterious. [See #9F.] Finally, the history of the O.T.O. as presented 
here is rather more serene than that of the actual O.T.O. (s) since Crowley's demise. 
Although this volume endeavors to capitalize on the well-known name of the 
Equinox, its claim to that title is questionable, since the Equinox was actually the 
periodical of the original A.'.A.'., while the Oriflamme was that of the O.T.O. I 
would consider the 'blue' Equinox #111-1 the last of the true Equinoxes [see #9G]. 
#9P is reviewed more extensively in Scroll #XII-5/October 1986." 

9Q. The Magick of Thelema by Don Milo Duquette. York Beach: Weiser, 
1993. (TOS-1) DW: "This book has copies of the major rituals of the system and a 
useful commentary on them. Duquette has been a practicing Thelemite for 20 
years, and he discusses Crowley's system from its initiatory use, as well as 
providing factual and practical tips on the work. This book clears up a great deal 

- 221- 

about the A.'.A.'., Crowley's death, averse pentagrams, and other matters of 
interest. Because of its straightforward language and initiatory applications, I 
would recommend it highly. The secret of this book is the interrelationships 
between the rituals and real-life practice of initiation." 

9R. The Key to it All by David Allen Hulse. St. Paul: Llewellyn, 1993 (two 
volumes). (TOS-4) DW: "These two books are an expansion of Liber 777 with a 
good deal of scholarship, but firmly in the Crowley camp as opposed to objective 
scholarship. Book #1 deals with Cuneiform, Hebrew, Arabic, Sanskrit, Tibetan, 
Chinese. Book #2 deals with Greek, Coptic, Runes, Latin, Enochian, Tarot, and 

* * * 

F9A. Night of the Demon. Sabre Film Productions Ltd, 1956. Dana Andrews. 
(LVT-3) MA: "Later released in the USA in a cut-down edition as Curse of the 
Demon. A runes-oriented film with the sinister sorcerer modeled on Aleister 
Crowley. The full-length original British version is now available in DVD (which 
also includes the Curse version" J. Lewis VI°: "All right, so it's in black and white 
and the dialogue leaves something to be desired. ND is also a story with a Black 
Magician conversant in the theory and practice of LBM, which the film portrays 
very well. The scriptwriters fell flat when attempting to show GBM in actual 
practice. The magician Karswell, portrayed by Niall McGinnis, is based in part on 
Aleister Crowley." 

F9B. The Devil Rides Out - see #F6C. MA: "The character of Mocata is 
modeled on Crowley. The dress and ceremonial behavior of Mocata' s disciples are 
probably about as close a portrayal [less human sacrifice] of A.'.A.'. rites as 
modern audiences will see on the screen." 

F9C. Inauguration of the Pleasure Dome. 1954. MA: "One of the films in 
Kenneth Anger's Magic Lantern series, being an interpretation of Crowley-themes. 
Anais Nin stars as the goddess Astarte." 

F9D. Lucifer Rising. 1970-1980. MA: "Another cassette in the Magic Lantern 
series, this one contains the most sophisticated Anger film, LR, with Marianne 
Faithfull as Lilith and music by Bobby Bueausoliel (of the Manson Family). On 
the same tape is the earlier Invocation of my Demon Brother, with Anger as a 
Crowley esque sorcerer, a cameo appearance by Anton LaVey, and a weird 
sountrack consisting of a 2- second clip of music from Mick Jagger's Sympathy for 
the Devil played over and over. Art, sort of." 


Category 10: The Golden Dawn 

Der Golden Dawn 

as of February 26, 2003 

The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn was a turn of the century British 
Rosicruci an/ceremonial magic society. Drawing from the legacy of Eliphas Levi, the 
Theosophical Society of Helena Blavatsky, and the Societas Rosicruci ana in Anglia 
(S.R.I. A.), the Golden Dawn nevertheless succeeded in achieving a sophistication and 
an artistic elegance all its own. While it may be going too far to say that it became the 
prototype for all initiatory orders of this century, it certainly was the forerunner of 
Aleister Crowley's A. 'A.'., and its initiatory grade- structure would influence those of 
the Church of Satan and the Temple of Set. 

10A. Modern Ritual Magic: The Rise of Western Occultism by Francis King. 
NY/UK/Australia: Macmillan, 1989 [Updated edition of The Rites of Modern 
Occult Magic (British title: Ritual Magic in England) 1970]. (TOS-3) (COS-3) AL: 
"A comprehensive survey of the Golden Dawn and other magical orders. Contains 
more actual, no-nonsense information than can be gleaned from the ponderous 
writings of the orders covered." MA: "A compact history of late 19th-century 
Rosicrucianism in England, the rise & fall of the Golden Dawn, the impact & 
influence of Crowley's A.'. A.'. & O.T.O. organizations, and comments on various 
pre- 1966 offshoots, primarily in England. Readable, informative, and objective. A 
good introduction to the social context of the G.'.D.'. [If #13C is representative of 
King's research methods, however, his selection and emphasis of facts may not be 
as rigorous as could be desired." 

10B. The Golden Dawn by F. Israel Regardie. River Falls: Hazel Hills, 1970 
(2 volumes, reprinted as 1 volume in 1974 by Llewellyn). (TOS-4) MA: "This is 
the third edition of the famous and still definitive study of the G.'.D.'. It is perhaps 
the only published work in which the artistry and atmosphere intended for the 
G.'.D.'. are clearly evident, untarnished by bitter accounts of petty personality 
conflicts. Looking through this work, one can see the authenticity and 
sophistication that the G.'.D.'. projected, which accounted for its attractiveness to 
the intelligentsia of a cynical and restless Victorian England. In spite of this, the 
G.'.D.'. was crippled by a lack of scientific and historical precision in its doctrines; 
this too will be apparent to the reader. Compare, for example, the Enochian Keys 
with the original Dee manuscript [included in "The Book of Coming Forth by 
Night: Analysis & Commentary"]. Nevertheless The Golden Dawn remains a 
classic - and Regardie' s magnum opus. [Not recommended is Regardie' s 1984 
work The Complete Golden Dawn System of Magic, which is a confusingly- 
organized product of a variety of authors, some apparently original/ authentic and 
others modern/pretenders - most identified by initial s/mottos only, so that the 
reader cannot easily distinguish between them.]" 


10C. Sword of Wisdom: MacGregor Mathers and "The Golden Dawn" by 
Ithell Colquhoun. NY: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1975. [Deutschland: Schwert der 
Weisheit, Verlag Johanna Bohmeier & Co., Clenze, 1985] (TOS-3) MA: "An 
account of the G.'.D.'. and its principal figure, Mathers, by a devoted Mathers 
admirer. This bias, together with scant documentation of arguments in the text, 
makes it necessary to take this book with a grain of salt. Its primary value is as an 
update and supplement to #10A. The Enochian section is best ignored as 
unsubstantiated. An interesting feature of the book is the inclusion of G.'.D.'. 
membership and 'spinoff lists, which offer clues to the legacy of the G.'.D.'. in 
some later initiatory contexts." 

10D. The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abra=Melin, the Mage by S.L. 
MacGregor Mathers (Trans.). NY: Dover Books #23211-5, 1977 (reprinted from 
the 1932 de Lawrence hardcover edition). [Deutschland: Das Buch der Praktik in 
der gottlichen Magie, Diederichs Verlag, Miinchen] (TOS-4) MA: "In the pristine 
Golden Dawn this grimoire was thought to be particularly 'dangerous', but by 
Setian standards it is merely quaint. Yet it was the text that inspired Aleister 
Crowley to begin serious Workings as a magician. Now of historical/collector 
value only, it is a translation of a 15th-century manuscript in the Bibliotheque de 
1' Arsenal in Paris. Included is an extensive introduction by Mathers." DW: "This 
book shows two things very well: (1) The laws of consciousness cannot be 
codified. What works for the Sufi master, the Zen archer, or the magician of the 
late Middle Ages will not work straight off the shelf for you. (2) If you're about to 
begin a large, lifetime project - such as starting law school - a period of intense 
outer workings beforehand can strengthen the mind/will or, as non-magicians 
would say, make you lucky." 

10E. Eliphas Levi: Master of Occultism by Thomas A. Williams. University 
of Alabama Press, 1975. (TOS-3) MA: "Amidst all the confusion surrounding 
Levi, this little 174- page biography stands as an island of scholarship. Williams 
discusses the facts of his life, philosophy, and writings succinctly, suggesting prior 
influences and subsequent legacies. Today most of Levi's doctrines are thoroughly 
outdated, but in many ways he was the Columbus of modern occult science. 
Extensively footnoted, with a good bibliography and a list of Levi's own works." 

10F. The Magicians of the Golden Dawn by Ellic Howe. NY: Samuel Weiser, 
1978. (TOS-3) (LVT-4) MA: "A documentary history of the rise and fall of the 
G.'.D.'. by a historian, not an occultist with an axe to grind. Hence it is objective 
while stopping short of cynicism. This history is based upon various personal and 
group interactions among the membership, not upon the evolution or development 
of magical theory. The book is valuable as an illustration of the stresses and strains 
upon an occult order and of how various individuals - some well-intentioned, some 
not - attempted to influence the situation. The ultimate lesson is that an occult 
society which becomes obsessed with interpersonal intrigue to the neglect of magic 

- 224" 

and philosophy is on the path to self-extermination. Howe is also the author of 
#14W." J. Lewis VI°: "It gives one pause to think that one day, decades hence, 
someone will write a book on the Magicians of the Temple of Set. I think we will 
be a far more colorful group of personalities, but this is not to say the Golden 
Dawn members were lacking in activity! #10F gives readers a deeper insight into 
the iEons and Ages." 

10G. Yeats' Golden Dawn by George Mills Harper. NY: Barnes & Noble, 
1974. (TOS-3) MA: "The best account of W.B. Yeats' encounter with occultism - 
first via Blavatsky's Theosophical Society and then with the G.'.D.'. after 1891. A 
picture of the conflict between Yeats the poet and Yeats the magician. There is an 
extensive documentary section, including Yeats' key pamphlet 'Is the RR&AC to 
Remain a Magical Order?' and the 'Bye-Laws' of the 1st and 2nd Orders of the 
G.'.D.'. as of 1900 and 1902 [after the Mathers & Crowley schisms]. Also included 
is the Hermetic Library Catalogue of Wynn Westcott, now obsolete but charming 
for its historical quaintness." 

10H. Yeats and Magic: The Earlier Works by M.C. Flannery. NY: Harper & 
Row (Barnes & Noble Import Division), 1978. (TOS-4) MA: "This is neither as 
lengthy nor as G.'.D. '.-focused as #10G, but it is interesting because of its 
explanation of the influences of #19S and Blake [see #6F] in Yeats' magical 
philosophy. It is also more probing than #10G, seeking to illustrate Yeats' personal 
approach to a magical philosophy rather than his dealings with the G.'.D.'. 

101. Egyptian Magic by Florence Farr. Wellingborough, Northamptonshire: 
The Aquarian Press, 1982. (TOS-4) MA: 'The actress Florence Farr was one of the 
more famous initiates of the G.'.D.'. and was a particularly close friend of Yeats 
and G.B. Shaw. This little paperback is a very readable summary of the Egyptian 
magical tradition - as abbreviated as may be expected in 85 pages - but is 
nonetheless notable for its section on gnostic Christian philosophy as developed in 
post-dynastic Egypt. Herein may be found the G.'.D.'. roots of the '^onic' system 
into which Aleister Crowley would propose the JEon of Horus." DW: "This book 
is interesting as a historical trifle, but if you really want to know what's going on, 
look for The Books ofJey and the Untitled Text in the Bruce Codex by C. Schmidt 
(Ed.) & V. MacDemot (Trans.) (Leiden: Brill, 1978)." 

10J. The Golden Dawn: Twilight of the Magicians by R.A. Gilbert. 
Wellingborough, Northamptonshire: The Aquarian Press, 1983. [Deutschland: 
WU: 37/13-352] (TOS-3) MA: "This little paperback might best be described as a 
'Reader's Digest condensed-book version' of #10A/C/F/G with some ritual 
samples from #10B tossed in as appendices. If you want a quick and unconfusing 
look at the Golden Dawn, this is as good a cook's-tour as any." 


Category 1 1 : John Dee and the Enochian System 

John Dee und das Enochische System 
as of February 26, 2003 

MA: John Dee was court magician, astrologer, mathematician, and occasional 
spy for Queen Elizabeth I. At that time sorcerers were still subject to being burned at 
the stake for "dealings with the Devil"; hence Dee was quite careful to lace his 
magical writings with pro-Christian preambles. He was also a cipher expert, keeping 
many of his personal records in various forms of cryptical shorthand. In 1584 he 
wrote into his diaries a series of nineteen magical incantations, since known as the 
Angelical or Enochian Keys. These Keys were regarded as being of high potency for 
ritual operations by the Golden Dawn, the A. '.A.'., and the Church of Satan. In the 
Book of Coming Forth by Night they are revealed as a corruption or approximation of 
the Word of Set (contained in "The Book of Coming Forth by Night: Analysis & 

Commentary" in the Ruby Tablet of Set). 

* * * 

DW: "John Dee is a much used and abused source for most English-language 
ceremonial magic. What the modern occultnik misses is that the outer workings of a 
Magus like Dee are the merest frosting on the cake. His work with Mercator, the 
British navy, the LBM used on Queen Elizabeth I, the collecting of books: These 
things gave him power. Serious magicians should seek to live world-changing lives of 
mundane excellence if they hope to make Dee's system speak to them. I speculate 
that Dee's Word was Regi (Latin: "I will reign.")." 

11A. John Dee by Richard Deacon. London: Frederick Muller Ltd, 1967. 
(TOS-3) MA: "While other biographical studies of Dee have been written, none 
compares with this one for insight, clarity, and readability. An excellent 
introductory work. The author is particularly sensitive to Dee's linguistic skills and 
contributes many helpful research recommendations of his own." 

11B. John Dee: The World of an Elizabethan Magus by Peter J. French. 
London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd, 1972. [Deutschland: WU: 23/5646] (TOS- 
4) MA: "To date this remains the most sophisticated study of Dee and his 
philosophy, with detailed chapters on magic, science, religion, Hermetics, applied 
science, literature, and antiquarianism. An exhaustive bibliography is appended. 
This book is not recommended for those not already familiar with the basic facts 
concerning Dee, and a grounding in Classical philosophy and metaphysics 
wouldn't hurt either." 

11C. John Dee by Charlotte Fell Smith. London: Constable & Company Ltd, 
1909. (TOS-3) MA: "This book is lighter on the philosophy and heavier on the 
biography than either #11A or #11B. Hence its greatest value is as a cross- 
reference to them. A good index to names and events is included, and the 
bibliographical appendix is helpful in classifying the various Dee- works which the 
researcher might encounter." 

- 226- 

11D. The Vision and The Voice by Aleister Crowley. Dallas: Sangreal 
Foundation, 1972. [Deutschland: Die Vision und die Stimme, Verlag Sigrid 
Kersken-Canbaz, Berlin, 1982] (TOS-4) (LVT-4) MA: "This book contains the 
record of Crowley's experiences with the thirty iEthyrs of the XIX Enochian Key. 
The visions are considered by many to be Crowley's most beautiful magical 
record. This material is also included in both #9G and #9H, but this small edition 
has the advantage of detailed footnotes by Crowley, together with helpful 
annotations by F.I. Regardie." J. Lewis VI°: "Students of Dee and the Enochian 
system are treated to a new universe in the record of DCLXVI's series of 
Workings with the iEthyrs. The Order of Leviathan affiliate may decide to enter 
the iEthyrs personally. The 19th Key is the operative one and while the old Keys 
can still be used, the Order of Leviathan recommends the Parts of the Word of Set 
over the older C/S and pre-existing versions." DW: "Pay particular attention to the 
Tenth iEthyr, where Set is described by a RHP brain." 

HE. John Dee's Actions With Spirits by Meric. Casaubon. London: Askin 
Publishers, 1974 (originally published 1659). (TOS-4) MA: "A large, beautifully 
bound photofacsimile edition of Casaubon' s transcript of the Dee diaries 
containing the original Keys. While not a completely accurate copy of the original 
diary material, this volume was far more authoritative than the corruptions 
progressively introduced by the Golden Dawn, A.'. A.'., and Church of Satan. This 
edition originally sold for $100-$150, as did a similar, leatherbound edition which 
followed a year or so later. Unless you are a book collector per se, #11H is a more 
useful acquisition. Introduction to #11E by Stephen Skinner. [Note: The Casaubon 
Keys are reproduced in Scroll of Set #1-11.]" 

11F. The Complete Enochian Dictionary by Donald C. Laycock. London: 
Askin Publishers, 1978. (TOS-4) MA: "In addition to containing a comprehensive 
English- Enochian and Enochian-English dictionary, this volume includes a 
scholarly history and analysis of Dee's Enochian system and Laycock' s edited 
version of the Keys from Dee's original manuscript. Comparison of Laycock' s 
version with the Temple of Set's microfilm copies of the original Dee diaries, 
however, reveals that Laycock arbitrarily subdivided parts of the Enochian text and 
added English-based punctuation. [Setian Gregory Anderson reports that 
'Laycock' is in fact a pseudonym of Francis I. Regardie, who didn't use his own 
name because he was dissatisfied with the book. Anderson also notes the existence 
of an Enochian dictionary entitled GMICALZOMA! by Leo Vincy, available 
through some British outlets. 'Leo Vincey' - a hero in Haggard's She novels - was 
a pseudonym occasionally employed by Aleister Crowley, who included some 
Enochian-j argon incantations in an edition of The Gcetia.] Until the appearance of 
#11H, the only verbatim printed copy of the original Dee Keys available to Setians 
was/is in 'The Book of Coming Forth by Night: Analysis & Commentary' with the 
Word of Set translation." 

- 227" 

11G. John Dee on Astronomy by Wayne Shumaker (Ed.). Berkeley: 
University of California Press, 1978. (TOS-4) MA: "This book is the 'missing 
link' between the metaphysics of Pythagoras, Plato, and Aristotle and Dee's 
otherwise- seemingly fantastic magical Workings. It is also the key to Dee's 
enigmatic ' hieroglyphic monad' . You will need to have a basic grounding in higher 
mathematics, astronomy, and geometry before this book will reveal its essence to 
you, however. Shumacher is a Professor of English at the University of California 
and is also author of #3 J." 

11H. The Enochian Evocation of Dr. John Dee by Geoffrey James 
(Ed./Trans.). Gillette, NJ: Heptangle Books, 1984. (TOS-4) MA: "At long last - 
The original Dee diary Keys assembled with a large selection of Dee's related 
spells, all carefully footnoted and annotated to the original Sloane, Cotton, 
Bodeleian, Ashmolean, etc. documents. James is familiar with and critiques as 
appropriate the various approaches in such works as #11B/D/F. Since this is a book 
consisting solely of annotated magical text, it will not be readily intelligible to 
readers who have not obtained a biographical and exoteric understanding of Dee 
through other sources. A top-quality clothbound volume, well worth the $40 
pricetag for serious students of Dee." 


Category 12: The Pythagoreans 

Die Pythagoraer 

as of February 26, 2003 

Pythagoras, famed as the first Greek philosopher, was one of the only foreigners 
to be initiated into one or more Egyptian priesthoods prior to the final decadence and 
destruction of Egypt. Hence it is through the Pythagoreans and their students that 
many of the most sublime mathemagical principles have been passed down to us. 
Pythagoras was the first to use the pentagram as the symbol of his initiatory order, 
and death was the penalty for revealing its secret (phi). [See also 'The Sphinx and the 

12A. The Ancient Mysteries of Delphi: Pythagoras by Edouard Schure. 
Blauvelt, NY: Rudolf Steiner, 1971. (TOS-2) MA: "This small paperback contains 
a concise history of Pythagoras and his Academy at Crotona. A touch imaginative, 
as per Steiner publications in general, but on the whole a pleasant introduction to 
the subject." 

12B. Pythagoras: His Life and Teachings by Thomas Stanley. Los Angeles: 
Philosophical Research Society, 1970. (TOS-3) MA: "I can forgive Manley P. Hall 
& Co. a lot as long as they reprint treasures like this: a handsomely-bound 
facsimile reproduction of the Ninth Section of the 1687 edition of Stanley's 
History of Philosophy. It contains an extensive account of Pythagoras and his 
doctrines, carefully footnoted to the original Classical sources. Almost any other 
account of Pythagoras that you come across will have been derived, in whole or 
part, from this book. The typeface and language are 'very 17th-century', so be 
prepared for ye eyestrayne. Some extracts will be found in 'The Sphinx and the 
Chimaera' in the Ruby Tablet." 

12C. The Collected Dialogues of Plato by Plato (Ed. Edith Hamilton & 
Huntington Cairns). Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1961. [Deutschland: 
Platon-Die Hauptwerke, Alfred Kroner Verlag, Stuttgart, 1973] (TOS-4) (LVT-4) 
MA: "It may sound inadequate to say 'go read Plato' - sort of like saying 'go read 
the encyclopaedia'! The fact remains that this closet student of Pythagoras [cf. 
Alban Winspear, The Genesis of Plato's Thought, NY: S.A. Russell, 1940] 
incorporated a wealth of Pythagorean philosophy into his Dialogues and letters. 
This volume remains the standard academic translation. And, since it contains all 
of Plato's works [in fine print, on microthin paper], cross-referencing - 
indispensable where Plato is concerned! - is possible." R. Winkhart IV°: 
"Beinhaltet als Alternativtitel: Protagoras, Gorgias, Menon, Phaidon, Das Gastmal, 
Phaidros, Der Staat, Theaitet, Der Staatsmann, Timaios, Kritias, und Die Gesetze." 
J. Lewis VI°: "Descending into the waters of Plato is to enter a world where all 
things are subject to question and resolution through dialogue. Few if any of 

- 229 " 

Plato's adversaries could outdo his finely-tuned mind. Plato is hardly the author to 
pick for a little light reading, but neither should an understanding of his works be 
considered an impossibility." 

12D. The Divine Proportion: A Study in Mathematical Beauty by H.E. 
Huntley. NY: Dover Publications #0-486-22254-3, 1970. (TOS-4) (TRP-1) MA: 
"If you enjoyed J. Bronow ski's 'Music of the Spheres' episode on Pythagoras in 
the Ascent of Man series/book, you'll like this little book - since it was one of 
J.B.'s primary sources. The text alternates between aesthetics and mathematics, 
with some rather hefty formulae included. Supplementary chapters touch upon the 
Fibonacci Numbers, Pascal's triangle, and other 'golden ratios' of science and 

12E. The Secrets of Ancient Geometry by Tons Brunes. Copenhagen, 
Denmark: 'The Ancient Geometry" (Nygaardsvej 41, Copenhagen 0), 1968 [two- 
volume set]. [Deutschland: WU: 24a/73] (TOS-4) (TRP-4) MA: 'The word for this 
work is 'staggering'. 583 pages long, about $50. Extensive chapters on the 
mathematics and architecture of the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, and their 
offshoots. A wealth of precision diagrams and formulae." 

12F. The Theoretic Arithmetic of the Pythagoreans by Thomas Taylor. NY: 
Samuel Weiser, 1972 [originally published 1816]. (TOS-4) (TRP-4) MA: "In the 
author's words [from the 1816 title page]: 'The substance of all that has been 
written on this subject by Theo of Smyrna, Nichomachus, Iamblichus, and Boetius; 
together with some remarkable particulars respecting perfect, amicable, and other 
numbers, and a development of their mystical and theological arithmetic' A 
technical text by a distinguished scholar. Compare with #2N and #12E." 

12G. Pythagoras: A Life by Peter Gorman. London: Routledge and Kegan 
Paul, 1979. [Deutschland: WU: 29/21-076] (TOS-3) MA: "Quite simply - and in 
216 pages - the most well-written, carefully researched, and objective biography of 
Pythagoras to date. Also included are chapters on philosophers contemporary with 
Pythagoras, as well as on certain key aspects of his philosophy." 

12H. The Geometry of Art and Life by Matila Ghyka. NY: Dover Publications, 
1977. (TOS-3) Patty Hardy IV°: 'This covers some of the same territory as #12D, 
but devotes more space to the aesthetics of harmonic and geometric principles as 
they are found in living systems and in art. There is some interesting basic material 
covered [such as a discussion of why fivefold symmetry cannot be found in 
inorganic systems]. Chapters are included on the mathematics of phi and the 
Golden Section, the transmission of geometrical symbols and plans from 
Pythagorean times through the masonic guilds of the Middle Ages, the Greek and 
Gothic canons of proportion, and harmonic analysis of biological and architectural 


121. The Enneads by Plotinus (Stephen MacKenna, Trans.). London: Penguin, 
1991. (TOS-4). DW: "Plotinus, an ethnic Egyptian living in Rome, produced one 
of the clearest and most powerful pieces of Egyptian/Pythagorean thinking to be 
injected into European thought." 


Category 13: Sex in Religion and Magic 

as of February 26, 2003 

MA: Sex and magic have never been very far apart. This is both because 
sorcerers and sorceresses tend to be rather sensual individuals, and because the sexual 
drives (as distinct from sex per se) can be used for purposes of ritual magic. 
Historically Black Magical societies have been accused of being obsessed with sex; a 
Black Magician might well retort that his/hers is the rational & mature approach, and 
that the critic is suffering from a bad case of Judaic/Christian repressed/sex 
neurosis/hysteria. A problem with "sex-magic" has been that many practitioners, in 
an effort to over-compensate for the aforementioned neurosis, have plunged into sex 
in the most animalistic way possible - as an indulgence for its own sake. This, for 
example, was the presumption of the Church of Satan. Aleister Crowley, however, 
employed his "sex-magical" practices as a means to attain an ecstatic state of being 
appropriate to an ulterior, conceptualized goal - a fact almost totally lost on his latter- 
day disciples, who more often than not either ignore the sexual component in his 
Workings or become obsessed with it. The Temple of Set proposes an integral, non- 
compulsive, comfortable, and relaxed interrelationship between sex, aesthetics, and 
love - the neglect of any one of which will inhibit the efficacy of whatever magical 

Working is involved. 

* * * 

DW: The only commandment here is to know yourself. Whether you choose to 
overcome boundaries or practice what you know; whether you choose a lot, a little, or 
none; your practice of safe, sane, consensual, adult sexuality must be absolutely and 
ultimately your own. Let your sense of beauty, which is to say Ma' at, be your guide. 

13A. Eros and Evil by R.E.L. Masters. NY: Julian Press, 1962 [later 
paperback edition published]. (TOS-3) MA: "The definitive reference work on the 
subject. Basically oriented towards a classical Christian concept of Daemonology, 
but encyclopaedic in its coverage nevertheless." 

13B. The Sacred Fire by B.Z. Goldberg. NY: University Books, 1958. (TOS- 
3) MA: "A history of sex in religion, valuable primarily as an in-depth supplement 
to #13A - the main differences being that Goldberg seems a little less obsessed 
with the subject, and that there is an interesting section dealing with the concept of 
revolt (sexual and otherwise) against repressive religious environments." 

13C. Sexuality, Magic, and Perversion by Francis King. Secaucus, New 
Jersey: Citadel Press, 1971. (TOS-3) MA: "You have to hand it to King for picking 
a catchy title! Yet this is a rather thorough survey of the influence of sex in a 
number of contemporary cults, religions, and magical societies around the world - 
the Wiccan 'great rite', the auto/hetero/homosexual magic of the O.T.O. 
VIir/IX7XF, etc. A good update to #13A and #13B. The data dealing with the 
Church of Satan are so fragmentary and misleading, however, that the author's 
care in researching other environments must be doubted as well. Use more as a 
starting point for further research than as a definitive source." 


13D. The Compleat Witch by Anton Szandor LaVey. NY: Dodd, Mead & 
Company, 1970. Reissued as The Satanic Witch with an Introduction by Zeena 
Schreck, Feral House, Los Angeles, 1989. (COS-1) (TOS-3) MA: "Although the 
more earthy passages in this book put off many readers who were expecting 'more 
of the Satanic Bible' , LaVey often maintained that it was the best of his three 
books because it contained the most Lesser Magic. [It could just as well be 
included in category 23.] Tucked away amidst the pages are some very incisive 
comments concerning human traits and motivations and how both may be 
recognized and manipulated in day-to-day contexts. By no means 'just a sex book' , 
though a background in Church of Satan history is necessary to understand the 
author's point of perspective. Chapter 8 of #6N reviews #13D in detail." 

13E. Odoratus Sexualis by Iwan Block. North Hollywood: Brandon House, 
1967. (COS-3) AL: "The use of odors in magic." 

13F. Magica Sexualis by Emile Laurent and Paul Nagour. North Hollywood: 
Brandon House, 1966. (COS-3) AL: "Contains some little-known lore." 

13G. How to Make a Man Fall in Love With You by Tracy Cabot. NY: St. 
Martin's Press, 1984. (TOS-3) Hether Payne 111°: "Despite the tacky title, this book 
contains excellent LBM lessons for both men and women. It is a good crash-course 
in basic psychology that teaches you how to make people feel truly understood, to 
build trust, and to persuade through various techniques such as 'mirroring', 
'anchoring', 'casting a spell', etc. I have found it very potent information and 
accordingly would warn Setians to be careful how they use it - or they may not be 
able to rid themselves of the object of their magic. This book is somewhat the 
opposite of Anton LaVey' s Compleat Witch in principle and in theory, but I feel it 
to be of equal importance." 

13H. Carnal Alchemy by Crystal Dawn and Stephen Flowers. Smithville: 
Runa- Raven Press, 1995. DW: "The Temple of Set neither advocates nor forbids 
sado-magical activities between consenting adult magicians. If you are inclined to 
explore pleasure and pain, and want to use this practice for self- transformation, 
then this is the best book available - if you can guide your practice by love. If 
you're not so inclined, this is an entirely boring book useful only for shocking your 
friends. Hence it has no rating, and is mentioned merely to remind the Setian that 
no topic is taboo as long as its investigation harms not the mind, the body, nor the 
potential unfolding of the soul." 

* * * 


F13A. Dracula. 1979. Frank Langella, Laurence Olivier, Donald Pleasence, 
Kate Nelligan. MA: "This film is placed here rather than in Category #8 because 
Langella' s interpretation is that of the vampire-as-lover, and because the impact of 
that interpretation, particularly upon female audiences who saw this film, proved to 
be remarkably powerful. In contrast to more traditional Draculas (such as 
Christopher Lee, who merely 'used women for feeding' while playing his vampire 
as a power role), one receives the impression that Langella' s Dracula exists only 
for love, having, over the centuries, found all other ambitions to be transitory and 
shallow. This sensitivity of his, in contrast to the mundane romantic infatuations of 
Mina's human beau, makes Dracula worth the sacrifice that woman understands 
her historic role in love to be. It is significant that the 'normal' humans in this film 
will stop at nothing to destroy the example of Dracula, shaming as it does their 
own petty sexual power games." 

F13B. The Story of O. S.N. Prodis, Paris, 1975. Video: Independent United 
Distributors. Corinne Clery, Udo Kier. Just Jaeckin director. MA: 'This is not a 
film about sadomasochism at all, but about the degrees of mutual surrender that 
love involves. O willingly endures the ordeals of Castle Roissy simply because her 
lover wishes her to, then emerges not as slave but as goddess for the three men - 
her lover, her taskmaster at the castle, and finally Sir Stephen - who are devoted to 
her. The atmosphere of her new divinity confuses, then obsesses a female friend of 
hers, who ultimately is drawn to Roissy for a similar initiation. Perhaps only the 
French, who are able to portray even the most outre and graphic forms of erotica 
without the slightest hint of obscenity, could have made a film such as this. It is a 
mirror to its audiences of what sexual and sensual maturity involves - and how 
remote from that maturity most persons of either sex actually are." 


Category 14: Fascism, Totalitarianism, and Magic 

Faschimus, Totalitarismus und Magie 
as of February 26, 2003 

This is a very potent, controversial, and dangerous area of magic, whose 
implications are rarely examined, understood, or appreciated by the profane [which is 
just as well]. Much of the data concerning it derives from Nazi Germany, whose 
character as a state based upon magical rather than conventional principles goes a 
long way towards explaining the "peculiar" fascination which that episode continues 
to exert on students of history and political science. Many of the techniques pioneered 
or perfected by the Nazis continue to be used/ abused - generally in a superficial and 
ignorant fashion - by every country of the world in one guise or another [never 
avowedly as "Nazism", of course]. 

The Temple of Set emphasizes the potential of human individualism. 
Metapolitical concepts such as Nazism do strengthen the power of humans, but only 
through a degree of collectivization of the will in a political state system. Well-run 
states can maximize virtue and minimize vice, as in Plato's ideal Republic. Poorly- 
run states can do just the opposite, suppressing or corrupting virtue, as in Orwell's 
1984. Most contemporary political systems exist between these extremes. The 
Initiate/citizen must be sensitive to both the positive opportunities his society 
provides, and the repressive/destructive constraints it places on his freedom. Thus he 
may maximize the benefits of the former and avoid the damage of the latter. 

14A. The Mass Psychology of Fascism by Wilhelm Reich. NY: Simon & 
Schuster, 1970. [Deutschland: Die Massenpsychologie des Faschismus, Fischer 
Taschenbuch-Verlag, Frankfurt, 1974] (TOS-3) MA: "The controversial Reich 
examined both the Nazi and the communist elements of Germany, found them 
wanting, and was roundly denounced by them in return. This book exposes their 
use of mass movements and mob psychology as a sexual substitute, and their 
repression of 'innocent' sex as a deliberate political technique [compare #14E]. 
This manipulation of expression and repression is applied to other social 
phenomena as well - such as certain organized religious bodies. A lucid and hard- 
hitting study. A biographical profile of Reich is presented in #6N, Appendix 75 - 
'The Frankenstein Legacy'." 

14B. The Occult and the Third Reich by Jean-Michel Angebert. NY: 
Macmillan, 1974. (TOS-3) (TRP-3) MA: "This book contains sections on the Grail 
(both Christian and pagan), traditions concerning Atlantis and ancient initiatory 
societies, the theories of Nietzsche and Wagner, Nazi mysticism, and the Catharist 
tradition. Well footnoted. The almost fantastic subject material tends to make the 
author's objectivity suspect, but on close examination his argument is grounded in 
responsible research. On the other hand Otto Rahn, the young German mystic 
whose theories are advanced in this book did not hold the alleged high rank in the 
SS, nor commit suicide because of politico/mystical reasons. He was an 
Unterscharflihrer (sergeant) who killed himself after being expelled from the SS 


because of his sexual preferences." 

14C. The Grail Legend by Emma Jung and Marie- Louise von Franz. NY: G.P. 
Putnam's Sons, 1970. [Deutschland: Die Gralslegende in psychologischer Sicht, 
Olten-Verlag, Freiburg, 1987] (TOS-4) (TRP-1) MA: "Another book for the C.G. 
Jung Foundation for Analytical Psychology [see also #19K], this impressive study 
treats all major historical versions of the Grail legend, identifies their common 
features, and evaluates their significance. The definitive work on the Grail. See 
also #6N, Appendix 36 - 'In Quest of the Unholy Grail'." 

14D. The Spear of Destiny by Trevor Ravenscroft. NY: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 
1973. [Deutschland: Der Kelch des Schicksals, Sphinx Verlag, CH-Basel, 1987] 
(TOS-3) (TRP-3) MA: "The chief merit of this book lies in its profile of the 
metaphysical and occult- society concepts and movements that influenced pre-Nazi 
and Nazi Germany. Read critically but thoughtfully. Since it is heavily footnoted to 
Theosophical Society (Blavatsky) and Anthrosophical Society (Steiner) sources, 
this book cannot be considered factually reliable. [See also #14Y.]" 

14E. 1984 by George Orwell. NY: Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1949. 
[Deutschland: Ullstein Taschenbuchverlag, Frankfurt, 1981] (TOS-3) MA: 
"Orwell's classic portrait of a 'negative Utopia', with many features adapted from 
Nazi Germany and Stalinist Russia - but also a satire of socialist trends in postwar 
Britain. Many features of Orwell's imaginary society may be increasingly applied 
to actual ones today. The shape of things to come?" 

14F. Mein Kampf 'by Adolf Hitler. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1943. 
[Deutschland: Verlag Franz Eher Nachf., Mlinchen, urn 1935] (TOS-5) (TRP-3) 
MA: "Everyone knows that this is 'the most evil book ever written'*, but few have 
taken the time to actually read it, hence cannot really explain why. Further 
complicating the situation is Hitler's interspersion of political philosophy 
(interesting) with emotional tirades (not so interesting). Look for the discussions 
concerning the selection of leaders, control of the masses, and the justification for 
human social organization. You may be surprised at what you discover. Keep in 
mind that this book was written not as a historical memoir, but rather as a 
propaganda device to lend an image of philosophical substance and coherence to 
the still-fledgling and somewhat [due to Hitler' s incarceration in prison at the time 
of MK's writing] disorganized Nazi Party. A far more revealing 'Hitler Memoir' is 
#14K. [* During the antiSatanism hysteria of the 1980s, the entire Temple of Set 
reading list was denounced by one major newspaper thus: 'a reading list which 
includes MK' (evidently to the unimportance of any other book on the entire 


14G. Hitler: Legend, Myth, & Reality by Werner Maser. NY: Harper & Row, 
1971. [Deutschland: Adolf Hitler: Legende, Mythos, Wirklichkeit , Bechtle-Verlag, 
Munchen, 1982] (TOS-3) MA: "As time passes, biographical profiles of Hitler 
become increasingly more objective. This is probably the most useful one currently 
in print, which Colin Wilson calls 'the most important document on Hitler so far 
published'. It is noteworthy for its focus on the man rather than on the political 
official [for the political official see #14H]. If you are going to take a look at 
Hitler's own writings and statements (#14F/K/L), read this first for perspective." 

14H. The War Path (NY: Viking, 1978) and Hitler's War (2 volumes) (NY: 
Viking, 1977) by David Irving. (TOS-4) MA: "1933-39 (WP) and 1939-45 (HW) 
through Hitler's eyes. An impressive work of research that will show you 
peacetime Nazi Germany and World War II as you've never seen them before. 
Sound scholarship, objective evaluation." 

141. The Bormann Brotherhood by William Stevenson. NY: Harcourt Brace 
Jovanovich, 1973. (TOS-3) MA: "Around VI- VII the pursuit of underground Nazi- 
survivalist organizations was all the rage, and there was a flurry of Bormannism, 
ODESSA films/novels, etc. This little book was sort of overwhelmed in the general 
stampede, but it didn't deserve to be. A cold, clear, fact-packed study of the post- 
World War II survival of the original Nazi hierarchy." 

14J. Three Faces of Fascism by Ernst Nolte. NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 
1963. [Deutschland: Faschimus: von Mussolini zu Hitler, Verlag Kurt Desch 
GmbH, Munchen, 1968] (TOS-4) MA: 'This is a political science text analyzing 
20th-century fascist movements in France, Germany, and Italy. The observations 
concerning the metapolitical implications of the philosophy are among the most 
profound yet voiced. The analysis of the failure of the French movement is as 
instructive as that of the successes of the German and Italian movements. It is 
interesting to contrast Nolte' s assessment of fascism with Hitler' s [as set forth in 

14K. Hitler's Secret Conversations 1941-1944 by H.R. Trevor-Roper (Ed.). 
NY: Farrar, Straus and Young, 1953 [simultaneously published in England as 
Hitler's Table Talk by Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London]. [Deutschland: Hitlers 
Tischgesprdche im Fuhrerhauptquartier, Picker, Goldmann Taschenbuch Nr. 
11234, Munchen, 1979 (Englische Ausgabe Herausgeber Trevor-Roper)] (TOS-5) 
(TRP-3) MA: "Martin Bormann was sufficiently fascinated by Adolf Hitler's 
private conversational comments on various topics that he persuaded Hitler to 
allow them to be stenographically recorded. After 1945 the transcriptions were 
found among Bormann' s private papers and were ultimately compiled and 
published by Professor Trevor-Roper (who also edited and published the final 
entries of Dr. Goebbels' diaries). Hitler's conversations cover an astonishingly 
broad spectrum of topics - organized religion, metaphysics, dogmatism, Voltaire, 


origins of the human race, aesthetics, Egyptian & Greek culture, Hoerbiger's 
cosmology, genius, philosophy of law, superstition, mental diseases, etc. An 
impressive look into the mind of an individual whom the postwar world has been 
conditioned to dismiss as a crude, criminal, and unintrospective thug. Read, then 
judge for yourself." 

14L. The Voice of Destruction by Hermann Rauschning. NY: G.P. Putnam's 
Sons, 1940. [Deutschland: Gesprdche mit Hitler, Europaverlag, CH-Zuerich, 1988] 
(TOS-5) (TRP-3) MA: "Rauschning was a regional party leader (Gauleiter) of the 
early Nazi Party who was a confidant of Hitler's during 1932-34. At first so 
impressed with the Fuhrer's private statements that he took extensive and 
immediate notes, he later took fright and bolted to Paris. In 1937-38 he wrote a 
theoretical condemnation of Nazism entitled The Revolution of Nihilism: Warning 
to the West (NY: Alliance Book Corporation, 1939). It seemed so alarmist that few 
took it seriously - until World War II broke out. Then Rauschning was able to 
publish these transcripts and analyses of Hitler's conversations. Topics include: 
Aristocracy, Antichrist, barbarism, ethics of war, a new social order, the Human 
Solstice, Black & White Magic, and the mystical elements in Obersalzburg. Most 
of the material for Nazi occultism alluded to in #4B came from this book. It was 
regarded as so 'weird' as to be spurious until after the war, when the #14K material 
came to light and substantiated it." 

14M. Hitler's Secret Sciences by Nigel Pennick. Suffolk: Neville Spearman, 
1981. (TOS-4) (TRP-1) MA: "The esoteric section of the German Nazi SS was not 
the Sicherheitsdienst [as alleged in #6L] but the Deutsche Ahnenerbe (German 
Ancestral Heritage Organization). Most histories of the SS concern themselves 
with the better-known organizations and activities of the Black Order, mentioning 
the Ahnenerbe only in passing. This is one of the first books to discuss it in any 
detail. Again there is a lot of #14B/C/D material, but it is all relevant and 
coherently organized. This is a concise (177 pages), fact-packed book bolstered by 
a strong bibliography of rare and unusual publications and periodicals. If you are 
seriously interested in the Ahnenerbe, and are fluent in highly-technical German, 
see Kater, Michael H., Das 'Ahnenerbe' der SS 1935-1945: ein Betrag zur 
Kulturpolitik des Dritten Reiches (Stuttgart, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1974). [The 
complete archaeological, magical, and administrative records of the Ahnenerbe are 
contained on microfilm rolls #120-211, Microcopy T-580 (10-135-4) in the 
National Archives Building of the United States, Washington, D.C. These papers 
have never been sorted, indexed, and annotated in detail, but the Order of the 
Trapezoid has compiled a working index with brief annotations pending a more 
thorough study. Initiates of the Order who may be traveling to Washington and 
wish to examine that microfilm are invited to contact the Temple office for a copy 
of the index.] [See also #5H.]" 


14N. The Passing of the Great Race by Madison Grant. NY: Charles 
Scribner's Sons, 1916. [Deutschland: WU: 8*-913] (TOS-5) MA: "You can still 
find #14F in print, because it's a good whipping-boy for sanctimonous finger- 
waggling. It is less easy to find the books from 'our side' that argued along similar 
lines. This is [was!] one of the more famous, and you may still uncover an 
occasional copy in the back room of a used-book store or in the darkest corners of 
obscure libraries. Grant was not exactly a nonentity or lunatic-fringe fanatic. He 
was Chairman of the New York Zoological Society, Trustee of the American 
Museum of Natural History, and a Councilor of the American Geographical 
Society. In this book [by a prominent publisher] he argues a forceful case for a 
European race history that would have done credit to Hitler and Rosenberg. The 
most interesting aspect of this book is that only a very few years ago it was 
accepted as a respectable contender in the academic/scientific community. After 
World War II it was, in Orwell's terms, guilty of Crimethink and thus condemned 
to be an Unperson. There is a lesson to be learned here concerning the durability 
and invulnerability of 'established scientific fact' when it becomes politically or 
socially inconvenient. I hereby suggest that you make up your own mind as to 
whether the book is convincing. After all, I wouldn't want to get in trouble for 
even appearing to endorse it ..." 

140. Race and Race History and Other Essays by Alfred Rosenberg (Robert 
Pois, Ed.). NY: Harper & Row (Harper Torchback #TB-1820), 1974. (TOS-5) 
MA: "Extracts from the major race-history writings of the Nazis' 'official 
philosopher' - with a finger-waggling introduction, of course. It is O.K. for this 
book to be in print; it has the appropriate editorial condemnation. [See also #14S.]" 

14P. Geopolitics: The Struggle for Space and Power by Robert Strausz-Hupe. 
NY: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1942. (TOS-4) MA: "The study of international relations 
on the basis of power politics is academically known as political realism 
(Realpolitik) , and before reading #14P you might want to flip through the bible of 
this school, Hans Morgenthau's Politics Among Nations, for a general familiarity 
with its principles. In 1926 and 1928 Oswald Spengler published his powerful 
indictment of contemporary Western civilization, The Decline of the West, and this 
made a great impression on a German General named Karl Haushofer. Haushofer 
became a professor who gained increasing fame in Germany as the master- 
theoretician of 'Geopolitics', being a part- political, part- geographic, and part- 
mystical rationale for aggressive state expansionism. Haushofer was considered by 
many to be the evil genius behind Hitler's 'blood and soil' and 'living-space' 
programs. He wrote no single, coherent text of his philosophy. This book was 
commissioned in order to explain Geopolitics to a still-uncomprehending U.S. 
diplomatic community, and it does a good job. Geopolitical thinking was out of 
favor in the West until reintroduced by Henry Kissinger (a Morgenthau enthusiast), 
but it has always been the lynchpin of Eastern (Soviet/Chinese) foreign policy. 
Strausz-Hupe summarizes: 'World policy evolves towards several continental 


sy stems, and technology accentuates the strategic importance of large, contiguous 
areas. Thus the era of overseas empires and free world trade closes. If this 
reasoning is pushed to its absolute conclusion, the national state is also a thing of 
the past, and the future belongs to the giant state. Many nations will be locked in a 
few vast compartments. But in each of these one people, controlling a strategic 
area, will be master of the others.' " 

14Q. Wewelsburg 1933 bis 1945: SS Kult- und Terrorstdtte by Prof. Dr. Karl 
Htiser. Paderborn: Verlag Bonifatius Druckerei, 1982 (German language edition 
only). (TOS-5) (TRP-5) MA: "The first in-depth documentary study of the role of 
the Wewelsburg Castle in the mythological and Black Magical practices of the SS. 
This is a historical, not an 'occult' publication; in the first few paragraphs it easily 
discounts the fanciful, ignorant accounts of the Wewelsburg such as appear in 
#14B/D/N/R, etc. Here is bedrock: bewildering to some, but a Gate to the Order of 
the Trapezoid. [See also #14AC.]" 

14R. Hitler: The Occult Messiah by Gerald Suster. NY: St. Martin's Press, 
1981. [Deutschland: WU: B-45-197] (TOS-3) MA: "This is a short (200-page) 
hardcover book which brings together most if not all of the occult speculations 
concerning Nazi Germany, with a reasonable degree of footnoting. Hence it is 
included here as a good introductory survey of the field. Extensive quotations from 
Crowley and an 'Jion of Horus' theme throughout the text expose the author's 
Thelemite bias." 

14S. The Myth of the Master Race: Alfred Rosenberg and Nazi Ideology by 
Robert Cecil. London: B.T. Batsford Ltd, 1972. (TOS-4) (TRP-3) MA: 'The best 
biography and critical analysis concerning Alfred Rosenberg, 'official philosopher' 
of the Nazi movement. Much of the material otherwise in existence concerning 
Rosenberg is suppressed by the Soviet Union, while previous Western biographies 
and editions of his memoirs were crudely edited to portray him as more of a 
monster than a human being, much less a philosopher. Nevertheless Cecil is no 
apologist for Rosenberg, bringing out his weaknesses as well as his strengths. This 
book also describes the ideological background and climate of Nazi Germany as a 
whole, and summarizes the main arguments of Rosenberg's Myth of the Twentieth 
Century. [A 1982 English translation by Vivian Bird of Rosenberg's The Myth of 
the Twentieth Century: An Evaluation of the Spiritual-Intellectual Confrontations 
of our Age is available from Noontide Press, 1822-1/2 Newport Blvd. #183, Costa 
Mesa, CA 92627, USA.] [See also #140.]" 

14T. Metapolitics from the Romantics to Hitler by Peter Viereck. NY: Alfred 
A. Knopf, 1941. [Deutschland: WU: 25/16-504] (TOS-4) (TRP-1) MA: 'This is 
quite simply the definitive history and analysis of the Germanic mystical and 
magical tradition as it has been applied to society and politics. No other political 
analysis of Nazi Germany compares with it, and an understanding of the Nazi 

- 240- 

phenomenon is impossible without it. Major sections deal with Romanticism, life- 
worship, Kultur, dynamism, Wagner, Chamberlain, Fichte, Hegel, Rosenberg, and 

14U. For Freedom Destined: Mysteries of Man's Evolution in the Mythology 
of Wagner's Ring Operas and Parsifal by Franz E. Winkler. Garden City, NY: 
Waldorf Press, 1974. (TOS-4) (TRP-1) MA: "The definitive study of the magical 
and philosophical aspects of the Ring and Parsifal operas. From the book: 'When 
we think of the origin of man, we insist illogically on confusing the history of his 
purely biological being with the history of his spirit; the latter defies any attempt at 
investigation by methods we now call scientific. Darwin and his followers deal 
with the emergent evolution of visible man, while on the other hand religion and 
mythology deal with the evolution of his invisible soul. In his cycle of the Ring and 
Parsifal, Wagner uses the magic power of music, words, and scenery to open 
man's heart to the history of the hidden essence of his own self, and to the 
changing forces that are active behind the sensory phenomena of man and Earth.'" 

14V. The True Believer by Eric Hoffer. NY: Harper & Row, 1951. 
[Deutschland: Der Fanatiker: Fine Pathologie des Parteigangers , Rowohlt- 
Verlag, Hamburg, 1965] (TOS-3) (TRP-3) MA: "Hoffer's thoughtful study of the 
mind of the fanatic and of the various media through which such a mind attempts 
to fulfill itself - religious, political, or social. It is particularly instructive to 
compare Hoffer's theses with the experiences of Hitler, Himmler, and Rosenberg 
as treated elsewhere in this reading-list category. The book's strong point is 
Hoffer's famed common- sense, but this same feature is also its weak point, 
because it is obvious that Hoffer is not aware of [or does not understand] the 
principles discussed, for example, in #14T." 

14W. Astrology and the Third Reich by Ellic Howe. Wellingborough, 
Northamptonshire: Aquarian Press, 1984. (TOS-3) (TRP-3) MA: "A historical 
study of astrological beliefs in Western Europe since 1700, with special emphasis 
on German astrology during 1919-1930 and in Nazi Germany. A revised and 
expanded edition of Howe's earlier Urania's Children, this book also presents and 
critiques basic astrological theory and explores the Lesser Magical use of astrology 
as a psychological warfare device during World War II. Howe, in addition to being 
the author of #10F and a contributor to #4E, served in Britain's Political Warfare 
Executive during World War II." 

14X. The Occult Roots of Nazism: The Ariosophists of Austria and Germany 
1890-1935 by Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke. Wellingborough, Northamptonshire: 
Aquarian Press, 1985. (TOS-3) (TRP-3) MA: "This new and very scholarly book 
fills a crucial need in the study of 20th-century Germanic occultism, namely a 
detailed and non-sensationalistic account of Guido von List's Armanenschaft, Jorg 
Lanz von Liebenfels' Order of New Templars, and Rudolf von Sebottendorff ' s 

- 241- 

Thule Gesellschaft. Also profiled is SS-Oberflihrer Karl Wiligut, occult counselor 
to Heinrich Himmler and architect of such projects as the Wewelsburg restoration 
and the SS-Totenkopf ring. This book is a revised version of the author's doctoral 
thesis at Oxford." 

14Y. Adolf Hitler and the Secrets of the Holy Lance by Col. Howard A. 
Buechner and Capt. Wilhelm Bernhart. Metairie, Louisiana: Thunderbird Press, 
Inc., 1988 (ISBN: 0-1913159-05-0). (TOS-3) (TRP-3) MA: "Buechner was a 
surgeon in the U.S. Army during World War II; Bernhart was a German U-boat 
officer and recipient of the Knight's Cross in the same war. This intriguing 
collaboration by them expands upon the themes of #14D. An initial section traces 
the [legendary] history of the Spear of Longinus through its arrival in the Hofburg 
Museum of Vienna. Subsequent sections deal with the disposition of the Spear 
during the Third Reich & thereafter, the Wewelsburg, Nazi/SS occultism in 
general, the death of Adolf Hitler, and the dispostion of his body and/or the Lance 
and/or Nazi/SS treasure at the end of the war. As is the case with #14D, how much 
of this book is fact and how much is either speculation or outright fiction is open to 
debate. Nevertheless, also like #14D, it tells a colorful tale and is an entertaining 
read. It even ends on a suitably ominous note, proclaiming that the Knights of the 
Holy Lance exist even today (underground), and will, Barbarossa-like, remanifest 
themselves at the proper magical moment. This book is privately published and 
unlikely to be found in your local bookstore, so if you are interested in it, write to 
the Thunderbird Press at 300 Cuddihy Drive, Metairie, LA 70005 for purchase 

14Z. The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German 
National Socialism by Stefan Kuehl. NY/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994, 
ISBN: 0-19-508260-5. (TOS-4) MA: "One of the most criticized elements of Nazi 
Germany was its attempt to 'purify the Aryan race' through all manner of 
breeding-control and non- 'Aryan' suppression policies. All of this was based upon 
a concept of 'race' that went only skin/appearance deep, ignoring actual genetic 
factors. As a result the Nazi program, and earlier/later ones like it by other states, 
descended into mere arbitrary prejudice and cruelty. An unfortunate by-product of 
this is the stigma that hangs over all human genetic engineering research - which 
critics attack as 'genocide' rather than as a scientific means for the gradual 
improvement of human physiology and health. In this remarkable book Kuehl, who 
is a sociologist and historian at the University of Bielefeld in Germany, shows how 
the Nazi eugenics programs were inspired by original programs in the United 
States and elsewhere at the turn of the century, and analyzes the 'new scientific 
racism' which societies are grappling with today." 

14AA. Trading with the Enemy: The Nazi-American Money Plot 1933-1945 
by Charles Higham. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1983 (ISBN: 0-76070-009-5). (TOS-3) 
MA: "While World War II was being orchestrated by the politicians and fought & 

- 242 - 

endured by the masses, many large companies and financial institutions on both 
sides continued to do business with all sides, maximizing their profits through the 
demands and stresses of the war. Indeed the remarkable thing is how little notice 
they took of the war, save as a changing economic 'playground'. Higham, a former 
_New York Times_ writer, calmly documents this astonishing 'peek behind the 
curtain', offering the reader sobering insights into what any international war 
really means, and to whom. The importance of this book lies not just in its 
historical cynicism, but in the lessons it implies for present and future 'national 

14AB. Al Khemi: Hermetic, Occult, Political, and Private Aspects of RA. 
Schwaller de Lubicz by Andre VandenBroeck Hudson. NY: Lindisfarne Press, 
1987. (TOS-5) DW: 'This book is essential for fully understanding all of the work 
of R.A. Schwaller de Lubicz. Schwaller began his magical/political career as a 
fascist, trying to work out the dilemma of a people becoming self -empowered, 
godlike beings yet cooperating in a nationalistic group. He was a member of the 
Tola, the esoteric core of Les Veilleurs, a group which also included Rudolph Hess 
and possibly had ties to the Thule Society. When pressure was brought to bear on 
his group, he emigrated to Egypt and became an advocate of ancient Egyptian 
wisdom. A couple of notable quotes from the book: 'Black Magic is a Pandora's 
box, not because the practitioner is evil, but because he lacks the "sense of the 
temple" as safeguard of ideas.' '"11 f out voir cela dans sa nue erudite" was all the 
moral advice he would ever offer. It implies a free vista of the existing state of 
affairs, unhindered and unembellished by an artificial code of morals.' 
VandenBroeck was Schwaller' s student the last two years of the latter' s life. The 
book explains the experiment of social alchemy to create empowered individuals: 
His magical work was an attempt to recreate the pharaonic secret. This is the 
hidden ground behind Fulcanelli, Lucie Lamy, Bika Reed, John Anthony West, 
Robert Lawlor, Ronald K. Barrett, and many other transformational elitists in the 
New Age movement, including the Temple of Set. A great study of the Word Al- 
Khemi, meaning both the secret of the pharaohs and the method of its attainment. 
The powers and dangers of symbolism are revealed by this book." 

14AC. Heinrich Himmler's Camelot by Stephen Cook and Stuart Russell. 
Kressmann-Backmeyer LLC, 1999. (TOS-3) (TRP-3) MA: "Subtitled The 
Wewelsburg: Ideological Center of the SS 1934-1945, this book is a superb 
historical & pictorial documentary, packed full of all of the information to date on 
this topic. One of the authors has lived for years in Paderborn, the other in 
Australia, and both have been famously fixated on the castle. That they would 
come together to collaborate on this magnificent book is literary, if not indeed 
poetic justice. HHC is also another of the books which refreshingly and 
courageously makes its historical statement without paying the expected text-tax to 
"Holocaust" hand- wringing." 


14AD. Secret King by Stephen E. Flowers, Ph.D. (Trans.) and Michael 
Moynihan (Ed.). Dominion Press/Runa-Raven Press, 2001. (TRP-4) MA: 
"Subtitled Karl Maria Wiligut, Himmler's Lord of the Runes: The Real Documents 
of Nazi Occultism. This unusual, unprecedented, and intriguing study explores the 
role of the runic scholar Wiligut in early 20th-century Germany and particularly 
the early [to 1939] years of the SS, wherein he had the especial regard of Heinrich 
Himmler. While it is evident that Wiligut' s Odinism had some impact, just how 
enduring it would have been became a moot point with the destruction of the SS. A 
well-presented selection of Wiligut' s writings is included." 

* * * 

F14A. The Keep. Paramount, 1983. Paramount Home Video #VHS 1563. 
Jurgen Prochnow, Scott Glenn. MA: "During World War II a German army 
detachment occupies a small village in a remote pass of the Romanian Balkans, 
only to accidentally let loose an ancient Form (dxmonlneter/god) imprisoned in a 
trapezoidal 'Keep' by its Universal opposite. As a modern-dress version of the 
Conflict of Horus and Set [but which is which?] , this film oscillates between the 
harshly real and the surreal. Screenplay writer & director Michael Mann (the 
wizard who brought you Miami Vice) took F. Paul Wilson's plodding, 'here- 
comes-Vlad-the-Impaler-again' novel and rewrought it into this expressionistic 
banquet for the senses. One is left wondering, at the end of the film, which one of 
the daemon-beings' influence would have proved better for humanity - that of the 
tranquil Glenn, who remained aloof and remote from human suffering, or that of 
his 'evil' counterpart, who takes swift and savage vengeance against humans 
deemed to deserve it - and aids others deemed to deserve that." 

F14B. Triumph of the Will. 1934. MA: "Leni Riefenstahl's classic 
documentary of the Nlirnberg Nazi Party Rally still stuns the senses decades after it 
was made. You may experience a variety of mixed emotions upon seeing this film, 
but you will not be indifferent to it. Look especially for the Synapse Films 'Special 
Edition' DVD #SFD0015, which is the most complete, best-restored version 

F14C. The Twisted Cross. NBC/Warner Home Video #29015, 1983. MA: 
"There are several documentary films about the phenomenon of the Third Reich, 
which generally waltz through a predictable pattern: (1) the problems of Weimar 
Germany, (2) a profile of Adolf Hitler, (3) how the Nazi Party took over Germany 
and started World War II by itself, (4) the horrors of the concentration camps 
[which of course no one had but Germany], and (5) how the rest of the world 
finally united to destroy Mordor. This film is one of the more lively of the bunch. 
While it goes through the standard sequence, it ingeniously mixes actual film 
footage of the time with black-and-white reenactments of certain events (such as 
the abortive Munich Putsch) so adroitly done that you think you are seeing the 


events themselves." 

F14D. Hanussen. 1988 (German-Hungarian). DW: "The title character is a 
World War I Austrian soldier, who, after being shot in the head, develops the 
ability to foresee the future. An intriguing story of a real superman having to deal 
with the brutality of 'supermen' whose power comes from mass assertion. Based 
on a 'true' event. Intriguing fare for Pylon Movie Night." 

F14E. The Occult History of the Third Reich. Video Treasures, Inc.; 2001 
Glenn Parkway; Batavia, OH 45103; 1991. Four cassettes: 'The Enigma of the 
Swastika" #SV9366 (ISBN: 1-55529-657-2), "The SS: Blood and Soil" #SV9367 
(ISBN: 1-55529-658-0), "Himmler the Mystic" #SV9368 (ISBN: 1-55529-659-9), 
and "Adolf Hitler" #SV9369 (ISBN: 1-55529-660-2). Approximately 
US$15/cassette. MA: "The only documentary of its kind I've yet come across - and 
superbly done, with abundant rare film footage. Unique to this documentary are 
discussions of the pre-Nazi/non-German roots of many of the phenomena 
discussed, much of which receives little if any coverage today because of 
embarrassment to the same nations which, since World War II, have elevated 
condemnation of the Third Reich into a secular religion." 

F14F. Unsolved Mysteries of World War II. Castle Communications; P.O. Box 
1445; St. Laurent, Quebec H4L-4Z1; Canada; 1992. #UMW-3-4520. MA: "This is 
a boxed set of six cassettes for about $20, the price possible because the six hours 
of film are recorded in EP-mode. Neverthess the quality is quite adequate for 
viewing. Volumes: 'People & Plots': (1) The Riddle of Rudolph Hess, The Strange 
Death of Geli Raubal, Drugs and the Fuehrer. (2) Hitler's Secret War, Kill Hitler. 
'Battle Mysteries': (1) Pearl Harbor, The Phantom Invasion. (2) Decision at 
Dunkirk, Stalin's Secret Armies. 'Occult & Secrets': (1) Hitler's Secret Weapons, 
Enigma of the Swastika, Himmler' s Castle. (2) The Eagle and the Swastika, The 
Last Days of Hitler. These are 'teaser' mini-documentaries, not as detailed as 
#F14E, but often with fascinating facts rarely aired elsewhere - for instance the 
Allies' uneven use of Enigma intelligence vs. the Germans' strange failure to 
discern the breaking of their codes, some of the most detailed period film footage 
of the Wewelsburg yet, and the odd German decision to declare war on the USA 
when American concentration on Japan would have been to German benefit, etc. A 
'food for thought' item, easily worth its price." 

F14G. The Empty Mirror. Universal, Lion's Gate Films, 2000. MA: 
"Portrayals of Adolf Hitler in postwar films have been inflexibly propagandistic: 
He is never to be shown as anything other than an ugly, screaming, drooling, and 
of course insane Ore. TEM is perhaps the first film to at least partially defy this 
requirement, showing him, at least for part of this film, as a rational, introspective 
visionary. The film's title refers to a speculation: What would Hitler, looking back 
on his career, 'see in the mirror'? Hitler is played by the British actor Norman 


Rodway, who not only looks reasonably like AH but represents him responsibly. I 
am not surprised that this film was an official selection at the Cannes Film Festival, 
but I am surprised that it was not suppressed altogether. Hurry up and see it before 
it is." 

- 246- 
Category 15: Cybernetics and Artificial Intelligence 

Kybernetik und Klinstliche Intelligenz 
as of February 26, 2003 

MA: Everyone knows that computers and computer science are continuing to 
mushroom, but few really know just how much and with what impact. The reality is 
astonishing in some ways and overblown in others. Industrialized civilizations of the 
planet are now so dependent upon computerized systems of commerce and 
communication that they are close to being "at the mercy" of the computer scientist, 
whose responsibility it is to "make the things work" - and, incidentally, to set 
parameters for human enterprise by taking computer design in one direction or 

Books for this reading list, many of them computer-prepared themselves, were 
located, ordered, and shipped by computers ... after which the reading list was typed 
on a computer [originally 1976 on a PolyMorphic #8813 and now on a Macintosh], 
printed on a computer-controlled laser-printer, duplicated on a computer-controlled 
copy machine, and delivered to you with the assistance of computer-maintained 
address-list/labels read in turn by computer Zip-code scanners at the post office ... 
with updates available on the Temple's electronic database, Glinda. 

Obviously a computer-dominated society is hyperefficient in some ways, 
hypervulnerable in others. At the very least the magician must know enough about the 
field so that he is sensitive to the ways in which it influences him - and the ways in 

which he may use it to influence others. 

* * * 

DW: The digital world offers vast amounts of information, amazing abilities to 
communicate, and tremendous amounts of political freedom of assembly. It is 
likewise an addictive drug, a place that hastens the decline of civility, and an 
immense source of powerlessness. The magician must decide. The best of all possible 
worlds scenario is a learned Setian who buys the tools that are best for person needs, 
can pull anything off the Web with ease, has fun on Internet mailing lists of choice, 
and keeps a "victory garden" going in case it all goes south. The reading list does not 
include books on software, hardware, or the Internet; these are obsolete when they are 

15A. Future Shock by Alvin Toffler. NY: Random House, 1970. 
[Deutschland: Der Zukunftsschock, Deutscher Blicherbund, Stuttgart, 1970] (TOS- 
3) MA: "Strictly speaking, this is a study of accelerated styles of living rather than 
of computers per se. It is included in this section because it illustrates the 
environment in which computers have become increasingly indispensable. It is also 
important to consider the directions in which this environment may proceed, and 
the impact of related phenomena. Future Shock has been around for a long time 
now, but its propositions are no less valid today than they were when the book was 
first published." 


15B. God & Golem, Inc.: A Comment on Certain Points where Cybernetics 
Impinges on Religion by Norbert Wiener. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1964. 
[Deutschland: Gott & Golem, Inc., Econ-Verlag, Dlisseldorf, 1965 (WU: 15/2465)] 
(TOS-3) MA: "Wiener, who coined the term 'cybernetics' in 1948, later went on to 
consider the ultimate implications of artificial intelligence. A series of his lectures 
was consolidated into this 100-page volume, which won the National Book Award. 
The argument is one of ethics rather than of technology." 

15C. Being Digital by Nicholas Negroponte. NY: Knopf, 1995. (TOS-1) DW: 
"This book, by the Founding Director of the Media Lab at MIT, tells you where the 
digital world from TV to computers is going, what's hype, what's going to be 
possible, and what social forces are working against the media revolution. The 
predictions he makes about the type of new interfaces with the digital world may 
be taken as accurate. 'By the year 2020 the largest employer in the developed 
world will be "self".' Much of this book appeared as a series of essays in Wired 
magazine. Easy to read, and a great source of learned excitement." 

15D. /, Robot by Isaac Asimov. NY: Doubleday, 1950. [Deutschland: Ich, der 
Robot, Verlag Weiss, Berlin-Schoeneberg, 1958 (WU: 8c/1801)] (TOS-3) 4E: "A 
classic of science not-so-fiction, exploring the implications of artificial 
intelligence. Famed for the 'three laws of robotics', the concept of 
robopsychology, and the positronic brain. The reality of this book is closer than 
you think/compute..." 

15E. As Man Becomes Machine: The Next Step in Evolution by David Rorvik. 
NY: Pocket Books #0-671-82230-6, 1978. (TOS-3) MA: "An anthology [in 
layman's terms] of the research towards the evolution of the cyborg - first the 
gradual replacement of various organic components of the human body with 
inorganic machinery, then the transference of consciousness from the organic brain 
to an inorganic computer. Various hypotheses from this book are illustrated in the 
character of Lorin Xanpol the Pantechnikon in #211." 

15F. Machines Who Think: A Personal Inquiry into the History and Prospects 
of Artificial Intelligence by Pamela McCorduck. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 
1979. [Deutschland: WU: 30/5440] (TOS-3) MA: "This is the book on artificial 
intelligence. Over the years I have examined and rejected many books on this 
subject as being either too elementary or too technical. McCorduck is a reporter, 
not a computer scientist, but she's got a first-rate [organic] brain of her own and a 
writing style that turns this potentially confusing subject into an exciting 
adventure. From the book: 'I like to think of artificial intelligence as the scientific 
apotheosis of a venerable cultural tradition, the proper successor to golden girls 
and brazen heads, disreputable but visionary geniuses and crackpots, and 
fantastical laboratories during stormy November nights. Its heritage is singularly 
rich and varied, with legacies from myth and literature; philosophy and art; 


mathematics, science, and engineering; warfare, commerce, and even quackery. 
I've spoken of roads or routes, but in fact it is all more like a web, the woven 
connectedness of all human enterprise.' " 

15G. Computers and the Imagination by Clifford A. Pickover. NY: St. 
Martin's Press, 1991. (TOS-3) DW: "Pickover's books are generally recommended 
because his greatest desire is to make you excited-in-love-crazy with math. This 
book is about using existing and evolving computer technologies as ways to 
expand the mind and give new arenas to creativity." 

15H. Life on the Screen by Sherry Turkic NY: Simon & Schuster, 1995. 
(TOS-3) DW: "Dr. Turkle, Professor of Sociology of Science at MIT and a 
licensed clinical psychologist, looks at the question of 'self in the digital world, 
where one can change gender, play in fantasies, have AI companions, and spend 
hours alone typing in front of glowing screens. This is a book about how 
computers are changing the hearts and minds of people; the magician is alerted to 
dangers and opportunities." 

* * * 

P15A. Wired (ISSN: 1059-1028), Wired Ventures Ltd; 520 3rd St. - 4th Floor; 
San Francisco, CA 94107. Tel: (415) 211-6200. Email: WWW: Monthly. Alex Burns 11°: "Sirius and Bruce Sterling, 
this glossy magazine personifies both the best and worst of its field. Get past the 12 
pages of advertisments just to find the contents and the sometimes excessive 
technophillia/info-Utopianism, and you'll discover that Wired has some of the 
most intelligent and up-to-date commentary on futurism, technology, computers, 
the Internet, and social trends available in a single volume." 

P15B. 21*C: Scanning The Future (ISSN: 1035-6754), Gordon and Breach 
Science Publishers SA; PO Box 95; Prahran, Victoria; Australia. Tel: +61 (0) 3 
9827-5499. Fax: +61 (0) 3 9827-5281. Email: WWW: Quarterly. Alex Burns 11°: "Described to me recently as 
'Wired with a social conscience', this magazine features leading cyberculture 
theorists like McKenzie Wark, Mark Dery, R.U. Sirius, and Kathy Acker, while 
avoiding the excesses of Wired. Features a balanced but critical survey of 
cyberculture, information technology, and sociological impact." 


Category 16: Good and Evil 

Gut und Bose 

as of February 26, 2003 

Much of human history can be explained, if not excused by the conflict between 
those of low intelligence (who consider good/evil objective) and those of high 
intelligence (who consider good/evil subjective). Certainly it begs the question to use 
those very terms to distinguish one extreme from the other! The Church of Satan 
sought freedom by attempting to reverse the good/evil norms of society; the Temple 
of Set seeks freedom by attempting to escape those norms - and preexisting ones - 
and to encourage its Initiates to construct enlightened, individualistic definitions. This 
is as much an art as a science, and the quest must be undertaken and pursued with 
logic, caution, common sense ... and apprehension of the Agathon. 

16A. Political Ideas and Ideologies: A History of Political Thought by 
Mulford Q. Sibley. NY: Harper & Row, 1970. [Deutschland: WU: 22a/ll] (TOS- 
1) (LVT-1) MA: "Until you've read and digested this material, you really oughtn't 
to talk about 'political philosophy' any more than someone who hasn't read an 
anatomical textbook should try to hold forth on anatomy. I teach university courses 
surveying the history of political theory, and this is far and away the most lucid, 
objective, and comprehensive survey text I've yet found. It has two conspicuous 
omissions - Nietzsche and ancient Egypt - and it is oriented towards the political 
rather than the more abstract or conceptual branches of philosophy. So you won't 
find Kant, Schopenhauer, Sartre, etc. here. The author [wonderful name!] was a 
very distinguished and a very controversial Professor of Political Science at the 
University of Minnesota. If you wonder why something like this is TOS-1, trust 
me. After you've absorbed the knowledge it contains, you'll wonder on what basis 
you held political opinions before reading it." J. Lewis VI°: "Go read a textbook? 
In this case, yes. Sibley's book lacks dryness of text and contains doors opening 
onto the essence of politics. It is valuable for far more than explanations of 
sandbox politics." 

16B. Nietzsche by Karl Jaspers. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1965. 
[Deutschland: Nietzsche und das Christentum, Piper- Verlag, Munchen, 1985 (WU: 
37c/1845)] (TOS-4) MA: 'Trying to get a grip on Nietzsche through either his own 
writings or those of others is a bit like trying to get an octopus into a straitjacket. 
He thought at a level which the German language did not anticipate, and so there is 
bitter controversy concerning the proper translation of many of his terms and texts 
into English [to say nothing of their proper meaning in German]. After going 
through a number of editions, translations, texts, analyses, and criticisms, I have 
come to rest on #16B as the most useful for the Setian who wants to 'get at' 
Nietzsche as quickly and accurately as possible. Jaspers, Professor of Philosophy at 
the University of Basel, Switzerland, is one of the acknowledged giants of the 
academic community. In this book he sought to make the reader 'think Nietzsche's 


thoughts with him' , and in my opinion he succeeded. There are sections on both 
Nietzsche's life and his philosophy, which must be considered together for the 
latter to be meaningful. 500 pages." DW: "This book is in three parts. Read all of 
it, but the second is the part to reread. Great material providing interesting 
springboards for Setian discussion." 

16C. The Annotated Jules Verne: Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea by 
Walter James Miller. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1976. (TOS-4) (LVT-4) MA: 
"English-language editions of this story prior to this edition have been appallingly 
distorted and shortened by incompetent editors and translators. Verne was a genius 
far beyond his reputation as a mere yarn-spinner, and his moral philosophy is 
sublimely subjective. The annotations in this edition will help to illustrate Verne's 
expertise in a variety of arts and sciences. Walt Disney must be given credit for 
bringing many direct quotes into his celebrated film: [Nemo: T am not what you 
call a civilized man! I have done with society entirely, for reasons which I alone 
have the right of appreciating. I do not therefore obey its laws, and I desire you 
never to allude to them before me again.']" J. Lewis VI°: "Captain Nemo is not, he 
says, a civilized man. His deliberate separation from the consistency imposed by 
society has produced a new man, a superman intent on creating a new world." 

16D. The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien. Cambridge: Houghton Mifflin, 
1967 (2nd Edition). [Deutschland: Der Herr der Ringe, Klett-Kotta Verlag, 
Stuttgart, 1984] (TOS-4) (LVT-4) MA: "LOTR is not on this list just because it is a 
stirring adventure tale, but rather because it illustrates a very significant point 
about good/evil: that 'evil' can be destroyed only by a greater 'evil' or by 
accident. Saruman attempts the former and Gandalf the latter, and Gandalf 
succeeds ... to the satisfaction of egalitarian readers [but who would want to hang 
around Middle-earth after all the excitement was gone?]. LOTR is thus an 
argument for Christian morality, which is immediately evident from The 
Silmarillion, whose philosophical sections - the 'Ainulindale' and 'Valaquenta' - 
are transparently adapted from Paradise Lost." J. Lewis VI°: "Issues of ethics and 
morality are central throughout the three LOTR volumes. The Initiate embarking 
on the path to eternity needs more than the simple wish to survive; he must 
comprehend and define both 'good' and 'evil'. See also the Morlindale at 
http : //www . xeper . or g/maquino' ' 

16E. The Marquis de Sade by Donald Thomas. Boston: New York Graphic 
Society, 1976. [Deutschland: Der Marquis de Sade, Blanvalet Verlag, Mlinchen, 
1978 (WU: 28/18-527)] (TOS-3) MA: "The best biographical treatment of this 
controversial and notorious libertine. As Thomas assesses him, he was opposed to 
the notion of progressive philosophy, holding the supreme power of the human 
race to be its self-destructive power; the extinction of the species is not to be 
regretted; history is not progress but helpless drifting. Compare this point of view 
with that of Satanism, which is similarly cynical but holds out certain hopes for the 


individual' s transcending of the mass neurosis. [A more recent biography is Sade 
by Maurice Lever (NY: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1993, ISBN 0-374-20298) More 
text, less of a 'coffeetable' book. Lever is Director of the National Center for 
Scientific Research in Paris.]" 

16F. Parapolitics by Raghavan Iyer. NY: Oxford University Press, 1979. 
(TOS-4) MA: "An admirable, beautifully orchestrated attempt to apply the political 
philosophy of Plato to the modern world. Iyer lays the groundwork with diagrams 
explaining the hierarchy of mental activity: Noesis ('pure vision' - apprehension of 
the Good [the Agathon]), Dianoia (logical 'thinking'), Pistis ('believing' - 
dogmatic acceptance of ideology), and Eikasia ('imagining' - the lowest form of 
image- simplification and instinctive behavior). These forms of activity may be 
applied to society in a variety of political 'dimensions', governed by various 
syntheses of logos (speech), will (strength), and eros (sympathy). The resultant 
political forces may be generated towards the attainment of various goals: self- 
preservation, power, stability, reason, welfare, perfectability, and ultimately the 
parapolitics of transcendence. This book is a pearl of thought; its sole defect is that 
it was cast before a world of largely egalitarian readers [it was allowed to go out of 
print in 1985]. Do not attempt it until you have first mastered #12C, #16A, and 
#16G. Iyer was Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of 
California, Santa Barbara. For information concerning other books by this RHP 
Magus, contact: Concord Grove Press; 1407 Chapala Street; Santa Barbara, CA 
93 101 . Phone (805) 966-3941 . " 

16G. Political Thinking by Glenn Tinder. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1986 
(4th Edition). (TOS-1) MA: "This marvelous little (228 pages) paperback is 
composed completely of questions to the reader concerning the great 
political/philosophical issues of history, together with information on how major 
political philosophers addressed those questions. The questions are left open- 
ended, the expectation being that the reader must think his own answers to them. 
This book is thus an active mental exercise, not a textbook for passive 
memorization or indoctrination. Tinder is Professor of Political Science at the 
University of Massachusetts." 

16H. The Social Contract by Robert Ardrey. NY: Atheneum, 1970. (COS-3) 
AL: "The Law of the Jungle as applied to human behavior. How the fallacy of 'all 
men are created equal' has created an imbalance - perhaps necessary - in man's 
potential. A beautifully written book guaranteed to hurt many whose only claim to 
fame is that they are 'higher animals'." 

161. Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds by Charles 
Mackay, LL.D. NY: Harmony Books, 1980 [reprint of the 1841 edition]. (TOS-3) 
MA: "Perhaps the most wonderful book-title since #13C's. A crazy, wonderful, 
informative, educational, and non-fictional tour of the major manias of Western 


civilization up to the time of the book' s publication. As Andrew Tobias observes in 
his foreword: 'Once upon a time there was an emperor with no clothes. For the 
longest time no one noticed. As you will read in this marvelous book, there have 
been many naked emperors since. There will doubtless be many more.'" 

16J. Collective Search for Identity by Orrin E. Klapp. NY: Holt, Rinehart & 
Winston, 1969. (COS-3) AL: "A useful key to the understanding and utilization of 
Lesser Magic." DW: "This is a key book to understanding LaVey's thinking. It is 
the root of our distinction between rites and ceremonies (which Klapp got from 
The Folklore of Capitalism by T.W. Arnold Yale [1937] - which if available I 
would make a TOS-5). When great books about LaVey are written, they will have 
Klapp as background." 

16K. Heroes, Villains, and Fools by Orrin E. Klapp. Englewood Cliffs, New 
Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1962. (COS-3) AL: "Same comments as applied to [#16J]." 

16L. World Civilizations by Edward McNall Burns, Philip Lee Ralph, Robert 
E. Lerner, and Standish Meacham. NY: W.W. Norton, 1982 [6th Edition]. (TOS-2) 
MA: "I am often concerned to see how little knowledge many aspiring Initiates 
have of exoteric human history. Unless you have a reasonably solid grounding in 
this subject, anything you derive from this reading list [and most other sensory- 
inputs] is going to be distorted in your mind. #16L is the best single-volume, 
collegiate-level survey I've yet found: up-to-date, readable, balanced, and 
comprehensive. Lavishly accented with color plates, maps, and many photographs 
& illustrations. It is a pleasure to read, as though one were drinking at a fountain of 
human adventure. 1 ,384 pages. See also #16M." 

16M. Western Civilizations by Edward McNall Burns, Robert E. Lerner, and 
Standish Meacham. NY: W.W. Norton, 1984 [10th Edition]. (TOS-2) MA: 'This is 
an alternative/companion volume to #16L, minus the non- Western sections [which 
permits greater emphasis & detail regarding the Western ones]. 1,068 pages. A 
wonderful literary and intellectual experience." 

16N. Batman: The Dark Knight Returns by Frank Miller. NY: Warner Books 
#38-505, 1986. (TOS-3) MA: "A Sedan comic (?) book." Superman: 'They'll kill 
us if they can, Bruce. Every year they grow smaller; every year they hate us more. 
We must not remind them that giants walk the Earth. You were the one they used 
against us, Bruce: the one who played it rough. When the noise started from the 
parents' groups, and the subcommittee called us in for questioning, you were the 
one who laughed - that scary laugh of yours ... 'Sure, we're criminals,' you said, 
'We've always been criminals. We have to be criminals.'" Batman: "The world 
only makes sense when you force it to." 


160. The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins. Oxford/NY: Oxford University 
Press, 1989 (new edition). (TOS-3) Patty Hardy IV°: "Altruistic and selfish 
behavior in a wide range of living forms, entertainingly and convincingly 
explained in terms of genetic strategy and game theory. This book merits Setian 
attention as a more modern treatment of the ideas discussed in #16H." 

16P. The Lucifer Principle: A Scientific Expedition into the Policies of History 
by Howard Bloom. NY: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1995 (ISBN 0-87113-532-9). 
(TOS-4) MA: "This historical/ sociological book is an argument for Bloom's thesis: 
that 'evil is a by-product of nature's strategies for creation, and is woven into our 
most basic biological fabric' (the 'Lucifer Principle'). He further postulates that the 
LP applies even more to at the group level (what he calls the 'superorganism'), and 
that this is what actually matters in the course of history. In talking of 'evil' Bloom 
means no theological concept, but rather the social impulsive, emotional, 
destructive, and aggressive features of [principally but not just] human social 
groups. He case-studies several historical episodes to show that 'progress results 
from this pain' rather than from more tranquil times. Somewhat Hegelian, 
somewhat oversimplistic - but not without its point. Bloom's credentials are 
somewhat elusive: 'member of the NY Academy of Science, the American 
Psychological Society, and the American Political Science Society'." 

* * * 

F16A. Batman. 1989. Michael Keaton, Jack Nicholson, Kim Basinger. 
Directed by Tim Burton. MA: "This began as an attempt to bring #16N to the 
screen, and succeeded at least in capturing the noir atmosphere of its Metropolis- 
like architecture and urban decay. Michael Keaton' s Batman is convincing, but not 
nearly as savagely psychotic as in #16N. This film came close to being a horrific 
masterpiece, but at some point it was decided to cast Jack Nicholson as the Joker 
and play that role for comic relief, presumably to make the film acceptable to 
youthful audiences. The historic Joker was a malevolent fiend in whose risus 
sardonicus death- grin there was nothing the least amusing." 

F16B. 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. Walt Disney, 1954. Disney Video 
#15VS. James Mason, Kirk Douglas, Paul Lukas, Peter Lorre. MA: "A thoroughly 
excellent translation of #16C to a motion picture, less the extensive 
scientific/oceanographic instruction which Verne packed into his novel. [On the 
other hand, there are many lingering camera shots of underwater attractions, so 
Disney's interest in naturalism is upheld.] Disney also changed Verne's rather 
unimaginative, spindle-shaped Nautilus into a magnificent metal 'monster' whose 
moonlight charges at hapless warships are one of the screen's most dramatic 
sequences. Atomic energy was still a thing of awe when this film was made, as can 
be seen from the drama accorded the Nautilus' atomic reactor, the design of 
Nemo's Vulcania laboratories, and the final atomic explosion." 


F16C. Apocalypse Now [Redux]. 1979. Francis Ford Coppola. Marlon 
Brando, Martin Sheen, Robert Duvall. MA: "Loosely adapted from Joseph 
Conrad's Heart of Darkness, this film is a sort of Caligula of the Vietnam War: 
Much of what it shows is in fact historically accurate, but in a single collage it 
appears so stark, obscene, and insane that the viewer tends to dismiss it as merely a 
baroque satire. Brando portrays an American Special Forces colonel whose 
obsession with the war leads to his alienation from the ethical rituals expected by 
the U.S command structure; Sheen is the captain sent to assassinate him. We are 
left to wonder why the destruction of human life sanctioned by governments is 
'good', while that lacking such sanction, even if apparently justified by 
circumstances, is 'bad'." 


Category 17: The Gift of Set 

Das Geschenk von Set 
as of February 26, 2003 

Sometime between the Lower-Paleolithic Period (about 800,000 years ago) and 
the Middle-Paleolithic (about 100,000 years ago), the proto-human brain underwent a 
mutation directly contrary to the objective-universal laws of natural evolution. 
Between Pithecanthropus Erectus and Cro-Magnon the cranial cavity almost doubled 
in size - from about 900 cc to about 1,700 cc. Darwinian evolutionists are completely 
unable to explain this development and therefore deal with it in texts by simply 
glossing over it. The Temple of Set does not. 

17A. Childhood's End by Arthur C. Clarke. NY: Harcourt, Brace & World, 
Inc., 1953. [Deutschland: WU: 34/16-683] (TOS-3) (LVT-1) MA: "A most 
fascinating - and delightfully diabolical - speculation on the Gift of Set that, in a 
more abstract version, was later brought to the screen as 2001: A Space Odyssey 
[see #F17A.] The eventual sequel to that film, 2010, broke no new ground; what 
more was there to say?" J. Lewis VI°: "Is there another book by man which 
describes the Gift of Set in better 'fiction'?" 

17B. The Eternal Man by Louis Pauwels and Jacques Bergier. NY: Avon 
Books #380-16725-150, 1972. [Deutschland: Die Entdeckung des ewigen 
Menschen - Die Umwertung der Menschheitsgeschichte durch d. phantastische 
Vernunft, Wilhelm Heyne Verlag (Nr. 7009), Munchen, 1975] (TOS-1) MA: 
"There are a great many sensationalistic paperbacks on the market dealing with 
'startling discoveries concerning human history and prehistory'. The Setian may 
browse among them at will, picking and choosing substantive data for further 
investigation. This book, by the dynamic duo who brought you #4B and #22B, is, 
however, a unique item." 

17C. Lifetide by Lyall Watson. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1979. (TOS-3) MA: 
"Dr. Watson, an anthropologist who is only very slightly 'tainted' by his interest in 
phenomena that polite academia carefully avoids, is the author of #22D and #22Q 
as well. Here he discusses scientific evidence for the extra-terrestrial origins of life 
on Earth and attempts to describe the development of the phenomenon of self- 
consciousness through purely-natural means. It is a valiant attempt. He stumbles, 
however, on certain features (such as the working vertebrate eye) that cannot be 
explained by evolution, and finally he is forced to admit that there is something 
beyond the natural order at work. In an effort to avoid taking the plunge into 
theology, he coins the term 'lifetide' , a sort of neo- version of the 'vitalism' used as 
an escape- valve for inconvenient facts by hard-core Darwinists. An excellent book 
for seeing just how far science can go in beating its head against the door of non- 
natural tampering with the human intellectual equation." 


17D. The Ordeal of Change by Eric Hoffer. NY: Perennial Library #P-110. 
[Deutschland: Die Angst vor dem Neuen, Rowohlt-Verlag, Hamburg, 1968 (WU: 
ZC-751-288)] (TOS-1) MA: "This book is listed specifically because of its 
included essay 'The Unnaturalness of Human Nature', which is brilliantly 

17E. The Neck of the Giraffe: Darwin, Evolution, and the New Biology by 
Francis Hitching. NY: New American Library (Mentor) #0-451-62232, 1982. 
(TOS-3) MA: "The recent attack on accepted Darwinian theories of evolution and 
natural selection by religious fundamentalists has prompted a few brave natural 
scientists and biologists to question some of the 'sacred cows' in the field of 
evolution. Evolution as a principle stands up to the most exacting tests, but some of 
the Darwinian sub-assumptions are found not to. There are 'gaps' in the fossil 
record between major species - for example, between early invertebrate sea 
creatures and ancient fishes. And between fish and amphibians. And between the 
reptile & the mammal jaw. How could the hyper-intricate human eye have evolved 
through 'intermediate stages'? Hitching then launches into a careful discussion of 
mutation, genes, and cellular coding, after which he analyzes the best arguments 
the creationists have to offer. While dismissing creationism as ridiculous, he agrees 
with British Museum palaeontologist Colin Patterson: 'They [the creationists] 
didn't have the right answers, but they certainly asked a lot of the right questions.' 
In addition to a 4- page bibliography of technical works, Hitching provides an 
additional 4-page annotated bibliography of introductory reading, keyed to points 
brought out in the chapters of his book. If you intend to think or talk about 
evolutionary theory, this book should be considered TOS-1; if you don't, then 

17F. The Body Electric: Electromagnetism and the Foundation of Life by 
Robert O. Becker, M.D. and Gary Seldon. NY: William Morrow, 1985. (TOS-3) 
MA: "Becker is an orthopedic surgeon who gradually uncovered a number of 
correlations between electromagnetic phenomena and the behavior of living tissue. 
In this tightly argued and well-documented book, he discusses human brain 
evolution and behavior in terms of past and present EM field influences, as well as 
the more general effects of EM radiation on living beings. This book is reviewed in 
detail in Runes #111-3. From the text: 'Francis Ivanhoe, a pharmacologist and 
anthropologist at two universities in San Francisco, made a statistical survey of the 
braincase volume of all known Paleolithic human skulls, and correlated the 
increase with the magnetic field strength & major advances in human culture 
during the same period. Ivanhoe found bursts of brain-size evolution at about 380- 
340,000 years ago, and again at 55-30,000 years ago. Both periods correspond to 
major ice ages, the Mindel & the Wuerm, and they were also eras when great 
cultural advances were made - the widespread domestication of fire by Homo 
Erectus in the early Mindel, and the appearance of Homo Sapiens Sapiens (Cro- 


Magnon peoples) and gradual decline of Neanderthals (Homo Sapiens) during the 
Wlirm...' [See also #19I/J.]" 

17G. The Rise of Life by John Reader. (LVT-3) J. Lewis VI°: "Published as a 
coffee-table book, this history of life from the time of core formation 4.5 billion 
years ago through the present day is highly readable. Within its pages can be found 
evidences of the Gift of Set as life moves from one-celled presence to the 
succeeding rulers of the Earth. Keep an eye out for this one; it is worth its $15.95 
price, though it can be found for less at book warehouses." 

17H. Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of 
Consciousness by Roger Penrose. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994 (ISBN: 
0-19-853978-9). (TOS-4) MA: "Penrose is a Professor of Mathematics at Oxford, 
and this book is a strongly scientific effort to 'get at' the thing called 
'consciousness' - which Penrose ultimately acknowledges cannot be attributed to 
the physical machinery of the brain, nor of any artificial intelligence systems in 
existence. It remains scientifically elusive. An interesting feature of this book is 
Penrose's discussion of what he calls the 'Platonic Universe, in which 
mathematical concepts and truths inhabit an actual world of their own, that is 
timeless and without physical location'. Penrose sketches his discussion in terms of 
the ^interrelationship* of this 'Platonic U' with the 'Physical U' of scientific 
observation (the Temple of Set's 'objective universe') and the 'bridge' of the 
'Mental U' of observing/reflecting intelligences." 

171. The Tangled Web: Biological Constraints on the Human Spirit by Melvin 
Konner, Ph.D., M.D.. NY: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1982. (TOS-3) Patty Hardy 
IV°: "A thoughtful and cautious study of human nature, particularly its destructive 
facets, from a biological perspective. The author realizes that humans are oddly 
transitional, and calls for self-knowledge guided by a sense of wonder. He fears the 
political misuse of behavioral biology, but he fears ignorance still more." DW: 
"Magistra Hardy suggested this book for Category #16, Magister Ronald L. Barrett 
for #17. Konner is currently Professor of Anthropology at Emory University, 
jointly appointed to the Department of Psychiatry at the Emory School of 

17J. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience by Mihaly 
Csikszentmihalyi. NY: Harper & Row, 1990. (TOS-1) DW: "If the crisis of 1975 
had not caused the rapid change from Indulgence to Xeper, but things had 
happened gradually, we would have Csikszentmihalyi 's concept of Flow. The way 
to happiness lies not in mindless hedonism but in mindful challenge. This is about 
the art of obtaining happiness by learning to control the psyche and seeking new 
challenges for the self. It is about Xeper, written from the perspective of a non- 
magician. A great book, and one that you can give to your nonSetian friends." 

-2 5 8- 

17K. The Stars my Destination by Alfred Bester. Various editions beginning 
1956. (TOS-5) DW: "Gulliver Foyle is lost in space, floating away from the 
wrecked rocket. He discovers a great secret, and in using it changes the world 
forever. What he does is to put the secret into the right hands, and by giving it 
away accomplishes his goals from the meanest to the greatest. It provides a better 
look at Revelations 13:13, and reveals the real reason why the Temple of Set is a 
scary organization. 'Gully Foyle is my name/ And Terra is my nation./ Deep space 
my dwelling place/ The stars my destination.'" 

* * * 

F17A. 2001: A Space Odyssey. MGM/United Artists, 1968. MGM/UA VHS 
#MV700002. (12-1022). Screenplay by Stanley Kubrick and Arthur C. Clarke. 
Directed/produced by Kubrick. (LVT-1) MA: "As noted in #17A, the conceptual 
roots for 2001 go back 1-1/2 decades to Childhood's End, though this was [for 
obvious religious reasons] not advertised with the film's release. Even so it is 
surprising that the film did not draw fire from conventional religion, its theme 
being that mankind is essentially an experiment on this planet by an alien 
intelligence. The simple device of changing the 'Devil' Karellen [or Set] to a 
Golden Sectioned monolith made the plot sufficiently abstract to be non- 
threatening. Besides, most audiences were less interested in the Nietzschean/Setian 
implications of the film than they were with HAL the computer [supposedly more 
advanced than IBM, so his name was created by 'the next higher letter'], space 
scenes with Strauss waltzes, and the final 'stargate trip' scene. Seen through Setian 
lenses, 2001 remains a beautiful essay on the Gift of Set." J. Lewis VI°: "The 
message of 2001 took many a person around many a mulberry bush on its arrival 
on the theater circuit. I saw it shortly after its release while in the company of 
several Christian brothers and priests, and grew weary of hearing the monolith 
being described as 'God'. They missed the point completely: The monolith served 
as a god-like instrument, but readers of #17A get a far better picture of what was 
actually occurring. [Setians attending Set- VIII visiting Universal Studios got to see 
HAL and the Discovery during the holiday. The monolith was not available at the 
time, but we managed to interact with the real thing later on during the Conclave.]" 

F17B. Five Million Years to Earth. British, 1968. DW: "This sci-fi adventure 
in the Quatermass series shows the Gift of Set in a thriller format. Workers unearth 
a spaceship (powered by an inverse pentagram) in a remote part of London (named 
'Hob's End' after the Devil said to have appeared there in ancient times). It's part 
of a Martian plot: The Martians look like 'demons' (an idea reused in #F19C2), 
and they're coming back through a Remanifestation of their ideas. Sadly Satan 
loses, but this is a great treat for Pylon film night." 


Category 18: Life and Death 

Leben und Tod 

as of February 26, 2003 

To the profane, life and death are automatic, inevitable, and unalterable. Hence 
they take the influence of the life/death continuum on human affairs for granted. To 
the magician, life and death can be influenced and eventually controlled altogether. 
The Victor Frankenstein of yesterday becomes the genetic engineer of tomorrow. 
New forms and mutations of life will become possible, death may cease save through 
accident, and the Self may evolve into a Self-contained state of existence unhampered 
by a physical shell chained to the entropy of the objective universe. Xeper. 

18A. The Immortalist by Alan Harrington. NY: Avon Books #380-00201-125, 
1969 [recently revised and updated]. (TOS-3) MA: "In this brilliant book 
Harrington argues that the presence and the fear of death are root causes for much 
if not all of human behavioral characteristics. Non-human animals cannot 
conceptualize and anticipate death, hence are not governed by it. Harrington then 
catalogues the surprising number of ways in which death-awareness grips human 
philosophy, presents data on efforts to arrest death, and finally ventures hypotheses 
concerning a non-death- obsessed environment. A scientific rejection of the 
Osirian ethic. I originally reviewed #18A in the Church of Satan's newsletter The 
Cloven Hoof '#V-1: 'The Secrets of Life and Death', reprinted as Appendix 71 in 
#6N and also available in the Order of the Trapezoid section of the Intranet." 

18B. The Immortality Factor by Osborn Segerberg, Jr. NY: Bantam Books 
#553-08183-195, 1974. [Deutschland: WU: 25/12684] (TOS-4) MA: "This is a 
somewhat more technical approach to the questions addressed in #18A, with 
emphasis on the physiological aging/ regeneration processes [see also #17F's 
discussion of this], the creation of life, and ecological implications of a controlled 
life/death environment [cf. Logan's Run]. Well-researched & argued." 

18C. The Book of Opening the Mouth by E.A. Wallis Budge (Trans.). NY: 
Benjamin Blom, 1972. (TOS-5) MA: 'The Spell for Life Unbounded by Time, 
caricatured as the 'Scroll of Thoth' in the classic Boris Karloff film The Mummy. 
As with other TOS-5 codes, this text is not to be read or used casually or 
irresponsibly. The motion picture Deathdream (Quadrant/Impact Films, 1972) can 
give you a good idea of what can happen when you tinker with necromancy 
without appreciating the consequences of 'success'." 

18D. Our Eternity by Maurice Maeterlinck. NY: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1914. 
(TOS-4) MA: "A revision and expansion of Maeterlinck's 1911 essay 'Death'. The 
highest form of inductive logic directed towards the major issues of existence and 
survival of the egocentric consciousness after material death. Key to the 

- 260- 

effectiveness of #18C. [Maeterlinck is also the author of #21.]" 

18E. The Mysteries of Life and Death: An Illustrated Investigation into the 
Incredible World of Death by Professor Keith Simpson, OBE, FRCP, FC Path, et 
al. NY: Crown (Crescent Books, 1980). (TOS-3) MA: "At first glance this appears 
to be a rather morbid 'coffee-table' book, but it soon becomes apparent that it is 
quite a bit more. For one thing, the contributing authors are among the most 
respectable and distinguished in their fields, which range from philosophy and 
criminal psychiatry to pathology and forsenics. Here is the entire concept of death 
for you to examine: mythology, physiological aspects, psychological 
considerations, and cultural legacy. There are chapters on assassination, disease, 
the soul, strange & bizarre funeral & entombment practices, suicide, artistic 
influences, war, etc. After you get over feeling queasy [the photographs & 
illustrations pull no punches] , you will be fascinated to discover just how little you 
actually knew about the phenomenon of death [hence life] , and just what the limits 
of human knowledge concerning it happen to be." 

18F. The Savage God: A Study of Suicide by A. Alvarez. NY: Random House, 
1972. [Deutschland: Der grausame Gott, Verlag Hoffman u. Campe, Hamburg, 
1974] (TOS-3) MA: "An incisive, objective, and empathetic investigation into the 
psychology of suicide, accompanied by a survey of suicide themes in historical 
literature. Said the New York Times of this book: 'To write a book about suicide - 
to transform the subject into something beautiful - this is the forbidding task that 
Alvarez has set for himself; he has succeeded!'" 

18G. The Jewel of Seven Stars by Bram Stoker. NY: Kensington Publishing 
Corp (Zebra Books #416), 1978 (originally published by Rider & Company, UK, 
1912). (TOS-5) MA: "After writing Dracula Stoker set out to do for ancient 
Egyptian magic and immortality what he had done for medieval vampirism, and 
JSS was the result - certainly his second greatest creation. Though well-received in 
England, JSS remained almost unavailable and unknown in the USA until this 
small paperback firm brought out this edition. The book recounts the story of 
Queen Tera, a mysterious sorceress of old Khem, one of whose hands was seven- 
fingered. Super stitiously hated and feared by the ordinary priesthoods and court 
cliques, Tera used her arts to discover the great spell for immortality drawn from 
the Seven Stars of the Thigh of Set, and enchanted it into her tomb through the 
Xepera- shaped Jewel of Seven Stars. Subtly, sensitively, Stoker evokes in the 
Initiate reader the success and triumph of Tera - though to the uninitiate it will 
seem that she failed. [See also my "My Last Three Books" in Scroll #XVIII-2, 
April 1992.] See #F18A." 

* * * 
F18A. Blood from the Mummy's Tomb. Hammer Films. MA: "Recently 

- 26l- 

restored/released on DVD [with some informative and amusing interviews with 
cast & crew]. Despite its lurid title, it is actually a film version of Bram Stoker's 
The Jewel of Seven Stars - and a much more faithful treatment of the novel than the 
later and better-known Charlton Heston remake The Awakening. The only irritant 
is the ending: Whereas Stoker's novel ends on a romantic, mystical note, BMT 
concludes [as does Awakening] with a 'monster movie shock scene' completely 
absent in the original. Cast includes Andrew Keir, Valerie Leon, James Villiers. 
Directed by Seth Holt. See #18G." 

- 262 

Category 19: The MetaMind 

Der Metamind 

as of February 26, 2003 

The JEon of Set heralds the expansion and extension of Elect minds into yet a 
third stage of intellectual evolution - a point of perspective as far removed from that 
of mankind as mankind' s is from Pithecanthropus. [No doubt the prospect will seem 
as incredible to humans as a forecast of their Coming Into Being would have seemed 
to Pithecanthropus.] Many phenomena casually called "ESP" are in fact the first 
symptoms of what may be termed the Metamind. Setians should gain an 
understanding of the human mind's characteristics, physiology, and potential - then 
apply Metamental experiments to appropriate situations. "The most exhilarating thing 
in the world, I think, is the ability of the Setamorphic Metamind to correlate all its 

19A. The Philosopher 's Stone by Colin Wilson. NY: Warner Paperback 
Library #0-446-59213-7, 1974. (TOS-1) MA: "A novel concerning the Metamind - 
with a Lovecraftian accent. A more intellectual treatment of the theme than 
Wilson's better- known #7E [although #7E has a more colorful plot]. An expansion 
on much of the historical and bibliographical data in #19A may be found in 
Wilson's earlier book The Outsider (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1956). 
Subsequently Wilson wrote #4A and became thoroughly confused when he tried to 
explain the Metamind as a natural phenomenon." 

19B. The Psychology of Man's Possible Evolution by Peter D. Ouspensky. 
NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1969. [Deutschland: Die Psychologie des moglichen 
Menschen, Barth-Verlag Bern, Edition Pleyaden, Berlin, 1981] (COS-1) (TOS-1) 
(SHU-1) AL: "Should be read especially by those members whose magical ability 
is hampered by flaws in their balance factor." MA: "A series of lectures which 
explain the Gurdjieff approach to the concept better than G. himself was able to do. 
If you're unfamiliar with G., see Gurdjieff by Louis Pauwels (NY: Weiser, 1972). 
See also the section on G. in #4A." DW: "This is a great book for Pylons to discuss 
- one lecture per meeting. For those who catch the Gurdjieff bug, I recommend that 
they later read Ouspensky's In Search of the Miraculous (NY: Harcourt, Brace & 
World, 1949)." 

19C. The Fourth Way by Peter D. Ouspensky. NY: Random House (Vintage), 
1957. [Deutschland: Der Vierte Weg, Sphinx Verlag, CH-Basel, 1983] (TOS-4) 
MA: "An advanced commentary in the form of questions and answers concerning 
the material covered by #19B. The greatest value in both this book and #19B lies 
in the subsequent practice and use of the techniques by the magician." 


19D. Tao of Jeet Kune Do by Bruce Lee. Burbank: Ohara Publications, 1975. 
(TOS-4) Lee: "To realize freedom, the mind has to learn to look at life, which is a 
vast movement without the bondage of time, for freedom lies beyond the field of 
consciousness. Watch, but don't stop and interpret, 'I am free' - then you're living 
in a memory of something that has gone. To understand and live now, everything 
of yesterday must die." 

19E. The Brain Revolution by Marilyn Ferguson. NY: Bantam Books #553- 
08412-225, 1975. [Deutschland: Die Revolution der Gehirnforschung , Olten- 
Verlag, Freiburg, 1981 (WU: 31/8398)] (TOS-3) MA: "An easy-to-read summary 
of the physiology of the brain to the extent that it is mapped. Well-researched and 
documented. This book is an excellent jumping-off point for further investigations. 
An especially interesting section describes the weaknesses and vulnerabilities of 
the brain to physical and psychological stimuli or deprivation. In other words, the 
mind is affected by the body more than most persons realize. This is important to 
the magician in control both of self and of others." 

19F. Physical Control of the Mind: Towards a Psychocivilized Society by Jose 
M.R. Delgado, M.D. NY: Harper and Row (Harper Colophon Books), 1969. 
[Deutschland: Gehirnschrittmacher. Direktinformation durch Elektroden, Ullstein- 
Verlag, Frankfurt, 1971 (WU: 22/11-115)] (TOS-4) MA: "Delgado, Professor of 
Physiology at Yale University, is one of the most distinguished authorities in the 
field of Electrical/chemical Stimulation of the Brain (ESB). This book is 
necessarily dated, but it is so well-written that it deserves to be perused as a 
preface to more recent works on the subject. In various sections of the text, 
Delgado discusses ESB techniques and experiments, clinical & psychological 
applications of ESB, the definition of the mind and 'soul' as distinct from the 
brain, and the many ethical issues involved in such a line of research. For a 
discussion of the Central Intelligence Agency's ESB experiments, see Operation 
Mind Control by W.H. Bowart (NY: Dell #0-44016755-8, 1978). See also The 
Search for the 'Manchurian Candidate' by John Marks (NY: Times Books, 1979). 
See also #19X." 

19G. The Psychology of Anomalous Experience by Graham Reed. Boston: 
Houghton Mifflin Company, 1974. (TOS-4) MA: "Reed is Professor of 
Psychology at Canada's York University. This book addresses unusual, irregular, 
and puzzling experiences - deja vu, illusions, delusions, hallucinations, etc. - in 
terms of the mind's normal psychological processes of gathering, monitoring, 
processing, and storing information. Drawing from the Existenz of Jaspers (#16B) 
and others who have stressed the distinction between the form and content of 
psychological experience, Reed approaches the border between psychology and 
philosophy. An extremely useful reference text for the magician attempting to 
identify valid mental vs. Metamental impressions." 

- 264- 

19H. The Roots of Coincidence by Arthur Koestler. NY: Vintage Books #V- 
934, 1972. [Deutschland: Die Wurzeln des Zufalls, Scherz-Verlag, Mlinchen, 1972 
(WU: 22/3196)] (TOS-3) MA: "The debate over the sense/nonsense of 
parapsychology rages on. To date Psi has not yet been proven to standards of 
scientific law, but then neither have a great many other interesting and useful 
phenomena. In their anxiety to gain academic respectability, parapsychologists 
have been easy victims for the Uri Gellers and other opportunists and fringe- 
occultists. This book by Koestler cuts through all the confusion and discusses the 
concepts of telepathy, psychokinesis, precognition, ESP, and clairvoyance in a 
rational and logical context. Subsections relate the concepts to Einsteinian theories 
of physics and fields, and to the controversial theories of Lamarck and Kammerer. 
Selected theories in this book were later tested by Koestler, and the results were 
compiled as The Challenge of Chance by Alister & Robert Hardie and Koestler 
(NY: Vintage Books #V-393, 1975). The physical, physiological, philosophical, 
and metaphysical conclusions drawn by Koestler from his cumulative research are 
set forth in his Janus: A Summing Up (NY: Random House, 1978), recommended 
as a complement to the aforementioned earlier works." 

191. Design for Destiny by Edward W. Russell. NY: Ballantine Books 
#23405, 1971. (TOS-3) -and- 

19J. The Fields of Life: Our Links with the Universe by Dr. Harold Saxon 
Burr. NY: Ballantine Books #23559, 1972. (TOS-4) 

MA: "During a period of more than forty years, Burr and his colleagues at the 
Yale University School of Medicine conducted research that indicated the 
existence of electrodynamic fields surrounding an permeating living entities. Even 
more interesting was the evidence that these fields can be 'mapped', and that 
changes in the fields can be used for diagnostic purposes. [See also #17F.] #19J is 
Burr's own account of his research; it is both more technical and more scholarly 
than #191 (which is a deliberately sensationalized speculation on the possible 
implications of the L-field theory). Accordingly #19J may be considered a work of 
scientific calibre, while #191 is more along the lines of 'food for thought'. For 
example, #191 hypothesizes the existence of similar fields for thought ('T-fields'), 
which might be a way out of the difficulty of justifying ESP in terms of energy 
required for electronic transmission. Normal electrical thought impulses are too 
weak to pass through the skull, much less the air beyond." 

19K. The Game of Wizards: Psyche, Science, and Symbol in the Occult by 
Charles Ponce. Baltimore: Penguin Books #3864, 1975. (TOS-3) MA: "Ponce is a 
member of the C.G. Jung Foundation for Analytical Psychology [see also #14C]. 
In this book he attempts to formulate the connection between the human psyche 
and the 'occult', and on the whole he is successful. The reader will note the 
influence of #19I/J in his methodology. Ponce's only problem is that he is a neo- 
Cabalist; hence he hangs himself by one foot from the Tree of Life. His book is 
interesting and provocative nevertheless." 


19L. Propaganda: The Formation of Men's Attitudes by Jacques Ellul. NY: 
Vintage Books #V-874, 1973. (TOS-3) MA: "Between objective truth and the 
subjective individual lies interpretation, and the deliberate manipulation of this 
interpretation is called 'propaganda'. This book defines the concept, illustrates its 
social applications & effects, and evaluates its psychological consequences in a 
careful, scholarly manner. [For a specific discussion of the use of propaganda in 
religion, see William Sargent's Battle for the Mind: A Physiology of Conversion 
and Brainwashing (NY: Harper & Row Perennial Library #P-231, 1957).]" 

19M(1). The Crack in the Cosmic Egg by Joseph Chilton Pearce. NY: 
Washington Square Press #41648-0, 1971. (TOS-3) (SHU-1) 

19M(2). Exploring the Crack in the Cosmic Egg by Joseph Chilton Pearce. 
NY: Washington Square Press #83118-6, 1974. (TOS-3) (SHU-2) 

MA: "A philosophical exploration into the human body's ability, both 
conscious and unconscious, to alter objective reality, with both physiological and 
philosophical [don Juan, Christ, etc.] case studies. Necessarily Pearce investigates 
the conceptual processes involved in 'thinking' and finds that the entire body - not 
just the 'roof brain' - is involved in the process. Many actual principles applicable 
to ritual magic, ESP, and PK phenomena may be uncovered, if only to the extent of 
a crack, in these intriguing works. [Cf. also #19I/J.]" 

19N. The Deep Self by John C. Lilly, M.D. NY: Warner Books #33-023, 
1977. (TOS-5) MA: "Lilly achieved prominence [or notoriety] as the principal 
proponent of, and experimentor with the sensory deprivation tank during the last 
two decades. This book summarizes and analyzes the findings of his earlier books 
and reports, and offers practical guidance concerning the construction and use of 
isolation tanks. Lilly, who along with his work was portrayed in the 1980 film 
Altered States, comments: 'In the province of the mind, what one believes to be 
true either is true or becomes true within certain limits. These limits are to be 
found experientally and experimentally. When the limits are determined, it is found 
that they are further beliefs to be transcended. In the province of the mind, there 
are no limits. The body imposes definite limits.'" 

190. A New Model of the Universe by Peter D. Ouspensky. NY: Alfred A. 
Knopf, 1931 [reprinted Random House (Vintage Books), 1971]. [Deutschland: Ein 
neues Modell des Universums, Sphinx Verlag, CH-Basel, 1986] (TOS-3) MA: "A 
series of essays addressing various problems of esoterica according to what 
Ouspensky calls the 'psychological method'. He surveys many Eastern and 
Western cultural traditions, together with modern scientific principles, in an 
attempt to find common threads. The title of the book is somewhat misleading, 
because the book does not comprise an integrated argument towards a particular 
conclusion. [The title is actually that of one of the included essays.] I would 
recommend #19B and #19C first, after which one will be sufficiently familiar with 
Ouspensky's idiom to derive the greatest benefit from his essays." 


19P. Behavior Control by Perry London. NY: Harper & Row, 1969. (COS-3) 
AL: "A Satanic glimpse into the very near future. As this book was too hot for 
most markets, it might be difficult to obtain." 

19Q. The Myth of Mental Illness by Thomas S. Szasz. NY: Dell Publishing 
Co., 1961. [Deutschland: Geisteskrankheit - ein moderner Mythos, Walter Verlag 
AG, CH-Olten, 1972] (COS-3) AL: "A scathing indictment against the 
Judaeo/Christian glorification of weakness and inadequacy which has fostered the 
psychic vampire. A fine book by a courageous writer." 

19R. The Manufacture of Madness by Thomas S. Szasz. NY: Dell Publishing 
Co., 1970. [Deutschland: Die Fabrikation des Wahnsinns, Fischer Taschenbuch 
Verlag, Frankfurt, 1972] (TOS-3) MA: "An incisive comparison of the philosophy 
and methods of the medieval Inquisition with those of the modern mental health 
profession, specifically with reference to involuntary mental hospitalization. Szasz 
is an M.D. who is motivated by outrage at what he perceives as unethical practices 
within his profession. In this volume he explains how an initial, tacit decision is 
made to consider a deviant - as an 'Other' (i.e. something less than a 'normal' 
human being), whereupon any social, religious, or humanistic rights that 'normal' 
humans have may be denied him with impunity. Once accorded 'Other' status, the 
unfortunate victim becomes the helpless plaything of the society and its officials. 
In this sense a medieval person accused of witchcraft, a concentration-camp 
inmate, and a member of contemporary society declared legally insane are all 
'Others'. For a series of historical readings illustrating the progress of this 
phenomenon, see Szasz' The Age of Madness (NY: Doubleday Anchor Books, 

19S. The Secret of the Golden Flower by Thomas Cleary (Trans.). San 
Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1991 (ISBN 0-06-250193-3). (TOS-3) MA: "A 
classic of Chinese Taoism describing the process of the attainment of 
transcendental existence by the means of creating a mandala from the personal 
subconscious. An oriental approach to the premises of #19M, as well as being a 
key influence in the magical philosophy of W.B. Yeats [see #10H]. This new 
translation corrects errors in the previous translation by Richard Wilhelm (London: 
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd, 1931. [Deutschland: Das Geheimnis der goldenen 
Bliite, Diederichs- Verlag (Gelbe Reihe), Koln, 1986 (WU: 36/16-812)])." 

19T. Wilhelm Reich: Life Force Explorer by James Wyckoff. Greenwich, 
Conn.: Fawcett Publications #449-00586-095, 1973. [Deutschland: Wilhelm Reich, 
Boadella, Scherz- Verlag, Munchen, 1981] (TOS-3) MA: "A thoughtful, carefully 
researched, and succinct biography of Reich, including synopses of his various 
theories. An excellent 'first book' to read to become acquainted with this 20th- 
century 'Dr. Frankenstein'." Roland Winkhart IV°: "Dieser Titel ist ein 
Alternativvorschlag zum engl. Titel. (Anm.)." MA: "For a more detailed account 

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of Reich's controversial theory of life energy, see Ola Raknes, Ph.D., Wilhelm 
Reich and Orgonomy (Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books #A1472, 1971). 
[Deutschland: Wilhelm Reich und die Orgonomie, Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag 
(Nr. 6225), Frankfurt, 1973] See also #14A, as well as my Cloven Hoof article 
'The Frankenstein Legacy' [reprinted as Appendix 75 in #6N]." 

19U. An End to Ordinary History by Michael Murphy. Los Angeles: J.P. 
Tarcher [distributed by Houghton Mifflin], 1982. (TOS-4) MA: "Like many other 
works on this list, this book is an iceberg-tip. The entire field of parapsychological 
research in the Soviet Union and other communist countries has long lain under a 
blanket of semi- suppression - not because such research is discredited, but rather 
because it is considered a potentially vital state secret. Since the publication of 
Ostrander & Schroeder's Psychic Discoveries Behind the Iron Curtain in 1970, 
there hasn't been much written outside of obscure technical material [which is fine 
for the Temple's archives but inconvenient for individual Setians' libraries]. #19U 
is a novel, but derives much of its 'fiction' from Murphy's extensive experience in 
this field in collaboration with the 'Transformation Project', a San Francisco- 
centered data base of human consciousness evolution. See also Jacob Atabet by the 
same author. Murphy is co-founder of California's famous Esalen Institute at Big 

19V. The Soulsucker by Ted Sabine. NY: Pinnacle Books, 1975. (TOS-3) 
Robertt Neilly IV°: "The main character in this novel has a functioning Metamind. 
Its understanding of the human mind enables it to convey mental suggestions to 
humans, including bodily sensations, moods, and time & sense perception." 

19W. Mind Wars by Ron McRae. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1984. (TOS-3) MA: 
"An update to Psychic Discoveries Behind the Iron Curtain with a military flavor, 
written not by scientists but by one of Jack Anderson's sensationalistic journalists. 
Nevertheless this is a rather impressively researched and written book, packed with 
data found nowhere else outside of classified government research reports. McRae 
analyzes the 'remote viewing' experiments conducted amongst much fanfare & big 
bucks by the Stanford Research Institute [see #20] and concludes [as I do] that 
their results are unconvincing. Excellent chapter entitled 'The Need to Believe' on 
wishful thinking concerning Psi phenomena. The debunking of phony psychics like 
Uri Geller is treated. The chapter on the 'First Earth Battalion' is zany; its deletion 
would have improved the book. There is an excellent 12-page bibliography, listing 
both classified and unclassified sources." 

19X. Acid Dreams: The CIA, LSD and the Sixties Rebellion by Martin A Lee 
and Bruce Shlain. NY: Grove Press, 1985. [Deutschland: WU: B-58-887] (TOS-3) 
MA: 'This is an oversize/345-page paperback which takes the reader on a behind- 
the-scenes tour of the psychedelic/hippie/new left culture of the United States ... 
interrelated with the covert drug exploration, money laundering, and clandestine 


dealing programs of the private and public sectors. It is a tour to leave even the 
most cynical & suspicious Satanist thoroughly stunned at the calculating 
'machinery' operating behind the apparently-innocent peace/love movement of the 
'60s/'70s. This story does not devalue the genuine idealisms of some of the more 
visionary and idealistic people described in #4K, but it does show that every silver 
cloud has its dark lining - to rearrange the aphorism a bit! In this case the lining 
was/is a very dark one indeed." 

19Y. Psychic Warfare: Fact or Fiction? by John White (Ed.). 
Wellingborough, Northamptonshire: The Aquarian Press, 1988 (ISBN 0-85030- 
644-2) (Distributed in the U.S. by the Sterling Publishing Company, 2 Park 
Avenue, New York, NY 10016). (TOS-3) MA: 'This is a collection of articles by 
McRae (#19W), Bearden (#20K), Ebon (#5D), and several other 
authors/researchers who have specialized in this field. White, former Director of 
Education for the Institute of Noetic Sciences (an ESP/metaphysics-oriented think- 
tank loosely affiliated with the Stanford Research Institute [see #20 & #19W] and 
the Transformation Project [see #19U]), adds concluding chapters of his own 
dealing with the possible nature of 'psychic energy' and the 'psychic warfare' 
attributed to Nazi Germany. White confesses he is no closer to a 'smoking gun' of 
ESP than others who have written on the subject, but he invokes the work of 
Russell (#191) and Burr (#19J) as most promising in this direction. A good survey 
of the current literature in this fascinating field." 

19Z. The Philosophy of Horror, or Paradoxes of the Heart by Noel Carroll. 
NY: Routledge (ISBN 0-415-90216-9), 1990. (TOS-4) MA: "Why is 'horror' as a 
feature of fiction so enduring and appealing? What exactly is it? These are the 
questions which Carroll, an Associate Professor of Philosophy [and Theater] at 
Cornell University set out to answer in this complex and precise text. Drawing 
from ancient Classical tragedies as well as from the latest 'slasher/gore' films and 
novels of the present era, Carroll establishes that this fascination is as much a 
normal psychological need as an affectation or deviation from the norm. A 
carefully-reasoned, well- written, and heavily-documented study, displaying 
Carroll's fine academic background in the field of philosophy." 

19AA. The Will: Its Nature, Power, and Development by William W. 
Atkinson. London: L.N. Fowler & Co., 1915. (TOS-3) Leon Wild 11°: "Will is a 
faculty often taken for granted by magicians. Will is more than desire and intent. 
This book is an introduction fo the development and use of will. The book has an 
essentially pragmatic 'new' psychological basis. The nature of will is discussed, to 
include desire, decisiveness, and action. The active will (or volition) is the aim of 
the book's exercises, which are useful for concentration and visualization 
development. Atkinson's will description almost goes as far as GBM, and is 
certainly useful in LBM concepts, in that the imagination creates patterns or mental 
molds which the will subsequently causes to manifest. Recognizing and countering 

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negative marks of the will are also discussed." 

19AB. Luck by Nicholas Rescher. NY: Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 1995. (TOS-1) 
DW: 'This book is an enlargement of Rescher' s 1989 Presidential Address to the 
American Philosophical Association on the topic of 'luck'. This is a very readable 
30-year study of the effects, benefits, and perceptions of randomness in human life. 
A great cross-read to #61." 

19AC. The Psychic Battlefield: A History of the Military -Occult Complex by 
W. Adam Mandelbaum. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000 (ISBN 0-312-20955- 
X). (TOS-3) MA: "A methodical and thoughtful survey of psychological and 
quasi-parapsychological warfare techniques and experiments during the past 5,000 
years. The only weak point of the book is a little too much 'wishful thinking' on 
the subject of 'remote viewing', though it can be argued that Mandelbaum is 
essentially just reporting on what was a long, expensive, and profoundly stupid 
snipe- hunt by the U.S. government. One section of the 'Cast of Characters' chapter 
deals with 'one of the darker denizens in the history of the military-occult 
complex', Lt. Colonel Michael Aquino. It's always nice to be appreciated." 

* * * 

F19A. Forbidden Planet. MGM, 1956. (12-1035). Leslie Nielsen, Anne 
Francis, Walter Pidgeon, Robby. (LVT-2) MA: "In the middle of the 50s, MGM 
reared back and produced this first big-budget 'intellectual' space opera, drawing 
from Freudian theories of the ego & id, salted with a bit of Shakespeare's Tempest, 
and peppered with the most charming robot since Gort. The design of the 
spaceship and even the casual uniforms of the crew were all forerunners of the 
original Star Trek television series. The plot centered around an ancient, highly- 
civilized race (the Krel), who had succeeded in expanding their mental powers 
almost to infinity. They were destroyed, however, by the /d-monsters of their 
subconscious minds - a process which Walter Pidgeon, as a human scientist, comes 
all to close to repeating." J. Lewis VI°: "Forbidden Planet has deliberate parallels 
with Shakespeare's The Tempest. The island is transformed into a planet, the 
magician Prospero is a scientist living alone on the planet with his daughter, and 
Ariel has taken on a metallic shell as Robby the Robot. The story is entertaining in 
its own right; those familiar with The Tempest will find it even more so. For the 
Setian the greatest lessons in it are those of the power of the mind. Evolution does 
not cast away those parts of ourselves we now have under control. It takes the 
darker parts along on the journey and accentuates their power should they be 
loosened. The Initiate heading for eternity should give Forbidden Planet an 
evening of his time." 

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F19B. Altered States. 1980. (19-1170) William Hurt, Blair Brown, Charles 
Haid. Director: Ken Russell. MA: "Adapted from the novel by Paddy Chayefsky, 
which in turn was loosely modeled on real-life experiments and experiences 
recorded by John Lilly in #19N. A wild and weird trip through the 'final frontiers' 
of the mind, by humans not quite ready to venture there yet. Hurt/Lilly resolves, he 
proclaims in a crowded bar, to identify and define the human soul ... 'and I'm 
going to find the fucker! ' He eventually does." 

F19C. Doctor Who. (LVT-3) J. Lewis VI°: "The question of man's abnormal 
mental evolution is one that has puzzled him since the time he began to realize his 
difference. The question is addressed by the Temple of Set in 'Genesis III', in the 
papers of the Priesthood of Set and the Book of Leviathan. It has also appeared in 
science-fiction. Doctor Who has shown three such ventures into the question:" 

F19C1. The Dcemons. "Jon Pertwee's Doctor entered into The Dcemons to 
give viewers an action-filled show with a little something for everyone. An ancient 
barrow, the Devil's Hump, found near the quaint village of Devil's End, is being 
opened by an archaeologist. [The gossip center of the village is the pub known as 
the 'Cloven Hoof, appropriately enough.] This Doctor Who story had witchcraft, 
hypnosis, a Satanic cult headed by Mr. Magister [the Master masquerading as the 
new rector], the gadgetry of which Pertwee is so fond to this day, and a gigantic 
creature with cloven hooves, horns, fangs, and the whole nine yards. This daemon, 
Azal, stayed behind in 100,000 BCE as a representative of his race, awaiting the 
day man would become sufficiently advanced to awaken him and allow the daemon 
to judge whether mankind had responded to the subtle nudges given him by the 
daemons and therefore was fit to rule his planet with the daemons' scientific 
knowledge; or whether the race should be wiped out as a failure. The strategy of 
the two Time Lords is fascinating to watch. After all, for what purpose did Set 
instill the Black Flame in man? I doubt he would close his experiment by dropping 
the entire human race in the rubbish bin as Azal decides to do. No need to; 
mankind is quite capable of wiping itself and its planet out of existence without the 
aid of aliens. The Dcemons was released in black and white and is still visually 
stunning. The rumor among Doctor Who enthusiasts is that there is a color version 
of the show out there somewhere, last known to be at some undisclosed location in 

F19C2. Image of the Fendahl. '"Like one who on a lonely road doth walk in 
fear and dread, and having turned once, turns no more his head because he knows a 
frightful fiend doth close behind him tread.' That charming little piece of poetry by 
Coleridge formed the beginning of the Fendahl script, a science-fiction/horror story 
commencing with the murder of a hiker by an unknown monster in a dark wood 
and proceeding to a study being done on an ancient human skull unearthed in 
Kenya in 1984 CE, an inverse pentagram making up a congenital anomaly in its 
makeup. The secrets of the skull unfold as the Doctor (Tom Baker) and Leela 
discover it to be a link with the Fendahl, an aeons-old force which lives through 
absorbing life and is therefore the personification of death. The suggestion in the 

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story is that the Fendahl bred a certain genius in man to enable him to eventually 
grow so sophisticated as to open the gates for the force. This is another of the 
shows complete with it all: witchcraft, one of the explanations of ESP, an evil cult 
at work in the midst of it all, and the Doctor working to save mankind as those he 
seeks to help go out of their way in their attempts to kill him. Image of the Fendahl 
is a story which deviates from the reasons we suspect man to have the Gift of the 
Black Flame, but it does explore via fiction the darker alternatives." 

F19C3. The City of Death. "The explosion of a Jagaroth spaceship on the 
prehistoric planet Earth of 400,000,000 BCE splinters its pilot, Scaroth, into 
identical selves who are scattered throughout time. Each self is in contact with the 
others, and each strives to push the advancement of mankind up to a point at 
which, like the other two parallel shows, the alien can benefit from the upward 
leaps. In the case of Scaroth, the goal is to finally bring about men of intelligence 
sufficient to create a time machine which will allow him to return to the original 
disaster and halt it. The Doctor (Tom Baker) stops the Jagaroth pilot, but only just 
in the nick of time; had he succeeded in reversing his original mistake, man would 
never have evolved from the primeval soup affected by the radiation released on 
the ship's explosion. In The City of Death, Image of the Fendahl, and The 
Dcemons, there was a common theme: An outside intelligence altered the genetic 
makeup of that which would become man, and for a definite reason. Only Azal is 
clinical about the task and so comes closest to Set's own plans. The obligatory 
threat to mankind would have left viewers with an uneasy feeling of 
incompleteness in its absence." 

F19D. Meetings with Remarkable Men. British, 1979. (53-7173) Peter Brook, 
Director. Terence Stamp, Athol Fugard, Dragan Macksimovic. DW: "Based on 
Gurdjieff's memoirs of the same name (NY: E.P. Dutton, 1969), this deals with 
G.'s trek through Asia and Africa in search of Truth. It reveals many things and is 
worth repeated viewings. Of special note is the concept of resonance in the scene 
of the singing contest, and the old Persian metaphor of 'going to Egypt', which 
means working through mastery of this world as one's first test. A good video for 
Pylon Movie Night in conjunction with #19B." 

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Category 20: The Four (?) Dimensions 

Die vier (?) Dimensionen 
as of February 26, 2003 

The philosophy of measurement is a fascinating field. How can and should we 
estimate, assign, and evaluate boundaries, categories, and phenomena both within and 
without? "Freedom," said Winston Smith in 1984, "is the freedom to say that 2+2=4" 
... whereupon the magician O'Brien convinced him that 2+2=5. The point is that only 
one who can define measurement is truly free; the Masons illustrate this by defining 
"God" as the "great architect" or "Geometer" of the Universe. 

20A. The World of Measurements by H. Arthur Klein. NY: Simon & Schuster, 
1974. (TOS-3) MA: "A 735-page 'encyclopaedia of measurements', so beautifully 
written that it is as intriguing and entertaining as a good novel. But there is 
technical material here too, so expect to do some hard thinking as you read. Major 
sections on measurement philosophy, time, mass, light, thermodynamics, radiation, 
electronics, pressures, densities, waves, fields, and nuclear disintegrations - to 
name but a few. As Mr. Spock would say: 'Fascinating! '" 

20B. The Nature of Time by G.J. Whitrow. NY: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 
1972. (TOS-3) MA: 'This magnificent little book covers almost every possible 
aspect of time - relative, absolute, linear, circular, and otherwise. Again it is highly 
readable; one need not have a Ph.D. in Physics to understand its arguments and 
explanations. 189 pages." 

20C. The Timetables of History by Bernard Grun. NY: Simon & Schuster, 
1979 [periodically updated; look for most recent edition]. [Deutschland: 
Kulturfahrplan, Werner Stein, Herbig Verlagsbuchhandlung, Mlinchen, 1976] 
(TOS-3) MA: "This giant book consists of a single, continuous chart [by page] 
correlating mankind's achievements in history /politics, literature/theater, religion, 
philosophy & learning, visual arts, music, science/technology/growth, and daily 
life from 5000 BCE to the present. Superbly comprehensive and an invaluable aid 
in understanding the conditions of civilization surrounding key stages in human 
historical development. [For a fascinating tour of some key interrelationships in 
human progress, you might enjoy James Burke's Connections (Boston: Little, 
Brown & Co., 1978), the book version of the BBC television series of the same 
name. The title refers to the often obscure and intricate processes by which some 
important modern technology began several centuries ago as a number of scattered, 
seemingly unimportant discoveries.]" Roland Winkhart IV°: "Grun scheint 'nur' 
der Herausgeber der USA-Ausgabe zu sein (Anm.)" 


20D. Man and Time by J.B. Priestley. NY: Crescent Books, 1964. (COS-3) 
AL: "A beautifully done book which explains many sound theories of space and 
time. Very usable information." 

20E. Body Time by Gay Gaer Luce. NY: Bantam Books #553-07455-150, 
1971. [Deutschland: Korperrythmen, Hoffman & Campe, Hamburg, 1973 (WU: o. 
Signatur, nur im Lesesaal)] (TOS-3) MA: "A most thorough and readable book 
explaining the time-cycles of various features and functions of the human body. 
Virtually indispensable for advanced operations of Lesser and Greater Black 
Magic, whose effectiveness often hinges on the physical state of being of both the 
magician and the subject. Included is an exhaustive bibliography on each major 
topic treated." 

20F. Infinity and the Mind: The Science and Philosophy of the Infinite by 
Rudy Rucker. NY: Bantam New Age Books #0-553-23433-1, 1982. [Deutschland: 
WU: 32/10-092] (TOS-4) MA: "From the author's preface: 'This book discusses 
every kind of infinity: potential and actual, mathematical & physical, theological & 
mundane.' It does exactly that. Rucker is a Professor of Mathematics, so can deal 
with the very heavyweight mathematical concepts and formulae involved in this 
subject. Fortunately for the non-mathemagician, he also has the gift of explaining 
[most] things in non-math-jargon. Even so, you're in for some very heavy thinking 
if you tackle this book. It starts out fairly conversationally, but before you know it 
you're floundering around in: temporal & spatial infinities, Pythagoreanism, 
Cantorism, transfinite numbers (from Omega to Epsilon-Zero & Alephs), 
infinitesimals & surreal numbers, Godel's Incompleteness Theorem, robot 
consciousness, set theory, transfinite cardinals, etc. Just to irritate you, each 
chapter concludes with a selection of problems and paradoxes illustrating the 
aspects of infinity covered therein. For example: 'If infinitely many planets exist, 
then every possible planet would have to exist, including a planet exactly like 
Earth except with unicorns. Is this necessarily true?' See what I mean?" 

20G. Other Worlds: Space, Super space, and the Quantum Universe by Paul 
Davies. NY: Simon & Schuster #0-671-42232-4, 1980. (TOS-4) MA: "One of the 
most lucid and [comparatively] non- technical explanations of quantum mechanics. 
Davies discusses subatomic & superspace, mind/ matter, the nature of reality, 
waves & particles, holes & tunnels in space, Mobius strip phenomena, etc. Davies 
is Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Adelaide, South Australia. 
The book makes two assumptions that I personally find questionable: the 'Big 
Bang' and Einstein's theories of relativity. Nevertheless there is a lot of analysis 
here that does not hinge on these two sacred cows, and in any case it is virtually 
impossible to find an otherwise-first- rate physics text that doesn't bow and scrape 
before them. [Word has it that scientists of 1522, who knew the Earth is flat, 
assumed that Magellan made it all the way around by crawling across the 


20H. The Philadelphia Experiment: Project Invisibility by William L. Moore 
& Charles Berlitz. NY: Fawcett Crest Books, 1980. [Deutschland: Das 
Philadelphia Experiment, Zsolnay Verlag, A-Wien, 1979] (TOS-3) (TRP-3) MA: 
"One day in October 1943, so the story goes, the destroyer U.S.S. Eldridge 
vanished into a green fog, appeared for a few seconds at Norfolk, Virginia, and 
then reappeared at Philadelphia - the result of an 'experiment gone wrong' in ship- 
invisibility by the U.S. Navy. The poor old Navy has spent forty years denying that 
anything like the so-called 'Philadelphia Experiment' ever happened, but 
unfortunately there is a growing accumulation of evidence that something took 
place - perhaps not visual invisibility or dimensional transportation, but something 
more along the line of an effort to mask the radar/electronic 'footprint' of the 
vessel through the generation of powerful magnetic fields. If, as #17F and #19I/J 
maintain, the human body and mind are seriously affected by electromagnetic 
fields, intense damage could have been done to those on board the Eldridge and 
indeed to anyone in its vicinity. One would prefer to think that the Navy wouldn't 
cover up such a mishap, but the monkey-business presently going on with Project 
Sanguine [see Runes #111-3, review of #17F] makes one wonder. #20H is definitely 
not a 'nut book', but rather a careful, logical recounting of the author's long and 
often frustrating efforts to uncover the truth [or lack thereof] behind what has 
become one of the more famous legends of Outer Limits-type research. #20H is 
reviewed in Runes #IV-2. [See also the fictionalized but very well done film The 
Philadelphia Experiment (Thorn EMI VHS cassette #TVA-2547, 1984).]" T.E. 
Bearden [in #20K]: "Reversing or lowering the electrogravitational charge is 
controlled by biasing the ground potential on the ensemble pattern transmitters, 
which can even be on-board the vehicle itself ... You can float metal ... You can 
even 'dematerialize' or 'teleport' it. The Philadelphia Experiment may have ben 
real after all. If so, the test ship and its personnel were 'blasted' into this strange 
realm ..." 

201. Tesla: Man Out of Time by Margaret Cheney. Englewood Cliffs, New 
Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1981. (TOS-3) (TRP-3) MA: "Few turn-of-the-century 
scientists are more colorful, accomplished, and controversial than Nikola Tesla, the 
inventor of radio, pioneer of alternating current, namesake of the Tesla Coil, 
colleague of Einstein, and all-around 'mad scientist' par excellence. This lively 
biography, basis for a Tesla profile in Runes #1-2, not only tells his tale but also 
raises many questions [and proposes some answers] about the nature of 
electromagnetic energy. Extensive notes and recommendations for further reading 
& correspondence are included." 

20J. The Command to Look: A Formula for Picture Success by William 
Mortensen. San Francisco: Camera Craft Publishing Co., 1945 [originally 
published 1937]. (TOS-3) (TRP-3) MA: "Although ostensibly a manual for the 
most enticing layout of photographic work, this small book was held by Anton 
LaVey to be among the most crucial for an appreciation of the artistic and 


audio/visual principles employed in the early Church of Satan and Order of the 
Trapezoid. It prescribes three elements for the CTL: impact, subject interest, and 
participation. It further suggests four types of visual patterns which contribute to 
the CTL: the diagonal, the S-curve, triangular combinations, and the dominant 
mass. In Runes #IV-3/May 1986 Stephen Flowers V°/GM reviews CTL in detail. 
Its principles were invariably utilized in Anton LaVey's own artwork [examples in 
#6M, #6N and Satanis: The Devil's Mass]." DW: "The connection between 
Mortensen and the 'obscene angles' of Frank Belknap Long & H.P. Lovecraft was 
made in the short story 'The Sorcerer's Jewel' by Tarleton Fiske (Robert Bloch) in 
Strange Stories magazine (Feb 39). 'Mortensen, of course, is the leading exponent 
of fantasy in photography; his studies of monstrosities and grotesques are widely 
known.' The story, one of the hidden roots of the Order of the Trapezoid, is 
reprinted in Mysteries of the Worm by Robert Bloch (2nd Ed. 1993, Oakland: 
Chaosium - see #7 J)." 

20K. Fer -de-Lance: A Briefing on Soviet Scalar Electromagnetic Weapons by 
Thomas E. Bearden. Ventura: Tesla Book Company, 1986. (TOS-4) (TRP-4) 
Bearden: "Scalar electromagnetics is an extension of present electromagnetics 
(EM) to include gravitation. That is, it is a unified electrogravitation, and, what is 
more important, it is a unified engineering theory. Its basis was initially 
discovered by Nikola Tesla. Western scientists are familiar only with directed- 
energy weapons where fragments, masses, photons, or particles travel through 
space and contact the target to deliver their effects. However it is possible to focus 
the potential for the effects of a weapon through spacetime itself, in a manner so 
that mass and energy do not 'travel through space' from the transmitter to the 
target at all. Instead ripples and patterns in the fabric of spacetime itself are 
manipulated to meet and interfere in and at the local spacetime of some distant 
target." MA: "This spiral-bound book can be ordered directly from the TBC. Write 
to them at P.O. Box 1685, Ventura, CA 93002 for a current price list. Bearden is a 
retired U.S. Army Lieutenant Colonel with 29 years' experience in air-defense 
systems. He holds a Master's degree in nuclear engineering, and is presently a 
senior scientist with a major aerospace company." 

20L. The Power of Maps by Denis Wood. NY: Guilford Press, 1992. (TOS-3) 
Patty Hardy IV°: "The science and history of cartography illustrate all the subtlety 
involved in the objectification of experience: Beneath the cool, factual surface of 
'the map' boils a stew of political conflict, psychological manipulation, and 
technical compromises." 

20M. Number Words and Number Symbols: A Cultural History of Numbers 
by Karl Menninger. NY: Dover, 1992. (TOS-3) Patty Hardy IV°: "Number is one 
of the most powerful tools humans apply to their experience, and like language 
itself is often taken for granted. Cross-cultural and historical inquiry can hint at the 
strengths, weaknesses, and limits of the tools we have inherited." 

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20N. Keys to Infinity by Clifford A. Pickover. NY: John Wiley & Sons, 1995. 
(TOS-3) DW: "An introduction to very large and infinite numbers, fractals, 
vampire numbers, leviathan numbers, and other mind- stretching ideas. Chapter 6 is 
a discourse on the probable future history of computing, fractals, and the nature of 
Nepthys co-written with myself. Clifford is an IBM Fellow at the T.J. Watson 
Research Center. For his computer graphics work he received first prize in the 
1990 Beauty of Physics Competition." 

20O. The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark by Carl 
Sagan. NY: Random House, 1996. (TOS-3) Robert Moffatt IV°: 'This is a spirited 
defense of the scientific method and skeptical thinking. The occult world is the 
standing target for people wanting to sell bad thought for money. The Setian needs 
to be armed against the forces of ignorance which pursue such exploitation. As 
Sagan remarks, 'Those who have something to sell, those who wish to influence 
public opinion, those in power, a skeptic might suggest, have a vested interest in 
discouraging skepticism.'" 

* * * 

F20A. The Philadelphia Experiment. New World Pictures/Thorn Video 
#TVA-2547, 1984. Michael Pare, Nancy Allen. Executive Producer: John 
Carpenter. MA: "No one was more surprised than I to see Hollywood pick up the 
Philadelphia Experiment as the subject for a science-not-so-fiction movie. Though 
advertised and represented as sci-fi, PE reeks with references to the actual (?) 
event, with the U.S.S. Eldridge correctly named and even a spoken reference to 
'Project Rainbow' - the reputed code name for the actual PE. Portrayals of the PE 
occur only at the very beginning and very end of the film; in the middle is a purely 
dramatic-license romance to give the movie something to take up 2 hours with. 
[Don't waste time with Philadelphia Experiment II.]" 

F20B. The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari. 1919. Werner Krauss, Conrad Veidt. MA: 
"The first and most famous of the interwar German Expressionist films, containing 
highly-distorted representations of rooms, streets, and buildings. The effect of 
these distorted sets upon the viewer is startling, illustrating the degree to which we 
depend upon our instincts for normal/Euclidean geometry for our sense of order 
and mechanism in the cosmos." 

F20C. The Golem. 1920. Paul Wegener. MA: "Hans Poelzig, an Expressionist 
artist & architect who had designed Berlin's Grosses Schauspielhaus for Max 
Reinhardt in 1919, combined the non-Euclidean angles and planes from Caligari 
with his own expertise in lighting to create sets that seemed to writhe and crawl 
with a life of their own, so much so that the humans - and even the Golem - seem 
mere acessories to the more insidious drama of the houses and streets of the Prague 


Category 21: The Future 

Die Zukunft 

as of February 26, 2003 

An effective magician must be able to move within and influence the fourth 
dimension as well as the first three. Such skill involves understanding and applying 
the principles which define and govern past periods of focus within the time- 
continuum, together with both passive analysis and active manipulation of the future. 
Time-Magic as employed by the Temple of Set may involve either Greater Black 
Magic techniques [referred to as Erotic Crystallization Inertia (ECI) techniques by 
Anton LaVey; see Runes #11-6] or Lesser Black Magic technology. The following 
selections include some of the more sophisticated futurological thinking in 
conventional society - as well as a few experiments-gone-wrong from The Outer 
Limits ['There is nothing wrong with your television set ..."] 

21A. The Future by Gerald Leinwand (Ed.). NY: Pocket Books #671-80316- 
6-195, 1976. (TOS-2) MA: "An anthology of selected readings concerning the 
future, selected by the Dean of the School of Education, City University of New 
York. Included are articles and extracts by such futurologists as Asimov, Orwell, 
Huxley, Clarke, Kahn, Reischauer, Toffler, and Skinner. Most of the contributions 
discuss developments of the near future which can be interpolated more or less 
reliably, but there are some long-range speculative essays as well. A good 
introductory work." 

21B. The Last Days by Anthony Hunter. London: Anthony Blond Ltd, 1958. 
(COS-3) AL: "A fairly scarce work from England which explains the workings of 
the prophets of doom who prey upon their followers' fears that the world will end, 
tidal waves, earthquakes, etc." 

21 C. Mankind at the Turning-Point by Mihajlo Mesarovic and Eduard Pestel. 
NY: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1974. [Deutschland: Menschheit am Wendepunkt, 
Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart, 1974 (WU: 24/14815)] (TOS-3) MA: "This is 
the second major book sponsored by the Club of Rome [the first being Meadows' 
The Limits to Growth]. It expands upon and updates the data in Limits and 
responds to critics. Far more sophisticated than the sensationalist 'doomsday' 
books that sprang up following the appearance of Limits (which Raghavan Iyer, 
author of #16F and a member of the Club of Rome himself, told me was 
deliberately sensationalized in order to 'shock' the public - which of course it 

21D. War in 2080: The Future of Military Technology by David Langford. 
NY: William Morrow & Co., 1974. [Deutschland: WU: B-39-249] (TOS-3) MA: 
"Langford is a physicist and science-fiction devotee [#7D], and he applies his skills 
in both areas in this excellent work. Topics treated include fission & fusion bombs, 


concepts of nuclear warfare, death rays (lasers, grasers [gamma-ray lasers], 
antimatter projectors, particle beams), orbital battlegrounds, geological warfare, 
ecological warfare, and human & non-human warfare in space. A good theoretical 
background study for #22N. For a specialized discussion of space warfare 
probabilities and possibilities, see also Space Weapons/ Space War by John W. 
Macvey (NY: Stein & Day, 1979." 

21E. The Next Ten Thousand Years by Adrian Berry. NY: Mentor Books, 
1974. [Deutschland: Die grosse Vision, Econ-Verlag, Dusseldorf, 1975] (TOS-3) 
MA: "This is definitely long-range! An optimistic challenge to the 'doomsday' 
books that followed Limits to Growth, and a scientific scenario for survival within 
the Solar System with technological aid. Well-argued, with consideration given to 
the many influential factors. Nevertheless Berry seems excessively confident in the 
ability of the masses of humanity to cooperate in egalitarian 'master plans' ." 

21F. Foundation/Foundation and Empire/Second Foundation by Isaac 
Asimov. NY: Avon Books, 1951. [Deutschland: Das galaktische Imperium, 
Deutscher Blicherbund, Stuttgart, 1981 (WU: 31/11530)] (TOS-4) MA: "Brilliant 
trilogy of the future, based upon Asimov 's concept of 'psychohistory'. This 
concept and others introduced in the text inspired certain aspects in the original 
design of the Temple of Set. In late 1982 Asimov published a sequel to the original 
trilogy - Foundation 's Edge - which I reviewed in Scroll of Set #IX-3 , which in 
turn was commented upon by Asimov. The series was merged with Asimov' s robot 
series [cf. #15D] in Foundation and Earth (NY: Doubleday, 1986), in which the 
ultimate justification for mankind's galactic unification is considered to be the 
eventual invasion of the Milky Way Galaxy by denizens from other galaxies. [Too 
late, Isaac - see #22N.]" 

21G. Metropolis by Thea von Harbou. NY: Ace Books #441-52831-125, 
1927. (TOS-5) MA: "An Expressionistic portrait of a negative Utopia in which 
humans are controlled by machines - save for one Black Magician (Rotwang). The 
novel from which Fritz Lang's classic UFA film was made, and the basis for many 
electronic/audio-visual ritual techniques employed by the Church of Satan and 
further developed by the Temple of Set. A King in Yellow of science-fiction, 
preserved today through the personal efforts of Forrest J Ackerman. To understand 
Metropolis in the context of German Expressionist cinema, see The Haunted 
Screen by Lotte E. Eisner (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973). [See 

21H. Political Science and the Study of the Future by Albert Somit. Hinsdale, 
Illinois: Dryden Press, 1974. (TOS-3) MA: "This is a theoretical text with 
accompanying case studies, and it is primarily valuable for its explanation and 
illustration of various social forecasting techniques, including: social physics 
(ideological theories, logistics curves, Kondratieff cycles), economic forecasting, 


demographic extrapolation, technological change, structural certainties, operational 
codes, operational systems, structural requisites, overriding problems, prime 
movers, sequential development, accounting schemes, scenarios, and decision 
theory. Another good introductory work without social science emphasis is Edward 
Cornish's The Study of the Future (Washington, D.C.: World Future Society, 

211. Engines of Creation: The Coining Era of Nanotechnology by K. Eric 
Drexler. NY: Anchor Books, 1986 (paperback 1987). (TOS-3) Patty Hardy IV°: 
"Nanotechnology is a fledgling field of engineering that involves manipulation of 
matter on a molecule-by-molecule basis. This book is addressed to laymen, and 
ponders the limits of human ability to transform the natural order. This is the 
science perfected by the Krell in Forbidden Planet. Drexler' s analysis of possible 
responses to technologies of radical risk, 'Strategies and Survival', is worth 
skimming even if one is not interested in nanotech itself. Setians with training in 
physics or chemistry may want to seek out the published version of Drexler' s 
doctoral dissertation. Drexler is a graduate of MIT and a Visiting Scholar at 

21J. A Quick & Dirty Guide to War by James F. Dunnigan & Austin Bay. NY: 
William Morrow, 1985+. [Deutschland: WU: B-56-805] (TOS-3) MA: "This 
heavy-duty paperback is subtitled 'Briefings on Present and Potential Wars', and 
that pretty well sums it up. As depressing as it is to admit, the world continues to 
move away from international peace and cooperation and closer to a kind of 
'tolerable/continuous state of war', and - by geographic area - this book provides 
'intelligence briefings' to tell you what is most likely to hit the fan where [if it isn't 
already doing so]. Regularly updated, so look for the latest edition. This project is 
an attempt by the authors to overcome the short-sightedness of most press 
coverage, and to tell you about things before they happen. Jammed with facts and 
data: political forecasting of the most substantive kind." 

21K. Futurehype by Max Dublin. NY: Penguin, 1989. (TOS-2) DW: "This 
book shows not only the short-sightedness of prophecy but its use as a way of 
ruling institutions. Dublin charts the rise of futurologists and the profound effect 
prophecy has on politics, business, education, the military, and the health-care 
system. The Setian has learned not to follow the RHP religious prophet, but also 
needs to see how futurologists may similarly limit social choices." 

* * * 

F21A. Metropolis. UFA, 1926. (10-2030) Fritz Lang, director. (LVT-5) MA: 
"See discussion under #21G above." James Lewis VI°: "Lang's silent film remains 
one of the early and best of those with a Black Magician. Rotwang's machinations 
are a King in Yellow of the cinema. Audiences then were not prepared for the 


world with which Rotwang would have replaced their own. Already wages were 
insufficient for the needs and wants of most; the thought of a robotic army able to 
take over the city of Metropolis was an unpleasant reminder of that which could 
happen to themselves. The story ended with the defeat of Rotwang, and all through 
a chance happening, that of Maria's escape from his dark old house into the 
freedom of the city's streets. Had she not made the escape, the robotrix would have 
triumphed and it may be that its admirers would have rallied to save her from the 
angry mob of workers. What could have been makes for intriguing speculation." 


Category 22: Toward the Unknown Region 

In die Richtung der unbekannten Region 
as of February 26, 2003 

"Darest thou now, O soul, 

Walk out with me toward the unknown region, 

Where neither ground is for the feet nor any path to follow?" 

- Walt Whitman 

"Where no terrestrial dreams had trod 
My vision entered undismayed, 
And Life her hidden realms displayed 
To me as to a curious god ..." 

- Clark Ashton Smith 

"Let's go!" 

- Paul Kantner, Captain, Jefferson Starship 

"It was very expensive to make the first Star Trek motion picture, roughly $44 
million. That's equal to the cost of sending two Apollo space missions to the Moon." 

- Patrick Stewart, Captain, Starship Enterprise 

22A. The Cosmic Connection by Carl Sagan. NY: Dell Publishing Company 
#3301, 1973. [Deutschland: WU: 25/8786] (TOS-3) MA: "Dr. Sagan was 
Professor of Astronomy & Space Studies and Director of the Laboratory for 
Planetary Studies at Cornell University. In this collection of essays he examines 
mankind's prospects for a space-oriented culture, touching upon everything from 
intelligent dolphins to scenarios for communication with extra-terrestrials. While 
adhering to high standards of scientific precision, the book is as conversational as 
the writings of Asimov. Hence it is a pleasant introduction to 'space- 
consciousness'. Also highly recommended is Sagan' s Cosmos (NY: Random 
House, 1980), the book version of the PBS television series Cosmos. And catch 
that series if you can. Sagan' s a little rough on Pythagoras, who he feels gave 
science a bum steer in the direction of intuition & mysticism instead of Aristotelian 
'scientific method'. Shows what old turtle- neck knows about Pythagoras - and 
Aristotle! But I'll forgive him this lapse, because the other episodes of the series - 
and his genuine love for space/ecology - are so admirable." 

22B. Impossible Possibilities by Louis Pauwels and Jacques Bergier. NY: 
Stein & Day, 1971. (TOS-3) MA: "Again, from that dynamic duo who brought you 
#4B and #17B, a collection of data concerning non-Earthbound phenomena of a 
similar non-nature. Chapters on astronomical techniques, Soviet space research, 
extra-terrestrial intelligence, electronic brains, matter/ antimatter, genetic research 
& engineering, quasars, 'black holes' , and the artificial creation of life." 


22C. Worlds- Antiworlds: Antimatter in Cosmology by Hannes Alfven. San 
Francisco: W.H. Freeman & Co., 1966. [Deutschland: Kosmologie u. Antimaterie, 
Umschau-Verlag, Frankfurt, 1967 (WU: 17/6645)] (TOS-4) (SHU-3) MA: "Alfven 
is a Nobel Prize recipient; member of the Royal Institute of Technology, 
Stockholm; and Professor of Physics at the University of California, San Diego. In 
this 100-page book he explains the origin of the Universe through the fission of 
plasma into primal matter and antimatter. Chapters deal with the actual 
construction of galaxies & star systems, the errors in the 'steady- state' and 'Big 
Bang' theories, the physics of matter/ antimatter and plasma particles, the 
development of the metagalaxy, and the effects of relativity. In short: How the 
Universe really works. [See also my review of #22C, 'Genesis II' in the Cloven 
Hoof, reprinted as Appendix 57 in #6N.]" 

22D. Supernature by Lyall Watson. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1978. 
[Deutschland: Geheimes Wissen: das Natiirliche, das Ubernatiirliche, S. Fischer- 
Verlag, Frankfurt, 1977 (WU: 28/5127)] (TOS-3) (SHU-3) MA: "If magic 
involves the use of principles for which there are not yet scientific laws, then this 
book [by the author of #17C] is a guide to the Twilight Zone between magic and 
science. Watson's goal is to force science to admit that it still cannot account for 
everything in a wide variety of fields; hence it should not shy away from 
unorthodox theories and hypotheses. Specific chapters cover cosmic laws & their 
impact upon Earthly organisms, life fields, brain-wave research, biophysics, PK, 
ESP, witchcraft, time measurement, and precognition. An extensive and 
sophisticated bibliography is appended for those interested in detailed 
investigations into specific areas. See also #22Q, Watson's equally-brilliant update 

22E. The Key to the Universe by Nigel Calder. NY: Penguin Books 
#005065.5, 1977. [Deutschland: Schliissel zum Universum: d. Weltbild d. 
modernen Physik, Verlag Hoffmann und Campe, Hamburg, 1981 (WU: 31/6780)] 
(TOS-3) MA: "This is the book-version of the BBC television documentary of the 
same name. Chapters 1-4 explore recent breakthroughs in particle physics (quarks, 
neutrinos, muons, etc.), and chapters 5-6 analyze and speculate upon the impact of 
these discoveries on our scientific understanding of cosmic forces. Calder and his 
sources are essentially committed to Einsteinian partial relativity and the 'Big 
Bang' theory of Universal creation, so you may find it helpful to assess the 
implications of chapters 1-4 in light of #22C." 

22F. Intelligent Life in the Universe by Carl Sagan and I.S. Shklovskii. San 
Francisco: Holden Day, Inc., 1966. (TOS-4) MA: "Long before Sagan (#22A) was 
invited to assemble the Cosmos documentary series, he was intrigued by the 
subject of this book. This is a collaboration between him and one of the most 
eminent astronomers of the Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Soviet Academy of 
Sciences, Moscow. The presentation is a synthesis of physics, biology, chemistry, 


and cosmology, and the abundance of technical data may be confusing to the 
layman. For the serious investigator, however, the same feature is a welcome 
change from the unsupported speculations of many pseudoscientific works on the 
same subject." 

22G. Worlds Beyond: A Report on the Search for Life in Space by Ian 
Ridpath. NY: Harper & Row #TD251, 1967. (TOS-3) MA: "Still the most 
comprehensive summary of scientific endeavors in this field. Well-written and 
lavishly illustrated with photos and diagrams. Considerable detail concerning 
projects such as Ozma, SETI/CETI, Blue Book, Orion, and Cyclops. The tone of 
the book is conservative. There is no irresponsible speculation, and the data can be 
relied upon." 

22H. Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence: The First Encounter by James L. 
Christian (Ed.). Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1976. (TOS-3) MA: "A social science 
counterpart to #22F, this book consists of a series of speculative essays by 
distinguished science-fiction writers, scientists, philosophers, and [of course!] Mr. 
Spock. A pleasant, provocative, and informative anthology on the subject." 

221. Space Shuttle by the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. Washington, 
D.C.: NASA, 1976. (TOS-3) MA: "Much has been written about the space shuttle 
program. This is NASA's official booklet on the subject and is a clean, clear, 
uncluttered presentation for the reader seeking the basic facts." 

22J. Enterprise by Jerry Grey. NY: William Morrow, 1979. (TOS-3) MA: 
"This is an excellent summary of the space shuttle program and its implications for 
research, colonization, etc. by the U.S. Vice-President of the International 
Astronautical Federation & Administrator of Public Policy for the American 
Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Comments Isaac Asimov: 'This book is 
the story of the real beginning of the space age, how it came about, and what it will 
lead to. It is the story of real people who made dreams come true and are utterly 
revolutionizing space flight - and humanity - in doing so. And it is told by someone 
who has lived the story.'" 

22K. Space Settlements: A Design Study by Richard D. Johnson and Charles 
Holbrow (Eds.). Washington, D.C.: NASA, 1977. (TOS-3) MA: "Popular books 
such as Gerard O'Neill's The High Frontier have made space colonization a fad 
and the victim of a good deal of emotional journalism. This NASA study - a 
companion volume to #221 - is a refreshingly practical analysis. Appropriate 
technical data are included." 

22L. The Cycles of Heaven: Cosmic Forces and What They are Doing to You 
by Guy L. Playfair and Scott Hill. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1978. (TOS-3) MA: "If 
#22D sparks your curiosity, this is a good follow-up book on the general subject of 


force-field influences upon the human body and consciousness: radiation, sound & 
light waves, gravitational fields, etc. Compare #22L's discussion of the human 
'energy body' with the theories set forth in #19I/J." 

22M. Moon Madness by E.L. Abel. Greenwich, Conn.: Fawcett Publications 
#0-449-13697-3, 1976. (TOS-3) MA: "This is one of the more comprehensive of a 
number of 'lightweight, semi-scientific' books discussing the Moon's various 
influences - from mythological to physiological - on the human organism. Included 
are chapters/ sections on time, blood, sex, women, maternity, plants, diseases, 
mental illness (including lycanthropy), suicide, lunambulism, electricity, and 

22N. The Dark Side by Michael A. Aquino. San Francisco: Temple of Set, 
1977 etc. (TOS-5) MA: "An epic set in the Andromeda Galaxy and featuring the 
characters of the film Star Wars. An early version of one section ('Secret of Sith') 
appeared in Famous Monsters of Filmland #148. An essay on various magical 
themes inspired by the original motion picture but strictly disconnected from The 
Empire Strikes Back and/or Return of the Jedi. Helpful preparatory reading: 
Everything else on this reading list [especially items marked TOS-5]." Available in 
.pdf format at: 

220. Pioneering the Space Frontier by the National Commission on Space. 
NY: Bantam Books #0-553-34314-9, 1986. (TOS-3) MA: "In format this is a 
companion volume to #221 & #22K, but in content it is an assessment of the U.S. 
space program at present and an argument for its expansion into a trans-orbital and 
planetary emphasis. NASA's reliance upon the space shuttle, coupled with 
increasing military interest in and possible influence over the shuttle program as a 
component of SDI research has put more distant space-exploration efforts at a 
serious disadvantage: exploration of the Moon, the planets, interplanetary probes, 
etc. The National Commission on Space is a blue-ribbon panel of 15 space- 
exploration enthusiasts. This book is a good 'state-of-the-art' assessment which 
tells the reader what is and would be possible if the U.S. and other nations would 
resolve to move space-exploration forward. Whether the present fixation on Earth- 
orbital programs will yield to this more ambitious prospectus is unclear at this 

22P. Faster Than Light: Superluminal Loopholes in Physics by Nick Herbert. 
NY: New American Library, 1988 (ISBN: 0-453-00604-3) (TOS-4) (SHU-3) 
Robert Menschel IV°: "A very readable survey of current scientific studies and 
explorations into the speed of light and faster-than-light travel and/or 
communication. Fairly simple discussions of theories concerning the speed of light 
and areas in which this limit may be bypassed." 

-28 5 - 

22Q. Beyond Supernature: A New Natural History of the Supernatural by 
Lyall Watson. NY: Bantam (ISBN 0-553-34456-0), 1988. (TOS-3) MA: "This 
book reflects Watson's continuing efforts as a biologist to refine the propositions 
he introduced in #22D fifteen years previously. It was the purpose of #22D, he 
remarks, 'to create a sort of demilitarized zone into which both scientists and 
enthusiasts could go without abandoning either their sense of proportion or their 
sense of wonder'. #22Q is divided into three general sections: Life, Mind, and 
Planet. The first deals with such topics as coincidence, order, imagination, 
organisms, identity, & natural selection. The second addresses bioelectricity, mind 
fields, biofeedback, social communications & phenomena, & extra- bodily 
phenomena. The third investigates poltergeists, PK/ESP, paranthropology, Psi, 
paraphysics, pararchaeology, and Earth-as-Gaia (Earthmind). 'What we need,' he 
concludes, 'is a slightly broader definition of reality: one which includes the 
possibility of certain things happening when humans are involved. A definition 
that is not so exclusive; one less inclined to dismiss certain things as impossible, 
and better able to deal with what actually happens in terms of probability rather 
than outright and unreasonable denial.'" 

22R. Hamlet's Mill by Giorgia de Santillana & Bertha von Dechend. Boston: 
Godine. (TOS-3) DW: "A little easier to find than #22B. A good study of the effect 
of the idea of the cosmos on mankind's development and meaning-making 

22S. The Millennial Project: Colonizing the Galaxy in 8 Easy Steps by 
Marshall Savage. NY: Little Brown & Co., 1994. (TOS-2) Alex Burns 11°: 
"Savage's vision is expansive to say the least, echoing Seldon's Foundation plan in 
its detail and length. All the usual stuff is here: Dyson shells, interstellar travel, 
terraforming the Moon & Mars, asteroid mining, etc. It is the extreme optimism of 
the 'Age of Aquarius' tempered with pragmatism. The technical knowledge is 
massive: a dozen engineering disciplines, a wide-ranging analysis of scientific & 
technical literature. 385 pages text, 30 pages appendices, 707 footnotes, 16 pages 
color plates, 22 pages bibliography. Savage's Web site:" 

* * * 

F22A. Cosmos. 1980. 14 episodes in the set. Hosted by Carl Sagan. MA: "See 
#22A above." 

F22B. Star Wars. 1977. MA: "This film is less important for its setting than 
for its significance as a study of magic, metaphysics, and morality [see #22N]. But 
it also broke new ground in another way, in that it portrayed a space-travel culture 
as casual as today's automobile-travel one. Space, suggests the movie, is as natural 
an environment for humans to frolic around in as Earth. Obviously this is not quite 
the case, but the film nonetheless triggered an entire decade of 'popular space 


consciousness' in which ordinary people, not just ultra-select NASA astronauts, 
visualized themselves as explorers of this medium." 


Category 23: Lesser Black Magic 

Niedrigere Schwarze Magie 
as of February 26, 2003 

MA: There are Lesser Black Magical principles to be found throughout this 
reading list, to be sure, but there are also works which focus primarily or principally 
on the concept or technique itself. LBM is defined and discussed in "Black Magic" in 
the Crystal Tablet of Set, and generally embraces what ordinary human minds 
conceive as "magic". Hence this category begins with four books on stage-magic, 
which will (a) enable the Setian to satisfy those who ask to "see some magic", and (b) 
offer the Setian excellent training in the basic techniques of attention control and 
behavior & attitude manipulation so crucial to more serious applications of LBM. 
Following the stage-magic works are books dealing with the social environment so 
conducive to LBM operations. Setians are advised to pursue active operations of 
LBM only after they have schooled themselves in the relevant ethical fields as treated 

in category 16. 

* * * 

DW: LBM shouldn't be used as the first resort in any situation, when reason and 
courtesy can be used instead. The Black Magician, a one-eyed man in the kingdom of 
the blind, must likewise learn not to become a Cyclops. However the ability to amaze 
and delight your friends is a primary art of the magician. 

23A. The Great Book of Magic by Wendy Rydell with George Gilbert. NY: 
Harry N. Abrams, 1976. [Deutschland: Das grosse Buck der magischen Kunst, 
Lichtenberg Verlag, Mlinchen, 1978 (WU: 28a/3505)] (TOS-2) MA: "There are a 
great many stage-magical manuals on the market, but I have recommended this one 
because it fills a great many requirements: It is a large, well-printed, clearly 
illustrated, quality paperback. It is reasonably priced ($10). It contains instructions 
for over 150 very effective tricks and an excellent introduction (the first half of the 
book) dealing with the history and major personalities of stage-magic, with major 
sections on the Black Arts [with rare photos of the Church of Satan's Central & 
Lilith Grottos in 1972]." 

23B. Thirteen Steps to Mentalism by Corinda. NY: Louis Tannen, 1967. 
(TOS-3) MA: 'This and #23C are the recognized classic texts in the stage-magic 
art of mentalism. It is one of the more difficult fields to master, but it is also one of 
the most impressive - even frightening - to use in a non-entertainment setting. The 
same principles used for these mentalism tricks can be adapted to a great many 
LBM situations. Both this and #23C are usually stock items in stage-magic shops. 
Despite this, it is surprising how few people read the books, hence know their 

23 C. Practical Mental Effects by Theodore Anneman. NY: Tannen Magic, 
1963. (TOS-3) MA: "The second classic in the mentalism field. Since it is a reprint 
of a 1944 work, I would recommend #23B as being more clearly printed and in 


general easier to read. But either work is excellent from a technical standpoint." 

23D. The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli. NY: Washington Square Press, 
1963. [Deutschland: Der Ftirst, Kroner Verlag, Stuttgart, 1955 (WU: Z49-235)] 
(TOS-3) MA: "You'll find a summary of The Prince in #16A, but if you're going 
to get seriously involved in the social jungle, you should probably read the book 
itself, since it is still the classic of practical power politics. A short, succinct work 
written in a crisp, no-nonsense style. Nevertheless it is not, as the vulgar assume, 
an argument for viciousness or callousness in political affairs, but is predicated 
upon the prince's underlying ethical goals for his country." 

23E. The B.S. Factor: The Theory and Technique of Faking It in America by 
Arthur Herzog. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1973. (TOS-2) MA: "In Machiavelli's day 
the world was sufficiently lawless to make force a viable alternative in day-to-day 
affairs. In a highly ordered nation such as the United States, however, manipulation 
must often take more subtle and psychological forms. This book is one of the best 
analyses of them. It focuses on the twisting and warping of language to mold 
opinions and behavior. Written humorously, but with serious underlying 

23F. A Primer of Politics by James E. Combs and Dan Nimmo. NY: 
Macmillan Publishing Company, 1984. (TOS-3) MA: "A political science textbook 
dealing with the study of power according to the definitions, maxims, and 
recommendations of Machiavelli. Individuals, episodes, organizations, 
governments, and ideologies from ancient times to the present are offered as case 
studies. Mini-biographies of the various political leaders used in the case studies 
are included, with the result that this book reads like an anthology of dramatic 
episodes in the shaping of history - which in a way it is. Some leaders treated: 
Walter Lippman, Jefferson, Catherine the Great, Charles de Gaulle, Hitler, 
Madison, Madame de Pompadour, Disraeli, John Marshall, Elizabeth I, Eva Peron, 
Gandhi, Richard III, Mao, Cicero, Lincoln, FDR, Richelieu, Bismarck, Jackson, J. 
Edgar Hoover, Henry II, Tallyrand, Lenin, Goebbels, Stalin, Augustus Caesar, and 
Nicholas II. Whenever I have prescribed this text for a Political Theory course, 
students have gone wild over it, reading far more than assigned and using its 
concepts as a knife to cut through the jungle of doubletalk, deceit, hypocrisy, and 
inertia of modern political society. A book for the 1980s - in some ways regrettably 

23G. The Hidden Dimension by Edward T. Hall. Garden City, NY: Doubleday 
& Co., 1966. [Deutschland: Die Sprache des Raumes, Padagogischer Verlag, 
Dlisseldorf, 1976 (WU: 26/8627)] (TOS-3) MA: "The best study to date of 
'proxemics' - the LBM technique involving, in the author's words, 'social and 
personal space and man's perception of it'. Included are both a discussion of the 
principles involved in the design, control, and manipulation of proxemics, and a 


number of case studies - several ethnic and/or national/cultural in orientation - 
illustrating these principles. #23 H is reviewed in Runes #111-4." 

23H. Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In by Roger 
Fisher and William Ury. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1981 (Penguin paperback 
edition available). [Deutschland: WU: 33/8696] (TOS-3) MA: "This is a succinct 
(160 pages) manual on how to win arguments, particularly in a group or 
organizational setting. The step-by-step process results from studies and 
conferences by the Harvard Negotiation Project, a group which deals continually 
with various levels of conflict resolution. This is a book which raises what for most 
people is a 'blind, stumbling' (Pistis) experience to a deliberate, controlled 
(Dianoid) exercise." 

231. Success with the Gentle Art of Verbal Self-Defense by Suzette Haden 
Elgin. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1990. (TOS-1) Rosemary Webb 111°: 
"This volume of Dr. Elgin's 'Gentle Art' series summarizes her first five books. 
An example of LBM techniques, that is to say metacommunication applicable to 
long-term successes in the business world. Useful to teach the magician the 
difference between her purposes and the reactive environment. Unlike most NLP 
manuals, this book doesn't serve as a hook to get you to buy more NLP manuals. 
Its TOS-1 rating reflects both ease of readability and broadness of topics covered." 

23J. Class by Paul Fussell. NY: Random House, 1983. (TOS-3) DW: 'This 
slightly dated tome teaches both the reading and the presentation of economic class 
- a key to achieving metacommunication. The Black Magician is free from the 
social taboos that 'politically correct' society insists upon, and can use those taboos 
to his advantage while exploring the positive and negative effects they have had on 
his own life." 

* * * 

F23A. Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean. Viacom 
Enterprises. (LVT-4) James Lewis VI°: "This film never really made it big in the 
theatre circuit and taken overall, viewers can see why. The performances of Cher, 
Karen Black, and the others are good, but for the Order of Leviathan member the 
outstanding theme is that of watching an attempt at Magic gone awry because of 
what amounts to a religion built on a lie. If you have passed this by in the video 
store because of the title, give it a chance and see a cinematic rendition of the 
dangers of Black Magic." 

F23B. The Adventures of Baron von Munchausen. Prominent Features & 
Laura-film Productions, a Terry Gilliam film, fantasy fiction. (LVT-2) James 
Lewis VI°: 'The Village Voice reviewed this movie as 'No great job of 
storytelling, this movie is disjointed, exhausting, and overloaded with flamboyant 

- 290- 

bric-a-brac. It needed a slow movement. Yet how many films these days can be 
faulted for excess of riches? At his best, Gilliam seems the most legitimate heir to 
Melies working today.' With all due respect to reviewers, the magic with which the 
Baron weaves the subjective into the objective world is worth the viewing time of 
the Setian. Imagery is an important tool for the Magician and few have the skills 
and adaptability of the old Baron." 

- 291 

Category 24: Runic Arts and Sciences 

as of February 26, 2003 

The significance of this category of the reading list goes far beyond its specific 
subject material. It involves, quite bluntly, a major re-writing of the history of western 
European civilization. Until now, the "history of Europe" surveys taught in most 
universities have addressed the history of Christian Europe: the feudal states and 
nations which emerged following the decline of the Roman Empire. Pre-Christian [or 
later non-Christian] Europe was considered "uncivilized", hence good for little other 
than a few anecdotes of marauding Goths, Vikings, Picts, and the like. 

The so-called "neo-pagan" or "Wiccan" religion invented by post- World War II 
enthusiasts has further confused the situation by representing a rag-bag of medieval 
and modern fables and superstitions as a quasi-unified, Hippie-type nature religion 
supposedly prevalent throughout pre-Christian Europe. Nothing could be further from 
the truth. Although authorities such as Elliot Rose (#6C) have long since exposed this 
sham, the Wiccan movement prances contentedly along, blissfully undisturbed by 
inconvenient facts. 

Magus Flowers, in his years of research into ancient Europe, has uncovered the 
key to the authentic pre-Christian wisdom of that subcontinent. His work in this field 
is no less significant than that of Champollion with the Rosetta Stone. His 
findings make possible, for the first time, a true understanding of how the forces of 
the universe were understood by the European cultures later to be systematically 
exterminated by Christianity. We learn that these ancient Europeans were not 
"savages" after all, but had developed cosmologies and philosophies as sophisticated 
and subtle as those of the Maya and ancient China. While the Temple of Set has 
always accorded special honor to ancient Egypt, as the original source of our 
knowledge concerning the Gift of Set, we are no less sensitive to the perception and 
utilization of that Gift by many other cultures in other geographic regions. What 
follows is a key to a door which has long been locked. 


- by Stephen E. Flowers V° 

Reason would seem to dictate that now that there are over a dozen of my 
works either in print or presently in some stage of completion, the corpus of work 
should be put into some sort of perspective. This perspective will show how first 
this corpus represents a whole, crystallized and focused (if dynamic) vision, and 
how this vision is being cast into the objective universe to do its work. For the 
direct effecting of the objective universe is, indeed, one of the facets of this corpus 
of work. This is similar to the attitude Aleister Crowley had toward his book 
projects [see #3V]. However, all of this remains a vision still in emergence. The 
things I have done up to now have been pieces of a much vaster mosaic. Although 
the general outlines of this mosaic are clear to me, and so I can see how each of the 
new pieces fits into the overall scheme, it may not be so for others. Therefore, in 
order not to leave it to future historians to try to figure out what it is all about, I 
will here briefly outline the corpus of my work to date (to the beginning of 1990) 

- 292 - 

and the general scheme into which it fits. Only those works which have appeared 
in commercially published form will be cited. I will also provide some idea of the 
direction this work will be going in the future - although this aspect remains open 
to dynamic influences and could change course as new data flow in to be 

Underlying all of my works are several principles. Most important among 
these is that there are certain hidden keys to initiation and to Becoming which I 
seek to find in the methods followed in my work in general. The chief element in 
this method is the dynamic synthesis of polar extremes - the two most important of 
these are the subjective and objective universes. Reflections of this process run 
through the work - from the cosmological model of fire and ice to the psycho- 
magical dichotomy of Huginn and Muninn, the two Odian ravens. These represent 
the rational, logical, analytical mind and the noetic psyche and storehouse of 
perceived eternal forms respectively. The method underlying all of my works is a 
planned and deliberate oscillation between logical procedure and noetic process. 

The simplest way to put this is that there is a moving back and forth of focus 
between the objectively, historically accurate aspects of a tradition and the 
subjective and vibrant aspects. It is in the eternal ebb and flow, in the dynamic 
process - unending and without end - that the ultimate synthesis is found - not in a 
state of being. This is the essence of what I call the "Polarian Method". 

This can be seen in the corpus of material when one couples the contents of 
Runes and Magic (written as a Ph.D. dissertation according to strict scientific 
standards) with my first "runic trilogy", (Futhark, Runelore, and At the Well of 
Wyrd.) Runes and Magic is the crystalline focal point of the logical, analytical end 
of the spectrum, while the "runic trilogy" is equally that for the noetic, intuitive 
end. Once the entire corpus is viewed from this perspective, I think it takes on 
more of its meaning as a dynamic whole. 

Necessary to the use of this guide are a few words on how it can be used most 
beneficially. In general it follows the same kind of plan as that of the rest of the 
Temple of Set Reading List, the codes have been given as Order of the Trapezoid 
(TRP-) - as those are most harmonious with the overall contents of this list. If I 
were to advise someone on a course to take in studying this corpus, I would say 
that Runelore, At the Well of Wyrd, and Futhark (in that order) would be the 
foundation. From there the priority codes could be used to determine a useful 
ordering of the other works. [A full course of reading of most of the works on the 
list is included in the text of The Nine Doors of Midgard.] 

All of the works presented here are in the order of their chronological 
appearance. In the commentaries, I not only try to give a sense of the content and 
purpose of the work, but also show how it relates to the others in the web-work. In 
conclusion the present a prospectus for future works and works in progress. 


24A. Futhark: A Handbook of Rune Magic by Edred Thorsson. York Beach, 
ME: Weiser, 1984. (TOS-3) (TRP-2) SF: "In many ways this book would look 
much different if I were to write it today. The MS for the work was actually 
finished in 1979, but it was not published until 1984. [This work was actually 
preceded by another book-length MS originally entitled A Primer of Runic Magic, 
finished in 1975.] Futhark remains a fertile field for experimentation by free-lance 
rune magicians, but its contents are actually a bit too influenced by the traditions of 
the Armanen to be entirely satisfactory to me now." 

24B. Runelore: A Handbook of Esoteric Runology by Edred Thorsson. York 
Beach, ME: Weiser, 1986. (TOS-3) (TRP-1) SF: "Runelore is basically the lore- 
curriculum of the Rune-Gild in summary form. It contains a current view of 
historical runology, esoteric lore concerning the runes, as well as Teutonic 
cosmology, psychology and theology. It is the first of my works to have been 
completed after my entry into the Temple of Set. Its contents are basic and 
essential to understand before serious and authentic work can be undertaken with 
the Runes." 

24C. Runes and Magic: Magical Formulaic Elements in the Older Runic 
Tradition by Stephen E. Flowers. Berne: Peter Lang, 1986. (TOS-4) (TRP-5) SF: 
"This is the published form of my dissertation written at the University of Texas at 
Austin. It represents an exhaustive study of the older runic inscriptions analyzed as 
magical formulaic communications based on a semiotic theory of magic - magic as 
a system of 'inter- universal communication' (subjective/objective). It contains 
introductory material on the theory presented, and then applies that theory to the 
evidence of the actual inscriptions. This work is thought by most to be a 'difficult 
read' , and may be quite hard to find by now. Only 250 copies were printed." 

24D. At the Well of Wyrd: A Handbook of Runic Divination by Edred 
Thorsson. York Beach, ME: Weiser, 1988. (TOS-3) (TRP-2) SF: "This was the 
third in the original 'runic trilogy', with the other two being Futhark and Runelore. 
This work takes a highly traditional look at the art and practice of runecasting and 
the laying of the runestaves." 

24E. The Secret of the Runes by Guido von List. Translated and introduced by 
Stephen E. Flowers. Rochester, VT: Destiny, 1988. (TOS-4) (TRP-4) SF: "In many 
ways I see my work as a continuation - a Remanifestation - of works that have 
been undertaken by others in the past. From the most ancient ancestral 
Runemasters, to the German and English Romantics, down to the early 20th 
century rune magicians of Germany. The foundations for this latter group were 
directly laid by Guido von List, who was certainly more of a magician than he 
might at first appear. This book is a historical and scientific study of List and his 
ideology, along with a translation of its most famous expression, Das Geheimnis 
der Runen." DW: "This book is interesting as an example of a Magus of the 


Northern Tradition's thoughts and methods - and the insights it gives to the 
subjective side of reawakening a traditional system." 

24F. The Truth about Teutonic Magick by Edred Thorsson. St. Paul, MN: 
Llewellyn, 1989. (TOS-4) (TRP-4) SF: "This little volume (25 pages) is really a 
general program for the 'Teutonic Magick Series' which I created and for which I 
am acting as a consulting and acquisitions editor for Llewellyn Publications. In it 
can be found a general outline of the focus and scope of the practical/magical 
aspects of the overall work. What also becomes obvious here is that the work has 
expanded beyond that which I must personally undertake. Other magicians and 
writers have taken up the banner and are moving outward into the world with it." 

24G. The Galdrabok: An Icelandic Grimoire by Stephen Flowers. York 
Beach, ME: Weiser, 1989. (TOS-4) (TRP-4) SF: "This volume contains a 
translation (from Old Icelandic) of the complete text of a Scandinavian book of 
magic along with a collection of other magical spells and incantations of similar 
natures. The work shows a continuity of the Germanic (Northern) method of 
working magic carried over from pre-Christian times. There is also an introductory 
section which gives a history of magic in Iceland in post- Viking times." DW: "A 
good source of Medial Black Magic operations, useful for beginning your own 

24H. Rune Might: Secret Practices of the German Rune Magicians by Edred 
Thorsson. St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn, 1989. (TOS-3) (TRP-4) SF: "This whole work 
really represents a historical footnote to the 'runic trilogy', as an outline and 
practical discussion of the magical methods of the early 20th century German rune 
magicians. In many ways this is the general and practical companion to The Secret 
of the Runes by Guido von List. The material contained in Rune Might can also act 
as an effective bridge between the Germanic tradition and the more usually found 
'Western' (really Southern) tradition." 

241. A Book of Troth by Edred Thorsson. St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn, 1989. 
(TOS-5) (TRP-5) SF: "As Black Magic has existed, and does exist, in a variety of 
cultures and religious contexts - not only in those in which it is seen as a spiritually 
criminal kind of activity - this work seeks to help reestablish the more general 
White Magical (or Religious) tradition of the North. In this more healthy general 
context of former days, the practice of Black Magic was more completely 
supported by the common faith - even if it was just as little understood - and would 
certainly again find such support in a renewed system of the true faith of the North 
should it actually revive. It is to this end that this book was cast upon the world." 

24J. Fire and Ice: Magical Teachings of the Brotherhood of Saturn, 
Germany's Greatest Secret Occult Order by Stephen E. Flowers. St. Paul, MN: 
Llewellyn, 1990. (TOS-1) (TRP-2) SF: "This is a general and fairly comprehensive 


introduction to the history, ideology, structure and rituals of the Fraternitas Saturni, 
which is a Thelemite (but non-Crowleyan) lodge which has dominated the German 
occult scene since the time of its inception in the late 1920s. With this book, I took 
a step out and back to my occult roots in the 'mainstream' western magical 
tradition. One of the main reasons for undertaking this study and writing this book 
was to explore the way in which an ^onic Word finds expression beyond the 
bounds of its Magus. A preface by Michael A. Aquino is scheduled to appear in 
future printings." DW: "Michael Aquino's preface is available from Runa-Raven 
Press. Certain technologies from this book have been adapted with great success by 
Pylons such as the Bull of Ombos and the Black Phoenix. A good study of the 
Black Flame as perceived before the coming of our JEon." 

24K. Rune Song: A Practical Guide to Rune Galdor by Edred Thorsson. 
Smithville, TX: Runa-Raven Press, 1993. (TOS-1) (TRP-1) SF: "Rune Song is a 
combination book and tape package. I have for a long time seen that the 
pronunciation of the now-exotic- sounding words and phrases of the Teutonic 
tradition was felt to be a major stumbling-block along the way to learning the lore. 
This project is designed to remedy that problem. Pronunciation of languages such 
as Proto-Germanic (the reconstructed language from which all Germanic tongues 
are derived), Old English, or Old Norse is usually the kind of thing only learned in 
the Ivory Towers of Academia. With Rune Song I hope to make this kind of 
information available beyond that sphere." 

24L. The Nine Doors of Midgard by Edred Thorsson. Llewellyn, 1991. (TOS- 
3) (TRP-1) SF: "This is a basic curriculum in magical training which takes the 
student from the beginning, assuming no prior training, and in a step-by- step 
fashion provides exercises and a curriculum of reading and other sorts of training 
so that by the end of the complete program it is possible to be considered for 
Naming as a Thegn or Drighten in the Rune-Gild. This program was ten years in 
the making, and will be published next year. In the meantime it is available for a 
donation to the Rune-Gild." 

24M. The Book of Ogham by Edred Thorsson. Llewellyn, 1992. (TOS-1) 
(TRP-4) SF: "The first grand experiment in the use of the Polarian method moving 
outside of the home base of the Germanic tradition into the kindred Celtic 
tradition. No magical tradition has been subject to more bastardization than the 
Celtic, so creating a useful synthesis according to my methods seems a worthwhile 
endeavor." DW: "Persons interested in the matrix which produced Ogham may 
wish also to consult Celtic Heritage: Ancient Tradition in Ireland and Wales by 
Alwyn and Brinley Rees. London: Thames & Hudson, 1961." 

* * * 

- 296 

Supplementary Works 

- by Stephen E. Flowers V* 

There is a corpus of writing which is often essential to the fullest 
understanding of the depth of the Germanic tradition, and which is not covered in 
the standard reading list of the Temple of Set. For a guide to these writings, I have 
provided this supplementary reading list. These works provide a larger context for 
the understanding of many works in Runelore, and give us a deep level basis for 
the understanding of the Northern (Indo-European-based) Tradition of the Black 
Art, which is distinguished in many ways from the Southern (Middle Eastern- 
based) Tradition. 

24N. The Well and the Tree by Paul C. Bauschatz. Amherst: University of 
Massachusetts Press, 1982. (TOS-3) (TRP-4) SF: "To date this is the most valuable 
study on the Germanic conceptions of time and the structure of the cosmos. It is a 
highly scholarly text which nevertheless contains many insights of direct magical 
use. Reviewed in Runes #VII-2 by Rebecca Lance IV°/M.Tr." DW: "A good book 
for the Setian to look at the force of What Has Come Into Being (Xeper) which the 
ancient Germans called 'Weird', and its powerful influence on What Is To Be. 
Helpful in throwing off mundane ideas of 'fate' and a fixed future." 

240. Gods of the Ancient Northmen by Georges Dumezil, ed., tr. E. Haugen, 
et al. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973. (TOS-4) (TRP-3) SF: "This 
book outlines the connections of Germanic myth and religion with the Indo- 
European tripartite socio-religious structure. This is not merely a 'survey' of 
Germanic mythology like other books with similar titles. It is an invaluable text to 
dispel notions that the gods are merely the simple personifications of natural 
forces, or the 'deifications' of mortal men." 

24P. The Myth of the Eternal Return, or Cosmos and History by Mircea 
Eliade. (= Bollingen Series 46) tr. W. Trask. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 
1971 [1954]. (TOS-2) (TRP-4) SF: "All works by Eliade are recommended, but 
this one is the one with which you should start. It explores the mythic meaning of 
'time' , 'history', 'the center', etc. The ideas contained in this book are fundamental 
to real understanding of mythic traditions, and necessary to learning 'to think 

24Q. The Road to Hel by Hilda R. Ellis (Davidson). Cambridge: University of 
Cambridge Press, 1943. (TOS-4) (TRP-4) SF: "This is an important study of the 
Teutonic concepts of death, the soul, and the other world(s)." 

24R. Teutonic Mythology by Jacob Grimm, tr. J.S. S tally brass. New York: 
Dover, 1966. 4 vols, (first published 1835). (TOS-4) (TRP-4) SF: "Although some 
of this work is now out-of-date, it remains a veritable treasure-trove of material 


from every Teutonic tradition. It includes discussions of all the deities and beings, 
cosmology, magic, herbs, etc." 

24S. The Poetic Edda by Lee M. Hollander, tr. and ed. Austin, TX: University 
of Texas Press, 1962. (TOS-3) (TRP-2) SF: 'This is the best translation of the 
Elder Edda into English. Not only is it quite accurate, but it also gives a real feel 
for the form of the Old Norse poetry - and can in turn serve as a model for the 
composition of modern Eddie verse in English." 

24T. A History of the Vikings by Gwyn Jones. Oxford: Oxford University 
Press, 1968. (Also a second revised edition.) (TOS-4) (TRP-4) SF: 'This is the best 
general history of the Viking Age available in English. It may be important for 
some Initiates to gain a fuller understanding for the lives and values of this last 
great pagan culture of Europe." 

24U. In Search of the Indo-Europeans: Language, Archceology and Myth by 
J.P. Mallory. London: Thames & Hudson, 1989. (TRP-4) SF: 'This up-to-date 
survey of the whole spectrum of Indo-European studies is essential to 
understanding the roots of Teutonic thought and society. It is from these seeds and 
from these roots that the Teutonic tree blooms; understand the seed and you 
understand the very core of the fruit." 

24V. Volsunga Saga by William Morris, tr. Introduction and glossary by 
Robert Gutman. New York: Collier, 1962. (TOS-3) (TRP-3) SF: "Gutman's 
introduction provides a fine historical, literary, and artistic background to this great 
saga of the Teutonic peoples. Gutman compares the Volsunga Saga with the 
German Nibelungenlied and with Wagner's treatment of the same themes. The 
saga itself is one of the most important sources for understanding the values of the 
Viking Age, and it certainly shows us how the Norsemen viewed their own broader 
Teutonic heritage. The story of a clannic line - with its divine descent (from 
Odhinn), and its vicissitudes, flowering and decline - is the Teutonic soul 
epitomized. The saga is of central importance to all seeking the inner meaning of 
Xeper in the context of the Teutonic tradition." DW: "Recommended for its 
portrayal of Xeper, as well as the polar concept of the individual where one axis is 
'myth' and the other 'history'. Helpful for anyone planning to leave a magical 
legacy on this Earth." 

24W. The Prose Edda by Snorri Sturlson, tr. A.G. Brodeur. New York: The 
Scandinavian American Foundation, 1929. (TOS-4) (TRP-3) SF: "This is by far 
the best and most complete translation of the Younger Edda in English. It includes 
not only the Gylfaginning , but also the Skaldskaparmal (which is not completely 
provided in the Jean I. Young translation. Especially useful are Brodeur' s 
interpretations of the proper names in the text." 


24X. Egil's Saga by Snorri Sturlson, tr. H. Palsson and P. Edwards. 
Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1976. (TRP-4) SF: "This saga is the greatest study of a 
rune magician from the elder age. There are many mysteries contained in this saga 
- some of them not quite so obvious as the many times in which Egill uses rune 
magic and poetry to alter the objective universe." DW: "Good portrait of a Black 

24Y. Myth and Religion of the North by E.O.G. Turville-Petre. New York: 
Holt Rinehart & Winston, 1964. (TOS-4) (TRP-3) SF: 'Turville-Petre' s book is the 
best survey of old Scandinavian religion in English, and an excellent one by any 
standard. He discusses the sources of our knowledge, all the divinities, the divine 
kings, heroes, guardian spirits, temples and objects of worship, sacrifice, death, and 
cosmogony and cosmology." 

24Z. Runarmal-I: The Runa Talks (Summer 1991) by Stephen Edred Flowers. 
Smithville, TX: Runa-Raven Press, 1996. (TOS-1) DW: "This is the essential text 
for persons seeking Runa. It is much more universal than Magus Flowers' other 
books, and contains the essential relationship between Xeper and Runa. I consider 
it one of the most important magical texts working in the world today." 

24AA. Northern Magic by Edred Thorsson. St. Paul: Llewellyn, 1992. (TOS- 
3) DW: "An easy-to-read introduction to Gothic magic through the ages. Also a 
good introduction to magic generally for novices." 

24AB. Green Runa by Edred Thorsson. Smithville, TX: Runa-Raven Press, 
1996. (TOS-3) DW: 'This is a collection of Magus Flowers' writings 1978-1985. 
It has many useful nuggets, such as: the importance of learning languages, a 
magical endeavor which Runa-Raven now supports by keeping a collection of 
learning aids for sale; 'A Curious Curse Formula' revealing the secret of the Nine 
Angles as an operant technology; material on holy signs; 'Rune- Wisdom and Race' 
(a good essay for debunking the charge that you're a Nazi if you study the Runes); 
the Rite of Sumble; etc. A great supplement to any of Magus Flowers' works. A 
magical biography of Magus Flowers by James A. Chisholm, Honorary K.Tr., is 

24AC. The New Comparative Mythology: An Anthropological Assessment of 
the Theories of Georges Dumezil by C. Scott Littleton. Berkeley: University of 
California Press, 1973. (TOS-3) (SKM-3) DW: 'This is the best introduction to the 
work of Dumezil, who opened the way for studying Indo-European peoples. The 
discovery of the threefold division that underlies the thought of ancient Germans, 
Latins, and Iranians was Dumezil' s contribution to the Reawakening (though he 
may have been influenced by #24E). Very little material on the Germanic peoples 
in this book, but very useful for understanding the Weird of the Indo-Europeans." 


24AD. Black Runa by Stephen Edred Flowers. Smithville, TX: Runa-Raven 
Press, 1995. (TRP-4) MA: "A personally-chosen selection of Magus Flowers' 
essays for the Order of the Trapezoid during 1985-1989." 


About the Author 

Michael A. Aquino was the only member of the Church of Satan to attain the 
Second Level of the Fourth Degree (Magister Templi IV°-II') prior to 1975, and 
was a member of the Church's Council of Nine and Order of the Trapezoid 1970- 
75. He served as Editor of the Church's Cloven Hoof newsletter 1971-75. 

He served as founding High Priest of the Temple of Set 1975-1996, was 
Recognized as a Magus V° and Ipsissimus VI° , and was founding Grand Master of 
the Temple's Order of the Trapezoid 1982-87. 

In secular life he is a Lt. Colonel, Politico/Military Affairs, Military 
Intelligence Branch, U.S. Army (Ret.). He is a graduate of the Industrial College of 
the Armed Forces, National Defense University; Defense Intelligence College 
(Defense Attache), Defense Intelligence Agency; Foreign Service Institute, 
Department of State; U.S. Army Special Warfare Center (Special 


Forces/Psy etiological Operations/Civil Affairs/Foreign Area Officer); U.S. Army 
Command & General Staff College; U.S. Army Intelligence School, and U.S. 
Army Space Institute. Decorations include the Bronze Star, Meritorious Service 
Medal, Air Medal, Army Commendation Medal (3 awards), Special Forces Tab, 
Parachutist Badge, and the Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross. 

Academic credentials include the B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. in Political Science 
from the University of California; and the M.P.A. in Public Administration from 
George Washington University. He has taught as Adjunct Professor of Political 
Science, Golden Gate University. 

He and his wife Lilith make their home in northern California.